Abstract:
We apply the perturbative chiral quark model (PCQM) to analyse low-energy nucleon properties: electromagnetic form factors, meson-nucleon sigma-terms and pion-nucleon scattering. Baryons are described as bound states of valence quarks surrounded by a cloud of Goldstone bosons (pi, K, eta) as required by chiral symmetry. The model is based on the following guide lines: chiral symmetry constraints, fulfilment of low-energy theorems and proper treatment of sea-quarks, that is meson cloud contributions. Analytic expressions for nucleon observables are obtained in terms of fundamental parameters of low-energy pion-nucleon physics (weak pion decay constant, axial nucleon coupling constant, strong pion-nucleon form factor) and of only one model parameter (radius of the nucleonic three-quark core). Our results are in good agreement with experimental data and results of other theoretical approaches.

Abstract:
We apply the perturbative chiral quark model (PCQM) at one loop to analyse the electromagnetic structure of nucleons. This model is based on an effective Lagrangian, where baryons are described by relativistic valence quarks and a perturbative cloud of Goldstone bosons. Including the electromagnetic interaction we first develop the formalism up to one-loop in the Goldstone boson fluctuation relying on renormalization by use of counterterms. Local gauge invariance is satisfied both on the Lagrangian level and also for the relevant baryon matrix elements in the Breit frame. We apply the formalism to obtain analytical expressions for the nucleon charge and magnetic form factors, which are expressed in terms of fundamental parameters of low-energy pion-nucleon physics (weak pion decay constant, axial nucleon coupling, strong pion-nucleon form factor) and of only one model parameter (radius of the nucleonic three-quark core). A detailed numerical analysis for the nucleon magnetic moments, charge and magnetic radii and also for the momentum dependence of form factors is presented.

Abstract:
Quantum Hadrodynamics in mean field approximation describes the effective nucleon-nucleus potential (about -50 MeV deep) as resulting from a strong repulsive vector (about 400 MeV) and a strong attractive scalar (about -450 MeV) contribution. This scalar-vector Lorentz structure implies a significant lowering of the threshold for $p\bar{p}$ photoproduction on a nucleus by about 850 MeV as compared to the free case since charge conjugation reverses the sign of the vector potential contribution in the equation of motion for the $\bar{p}$ states. It also implies a certain size of the photon induced $p\bar{p}$ pair creation cross section near threshold which is calculated for a target nucleus $^{208}$Pb. We also indicate a measurable second signature of the $p\bar{p}$ photoproduction process by estimating the increased cross section for emission of charged pions as a consequence of $\bar{p}$ annihilation within the nucleus.

Abstract:
The phase transition of chiral symmetry restoration in strange hadronic matter is studied in the chiral SU(3) quark mean field model. When the baryon density is larger than a critical density $\rho_c$, the minimal energy density of the system occurs at the point where the effective masses of nucleon, $\Lambda$ or $\Xi$ drop to zero. The physical quantities change discontinuously at this density and the system will be in the phase of chiral symmetry restoration. A rich phase structure of strange hadronic matter with different strangeness fraction $f_s$ is obtained.

Abstract:
Mass differences of the flavor octet and decuplet ground-state baryons are studied in the perturbative chiral quark model. We present a way to understand the nontrivial spin- and flavor dependent mass differences, where both pseudoscalar mesons and gluons play a significant role.

Abstract:
We apply the perturbative chiral quark model to give predictions for the electromagnetic O(p^2) low-energy couplings of the ChPT effective Lagrangian that define the electromagnetic mass shifts of nucleons and first-order (e^2) radiative corrections to the piN scattering amplitude. We estimate the leading isospin-breaking correction to the strong energy shift of the pi(-)p atom in the 1s state, which is relevant for the experiment "Pionic Hydrogen" at PSI.

Abstract:
We apply the perturbative chiral quark model (PCQM) at one loop to analyse meson-baryon sigma-terms. Analytic expressions for these quantities are obtained in terms of fundamental parameters of low-energy pion-nucleon physics (weak pion decay constant, axial nucleon coupling, strong pion-nucleon form factor) and of only one model parameter (radius of the nucleonic three-quark core). Our result for the piN sigma term of about 45 MeV is in good agreement with the value deduced by Gasser, Leutwyler and Sainio using dispersion-relation techniques and exploiting the chiral symmetry constraints.

Abstract:
Partial decay widths of various decay channels of the X(1835) are evaluated in the 3P0 quark model, assuming that the X(1835) is a nucleon-antinucleon bound state. It is found that the decays to rho+rho, omega+omega and pion+a0(1450) dominate over other channels, and that the product branching fractions of J/psi to pion+pion+eta and J/psi to pion+pion+eta' are in the same order. We suggest that the X(1835) may be searched in the pion+a0(1450) channel.

Abstract:
We apply the perturbative chiral quark model to the study of the low-energy pi-N interaction. Using an effective chiral Lagrangian we reproduce the Weinberg-Tomozawa result for the S-wave pi-N scattering lengths. After inclusion of the photon field we give predictions for the electromagnetic O(p^2) low-energy couplings of the chiral perturbation theory effective Lagrangian that define the electromagnetic mass shifts of nucleons and first-order (e^2) radiative corrections to the pi-N scattering amplitude. Finally, we estimate the leading isospin-breaking correction to the strong energy shift of the pi(-)p atom in the 1s state, which is relevant for the experiment "Pionic Hydrogen" at PSI.

Abstract:
The strangeness contribution to the nucleon magnetic moment is calculated at the one-loop level in a relativistic SU(3) chiral potential model and is found to be {\em positive}, that is, with an {\em opposite} sign to the nucleon strangeness polarization. It is the ``Z'' diagram that violates the usual relation between spin and magnetic moment. The positive value is due to the contribution from the intermediate excited quark states, while the intermediate ground state gives a negative contribution. Our numerical results agree quite well with the new measurement of the SAMPLE Collaboration.