Abstract:
We discuss dilaton and Moduli dominant SUSY breaking scenarios in M-theory. In addition, for the nonperturbative superpotential from gaugino condensation, we discuss the soft terms in the simplest model (only S and T moduli fields) and in the $T^6/Z_{12}$ model from M-theory. From the phenomenology consideration, we suggest massless scalar SUSY breaking scenario.

Abstract:
If the fifth dimension is one-dimensional connected manifold, up to diffeomorphic, the only possible space-time will be $M^4 \times R^1$, $M^4 \times R^1/Z_2$, $M^4 \times S^1$ and $M^4 \times S^1/Z_2$. And there exist two possibilities on cosmology constant along the fifth dimension: the cosmology constant is constant, and the cosmology constant is sectional constant. We construct the general models with parallel 3-branes and with constant/sectional constant cosmology constant along the fifth dimension on those kinds of the space-time, and point out that for compact fifth dimension, the sum of the brane tensions is zero, for non-compact fifth dimension, the sum of the brane tensions is positive. We assume the observable brane which includes our world should have positive tension, and obtain that the gauge hierarchy problem can be solved in those scenarios. We also discuss some simple models.

Abstract:
We construct two SU(5) models on the space-time $M^4 \times T^2/(Z_2 \times Z_2^{\prime})$ where the gauge and Higgs fields are in the bulk and the Standard Model fermions are on the brane at the fixed point or line. For the zero modes, the SU(5) gauge symmetry is broken down to $SU(3) \times SU(2) \times U(1) $ due to non-trivil orbifold projection. In particular, if we put the Standard Model fermions on the 3-brane at the fixed point in Model II, we only have the zero modes and KK modes of the Standard Model gauge fields and two Higgs doublets on the observable 3-brane. So, we can have the low energy unification, and solve the triplet-doublet splitting problem, the gauge hierarchy problem, and the proton decay problem.

Abstract:
With the ansatz that there exist local or global discrete symmetries in the special branes' neighborhoods, we can construct the extra dimension models with only zero modes, or the models which have large extra dimensions and arbitrarily heavy KK modes because there is no simple relation between the mass scales of extra dimensions and the masses of KK states. In addition, the bulk gauge symmetry and supersymmetry can be broken on the special branes for all the modes, and in the bulk for the zero modes by local and global discrete symmetries. To be explicit, we discuss the supersymmetric SU(5) model on $M^4\times S^1/Z_2$ in which there is a local $Z_2'$ symmetry in the special 3-brane neighborhood along the fifth dimension.

Abstract:
We study the 6-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric grand unified theories with gauge group SU(N) and $ SO(M)$ on the extra space orbifolds $T^2/(Z_2)^3$ and $T^2/(Z_2)^4$, which can be broken down to the 4-dimensional N=1 supersymmetric $SU(3)\times SU(2)\times U(1)^{n-3}$ model for the zero modes. We also study the models which have two SU(2) Higgs doublets (zero modes) from the 6-dimensional vector multiplet. We give the particle spectra, present the fields, the number of 4-dimensional supersymmetry and gauge group on the observable 3-brane or 4-brane and discuss some phenomenology for those models. Furthermore, we generalize our procedure for $(4+m)$-dimensional $N$ supersymmetric GUT breaking on the space-time $M^4\times T^m/(Z_2)^L$.

Abstract:
We study the principles of the gauge symmetry and supersymmetry breaking due to the local or global discrete symmetries on the extra space manifold. We show that the gauge symmetry breaking by Wilson line is the special case of the discrete symmetry approach where all the discrete symmetries are global and act freely on the extra space manifold. As applications, we discuss the N=2 supersymmetric SO(10) and $E_8$ breaking on the space-time $M^4\times A^2$ and $M^4\times D^2$, and point out that similarly one can study any N=2 supersymmetric $SO(M)$ breaking. We also comment on the one-loop effective potential, the possible questions and generalization.

Abstract:
We discuss the general models with one time-like extra dimension and parallel 3-branes on the space-time $M^4 \times M^1$. We also construct the general brane models or networks with $n$ space-like and $m$ time-like extra dimensions and with constant bulk cosmological constant on the space-time $M^4\times (M^1)^{n+m}$, and point out that there exist two kinds of models with zero bulk cosmological constant: for static solutions, we have to introduce time-like and space-like extra dimensions, and for non-static solutions, we can obtain the models with only space-like extra dimension(s). In addition, we give two simplest models explicitly, and comment on the 4-dimensional effective cosmological constant.

Abstract:
We study the supersymmetric GUT models where the supersymmetry and GUT gauge symmetry can be broken by the discrete symmetry. First, with the ansatz that there exist discrete symmetries in the branes' neighborhoods, we discuss the general reflection $Z_2$ symmetries and GUT breaking on $M^4\times M^1$ and $M^4\times M^1\times M^1$. In those models, the extra dimensions can be large and the KK states can be set arbitrarily heavy. Second, considering the extra space manifold is the annulus $A^2$ or disc $D^2$, we can define any $Z_n$ symmetry and break any 6-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric SU(M) models down to the 4-dimensional N=1 supersymmetric $SU(3)\times SU(2)\times U(1)^{M-4}$ models for the zero modes. In particular, there might exist the interesting scenario on $M^4\times A^2$ where just a few KK states are light, while the others are relatively heavy. Third, we discuss the complete global discrete symmetries on $M^4\times T^2$ and study the GUT breaking.

Abstract:
Keeping N=1 supersymmetry in 4-dimension and in the leading order, we disuss the various orbifold compactifications of M-theory suggested by Horava and Witten on $T^6/Z_3$, $T^6/Z_6$, $T^6/Z_{12}$, and the compactification by keeping singlets under $SU(2)\times U(1)$ symmetry, then the compactification on $S^1/Z_2$. We also discuss the next to leading order K\"ahler potential, superpotential, and gauge kinetic function in the $Z_{12}$ case. In addition, we calculate the SUSY breaking soft terms and find out that the universality of the scalar masses will be violated, but the violation might be very small.