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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 144461 matches for " Timbilfou Kiendrébéogo "
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Effects of Rations Containing Maggot Concentrate as a Fish Substitute on the Technical and Economic Performance of Large White’s Piglets in Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Timbilfou Kiendrébéogo, Isidor Z. Ouédraogo, Salimata Pousga, Drissa Barry, Chantal Yvette Kaboré-Zoungrana
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2019.1012099
Abstract: The study evaluated the effects of rations incorporating maggot concentrate (CA) as a substitute for fishmeal on growth performance and post-weaning piglet’s production costs. To do this, twenty-four (24) weanlings of large white breed were divided into 3 batches of 8 pigs each for a comparative rationing test in 2 phases. Four (04) experimental rations containing CA, two experimental rations (RI10 and RI5-5) for the 1st phase and two others (RII5 and RII10) for the 2nd phase were tested in comparison with 2 control rations RTI10 and RTII5 for the respective Phases I and II. The results show that in all phases piglet growth was continuous from the beginning to the end of each phase. In Phase I, the ADGs of piglets fed RI5-5 (138.64 g), RI10 (131.28 g) and RTI10 (104.78 g) were homogeneous (p > 0.05). The food production costs of one kg of live weight (FCkgLW) of the RI5-5 (671.39 CFAF) and RI10 (690.57 CFAF) rations were significantly lower than the RTI10 (1083.68 CFAF) ration (p < 0.05). In Phase II, the ADG of RII5 (249.85 g), RII10 (260.36 g), and RTII5 (248.00 g) were homogeneous (p > 0.05). The FCkgLWs of RII10 (506.73 FCFA), RII5 (583.43 FCFA) and RTII5 (815.53 FCFA) were homogeneous (p > 0.05). The maggot concentrate can be used as a source of animal protein in the feeding of piglets in partial or total substitution for fish. The evaluation of the effects of its use on the quality of carcasses and meat will be necessary.
Cassava By-Products as Feed for Pigs in Burkina Faso: Production Processes, Nutritive Values and Economic Costs  [PDF]
Timbilfou Kiendrébéogo, Nouhoun Zampaligré, Souleymane Ouédraoogo, Youssouf Mopaté Logténé, Chantal Yvette Kaboré-Zoungrana
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105711
Abstract:
Introduction: In Burkina Faso, as in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, the low availability and high cost of feed is the main limiting factor for pigs’ productivity. While cassava byproducts are well known and used in many countries to overcome this constraint, very little is known on its uses as feed in Burkina Faso. Objective: The study aims to develop processes for the production of pig feeds from cassava leaves and by products (peelings and residues of sieving for gari making). Experimentations: Some cassava leaves, peelings and residues of sieving gari were collected, sun-dried and milled (peels and residues) or mortared (leaves). The dry matter contents were 88.89%, 90.83% and 91.67% respectively for food of cassava peeling (FCP), leaves (FCL), and gari sieving residues (GRSF). The crud protein (CP) contents were 28.87% for FCL, 4.22% for FCP and 1.72% for GRSF. Crude fiber (CB) and ADF were 15.98% and 30.6% for FCP, 15.79% and 23.29% for FCL and 3.27% and 4.45% for GRSF. The NDF content of FCL (45.32%) was higher than the FCP (38.36%) and GRSF (18.42%) feed respectively. Lignin levels were more important in FCP than in FCL and GRSF. The digestible energy (DE) contents were 2424 kcal for FCL, 2683 kcal for FCP and 3471 kcal DE for GRSF. The production costs of a kg of Dry Matter (DM) of FCP were 15 FCFA, FCL were 101 FCFA and 150 FCFA for GRSF. Conclusion: Pig’s feed production based on cassava by-products in Burkina Faso is a good opportunity to make feed more available at reduced cost. Further research is needed to assess pigs zootechnical performances and cost benefits of pig’s diets with these feeds.
Phytochemical, Antibacterial and Antioxidant Investigations of Sesbania rostrata Dc (Fabaceae) Extracts form Leaves, Stems, Granulates, Pods and Roots
M.B. Ouattara,M. Kiendrébéogo,M. Compaore,J. Millogo-Rasolodimby
Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The antibacterial, antioxidant activities and the phytochemical analysis of Sesbania rostrata used in traditional medicine in Burkina Faso were investigated. Aqueous, methanolic and hydro-acetone extracts from leaves, stems, granules, pods and roots organs have demonstrated a good polyphenolic, tannin and flavonoids with variable anti-DPPH, Iron III reduction and antibacterial capacities. Particularly methanol extract form leaves possessed 46.33 mgEGA/100 mg and 25.98 mgETA/100 mg in polyphenolic and tannin content respectively. Beside TLC analysis of this extract demonstrated the presence of quercetin, kaempferol, rutin, caffeic and gallic acids. It was presented a good possibility to inhibit bacteria growth, radical DPPH and to reduce Iron III. These biological activities could support the traditional uses of this plant.
Antibacterial Potential of Aqueous Acetone Extracts From Five Medicinal Plants used Traditionally to Treat Infectious Diseases in Burkina Faso
K. Konaté,M. Kiendrébéogo,M.B. Ouattara,A. Souza
Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Polyphenol contents, in vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of leaves and barks from of Anogeissus leiocarpus, Khaya senegalensis, Sterculia setigera, Solanum incanum and Pterocarpus erinaceus extracts obtained with aqueous acetone 80% (WAE) were investigated in this study. The present study was conducted to evaluate the total phenolic contents, in vitro antioxidant and antibacterial properties. Folin-ciocalteu and AlCl3 methods respectively were used for polyphenol content. The antioxidant potential of the samples was evaluate using two separate methods, inhibition of free radical 2,2-diphenyl-1- picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and Iron (III) to iron (II) reduction activity (FRAP). In vitro antibacterial capacity of aqueous acetone extracts were investigated by agar disc diffusion, micro-well dilution (MIC) and Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) assay against five bacteria. Our extracts contained high levels of phenolics and exhibited antibacterial activity against bacteria. S. aureus and B. cereus were the most sensitive; while E. coli was the most resistant. There were highly positive relationships (R2 = 0.8454-0.9780) between phenolic contents and antioxidant, activity antibacterial capacity and phenolic contents of the tested extracts against each bacterium. This suggested that the antibacterial activity of the tested extracts was closely associated with their phenolic constituents. In this study, the extract of Anogeissus leiocarpus leaves was presented the best results among all extracts.
Antibacterial Potential and Antioxidant Activity of Polyphenols of Sesbania grandiflora
M.B. Ouattara,K. Konaté,M. Kiendrébéogo,N. Ouattara
Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The antibacterial and antioxidant activity of Sesbanial grandiflora used in traditional pharmacopeia in Burkina Faso and elsewhere was evaluated. Aqueous, methanolic and hydro-acetone extractions were carried out on the leaves, stems, and granules, pods of fruit and roots of the plant. The phytochimic groups were identified by the tests of characterization, then quantified by the tests of proportioning of total phenolics, flavonoides and tanins. Specific compounds to these phytochimic groups were also identified by the analysis in Thin layer chromatography among which the gallic acid, the caffeic acid, Kaempferol, Quercetin, Rutin. An important antioxidant activity of the same extracts was evaluated by the test of reduction of the stable radical, the 2,2-diphényl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH*) and the test of reduction of iron (FRAP). This activity is related to phenolic compounds contained in the extracts. Extracts also expressed a good antibacterial activity.
Tumours of salivary glands in the stomatology and maxillo-facial surgery unit at the university hospital centre —Yalgado Ouédraogo  [PDF]
Mathieu Millogo, Tarcissus Konsem, Haréfétéguén Bissa, Rasmané Béogo, Dieudonné Ouédraogo
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2013.39077
Abstract:

The aim of this study was to contribute to strengthening the efficiency in the treatment of the salivary gland tumours in the Stomatology and Maxillo-facial surgery service at the University Hospital Centre/Yalgado OUEDRAOGO of Ouagadougou. It has been a retrospective and descriptive study covering seven (7) years [January 2006-December 2012] on epidemiology and the treatment of 54 cases of the salivary glands tumours histologically confirmed. Benign tumours (non-malignant tumours were prevalent (61.11% of cases). The annual incidences were 4.71 cases for non malignant tumours and 3 cases for malignant tumours. The average age was 34-45 years for non malignant tumours and 44-33 years for malignant ones. In both groups, the tumour was discovered lately with an average 32-48 months before consulting in case of non malignant tumours and 18-29 months for malignant tumours. The location of non malignant tumours was very often the parotid (42.42%), under mandible gland (27.28%). Malignant tumours very often concerned the parotid (76.18%) and the under mandible gland (14.29%). The histology has revealed that pleomorphic adenoma was the leading type of non-malignant tumours (93.94% of cases) whereas carcinoma was predominant in malignant tumours (80.95% of cases). Long term track keeping was difficult and it has been complicated by the loss of contact with some patients. The low living standard, the time wasted before consulting, limited human resources and therapeutic means constitute handicaps to the treatment in our African context.

Tongue Lipoma: Report of 2 Cases and Review of Literature  [PDF]
Rasmané Béogo, Toua Antoine Coulibaly, Ibra?ma Traoré, Valentin Konségré, Hèra Michel Kohoun
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2018.88025
Abstract: Background: Tongue is an exceptional site of lipoma, a yet very common tumor. Aim: To improve awareness in tongue lipoma diagnosis and treatment approaches through a report of 2 cases and a review of literature. Case Report: A 57-year female patient presented with a large and long-standing mass of 10 years of duration of the base of the tongue, difficulties in feeding and speaking. Another patient of 33 years old presented with an asymptomatic swelling of the left side of the mobile tongue. The two patients had no remarkable medical history and their clinical examination was otherwise unremarkable. In all the two masses, macroscopic examination of the surgical specimen showed an elastic consistency and a yellowish cut surface. Microscopically, matures adipocytes in an abundant fibrous connective tissue were noted in one of the specimen and fibrolipoma was diagnosed. In the other one, matures adipocytes were noted and its patient was diagnosed as having lipoma. Discussion: Tongue lipoma diagnosis, clinically challenging, is easily suspected at macroscopic examination of surgical specimen of a tongue mass. Treatment should favor as possible as a non-mutilating approach given the benign character and the classical low propensity for recurrence of the tumor.
Aeromonas hydrophila Septic Arthritis in a Patient Infected with HIV*  [PDF]
Dieu-Donné Ouédraogo, Joelle Tiendrébéogo/ Zabsonré, Hervé Tiéno, Ismael Diallo, Abraham Bagbila, Joseph Drabo
Open Journal of Rheumatology and Autoimmune Diseases (OJRA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojra.2013.33025
Abstract: Septic arthritis is a medical emergency. The causative organisms are primarily staphylococcus and streptococcus. Aeromonas hydrophila septic arthritis seems to be rare. We report one case observed in a 58-year-old patient infected with HIV serotype 1 and treated by zidovudine, lamivudine and nevirapine. CD4 count was 413 cells per microliter and viral load undetectable. Two blood cultures were A. hydrophila positive. The evolution was favorable after treatment by ceftriaxone and gentamicin.
Surgical and Orthodontic Treatment of Dental Retentions: A Case Report  [PDF]
Ouédraogo Youssouf, Ouattara Seydou, Sawadogo Augustin, Fall Médina, Kaboré W. Aimé Désiré, Béogo Rasmané, Konsem Tarcissus
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2017.711041
Abstract: This paper reports the case of K.Z, a 15 year-old child received in the Dental Surgery Unit of the Yalgado Ouédraogo Teaching Hospital for consultation for some aesthetic reasons due to dental retentions. On his X-ray, the premolars 25, 34, 35, 44, 45 and the molar 47 were deeply impacted, retained by supernumerary teeth. The treatment consisted in the removal of persistent temporary teeth and supernumerary teeth with poor radicular set, except one premolar. The removal of this premolar located between the roots of tooth 36, was source of major risk; therefore, it was put under clinical supervision. After these extractions, a fixed orthodontic appliance enabled bringing impacted teeth to a functional position. Orthodontic treatment lasted 3 years with a monthly check-up. Ours results are stable after one year of decline.
Urachus Fistula about Two Cases in Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital, Ouagadougou (Burkina-Faso)  [PDF]
C. A. M. K. Yaméogo, M. Zida, A. Ouattara, R. Doamba, B. Ky, K. D. Zongo, F. A. Kaboré
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2018.86021
Abstract: The purpose of these serial cases was to report the diagnostic and therapeutic features of urachal fistulas at Yalgado Ouedraogo teaching Hospital. We have reported retrospectively two cases of urachus fistula at the Surgery Department of Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital in Ouagadougou. The parameters studied were sex, age, reason for consultation, clinical and paraclinical signs, treatment, length of hospital stay, delay of urinary catheterisation and evolution. Two serial cases of urachal fistula were reported, one 14 years old female patient and a 32 years old male patient. Clinical signs were marked by urine flow through the umbilicus. The diagnosis was made by fistulography in one case and during surgery for the second case. The treatment was surgical and consisted of laparotomy followed by removal of the urachal fistula from bladder. The urinary catheter was removed after 10 days. The postoperative course for the two patients was uneventful.
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