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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2620 matches for " Tomasi Elaine "
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Modelo operário e percep??o de riscos ocupacionais e ambientais: o uso exemplar de estudo descritivo
Facchini,Luiz A.; Weiderpass,Elisabete; Tomasi,Elaine;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1991, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101991000500012
Abstract: an attempt was made to identify the risks resulting from exposure to the chemicals to which workers are exposed as well as from the poor working conditions to which they are subject in a chemical and pharmaceutical factory. a descriptive study based on the "workers model" - a methodological approach developed in italy in the 60's, was carried out. such a study requires direct contact with the workers and has the advantage of overcoming the difficulty of gaining access to their work-place. the activities of the different departments of the plant were reconstructed and the main chemicals used, the main physical complaints, the potencial harms and the main environmental risks identified. the repon on the harmful working conditions produced was used by the workers as a means of pressing the authorities into carrying out an inspection of the plant concerned to verify its accuracy. the report's findings have been confirmed and demonstrate the usefulness of the methocological approach adopted. the workers' publicizing of the study's findings through the means of mass communication have helped to build up greater public awareness of the occupational and environmental risks of that particular industrial activity.
Prevalência e fatores associados a acidentes de trabalho em zona rural
Fehlberg,Marta Fernanda; Santos,Iná dos; Tomasi,Elaine;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102001000300009
Abstract: objective: to investigate the frequency of rural occupational accidents and its association with potential risk factors. methods: the study was carried out in a urban area of pelotas, rs, brazil. a cross-sectional study was conducted. a representative sample of rural workers was selected using a multi-stage sampling. from january to april 1996, a total of 258 rural families were visited and all the 580 rural workers identified in those households answered a standardized questionnaire. results and conclusions: the prevalence of rural occupational accidents was 11%. after allowing for potential confounders, the main occupational hazards, as shown by logistic regression, were lower socioeconomic status (or=1.81), non-white skin color (or=3.50), and poor work satisfaction (or=2.77).
Prevalência e fatores associados a acidentes de trabalho em zona rural
Fehlberg Marta Fernanda,Santos Iná dos,Tomasi Elaine
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2001,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Investigar a ocorrência de acidentes do trabalho, na zona rural, e sua associa o com alguns fatores de risco. MéTODOS: O estudo foi realizado na zona rural do município de Pelotas, RS. O delineamento do estudo foi transversal de base populacional. Uma amostra representativa dos trabalhadores rurais foi obtida por meio de amostragem, em estágios múltiplos, utilizando-se os setores censitários da Funda o IBGE. As entrevistas foram realizadas em um período de quatro meses, utilizando-se questionários padronizados e pré-codificados. Os 580 trabalhadores entrevistados pertenciam a 258 famílias da zona rural. RESULTADOS E CONCLUS ES: A prevalência de acidentes encontrada foi de 11%. Os fatores de risco associados à maior ocorrência de acidentes, na análise multivariada, foram a classe social mais baixa (OR=1,81), a cor n o-branca (OR=3,50) e a insatisfa o com o trabalho realizado (OR=2,77).
Desempenho do PSF no Sul e no Nordeste do Brasil: avalia o institucional e epidemiológica da Aten o Básica à Saúde
Facchini Luiz Augusto,Piccini Roberto Xavier,Tomasi Elaine,Thumé Elaine
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2006,
Abstract: A pesquisa, desenvolvida dentro dos Estudos de Linha de Base do Proesf analisou o desempenho do Programa Saúde da Família (PSF) em 41 municípios dos Estados de Alagoas, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul e Santa Catarina. Utilizou delineamento transversal, com grupo de compara o externo (aten o básica tradicional). Entrevistou 41 presidentes de Conselhos Municipais de Saúde, 29 secretários municipais de Saúde e 32 coordenadores de Aten o Básica. Foram caracterizados a estrutura e o processo de trabalho em 234 Unidades Básicas de Saúde (UBS), incluindo 4.749 trabalhadores de saúde; 4.079 crian as; 3.945 mulheres; 4.060 adultos e 4.006 idosos. O controle de qualidade alcan ou 6% dos domicílios amostrados. A cobertura do PSF de 1999 a 2004 cresceu mais no Nordeste do que no Sul. Menos da metade dos trabalhadores ingressaram por concurso público e o trabalho precário foi maior no PSF do que em UBS tradicionais. Os achados sugerem um desempenho da Aten o Básica à Saúde (ABS) ainda distante das prescri es do SUS. Menos da metade da demanda potencial utilizou a UBS de sua área de abrangência. A oferta de a es de saúde, a sua utiliza o e o contato por a es programáticas foram mais adequados no PSF.
Necessidades de saúde comuns aos idosos: efetividade na oferta e utiliza o em aten o básica à saúde
Piccini Roberto Xavier,Facchini Luiz Augusto,Tomasi Elaine,Thumé Elaine
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2006,
Abstract: A efetividade na oferta de servi os básicos e sua utiliza o por idosos abordada no Estudo de Linha de Base do Proesf conduzido pela UFPel incluiu 41 municípios dos Estados de Alagoas, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Piauí e Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul e Santa Catarina. O delineamento transversal caracterizou a estrutura e o processo de trabalho de 234 UBS, 4.749 trabalhadores e 4.003 idosos. Os indicadores sociais revelaram pior comportamento na regi o Nordeste e nas comunidades do Programa Saúde da Família (PSF). A necessidade de cuidados domiciliares regulares, a prevalência de Hipertens o Arterial Sistêmica (HAS) e de Diabetes Mellitus (DM) foram elevadas. Metade dos servi os oferecia barreiras arquitet nicas. O uso de protocolos para o cuidado domiciliar foi pouco freqüente e a capacita o para o cuidado de HAS e DM alcan ou a metade dos trabalhadores. Metade dos portadores de HAS e DM usaram a Unidade Básica de Saúde (UBS) da área; praticamente todos usavam medica o, a metade obtinha a medica o na UBS e menos da metade participava das atividades de grupo na UBS. Perda de efetividade foi observada na oferta e na utiliza o de servi os. O desempenho do PSF foi melhor quando comparado ao modelo tradicional.
Health information technology in primary health care in developing countries: a literature review
Tomasi,Elaine; Facchini,Luiz Augusto; Maia,Maria de Fatima Santos;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862004001100012
Abstract: this paper explores the debate and initiatives concerning the use of information technology (it) in primary health care in developing countries. the literature from 1992-2002 was identified from searches of the medline, latin american and caribbean health science literature database (lilacs), cochrane library and web of science databases. the search identified 884 references, 350 of which were classified according to the scheme described by the pan american health organization (paho). for the analysis of advantages, problems and perspectives of it applications and systems, 52 articles were selected according to their potential contribution to the primary health-care processes in non-developed countries. these included: 10 on electronic patient registries (epr), 22 on process and programmatic action evaluation and management systems (ppaem) and 20 on clinical decision-support systems (cds). the main advantages, limitations and perspectives are discussed.
Qualidade de vida e esgotamento profissional entre docentes da rede pública de Ensino Médio e Fundamental no Sul do Brasil
Tabele?o, Viviane Porto;Tomasi, Elaine;Neves, Siduana Facin;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2011001200011
Abstract: in order to investigate quality of life among public schoolteachers in relation to socio-demographic characteristics and work conditions, a cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 601 primary and secondary teachers from the state and municipal public school system in the urban area of pelotas, rio grande do sul state, brazil. the study analyzed the following domains from the whoqol-bref scale: physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment. the mean indices were: 69.2 (sd = 16.8) for physical health, 70.6 (sd = 14.0) for psychological health, 72.5 (sd = 17.3) for social relationships, and 60.7 (sd = 14.0) for environment. age, time in the teaching career, and total number of students were not significantly associated with quality of life. teachers in municipal schools scored higher than their counterparts in the state public schools in the physical health domain (p = 0.026). men scored higher than women in the physical and psychological health domains. higher family income was associated with better quality of life. higher classroom workload was associated with better scores in the physical health and environment domains.
Situa??o sócio-econ?mica e condi??es de vida: compara??o de duas coortes de base populacional no Sul do Brasil
Tomasi, Elaine;Barros, Fernando C.;Victora, Cesar G.;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1996000500003
Abstract: socioeconomic and family characteristics of two cohorts of babies born in 1982 and 1993 in pelotas (southern brazil) were compared. there were 6,011 births in 1982 and 5,304 in 1993. in relation to family income, there were fewer poor babies in 1993; 60.8 % of the families earned less than 3 times the monthly minimum wage in 1993, as compared to 69.5% in 1982. sanitary conditions also improved over the decade, and the proportion of families with running water and flush toilets increased by 10%. on the other hand, there were no changes in the proportion of single-parent families or availability of home appliances like radios, stoves, and refrigerators. the mean number of persons per household increased from 3.0 in 1982 to 3.2 in 1993. in general, comparison of the two birth cohorts in this city suggests an improvement in quality of living over the time period for families with newborns. this finding should be taken into account when studying the evolution of health indicators over the course of the decade.
As m?es e suas gesta??es: compara??o de duas coortes de base populacional no Sul do Brasil
Tomasi, Elaine;Barros, Fernando C.;Victora, Cesar G.;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1996000500004
Abstract: the study of two birth cohorts in pelotas (southern brazil) in the years 1982 and 1993 allowed for a comparison of maternal characteristics, including biological, socioeconomic, demographic, and reproductive variables. all women living in urban pelotas and giving birth in the city maternity hospitals were interviewed with a structured questionnaire. there were 6,011 births in 1982 and 5,304 in 1993. women in the 1993 cohort were of a higher socioeconomic status (as measured by familiy income and years of schooling). they were also significantly taller and heavier than mothers giving birth in 1982. mean parity did not differ for the two groups, but in 1993 there were fewer primiparae and more women with four or more children. the birth interval was also significantly greater in 1993; one possible reason (in addition to more frequent use of contraceptives) was an increase in the number of previous abortions observed in 1993 as compared to 1982.
Aten??o pré-natal em Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, 1993
Halpern, Ricardo;Barros, Fernando C.;Victora, Cesar G.;Tomasi, Elaine;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1998000300004
Abstract: all 5304 births in the hospitals of pelotas, rio grande do sul, brazil in 1993 were studied. neonates were examined and their mothers were interviewed regarding sociodemographic conditions, family income, reproductive health, and medical care during pregnancy. ninety-five per cent of women received prenatal care. the mean number of physician visits during pregnancy was 7 and the majority of the women (84.7%) began visits before the fifth month of pregnancy. women who did not receive prenatal care were from the lowest socioeconomic stratum and were mostly adolescents or over 40 years of age. incidence of low birth weight in this group was 2.5 times that of the group with more than five visits (p>0.001). perinatal mortality rate was 50.6/1000 in the group without prenatal care and 15.8/1000 in the group with more than five visits. with regard to utilization of health care, the study shows that twenty-five per cent of women with high gestational risk received inadequate prenatal care. the rate was less than 10% in the group of women with low gestational risk. these results suggest the need for improvement in the quality of prenatal care with special attention for mothers with high gestational risk.
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