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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7872 matches for " The Local Government "
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Local Governance and Local Knowledge  [PDF]
Deqing Wang
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2017.53035
Abstract: With the rapid development of economy and the deepening of the globalization, the competition between countries all over the world is becoming more and more fierce. In order to improve the comprehensive national strength and achieve the development of the nation, a government reform upsurge arises at the historic moment. China has a vast territory, and local governments at various levels are the key to ensure the overall stability and progress of our country. An effective local government can enhance the local advantages and competitive ability, and then improve the overall strength of our country. Of course, an effective local government needs to constantly improve its own knowledge system, so that its governance will be more scientific. This article uses the method of literature review to study the relationship between local governance and local knowledge. And we hope to find ways to improve the ability of local governance. Meanwhile, this article introduces the characteristics of local governance and local knowledge, and analyzes the relationship between local governance and local knowledge, and then it puts forward corresponding suggestions on local governance.
The Constitutionalization of Local Government in Developing Countries—Analysis of African Experiences in Global Perspective  [PDF]
Dele Olowu
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2012.32006
Abstract: The constitutionalization of local government is a distinctive contribution of developing countries to governance reform and the policy and practice of modern public administration. Local governments in most western and industrialized societies are creatures of the national government and are essentially statutory bodies-created, modified and suspended or eliminated at will by the state statutes. In fact, in the Anglo Saxon tradition, these institutions are referred to as local authorities and never local government. In seeking to enhance the capacity of sub-national entities against overbearing central authorities countries as disparate as Brazil, India, Philippines, Bolivia, Colombia, South Korea to mention only a few constitutionalized their local governments. This boosted the status and role of these entities in terms of the policy processes for local level development, services delivery and citizen participation. There have also been a number of challenges—local elite capture or corruption, capacity, coordination, equity and stability issues. However, a consistent overall consequence when properly implemented has been a positive impact on service delivery and the enhancement of the interface between local government and local governance as well as the strengthening of intergovernmental relations. A number of African countries have followed this global good governance practice but the results have been mixed. This paper reviews the experiences of Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda and Ghana that have all constitutionalized local governments and seek to explain the differential outcomes in each country context. This is an important issue as a number of other countries that have recently initiated fundamental governance changes have incorporated local government reform as a part of the constitutional reform process. These countries include Kenya while a number of other countries in eastern, southern and especially northern parts of the continent are likely to follow this example as they engage the constitutional reform process.
Research on the Current Situation and Path of the Local Government’s Supervision of Car-Hailing  [PDF]
Di Zhang
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2018.87111
Abstract: With the continuous development of the Internet technology, the launch of the car-hailing has attracted the attention of all sectors of society. As a new mode of travel, car-hailing has the advantages of high timeliness and convenience and has caused a great impact on the traditional taxi industry. In response to the active response to the central governments policy objectives, local governments in China are still faced with multi-dimensional challenges relating to online dating platforms, taxi companies, and private car owners. Therefore, local governments should consider the local economic and social development status, adhere to the central government’s legislative authority, adhere to the local government’s policy objectives, develop the “government plus enterprise” regulatory model, and strengthen legislation to eliminate the disadvantages of local legislation to deal with issues during the regulatory process.
Village Administration in Indonesia: A Socio-Political Corporation Formed by State  [PDF]
Chanif Nurcholis, Sri Wahyu Krida Sakti, Ace Sriati Rachman
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2019.92021
Abstract: Village government is the lowest level administration in Indonesia. It is formed by law. However, a village head is not a government official and also village employees are not civil servants. The Village Government has authority to administer government affairs; nevertheless, the central government doesn’t decentralize the government affairs to the Village. The organizational structure is like a municipal, consisting of a mayor and council; yet the mayor is not chief of local bureaucrats and the council is just a voluntary board that func-tions like a council. Such a fact is problematic, which raises the question re-garding the legal status of village in the administration of the Republic of In-donesia. The study used a post-positivistic approach with a qualitative meth-od. Jabon Mekar village, Bogor Regenstschap (Municipal), Banten Province was chosen as the locus of the study. The results conclude that the village administration is a pseudo local self-government. To that end, a village institution needs to become a public organization to comply with the Indonesia Constitution of 1945, in order to provide public services that would prosper the people.
Continuidades y discontinuidades del clientelismo y del familismo en la forma de hacer política en Tumaco (Colombia)
Rosero García,Edgar Armado;
Sociedad y Economía , 2012,
Abstract: this article develops a brief description of the electoral political process in the municipality of tumaco (nari?o), from the comparison of elections for the mayor and the municipal council carried out in the period 1988-2007, which shows the struggle for local political power among the different political force, having impact in various institutional settings. additionally sets out how the municipal administration has been co-opted by traditional political actors who, through the maintenance of client relations, have retained the control of local political power. to this add the presence of illegal armed groups in the area, which have conditioned the different governments
Game Analysis of Behavior between Central and Local Government under Housing Price Control Policy  [PDF]
Huan Yang
Modern Economy (ME) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/me.2014.512105
Abstract: In recent years, the rapid growing housing prices and the continuing expanding real estate bubbles have become a hidden danger to the Chinese economy. Price regulation has also become one of the current hot issues. Though the central government issued a number of decrees, the price has been increasing, especially in first-tier cities, like Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen. What factors contributed to the high prices? The central and local governments play an important role in housing price regulation. From the perspective of game theory, behavior of central and local government under price control policies are described and analyzed in this article. We established a game model and got equilibrium between the two games. In the end, we raised some reasonable policy recommendations by the results of game analysis.
Economies of Scale in Local Government: General Government Spending  [PDF]
Lawrence Southwick
iBusiness (IB) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2012.43034
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to determine whether larger or smaller municipalities are more efficient in their levels of overhead costs. The operative measure is per capita annual costs for these services. In addition, the issue of market structure as a factor in these costs is also to be studied. It is not for the purpose of considering costs for specific services but rather the general overhead items that are required of all local governments. The method of study will be to use the cities and towns of New York State over a number of years. This will ensure that the study group is relatively homogeneous over applicable state laws as well as giving a wide variation in the population levels studied. The per capita expenditures will be regressed against population and market power variables using several equation forms. The results will be tested for significance in scale effects and market power effects. Optimal population sizes will be calculated where possible. The outline of the paper is as follows: 1) Introduction, 2) Background issues, 3) The study design, 4) Data, 5) Results, and 6) Conclusions.
The Scope and Future of Local Government Autonomy in Nigeria  [PDF]
F. A. Olasupo
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.35028
Abstract:

The crisis of Local Government autonomy in Nigeria is a recurrent issue. How much autonomy this third tier of government possesses is unclear and uncertain to the extent that it engenders the problem of measurement. In other words, what are the defining characteristics of Local Government autonomy? How can it be evaluated and measured?

Political Connections, Local Interests and Environmental Performance  [PDF]
Sheng Yao, Haotian Liang
Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies (JHRSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jhrss.2014.23011
Abstract: Though there are studies on the relation between political connections and financial performance in the current literature, few have addressed the issue of political connections within the context of the environment. Thus, the goal of this study was to prove, in theory, that political connections and local interests negatively affect the environmental performance in the short and long run under the conditions faced by China.
Making Every Dollar Count: Local Government Expenditures and Welfare  [PDF]
Pedro V. Garay, Yacob A. Zereyesus, Alexi Thompson
Modern Economy (ME) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/me.2014.51010
Abstract:

The paper aims at examining the relationship between the allocations of funds at the local government level and the economic well-being of citizens. The results of this study help shed light on ways to get the best out of every dollar spent by local governments. Three empirical proxy measures for citizen well-being were used in the estimation of three different panel data models. Results suggest that some types of government expenditure can have a positive influence on citizen well-being. The analysis provides insights into how economic development policies may be conceived by local governments to ensure sustained economic prosperity of its citizens.

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