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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 57140 matches for " Tito Belchior Silva Moreira "
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Rent-Seeking, Trade Policy and Economic Welfare  [PDF]
Fernando Ant?nio Ribeiro Soares, Tito Belchior Silva Moreira
Modern Economy (ME) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/me.2011.21005
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to assess the impacts that rent-seeking arising from government intervention in international trade has on welfare. More specifically, the focus is on how the granting of special import re- gimes promotes rent-seeking practices, which have negative effects on welfare. We present two concepts of nominal protection: legal tariffs and the actual import tariffs. In addition, we construct three measures of welfare: from the legal tariff; from the actual import tariffs; and from the actual import tariffs when rent-seeking is present. Finally, we compare the various measures of protection in terms of their impact on welfare. The results show that trade policies based on exceptions - such as those establishing the special im- port regimes - tends to decrease welfare.
Are Government Bonds Net Wealth? Some Empirical Evidence  [PDF]
Tito Belchior Silva Moreira, Geraldo da Silva e Souza, Fernando Ant?nio Ribeiro Soares
Modern Economy (ME) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/me.2011.23045
Abstract: This paper aims to investigate the impact of government debt on economic growth for a balanced panel of G7 countries over the period 1990-2008. We found empirical evidence that Ricardian Equivalence does not holds in general. The analysis indicates that only Germany shows a negative association between public debt and economic growth. The US and France show Ricardian equivalence and UK, Japan, Italy and Canada show a positive association.
The Interaction of Monetary and Fiscal Policy: The Brazilian Case  [PDF]
Tito Belchior Silva Moreira, Fernando Ant?nio Ribeiro Soares, Adolfo Sachsida, Paulo Roberto Amorim Loureiro
Modern Economy (ME) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/me.2011.22016
Abstract: We tested, empirically, whether the Brazilian fiscal policy for the period between 1995:I to 2008:III was active or passive. To analyze fiscal policy transmission mechanisms, we estimated functions by which the public debt/GDP ratio affects investment, primary surplus, output gap and the demand for money. The ratio of public debt to GDP was found to be statistically significant, positively affecting the demand for money and the primary surplus, whereas it was found to negatively affect the level of investment and the output gap. We conclude that the Brazilian regime was non-Ricardian in the context of fiscal dominance.
Previs?o de insolvência: um modelo baseado em índices contábeis com utiliza??o da análise discriminante
Guimar?es, Ailton;Moreira, Tito Belchior Silva;
Revista de Economia Contemporanea , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-98482008000100006
Abstract: the objective of this paper is to propose an insolvency forecast model based on accounting indicators using discriminant analysis. although this issue had been thoroughly discussed, there is a need of the existing models enhancement as well as the uncovering of new forecasting variables and techniques that would better describe the behavior of corporation through the credit risk prospective. regarding the predictive variables of the discriminant function, generated by the stepwise method, the research confirmed the discriminatory power of those variables, which emphasize the financial decisions over asset structure, capital structure and the cash flow related variable. another important result is related to the discriminatory power of the variable representing the amount of equity. the variable, which is used on studies related to financial institutions solvency, showed also promising results for non-financial corporations. the proposed model, which is statistically significant, represents the result of company's decisions showing a good level of prediction on insolvency forecast, through its independent variables.
Análise do risco setorial como instrumento de controle gerencial em institui??es financeiras
Gartner, Ivan Ricardo;Moreira, Tito Belchior Silva;Galves, Herley Martins;
RAM. Revista de Administra??o Mackenzie , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-69712009000500006
Abstract: the financial and investment decisions are influenced by the degree of risk concerning variables that explain the decision making process. this paper focus on the risky variables of the economic sectors and segments that influence the decision making process of credit concession in financial institutions. the aim is to present a pragmatic method for evaluating the risky variables using an alternative approach that aggregate multiples criteria in a single evaluation system. hence, the ahp method is used and as a result we have a purpose of risk rating of sectors and segments of the brazilian economy.
Análise do risco setorial como instrumento de controle gerencial em institui es financeiras
Ivan Ricardo Gartner,Tito Belchior Silva Moreira,Herley Martins Galves
Revista de Administra??o Mackenzie , 2009,
Abstract: O processo de tomada de decis es de financiamento e investimento é influenciado pelo grau de risco inerente às variáveis consideradas. Este artigo enfoca as variáveis de risco dos setores e segmentos econ micos, que condicionam as decis es das institui es financeiras quanto à concess o do crédito, bem como seu controle durante o período do financiamento. O objetivo é apresentar uma forma alternativa de avaliar o grau de risco dessas variáveis, utilizando uma abordagem que agregue a multiplicidade de critérios das mais diversas dimens es em um sistema único de avalia o. Para tanto, foi utilizado o método AHP; os resultados da aplica o apresentam uma proposta de classifica o de risco dos setores e segmentos econ micos da economia brasileira.
Credibilidade e crises cambiais: uma aplica??o do modelo de Velasco
Menezes, Adriano Campos;Moreira, Tito Belchior Silva;Souza, Geraldo da Silva e;
Economia Aplicada , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-80502005000300006
Abstract: this paper analyzes the currency crises of the south american countries during the period from 1992 to 1998, based on the velasco (1996) model. this is a model that synthesizes two approaches: speculative attacks resulting from unbalanced macroeconomics fundamentals and resulting from self-fulfilling prophecies, even when the economies show good fundamentals. nine latin american countries are classified by means of a loss function index. thus, it is possible to classify the countries by the degree of vulnerability to the crises, establishing zones of credibility. the results indicate that the brazilian economy, since it shows problems in its macroeconomic fundamentals, was classified in the zone of null credibility. argentina moves from a zone of high credibility to an intermediate or partial zone. this is an indication that argentina became susceptible to self-fulfilling crises. all other countries were classified in the zone of high credibility.
Uma metodologia alternativa para mensura??o de press?o sobre o mercado de cambio
Moreira, Tito Belchior Silva;Pinto, Maurício Barata de Paula;Souza, Geraldo da Silva e;
Estudos Econ?micos (S?o Paulo) , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-41612004000100003
Abstract: this article applies multivariate analysis to measure the exchange market pressures in 20 countries, in the context of the asian crisis of 1997/98. we develop an index of pressure on the exchange market as a weighted average of exchange rate changes, reserve changes and interest rates changes. changes in the exchange rate enter with positive weights, changes in reserves have negative weights and changes in interest rates have positive weights. these weights are derived from a measure of the communality of each variable used in the analysis. using a exchange market pressure index we classify the sample, identifying by ward's method of cluster analysis, the countries most affected by the crisis initiated in mid 1997. the classification is validated with the use of discriminant analysis.
Potential improvement of agricultural output for major producers based on dea efficiency measurements
Souza, Geraldo da Silva e;Moreira, Tito Belchior Silva;Gomes, Eliane Gon?alves;
Pesquisa Operacional , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-74382011000100006
Abstract: in this article we perform production efficiency analysis for the 40 countries with largest value added by agricultural sector in 2005. under the assumption of a nonparametric frontier and production observations satisfying a statistical model including both random and inefficiency errors, we estimate an agricultural production function using dea measures of efficiency with output orientation and variable returns to scale. we found evidence that the set of countries investigated could increase their total value added by agricultural sector for at least 53.9% without increasing input usage with the prevailing technology. this result has a direct impact on issues related to the recent food crisis
Crises gêmeas nos mercados emergentes: América Latina x Leste Asiático
Tito Belchior Silva Moreira,Maurício Barata de Paula Pinto,Geraldo da Silva e Souza
Nova Economia , 2004,
Abstract: This article uses a crisis index based on an average of the variations in currency and financial crises indicators, referred to as "twin crises", adjusting them to the same volatility. Thus, the objective is to measure the degree of vulnerability to twin crises within a group of 19 countries in the context of the East Asian crisis. Based on the crisis index regarding data from 1996, the most vulnerable countries of the twin crises can be ordered and identified a year before the onset of the crises. East Asian countries, in contrast with Latin American countries, were identified as the most vulnerable to twin crises.
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