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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 31375 matches for " Thomas Leith?user "
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Psychoanalyse, Sozialisation und Gesellschaft. Zum psychoanalytischen Denken und Deuten von Alfred Lorenzer Psychoanalysis, Socialization and Society—The Psychoanalytical Thought and Interpretation of Alfred Lorenzer Psicoanálisis, socialización y sociedad. El pensamiento psicoanalítico y la interpretación de Alfred Lorenzer
Thomas Leithuser
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2012,
Abstract: Alfred LORENZER geh rt zu jenen wenigen Psychoanalytiker/innen, die die Psychoanalyse über ein rein klinisches Denken und Forschen und Psychotherapie hinaus auch als eine Sozialwissenschaft verstanden haben. Das Individuum ist in seiner Sichtweise grunds tzlich nicht aus seinen sozialen Einbettungen herausl sbar. Das therapeutische Setting der Psychoanalyse ist insofern eine künstliche Veranstaltung, ein psychologisches Experiment besonderer Art. Gesellschaft begreift LORENZER nicht nur als eine dem Individuum u erliche soziale Umgebung, wie sie in den meisten Paradigmen der Psychologie zu erscheinen pflegt. Gesellschaft vermittelt sich vielmehr nach LORENZER noch in die tiefste individuelle Struktur. Er beschreibt diesen Prozess als Sozialisation des Individuums. In dem vorliegenden Aufsatz diskutiere ich diese Untersuchungsperspektive an der Mutter-Kind-Beziehung, dem Sprechenlernen des Kindes, den Arbeitsbeziehungen sowie religi sen und ideologischen Einstellungen. Es geht um die Untersuchung familialer und sozialer "Interaktionsformen" in ihren komplexen Vermittlungen. Dabei steht ein Begriff des Unbewussten im Zentrum, den LORENZER aus der Freudschen Psychoanalyse heraus entwickelt. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1203176 Alfred LORENZER belongs to those few psychoanalysts, who did understand psychoanalysis not only in clinical therapy, clinical thinking and research but also as a social science. In the perspective of LORENZER the individual fundamentally could not be taken out of his social contexts. The therapeutic setting of psychoanalysis insofar is an artificial undertaking, a psychological experiment of a special kind. LORENZER did understand society not only as an environment outside of the individual, how it is studied through most of the psychological paradigms. In the sense of LORENZER society penetrates and mediates the deep individual structures. He describes this process as a socialization of the individual. In my following essay I discuss the perspective of LORENZER's research in the fields of mother-child-relationship, of the child's learning of language, of work-relationships, and of religious and ideological attitudes. My research interest is directed on the complex mediation of familial and social interaction forms. The center of the analyses is the concept of the unconsciousness, which LORENZER has developed in a close relation to Sigmund FREUD. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1203176 Alfed LORENZER pertenece a aquellos pocos psicoanalistas que entendieron al psicoanálisis no sólo en la terapia clí
Adorno's Dreams
Thomas Leithuser
Journal für Psychologie , 2007,
Abstract: The dream protocols“ ( Die Traumprotokolle“) of Theodor W. Adorno were published posthume in 2005 by Suhrkamp. Two of the about hundred dream-protocols are interpreted in the sense of Freud’s dream-interpretation. The focus of the interpretation is the societal content of the dreams and does not lie on the personal dispositions of the dreamer. Some aspects of the Critical Theory are analysed in the rest of the day” (Tagesrest) which is always a part of the dream. The process of the psychoanalytical orientated depth-hermeneutic method is shown in the interpretation.
Transcatheter occlusion of left atrial appendage for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation
J.-W. Park,B. Leithuser,F. Jung
Applied Cardiopulmonary Pathophysiology , 2009,
Abstract: Cardiac emboli in patients with atrial fibrillation are one of the major causes of ischemic stroke. Because the vast majority of these cardiac emboli descend from the left atrial appendage (LAA), the therapeutic strategy of percutaneous transcatheter occlusion of the LAA by means of a mechanical implant was a logical consequence. Three different devices have been developed and used in humans: PLAATO, WATCHMAN, and ACP. The PLAATO implant, a "soccer ball" shaped self-expanding nitinol cage has demonstrated stroke prevention capability in small, uncontrolled studies. The WATCHMAN implant, a "half rugby ball" shaped self-expanding nitinol cage, has demonstrated non inferiority compared to warfarin treatment in the randomized, controlled PROTECT AF trial. The ACP implant is also a self-expanding nitinol cage. However, its design is of fundamental difference compared to the other two implants. ACP consists of two parts connected by a short waist, which are an "icehockey puck" shaped body for the implant fixation in the appendage wall, and a flexible disc for sealing the appendage ostium. Due to the very flexible connecting waist between the two parts, ACP implant adapts itself to the LAA, which appears in significant individual structural variabilities. The currently unpublished initial experience with ACP in Europe is encouraging. Transcatheter occlusion of the LAA offers an appealing way to reduce the incidence of cardioembolic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. However, the concerns about procedural safety and the need for long-term follow up should be addressed before this potentially important technology is deployed widely.
Influence of selenium on postischemic brachial artery dilation in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease and selenium deficiency: A monocentric prospective controlled open pilot study
B. Leithuser,F. Jung,J.-W. Park
Applied Cardiopulmonary Pathophysiology , 2010,
Abstract: In an open prospective phase-IV pilot study the effect of selenium (intravenous bolus injection of 500μg sodium selenite) was investigated on the brachial artery diameter of patients (n=20) with peripheral arterial occlusive disease in stage II according to Fontaine (PAODII) and selenium deficiency. Flow-mediated vasodilation was assessed under resting conditions (control phase) and at 5 and 30 seconds after cuff deflation completing suprasystolic compression of the upper arm. After 30 minutes, 500 μg of selenium was injected as bolus and the above mentioned measurement procedure was repeated.Taken at rest, the mean brachial artery diameter of the 20 patients with PAOD was 4.14±0.44 mm. Immediately after injection of selenium, the diameter increased to 4.65±0.45 mm, i.e. in average about 0.51 mm or 12.25 per cent (p<0.0001). Consequently, this open study showed that under resting conditions selenium has a marked effect on brachial artery diameter.The respective mean brachial artery diameters measured at 5 and 30 seconds after cuff deflation were significantly larger by 0.418 mm (p<0.0001) and 0.42 mm (p<0.0001) after selenium injection than before treatment with selenium.This indicates that despite vasodilation under resting conditions postischemic reactive hyperemia was not negatively influenced. Selenium mediated vasodilation was as pronounced in the phase of reactive hyperemia as under resting conditions. The brachial artery diameters of the patients were identical before each testing phase (p=0.945); homogeneity at baseline was given; a carry-over effect was ruled out. In all, the study provides clear though not evidential results accountable to the pilot character of the study and biometric specifications. The study will, nevertheless, prove valuable as hypothesis generation and as basis of a data based sample size calculation for a future, prospective placebo-controlled randomized clinical study.
Angiographic long-term results after implantation of the paclitaxel-eluting coronary stent
U. Gerk,B. Leithuser,U. Sch?fer,F. Jung
Applied Cardiopulmonary Pathophysiology , 2010,
Abstract:
Oral anticoagulation for prevention of cardioembolic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation: Focussing the elderly
B. Leithuser,F. Jung,J.-W. Park
Applied Cardiopulmonary Pathophysiology , 2009,
Abstract: Anticoagulation therapy for thromboembolism prophylaxis in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is based on quality information derived from numerous randomized controlled trials but continues to be a conundrum for many physicians. Age is the most cited argument to withhold anticoagulation. Ironically, because of their higher risk of stroke, the net benefit of antithrombotic therapy may be greater in octogenarians than in younger patients. Indeed, given the risk of major bleeding there is reason to be skeptical about net benefit when warfarin is used in some elderly patients with AF. This summary reviews the risks of cardioembolic stroke and bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation with and without oral anticoagulation and spotlights the problematic nature of anticoagulation underuse in the elderly.
Approximate Controllability of Linearized Shape-Dependent Operators for Flow Problems
Christian Leithuser,René Pinnau,Robert Fe?ler
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: We study the controllability of linearized shape-dependent operators for flow problems. The first operator is a mapping from the shape of the computational domain to the tangential wall velocity of the potential flow problem and the second operator maps to the wall shear stress of the Stokes problem. We derive linearizations of these operators, provide their well-posedness and finally show approximate controllability. The controllability of the linearization shows in what directions the observable can be changed by applying infinitesimal shape deformations.
A Numerical Approach to Shape Optimization with State Constraints
Christian Leithuser,René Pinnau,Robert Fe?ler
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: We present a general numerical approach to shape optimization with state constraints for 2-dimensional geometries, without relaxing the constraints. To do this we reformulate the problem on a fixed reference domain using a conformal pull-back. The shape dependence is then hidden in a conformal parameter, which appears as a coefficient in the differential operators. The problem on the reference domain can be discretized, leading to an NLP which can be handled using existing solvers. Furthermore, we deal with the question how constraints on the conformal parameter can be used to preserve characteristic features of the geometry. We introduce this approach with the help of a Stokes flow, where the task is finding a shape such that the wall shear stress is uniformly close to some given target.
Ramanujan's Heirs
Thomas Schwabh?user
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: Prof. Dr. Richard Dipper initiated the Summer School 1998 with Dr. Bernd Ackermann at the University of Stuttgart a year after Ramanujan's "lost notebook" had been published. The prime numbers needed in the representation theory of $\mathfrak{S}_{n}$ motivated me to think about the notebook, too. This article summarizes these ideas.
Preventing Exceptions to Robins InEquality
Thomas Schwabh?user
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: For sufficiently large n Ramanujan gave a sufficient condition for the truth Robin's InEquality $X(n):=\frac{\sigma(n)}{n\ln\ln n}
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