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Practices, Challenges and Opportunities of Inclusive Education Implementation in Kambata Tambaro Zone, Ethiopia  [PDF]
Tesfaye Basha Ludago
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2020, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105989
The purpose of this study was to assess the practices, challenges and opportunities of implementation of inclusive education in Kembara Tembaro zone, Southern Ethiopia. The study used qualitative research method to collect data. This method is concerned with exploring the existing current status of inclusive education practices, challenge and opportunities. Participants of the study were seven district education experts, seven school principals, two education experts of the zone and two education experts of the region bureau included in the study. For data collection interview, document consultation and checklists were used. The finding revealed that there are inadequate infrastructures and education facilities, sanitation facilities, lack of ramps, dirty and dusty classrooms and acoustically non-treated classrooms, equipments and services; moreover, negative attitudes of teachers, lack of budget, limited professionals, lack of responsible personnel in district, zone and region education offices. Parents started to send their children to school; however, there is lack of skilled professionals who will screen and identify according to interests of learners. There is highest number of repeaters and dropouts in early schools because of unfriendly learning environment for diversified learners. The study suggested that high attention is needed from the concerned parties for the implementation of the inclusive education in the zone.
Child Rights Protection in Ethiopia: Critical Analysis of the Statutory Rape Provisions of the Criminal Code and Their Application  [PDF]
Amare Tesfaye
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2017.84028
Abstract: Children, due to their mental and physical immaturity, are among the vulnerable section of the society. States are thus required to provide special protection and care for children by making necessary legal and institutional arrangements. To this effect, Ethiopia has ratified international and regional human rights instruments meant to provide protection for children. It also included provisions protecting child rights in its constitution. These constitutional provisions have also found expression in the subsequent legislative reform that, among others, resulted in the adoption of a New Criminal Code in 2004. This Criminal Code replaces the provisions of the earlier 1957 Penal Code on statutory rape providing better protection for children against sexual abuse. Yet, gaps still persist both in the law and practice in terms of fully realizing the rights of children in Ethiopia. This article aims to examine the legal and practical protection of children by the statutory rape provisions of the Criminal Code in the Ethiopian legal system. In doing so, it attempts to evaluate the current statutory rape provisions of the Criminal Code against child rights standards as well as evaluating the practical application of the laws by courts and prosecutors.
The Protection of Linguistic Minorities: An Appraisal on the Role of Multination Federalism  [PDF]
Amare Tesfaye, Zelalem Kebu
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2016.74028
Abstract: This article mainly focuses on the role of multination federalism in protecting linguistic minorities from assimilation or crumbling to/from the majority in a multination federacy like Ethiopia. In doing so, it has attempted to reflect the concerns raised by some other scholars in relation to territorial integrity of the state in a multination federal state structure and a conclusion as to the inappropriateness of such concern has been reached exhaustively. Resultantly, this article argues that multination federalism is highly potent to maintain integrity of the state, resolving the void by filling it against the possible tensions that may exist between the linguistic minorities and majorities. It has subtle fortitude for the protection of linguistic minorities among others through exactitude of the schemes like conferring them distinctive autonomy within a multination state, igniting them to employ their language without any encroachment and epithet, ensuring them to deserve their distinct identity and paving the way to ensure their participation in different fields meant for the public concerns. It also attracts the linguistic minorities’ right to education in their own mother tongue.
ODFF: Optimized Dual Fuzzy Flow Controller Based Voltage Sag Compensation for SMES-Based DVR in Power Quality Applications  [PDF]
M. Manikandan, A. Mahabub Basha
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.710254
Abstract: The booming electronics itself carries an impact on power quality. Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) is proposed to enhance power quality in three-phase systems under various loads. This paper aimed to compensate the voltage sags under various faults in the grid systems. The SMES is selected as an energy storage unit to improve the capability of voltage sag compensation. Optimized Dual Fuzzy Flow (ODFF) logic controller is designed to prevent the voltage sag time during excessive phase voltage variation. Hence the proposed controller strategy reduces the total harmonic distortion during various fault conditions. To regulate the contribution of active power, the least possible value is improved using ODFF. The depth of voltage sags compensation is achieved by the over modulation and an iterative loop is designed in the control block. While protecting sensitive loads from voltage disturbances, and sags initiated by the power system, the proposed configuration is advantageous for an industrial implementation. It is found that the proposed method can result in more than 50% additional sag support time when compared with the previous methods such as PI and PSO. Utilizing MATLAB Simulink, compensation of sag and minimization of THD is established, and the simulation tests are performed to evaluate the performance of the proposed control method.
Analysis of Watershed Attributes for Water Resources Management Using GIS: The Case of Chelekot Micro-Watershed, Tigray, Ethiopia  [PDF]
Tesfaye Gebre, Tigist Kibru, Samuale Tesfaye, Gebeyehu Taye
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2015.72015
Abstract: This study identified the importance of watershed attributes for water resource management using ArcGIS software, ASTER DEM and satellite images for the Chelekot micro-watershed, Tigray, Ethiopia. The study also evaluate the different hydrological parameters which are significant for the water resource management within the micro-watershed and finds the alternative solutions for water harvesting in the study area through the introduction of suitable soil and water conservation structures based on the finding. Principal watershed attributes including drainage pattern, topographic parameters, land use types, and soil types were evaluated and interpreted for the study micro-watershed. ArcGIS software was used for the computation, delineation of the boundary and morphometric analysis of the micro-watershed using topographical maps and ASTER DEM data. Results indicate that the micro-watershed has classified as a dendritic pattern with stream orders ranging from first to fifth order. The micro-watershed has homogeneity in texture and lack of structural control of surface flow. The drainage density is medium which indicates the area contains soils with medium infiltration rates and moderate relief. Drainage texture, stream frequency and the form factor of the micro-watershed are 4.1, 1.7 and 0.4 respectively. The bifurcation ratio of the micro-watershed ranges from 1 to 4.5 and the elongation ratio is 0.7 which reveals that the micro-watershed belongs to the less elongated shaped micro-watershed category. The mean bifurcation ratio of the whole micro-watershed is 3.3 indicating that the drainage pattern is not greatly influenced by geological structures. The micro-watershed land covers includes: cultivated land (75.8%), settlement and open land (10.5%), shrubs and plantation (13.2%), and water body (0.4%). The major soil types are Vertisol (58%), Camisole (32%), Regosol (9.5%) and Luvisol (0.7%). The textural classes are clay (5%), silty clay (22%), clay loam (17%), sandy loam (21%) and loam (35%) based on the soil textural map of the micro-watershed. Our results revealed that using GIS and ASTER DEM data based watershed morphometric analysis and hydrological evaluation at watershed scale is more applied and precise compared to other available techniques.
Adherence to TB Treatment in Ethiopia: Why Do Patients Default?
Hundie Tesfaye
PLOS Medicine , 2007, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0040165
A rule-based Afan Oromo Grammar Checker
Debela Tesfaye
International Journal of Advanced Computer Sciences and Applications , 2011,
Abstract: Natural language processing (NLP) is a subfield of computer science, with strong connections to artificial intelligence. One area of NLP is concerned with creating proofing systems, such as grammar checker. Grammar checker determines the syntactical correctness of a sentence which is mostly used in word processors and compilers. For languages, such as Afan Oromo, advanced tools have been lacking and are still in the early stages. In this paper a rule based grammar checker is presented. The rule base is entirely developed and dependent on the morphology of the language . The checker is evaluated and shown a promising result.
Vulnerability to Brain-Drain among Academics in Institutions of Higher Learning in Ethiopia
Tesfaye Semela
Asian Social Science , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v7n1p3
Abstract: This study investigated the extent, causes, and correlates of vulnerability to brain-drain among Ethiopian academics in higher education institutions (HEIs). The sample constituted a total of 103 faculty members (Females 9.3% and Males 90.7%) drawn from three colleges and four faculties affiliated to the Debub University. Data were collected through self-reported measures assessing vulnerability to brain-drain (external brain-drain conceptualized as intention to remain in a western country given that they would have opportunities for further study or research; and internal brain drain defined as a brain circulation within the country), affective job characteristics (job satisfaction and organizational commitment), and work environment factors. The results show that affective job characteristics and work environment variables significantly predicted vulnerability to internal brain-drain. While external brain drain is associated with vulnerability to internal brain drain and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). A closer investigation into the prominence of the pull and push factors further disclosed that working condition and the salary are the outstanding ones. Implications of the findings for policy making are also discussed.
Advancement in Information Foraging Theory  [PDF]
Shailesh Khapre, M. S. Saleem Basha
Intelligent Information Management (IIM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/iim.2012.46042
Abstract: This paper presents the advantages of information foraging theory matched with traditional information retrieval theory and user behavior analysis theory, a search content framework for information foraging theory is described, on a thor- ough review of the two research branches i.e. the basic concept of information foraging theory and the elementary mod- els of information foraging theory, an extended framework is proposed,. Several problems for future research are also identified through.
Design and FPGA-Implementation of Minimum PED Based K-Best Algorithm in MIMO Detector  [PDF]
Poornima Ramasamy, Mahabub Basha Ahmedkhan, Mounika Rangasamy
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.76052
Abstract: Minimum Partial Euclidean Distance (MPED) based K-best algorithm is proposed to detect the best signal for MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) detector. It is based on Breadth-first search method. The proposed algorithm is independent of the number of transmitting/receiving antennas and constellation size. It provides a high throughput and reduced Bit Error Rate (BER) with the performance close to Maximum Likelihood Detection (MLD) method. The main innovations are the nodes that are expanded and visited based on MPED algorithm and it keeps track of finally selecting the best candidates at each cycle. It allows its complexity to scale linearly with the modulation order. Using Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) the complex domain input signals are modulated and are converted into wavelet packets and these packets are transmitted using Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) channel. Then from the number of received signals the best signal is detected using MPED based K-best algorithm. It provides the exact best node solution with reduced complexity. The pipelined VLSI architecture is the best suited for implementation because the expansion and sorting cores are data driven.The proposed method is implemented targeting Xilinx Virtex 5 device for a 4×4, 64-QAM system and it achieves throughput of 1.1 Gbps. The results of resource utilization are tabulated and compared with the existing algorithms.
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