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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 147128 matches for " Thierry F. Vandamme "
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Low energy nanoemulsification to design veterinary controlled drug delivery devices
Thierry F Vandamme, Nicolas Anton
International Journal of Nanomedicine , 2010, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S13273
Abstract: w energy nanoemulsification to design veterinary controlled drug delivery devices Original Research (6342) Total Article Views Authors: Thierry F Vandamme, Nicolas Anton Published Date October 2010 Volume 2010:5 Pages 867 - 873 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S13273 Thierry F Vandamme, Nicolas Anton, University of Strasbourg, Faculty of Pharmacy, Illkirch Cedex, France; UMR CNRS 7199, Laboratoire de Conception et Application de Molécules Bioactives, équipe de Pharmacie Biogalénique, Illkirch Cedex, France, This work is selected as Controlled Release Society Outstanding Veterinary Paper Award 2010 Abstract: The unique properties of nanomaterials related to structural stability and quantum-scale reactive properties open up a world of possibilities that could be exploited to design and to target drug delivery or create truly microscale biological sensors for veterinary applications. We developed cost-saving and solvent-free nanoemulsions. Formulated with a low-energy method, these nanoemulsions can find application in the delivery of controlled amounts of drugs into the beverage of breeding animals (such as poultry, cattle, pigs) or be used for the controlled release of injectable poorly water-soluble drugs.
Low energy nanoemulsification to design veterinary controlled drug delivery devices
Thierry F Vandamme,Nicolas Anton
International Journal of Nanomedicine , 2010,
Abstract: Thierry F Vandamme, Nicolas Anton, University of Strasbourg, Faculty of Pharmacy, Illkirch Cedex, France; UMR CNRS 7199, Laboratoire de Conception et Application de Molécules Bioactives, équipe de Pharmacie Biogalénique, Illkirch Cedex, France, This work is selected as Controlled Release Society Outstanding Veterinary Paper Award 2010Abstract: The unique properties of nanomaterials related to structural stability and quantum-scale reactive properties open up a world of possibilities that could be exploited to design and to target drug delivery or create truly microscale biological sensors for veterinary applications. We developed cost-saving and solvent-free nanoemulsions. Formulated with a low-energy method, these nanoemulsions can find application in the delivery of controlled amounts of drugs into the beverage of breeding animals (such as poultry, cattle, pigs) or be used for the controlled release of injectable poorly water-soluble drugs.Keywords: nanoemulsion, nanomedicine, low-energy emulsification, veterinary, ketoprofen, sulfamethazine
Trojan Microparticles for Drug Delivery
Nicolas Anton,Anshuman Jakhmola,Thierry F. Vandamme
Pharmaceutics , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/pharmaceutics4010001
Abstract: During the last decade, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have regulated a wide range of products, (foods, cosmetics, drugs, devices, veterinary, and tobacco) which may utilize micro and nanotechnology or contain nanomaterials. Nanotechnology allows scientists to create, explore, and manipulate materials in nano-regime. Such materials have chemical, physical, and biological properties that are quite different from their bulk counterparts. For pharmaceutical applications and in order to improve their administration (oral, pulmonary and dermal), the nanocarriers can be spread into microparticles. These supramolecular associations can also modulate the kinetic releases of drugs entrapped in the nanoparticles. Different strategies to produce these hybrid particles and to optimize the release kinetics of encapsulated drugs are discussed in this review.
Probiotic Encapsulation Technology: From Microencapsulation to Release into the Gut
Gildas K. Gbassi,Thierry Vandamme
Pharmaceutics , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/pharmaceutics4010149
Abstract: Probiotic encapsulation technology (PET) has the potential to protect microorgansisms and to deliver them into the gut. Because of the promising preclinical and clinical results, probiotics have been incorporated into a range of products. However, there are still many challenges to overcome with respect to the microencapsulation process and the conditions prevailing in the gut. This paper reviews the methodological approach of probiotics encapsulation including biomaterials selection, choice of appropriate technology, in vitro release studies of encapsulated probiotics, and highlights the challenges to be overcome in this area.
Nanocarriers as pulmonary drug delivery systems to treat and to diagnose respiratory and non respiratory diseases
Malgorzata Smola,Thierry Vandamme,Adam Sokolowski
International Journal of Nanomedicine , 2008,
Abstract: Malgorzata Smola1,2, Thierry Vandamme1, Adam Sokolowski21Université Louis Pasteur, Faculté de Pharmacie, Département de Chimie Bioorganique, Illkirch Graffenstaden, France; 2Wroclaw University of Technology, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Wroclaw, PolandAbstract: The purpose of this review is to discuss the impact of nanocarriers administered by pulmonary route to treat and to diagnose respiratory and non respiratory diseases. Indeed, during the past 10 years, the removal of chlorofluorocarbon propellants from industrial and household products intended for the pulmonary route has lead to the developments of new alternative products. Amongst these ones, on one hand, a lot of attention has been focused to improve the bioavailability of marketed drugs intended for respiratory diseases and to develop new concepts for pulmonary administration of drugs and, on the other hand, to use the pulmonary route to administer drugs for systemic diseases. This has led to some marketed products through the last decade. Although the introduction of nanotechnology permitted to step over numerous problems and to improve the bioavailability of drugs, there are, however, unresolved delivery problems to be still addressed. These scientific and industrial innovations and challenges are discussed along this review together with an analysis of the current situation concerning the industrial developments.Keywords: nanotechnology, nanocarriers, nanoparticle, liposome, lung, pulmonary drug delivery, drug targeting, respiratory disease, microemulsion, bioavailability, micelle
A New Application of Lipid Nanoemulsions as Coating Agent, Providing Zero-Order Hydrophilic Drug Release from Tablets
Nicolas Anton,Astrid de Crevoisier,Sabrina Schmitt,Thierry Vandamme
Journal of Drug Delivery , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/271319
Abstract: The objective of the present investigation was to evaluate potential of nanoemulsions as a coating material for the tablets. The nanoemulsion of size less than 100 nm was prepared using a simple and low-energy spontaneous emulsification method. Conventional tablets containing theophylline as a model hydrophilic drug were prepared. The theophylline tablets were coated with the nanoemulsion using a fluid bed coater. The effect of different levels of the nanoemulsion coating on the theophylline release was evaluated. The theophylline tablets containing different levels of the nanoemulsion coating could be successfully prepared. Interestingly, the coating of tablet with the nanoemulsion resulted in zero-order release of theophylline from the tablets. The noncoated theophylline tablets release the entire drug in less than 2 minutes, whereas nanoemulsion coating delayed the release of theophylline from tablets. This investigation establishes the proof of concept for the potential of nanoemulsions as a coating material for tablets.
Development Strategies for Herbal Products Reducing the Influence of Natural Variance in Dry Mass on Tableting Properties and Tablet Characteristics
Ylber Qusaj,Andreas Leng,Firas Alshihabi,Blerim Krasniqi,Thierry Vandamme
Pharmaceutics , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/pharmaceutics4040501
Abstract: One “Quality by Design” approach is the focus on the variability of the properties of the active substance. This is crucially important for active substances that are obtained from natural resources such as herbal plant material and extracts. In this paper, we present various strategies for the development of herbal products especially taking into account the natural batch-to-batch variability (mainly of the dry mass) of tablets that contain a fixed amount of tincture. The following steps in the development have been evaluated for the outcome of the physico-chemical properties of the resulting tablets and intermediates: concentration of the tincture extracted from Echinacea fresh plant, loading of the concentrate onto an inert carrier, the respective wet granulation and drying step, including milling, and the adjuvant excipients for the tablet compression step. The responses that were investigated are the mean particle size of the dried and milled granulates, compaction properties and disintegration time of the tablets. Increased particle size showed a significant increase of the disintegration time and a decrease of the compaction properties. In addition, our results showed that the particle size has a great dependency on the ratio of liquid to carrier during the wet granulation process. Thus, the variability of the respective parameters tested was influenced by the performed strategies, which is how the tincture correlated to its dry mass and the relation of the amount of carrier used. In order to optimize these parameters, a strategy considering the above-mentioned points has to be chosen.
Hospital-Adapted Clonal Complex 17 Enterococcus Faecium Found among Sand Enterococcal Isolates  [PDF]
Daniela Pinto, Marta Ruivo, Peter Vandamme, Maria de F. S. Lopes
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2012.31010
Abstract: Though poorly studied, sand is an environment with an extended degree of interaction with man. Enterococcal strains can be found in sand but we do not know to what extent these ubiquitous opportunistic nosocomial pathogens isolated from sand carry antimicrobial resistances and virulence traits. In an attempt to fill in this knowledge gap, two distinct types of sand (beach and children playground) were examined concerning composition in enterococcal species, genetic diversity of isolates and abundance of resistance to antimicrobials and virulence traits. Five different species were found, namely Enterococcus faecium, Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus hirae, Enterococcus flavescens and Enterococcus casseliflavus. Although genetic diversity was evident, two different E. faecium clones, common to the two types of sand, were detected, suggesting the existence of clones well adapted to this specific environment or from a common source. E. faecium was associated with multiple antibiotic resistances, including to fluoroquinolones and tetracycline that are commonly used by veterinarians and clinicians. Among the multiresistant E. faecium strains from beach sand, two were from sequence type (ST) 442, which belongs to the wide-spread Hospital-adapted clade CC17. They both carried the esp gene and the genomic island associated with CC17. The other virulence factors screened were disseminated among E. faecalis strains, but seldom detected in the other species, evidencing the existence, in these environments, of E. faecalis strains carrying the same virulence factors as the clinical ones. The present work thus stresses the need to follow-up the presence and characterization of enterococcal strains from both beach and children playground sands and of including these environments in the epidemiological global analysis of enterococcal isolates.
Synthesis and characterization of dextran esters as coating or matrix systems for oral delivery of drugs targeted to the colon
Beesh M.,Majewska P.,Vandamme Th. F.
International Journal of Drug Delivery , 2011,
Abstract: Different dextran esters with various degrees of substitution (1, 2 and 3) were synthesized by esterification reaction, with three acid anhydrides: acetic anhydride, propionic anhydride, and butyric anhydride, separately. These modified polysaccharides were characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectroscopies. Enzymatic degradation of biopolymers by dextranase was also studied. The polymers showing the best degradation profiles were chosen to design blended free films in combination with a polymethacrylate (Eudragit RS 30D) as a sustained release system for targeting to the colon. These free films were evaluated by permeability of theophylline used as tracer in different in vitro media of the gastro intestinal tract, in presence or in absence of dextranase. From these studies, it was concluded that dextran esters having the lower degree of substitution and constituted of short carbohydrate chains showed the best and significant enzymatic degradation and could be used as a promising carrier for specific colon drug delivery system. Keywords: Colon-Specific Drug Delivery; Polysaccharides; Dextran; Dextranase; Dextran esters; Enzymatic Degradation; Eudragit RS 30D; Sid-by-side diffusion cell
Is tranformational grammar a contribution to the theory of innate ideas?
Fernand Vandamme
Philosophica , 1968,
Abstract:
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