Abstract:
A method for performing wave packet simulations in dipole fields is presented. Starting from a Hamiltonian with non commuting terms, a gauge transformation leads to a new Hamiltonian which allows to calculate explicitly the evolution operator. In this new gauge, the dipole field is fully included in the {\it vector} potential. The method of Goldberg, Schwartz and Schey based on the Caley form of the evolution operator is then generalized, and the resulting scheme is applied to describe a switching device based on Rabi oscillations. The probability to tunnel in the free region exhibits a plateaux structure as the wave function is emitted by ``bursts'' after each Rabi oscillation has been completed.

Abstract:
The recent progress on 1 D interacting electrons systems and their applications to study the transport properties of quasi one dimensional wires is reviewed. We focus on strongly correlated electrons coupled to low energy acoustic phonons in one dimension. The Wentzel--Bardeen singularity suppresses antiferromagnetic fluctuations and pushes the system toward the metallic phase via an intermediate, metallic phase. The implications of this phenomenon on the transport properties of an ideal wire as well as the properties of a wire with weak or strong scattering are analyzed in a perturbative renormalization group calculation. This allows to recover the three regimes predicted from the divergence criteria of the response functions.

Abstract:
This is a course on noise which covers some of the scattering theory for normal metals, Hanbury Brown and Twiss analogs for noise correlations with electrons, noise correlations in superconducting/normal metal junctions. Entanglement in such NS systems is described with a criterion for violating Bell inegalities. The last section is devoted to the perturbative derivation of noise in a particular one dimensional correlated electron system (Luttinger liquid): edge states in the fractional quantum Hall effect, where the comparison of the quasiparticle tunneling current and noise allow to identidy the fractional charge of quasiparticles.

Abstract:
The quantum theory of the cold atom scattering by cavity fields in a two-dimensional geometry is presented. A distinct regime from the usual Raman-Nath, Bragg and Stern-Gerlach regimes is investigated, considering the situation where the cavity light field acts as a repulsive and an attractive two-dimensional potential. General expressions for the scattering lengths (the two-dimensional analogues to the three-dimensional scattering cross-sections) of finding the atoms deexcited or not after their interaction with the cavity are derived. The connection with the classical Rabi limit when the incident atomic kinetic energy is high compared with the atom-field interaction energy is made. In the cold atom regime characterized by much lower incident atomic kinetic energies, the scattering process exhibits very peculiar properties in connection with quasibound states of the atomic motion induced by the attractive potential of the cavity light field.

Abstract:
We consider a potential landscape composed of a well region separated from a "free" region by a barrier, such that one bound state and one quasi level exist in the well. A particle initially in the ground state can be activated to the quasi level by application of a micro wave field, and subsequently tunnel in the free region. The wave function is then emitted by "bursts" after each Rabi oscillation is completed, and the leakage current can be controlled by varying the amplitude of the external field, the barrier height/width, and the frequency mismatch.

Abstract:
Using a Luttinger liquid description, the correlation function exponents of various response functions are calculated. Their striking sensitivity to the non perturbative Wentzel-Bardeen singularity is discussed. For the Hubbard model coupled to phonons, the equivalent of a phase diagram is established. By increasing the filling factor towards half filling, the Wentzel-Bardeen singularity is rapidly approached. This suppresses antiferromagnetic fluctuations and drives the system in a metallic phase, and ultimately in the triplet superconducting regime.

Abstract:
The Green function and the ordering correlation functions of a system of electrons coupled to acoustic phonons are calculated explicitly. The sensitivity of the correlation function exponents to the Wentzel-Bardeen singularity is discussed. A phase diagram is established for the Hubbard model coupled to phonons, using the integral equations of Lieb and Wu. By increasing the filling factor towards half filling, the Wentzel-Bardeen singularity can be reached for arbitrary phonon coupling. This suppresses antiferromagnetic fluctuations and drives the system in a metallic phase, and ultimately in the triplet superconducting regime.

Abstract:
The quantum theory of the cold atom micromaser including the effects of gravity is established in the general case where the cavity mode and the atomic transition frequencies are detuned. We show that atoms which classically would not reach the interaction region are able to emit a photon inside the cavity. The system turns out to be extremely sensitive to the detuning and in particular to its sign. A method to solve the equations of motion for non resonant atom-field interaction and arbitrary cavity modes is presented.

Abstract:
We refute in this Reply the criticisms made by M. Abdel-Aty [Phys. Rev. A 70, 047801 (2004)]. We show that none of them are founded and we demonstrate very explicitly what is wrong in the arguments developed by this author.

Abstract:
A short review of the theoretical studies of the cold atom micromaser (mazer) is presented. Existing models are then improved by considering more general working conditions. Especially, the mazer physics is investigated in the situation where a detuning between the cavity mode and the atomic transition frequency is present. Interesting new effects are pointed out. Especially, it is shown that the cavity may slow down or speed up the atoms according to the sign of the detuning and that the induced emission process may be completely blocked by use of a positive detuning. The transmission probability of ultracold atoms through a micromaser is also studied and we generalize previous results established in the resonant case. In particular, it is shown that the velocity selection of cold atoms passing through the micromaser can be very easily tuned and enhanced using a nonresonant field inside the cavity. This manuscript is a summary of Martin's master thesis and articles [Phys. Rev. A 67, 053804 (2003)] and [Eur. Phys. J. D 29, 133 (2004)].