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Conservation advocacy increases protections for Critically Endangered Pacific Leatherback sea turtles
Christopher Pincetich,Ming Ong,Todd Steiner
Asian Journal of Conservation Biology , 2012,
Abstract: Leatherback sea turtles, the most unique of the seven species of sea turtles, are critically endangered and being pushed toward extinction in the Pacific Ocean. The crash of the Pacific leatherback population is the result of human exploitation and incidental take by commercial fisheries compounded by ongoing loss and degradation of nesting habitats. The Sea Turtle Restoration Project (STRP) is a nonprofit project with over twenty years of actions focused on saving sea turtles and protecting marine biodiversity. STRP advocacy work combines public outreach and engagement for local and international issues with strategic litigation to establish protections for Pacific leatherbacks and their essential habitat. Successes include the closure and implementation of new restrictions on the Hawaiian longline fishery, the creation of the Leatherback Conservation Area which closes the drift gillnet fishery over 210,000 square miles during leatherback foraging season, and the establishment of the largest area of marine critical habitat ever designated for a sea turtle. STRP will continue to support cooperation among fishermen, local community members, national organizations and law enforcement officers around the globe to protect leatherbacks. Global cooperation is required to reduce the many threats to sea turtles and to ensure the survival and recovery of their populations.
Higher Education for Complex Real-World Problems and Innovation: A Tribute to Heufler’s Industrial Design Approach  [PDF]
Gerald Steiner, Johannes Scherr
Creative Education (CE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2013.47A2016
Abstract: This article appraises an internationally top ranked higher education program in industrial design, whose stated mission is to enhance students’ ability to deal with complex real-world problems and thereby develop (sustainable) innovation. At the outset, we discuss in general terms—in our view—the indispensable essentials of a higher education program that specifically aims to equip students with the competences needed to successfully deal with such complex real-world problems. In the second part, we specifically examine Heufler’s SchoolofIndustrial DesigninGraz(Austria), its development and characteristics. A summary of general implications for higher education and lessons learnt from this top industrial design program concludes the article. Our analysis suggests that the school’s success is based on a few key cornerstones: 1) The program has a clear mission, which has been communicated early on, internally and externally; 2) Strong leadership, which enables continuity and high-quality output (e.g., attracts high-quality input reflected in the profile of applicants to the program); 3) Real-world projects with co-leadership from industry; 4) Provision of a supportive learning environment which extends beyond lecture times and which is conducive for collaborative creativity; and 5) Faculty are professional experts who focus on problemand project based learning approaches which aim at the joint development of personal, professional domain, systemic, creativity, and sociocultural (collaborative) competence of the students. The authors of this article have been involved with Heufler’sSchoolofIndustrial Designsince its establishment in 1995; they speak on behalf of Gerhard Heufler, the founder and head of this program, who unexpectedly passed away in April 2013. His remarkable leadership has enabled an extraordinary program in higher education with the explicit aim to provide students with competences needed to successfully deal with complex real-world problems.
Echo is the preferred modality for hemodynamic monitoring in the cardiac intensive care unit  [PDF]
Hillel A. Steiner, Yonatan Hasin
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2012.23028
Abstract: The PAC has enabled major advances in understanding cardiac hemodynamics and pathophysiology. However its clinical utility is limited by data interpretation and serious complications. Echocardiography provides a useful alternative for hemodynamic assessment as well as identification of important concomitant findings. The combination of echocardiography with insertion of a central venous pressure catheter may be the optimal combination for hemodynamic monitoring.
Computer Algorithms in the Search for Unrelated Stem Cell Donors
David Steiner
Bone Marrow Research , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/175419
Abstract: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a medical procedure in the field of hematology and oncology, most often performed for patients with certain cancers of the blood or bone marrow. A lot of patients have no suitable HLA-matched donor within their family, so physicians must activate a “donor search process” by interacting with national and international donor registries who will search their databases for adult unrelated donors or cord blood units (CBU). Information and communication technologies play a key role in the donor search process in donor registries both nationally and internationaly. One of the major challenges for donor registry computer systems is the development of a reliable search algorithm. This work discusses the top-down design of such algorithms and current practice. Based on our experience with systems used by several stem cell donor registries, we highlight typical pitfalls in the implementation of an algorithm and underlying data structure. 1. Introduction Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) [1] (commonly referred to as bone marrow transplantation) is a medical procedure in the field of hematology and oncology, most often performed for patients with certaincancersof thebloodorbone marrow. HSCT is the treatment of choice for people with hematopoietic malignancies, bone marrow failure, and certain types of cancer (e.g., lymphoma) which results in a compromised immune system. The most important factor in the successful outcome of HSCT is that the patient and donor are matched for the Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLA). The level of the matching required varies with the source of stem cells used for HSCT. A lot of patients have no suitable HLA-matched donor within their family, so physicians must activate a “donor search process” by interacting with national and international donor registries who will search their databases for adult unrelated donors (AUD) or cord blood units (CBU). Information and communication technologies play a key role in the donor search process in donor registries both nationally and internationaly. One of the major challenges for donor registry computer systems is the development of a reliable search algorithm. This work discusses the top-down design of such algorithms and current practice. Based on our experience with systems used by several stem cell donor registries, we will highlight typical pitfalls in the implementation of an algorithm and underlying data structure. 2. Search Algorithm The purpose of the donor search algorithm is to find and present a selected list of potential donors
Boundless thought. The case of conceptual mental episodes
Steiner, Pierre;
Manuscrito , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-60452012000200004
Abstract: i present and defend here a thesis named vehicleless externalism for conceptual mental episodes. according to it, the constitutive relations there are between the production of conceptual mental episodes by an individual and the inclusion of this individual in social discursive practices make it non-necessary to equate, even partially, conceptual mental episodes with the occurrence of physical events inside of that individual. conceptual mental episodes do not have subpersonal vehicles; they have owners: persons in interpretational practices. that thesis is grounded on inferentialism and on the endorsement of the idea that "meaning is normative". after having recapitulated this heritage and after having presented that thesis, the paper especially attempts to articulate how, in that framework, we may then positively conceive the relations there are between conceptual mental episodes, intracranial events and inferential behaviour.
Comprender las imágenes: Entre las formas simbólicas y los procesos culturales
Steiner,Mara;
Cuadernos del Centro de Estudios en Dise?±o y Comunicaci?3n. Ensayos , 2012,
Abstract: the processes of visual alphabetization are conformed by a multiplicity of aspects that to a great extent move away of the strictly visual. to learn to see implies to cross a process of cultural habit to which ideological conditioners are gotten up, political, historical and without a doubt aesthetic. the present work aims to track to what extent our visibility, and therefore our "way to see" are crossed by cultural drivers where sociologic processes are involved and linked to cultural anthropology and art history.
O uso de estudos de caso em pesquisas sobre política ambiental: vantagens e limita??es
Steiner, Andrea;
Revista de Sociologia e Política , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-44782011000100009
Abstract: the analysis of environmental issues in a political context is a topic that attracts growing attention within political science, yet requires specific methodological considerations. one of methods that is most frequently employed in research linked to environmental policy is that of case studies. the purpose of this article is to discuss the role of such a methodology within the sub-discipline. some general conceptual issues on the method and the advantages and disadvantages it offers are sketched out. furthermore, the study of environmental politics is distinguished from other research topics within political science, contextualizing its specific methodological needs and the role of case studies in research on environmental politics is analyzed, looking at its inherent ambiguities, the advantages and general limitations of the methodology and five forms of analysis and inference: covariance analysis, counterfactual analysis, causal process tracing and tests for congruence and comparison of cases. of these five approaches, two stand out as particularly relevant for political and environmental research, although they occupy almost opposite positions in terms of practical advantages and applicability: causal process tracing and counterfactual analysis. the complementary use of these and other approaches, whether in one or more studies on issues of environmental policy, is extremely useful for the empirical and theoretical development of the sub-discipline.
A doa??o de órg?os: a lei, o mercado e as famílias
Steiner, Philippe;
Tempo Social , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20702004000200005
Abstract: this study compares the organization of organs gift-giving and the propositions advocating the merits of a market for organ transplantation. a strong similarity appears since, on the one hand, the actual organization limits or prevents social relations (principle of anonymity of the gift) and, on the other, the market solution aims at ruling out social relations on the ground that a contract would be more efficient. then the paper compares this organization to inheritance and life insurance. this comparison makes clear that kin's relations are an important part of the three processes in which wealth and resources are transmitted at the owner's death.
Are Big Schools Bad Schools?: Measuring the Effects of the Number and Size of Schools on District Costs and Student Achievement
Jamie Steiner
JPUR : Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research , 2011,
Abstract: As state governments shrink their budgets, more school districts are debating consolidation. In considering school consolidation, governments must evaluate costs per pupil and student achievement. Factors associated with costs per pupil include schools per district, district enrollment, income per individual, percent of pupils eligible for free lunch, pupil-teacher ratio, and average teacher salary. Factors associated with achievement include school enrollment, percent of pupils eligible for free lunch, suspension/expulsion rates, pupil-teacher ratio, and average teacher salary. This paper presents a regression model that analyzes the effects of school enrollment and schools per district on costs per pupil and standardized test passing rates in Indiana elementary and secondary schools. This model employed data from the Indiana Department of Education and the U.S. Internal Revenue Service. The results showed that districts with more schools had higher costs per pupil and that a school’s enrollment had no significant effect on student achievement. In addition, the results suggest that school consolidation could cut costs while not necessarily lowering student achievement levels.
Dopplersonographie bei Pr eklampsie
Steiner H
Speculum - Zeitschrift für Gyn?kologie und Geburtshilfe , 2001,
Abstract:
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