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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2585 matches for " Toledo "
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Foreign Direct Investment and Manufacturing Growth: The Case of Tax Incentives in Puerto Rico  [PDF]
Wilfredo Toledo
Modern Economy (ME) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/me.2017.82019
Abstract: The aim of this paper was to determine the effects that the end of tax incentive for U.S. firms operating in Puerto Rico had on the growth trend of the manufacturing sector in the island. It was found evidence that the termination of these incentives diminished manufacturing employment growth trend. This reduction was transmitted to Puerto Rico’s aggregate real output. Real GNP declined at an average rate of 1.7% per year from 2007 to 2015. Thus, it may be argued that foreign capital may stimulate economic growth in the short run, but that increase may be artificial without local means to be maintained in the long run.
Real-Time Road Traffic Anomaly Detection  [PDF]
Jamal Raiyn, Tomer Toledo
Journal of Transportation Technologies (JTTs) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2014.43023

Many modeling approaches have been proposed to help forecast and detect incidents. Accident has received the most attention from researchers due to its impacts economically. The traffic congestion costs billions of dollars to economy. The main reasons of major percentage of traffic congestion are the incidents. Road accidents continue to increase in digital age. There are many reasons for road accidents. This paper will discuss and introduce new algorithm for road accident detection. Various forecast schemes have been proposed to manage the traffic data. In this paper we will introduce road accident detection scheme based on improved exponential moving average. The proposed traffic incident detection algorithm is based on the automatic exponential moving average scheme. The detection algorithm is based on analyzing the collected traffic flow parameters. The detection algorithm is based on analyzing the collected traffic flow parameters. In addition a real-time accident forecast model was developed based on short-term variation of traffic flow characteristics.

Real-Time Short-Term Forecasting Based on Information Management  [PDF]
Jamal Raiyn, Tomer Toledo
Journal of Transportation Technologies (JTTs) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2014.41002

Traffic congestions and road accidents continue to increase in industry countries. There are three basic strategies to relieve congestion. The first strategy is to increase the transportation infrastructure. However, this strategy is very expensive and can only be accomplished in the long-term. The second strategy is to limit the traffic demand or make traveling more expensive that will be strongly opposed by travelers. The third strategy is to focus on efficient and intelligent utilization of the existing transportation infrastructures. This strategy is gaining more and more attention because its well. Currently, the Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) is the most promising approach to implementing the third strategy. Various forecast schemes have been proposed to manage the traffic data. Many studies showed that the moving average schemes offered meaningful results compared to different forecast schemes. This paper considered the moving average schemes, namely, simple moving average, weighted moving average, and exponential moving average. Furthermore, the performance analysis of the shortterm forecast schemes will be discussed. Moreover, the real-time forecast model will consider the abnormal condition detection.

Fonología de la frase entonativa
Estudios filológicos , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0071-17132008000100015
Abstract: the primary and secondary phonological associations in the contrast of textual continuity versus conclusion are studied. this problem is investigated in the context of the intonational intermediate phrase, minor (ip), and the intonational major phrase (ip), in the phrase accent (ip h-) and in the phrase accent and the edge tone (ip l- ip l%). the final pitch accents of phrases belong to proparoxytone, paroxytone and oxytone words. the corpus is integrated by texts read and emitted by the author, an informant from colombia. the results indicate that the phrase accent and edge tone influence the final tonal accent through changes in the phonological association, with the purpose of marking the pragmatic contrast among the two opposite phrases: the minor phrase (continuity) and the major phrase (conclusion).
Fraseo en espa?ol peninsular y modelo autosegmental y métrico
Estudios filológicos , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0071-17132007000100015
Abstract: in this study the tonal influence provoked by the intermediate phrase edge rising tone (h-) on the preceding final accent (t*) is analyzed. the research is carried out with an autosegmental metrical (am) methodology. a corpus composed of 32 micro-discourses produced by an informant from madrid in formal fashion is studied. the results show that the presence of the h- in front of the last tonal accent causes changes in the tonal taxonomy. the paroxytone and proparoxytone t* presents a peak delay, the primitive is l* + h due to the h- continuation rise on the post-tonic syllable. the oxytone t* is not affected by the edge tone due to the final position of t*. the phonological association takes place on the accented syllable and overlaps the h- continuation rise. the primitive is l + h*. these results suggest a secondary phonological association of final t* with the h- edge tone
Métricas rítmicas en tres dialectos Amper-Espa?a
Estudios filológicos , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0071-17132010000100008
Abstract: with the purpose of refining the rhythmic class of a syllable-timed language like spanish and also indicating dialect variations, four normalized metric rhythmic to avoid disturbances caused by changes in speaking rate: (1) the proportionality of vocalic intervals (% v), (2) the index of variability of vocalic intervals in pairs, normalized by the average of those pairs (n pvi-v), (3) the standard deviation of consonantal intervals normalized by logarithm base e (n delta v), and (4) a metric of control, the index variability of consonantal intervals in pairs, normalized by the average of those pairs (n pvi-c) are calculated. the results separate the romance languages (spanish) of the germanic languages. they also indicate dialectal differences.
Art and human nature
Avances en Psicología Latinoamericana , 2008,
Abstract: this article presents a visual artist?s point of view about art. this view confronts the eurocentric traditional cannon with some ignored, but valuable traditions, thus proposing a contra-canon. these ideas are examined on the light of a variety of sources, including prehistoric, pre-columbian, and 20th century art expressions, in a variety of media, from sculpture to literature. recent art expressions are characterized by their incorporation of minority values and perspectives that challenge “universal” views. using samples of works from latino and african american artists, the author shows that, even today, art is a means to know the world and its people, to exhibit personal life, to create personal symbolism, and to show one?s identity or the search for it. like the human nature it represents, art has multiple faces.
Métricas rítmicas en discursos peninsulares
Boletin de Linguistica , 2010,
Abstract: the rhythmic metric variants are observed in diatopic, diastratic and diafasic levels. the productions tend to show controlled or compensated duration. the dialects present greater or smaller durational control or compensation. control is reflected in smaller segmental reductions, moderate coarticulations and without elisions. compensation presents a greater segmental reduction, relevant coarticulations and elisions. the higher sociolects would be more controlled than the lower ones. formality would be more controlled than spontaneity. the segments are vocalic and consonantal intervals. three rhythmic metrics are calculated to observe these tendencies: the proportionality of vocalic intervals and two normalized standard deviations: that of vocalic and consonantal intervals. peninsular academic discourses are analyzed. it is compared with the amper corpus. the results shows more controlled duration in the academic discourses and compensated duration in the amper materials.
Revista de Economía Institucional , 2006,
Abstract: an important challenge in monetary economics is the development of an endogenous theory of money, which introduces money in a natural way and not as an external imposition. this paper reviews different approaches that have been used in monetary economic literature, and argues that overlapping generation models and search models are the best choices.
Biblical literacy and transnational Mayan liberation movements
RD Toledo
Acta Theologica , 2009,
Abstract: The Zapatista and other Mayan movements in Mexico and Guatemala are demanding autonomy and respect for indigenous cultures. Still struggling for land-rights lost during colonialism and now suffering from neo-liberal trade policies, Mayan communities have creatively appropriated Christian doctrine to deal with their suffering. This paper examines the central role of the Bible in the mobilisation of Mayan communities where the majority of members identify themselves as Christian as well as Mayan. Revisiting the period of Yoruba identity formation and the Yoruba anti-slavery struggle in the 1800s will help illuminate the role of Christianity in contemporary liberation movements. In both cases, Christianity primarily impacted marginalised populations suffering the effects of colonialism. The scriptures have helped undermine colonial relationships as well as internal hierarchies within indigenous societies. Specifically, Biblical literacy has led to broader identifications across multiple dialects and has given women and lower classes greater access to religious doctrine.
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