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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 208609 matches for " Terri L Levien "
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Advances in the treatment of Raynaud’s phenomenon
Terri L Levien
Vascular Health and Risk Management , 2010, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/VHRM.S4551
Abstract: dvances in the treatment of Raynaud’s phenomenon Review (6735) Total Article Views Authors: Terri L Levien Published Date March 2010 Volume 2010:6 Pages 167 - 177 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/VHRM.S4551 Terri L Levien Drug Information Pharmacist and Clinical Associate Professor, College of Pharmacy, Washington State University Spokane, WA, USA Abstract: Raynaud’s phenomenon is a common condition characterized by vasospasm of the digital arteries and resulting cyanosis and redness. It often does not require pharmacologic management, but in some cases symptoms are severe and pharmacologic management is necessary. Calcium channel blockers are often used first-line, but in some patients are ineffective. Patients with severe symptoms or intolerance to available therapies have prompted exploration of alternative therapies, including endothelin antagonists, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors, antioxidants, newer vasodilators, statins, and botulinum toxin. These newer therapies provide the focus for this review.
Advances in the treatment of Raynaud’s phenomenon
Terri L Levien
Vascular Health and Risk Management , 2010,
Abstract: Terri L LevienDrug Information Pharmacist and Clinical Associate Professor, College of Pharmacy, Washington State University Spokane, WA, USAAbstract: Raynaud’s phenomenon is a common condition characterized by vasospasm of the digital arteries and resulting cyanosis and redness. It often does not require pharmacologic management, but in some cases symptoms are severe and pharmacologic management is necessary. Calcium channel blockers are often used first-line, but in some patients are ineffective. Patients with severe symptoms or intolerance to available therapies have prompted exploration of alternative therapies, including endothelin antagonists, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors, antioxidants, newer vasodilators, statins, and botulinum toxin. These newer therapies provide the focus for this review.Keywords: Raynaud, iloprost, bosentan, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors
Discovering Features of Web-Based Algebraic Tools Via Data Analysis to Support Technology Integration in Mathematics Education
Kurz, Terri L.
Journal of Curriculum and Instruction , 2011,
Abstract: Technological tools available on the Internet can be used to support teachers’ understanding of how to teach mathematics to their students. This paper outlines a method for using algebraic tools in mathematics with teachers to help them discover features to facilitate student learning and understanding with the support of statistical software. The teachers first investigate algebraic tools and then analyze features of the tools and how they support or limit student learning. Personal Construct Theory (Kelly, 1955) is used to first help teachers create and self administer repertory grids and then generate dendrograms for cluster analysis. The model described can help others implement technology in a similar manner making use of both web-based applets and statistical software in an authentic context.
Resisting Negative Images and Stereotypes: One Latina Prospective Teacher’s Story
Terri L. Rodriguez
Brock Education : a Journal of Educational Research and Practice , 2010,
Abstract: This article focuses on one Latina prospective teacher’s act of resisting negative stereotypes regarding attire imposed upon her by a white female principal. The event is embedded within a larger life history study that explores the experiences of bilingual Latino prospective teachers in the elementary education program of a large Midwestern university. The selected narrative is contextualized in relation to resistance narratives. Patricia Morales tells about her experiences in U.S. schools. It explores how Patricia’s life history is marked by experiences of discrimination, yet how her constructions of these events represent “counterstories” (Delgado, 2000; Solorzano & Yosso, 2002) through which she “talks back” (hooks, 1989) to distorted images and stereotypes. Patricia’s narratives are shown to constitute creative acts of resistance through which she negotiates a positive and affirming identity (Suarez-Orozco & Suarez-Orozco, 2001) as a Latina prospective teacher.
Resisting Negative Images and Stereotypes: One Latina Prospective Teacher’s Story
Terri L. Rodriguez
Brock Education : a Journal of Educational Research and Practice , 2010,
Abstract: This article focuses on one Latina prospective teacher’s act of resisting negative stereotypes regarding attire imposed upon her by a white female principal. The event is embedded within a larger life history study that explores the experiences of bilingual Latino prospective teachers in the elementary education program of a large Midwestern university. The selected narrative is contextualized in relation to resistance narratives. Patricia Morales tells about her experiences in U.S. schools. It explores how Patricia’s life history is marked by experiences of discrimination, yet how her constructions of these events represent “counterstories” (Delgado, 2000; Solorzano & Yosso, 2002) through which she “talks back” (hooks, 1989) to distorted images and stereotypes. Patricia’s narratives are shown to constitute creative acts of resistance through which she negotiates a positive and affirming identity (Suarez-Orozco & Suarez-Orozco, 2001) as a Latina prospective teacher. Keywords: preservice teachers; teacher education; Latino critical race theory; narrative inquiry
Produtividade de soja em semeadura direta influenciada por profundidade do sulcador de adubo e doses de resíduo em sistema irrigado e n?o irrigado
Herzog, Ricardo L. da S.;Levien, Renato;Trein, Carlos R.;
Engenharia Agrícola , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-69162004000300031
Abstract: to evaluate soybeans productivity on natural pasture fields, grown once with oats to produce grain and straw for soil cover, an experiment was carried out on a typic paleudult soil at the agricultural experimental station of the ufrgs, eldorado do sul - rs, brazil. after mechanically harvesting oats, the straw was returned to plots in amounts of 0; 2; 3; 4; 5 and 6 mg ha-1; these were the main treatments, which, were divided according to the furrow opening depth (0.06 m and 0.12 m) by the shanks of the drill. the experimental design followed a random design, with three repetitions. the area was divided in two, with and without irrigation. the volume of soil mobilized by the fertilizer furrow openers was 53% higher when the working depth reached 0.12 m compared to 0.06 m, but no difference due the amount of cover crop residues was attained. grain yield, crop biomass and root mass to 0.15 cm depth did not differ with both soil working depth and crop residue cover. irrigation increased in 11% grain yield and total biomass of soybeans. even without irrigation, soybean productivity was higher than the rio grande do sul state average, showing its suitability to be grown on native pastures under the no-till system.
Predictors of hospitalization and institutionalization in Medicaid patient populations with Alzheimer’s Disease  [PDF]
Adrienne M. Gilligan, Daniel C. Malone, Terri L. Warholak, Edward P. Armstrong
Advances in Alzheimer's Disease (AAD) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aad.2013.23011
Abstract: Objectives: Determine predictors of hospitalization and institutionalization in Medicaid populations with Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). Methods: Data were obtained from the Centers for Medicareand Medicaid Services (CMS). Individuals enrolled in Florida,New Jersey, and New York Medicaid programs on January 1, 2004, remained in that program for 1 year and exposed to an AD medication were included. AD diagnosis was based on the ICD-9-CM code 331.0. Outcomes of interest were hospitalization and institutionalization. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to test for the association between outcomes of interest and demographics, resource utilization factors, and type of AD pharmacotherapy exposure. Results: A total of 65,442 individuals qualified for the study. Age was positively and significantly associated with hospitalization (p < 0.001) and institutionalization (p < 0.001). Exposure tomemantine was significantly associated with less chance of hospitalization (OR = 0.88; 99% CI: 0.77 - 0.99). Non-Hispanic Blacks were significantly (p < 0.001) more likely to be hospitalized than Non-Hispanic Whites (OR = 1.60; 99% CI: 1.41 - 1.81). Compared to Non-Hispanic Whites, Non-Hispanic Blacks (OR = 0.73; 99% CI: 0.60 - 0.88), Hispanics (OR = 0.36; 99% CI: 0.27 - 0.47), and Non-Hispanic Others (OR = 0.42; 99% CI: 0.21 - 0.82) were significantly less likely to be institutionalized. Individuals prescribed donepezil (OR = 1.29, 99% CI, 1.08 - 1.54) and galantamine (OR = 1.46, 99% CI: 1.19 - 1.79) were significantly more likely to have an institutionalization claim (p < 0.001 for both medications). Residents of New York were significantly morelikely to be hospitalized than Florida residents (OR = 1.30; 99% CI: 1.17 - 1.44), where as New Jersey residents were significantly less likely to be hospitalized (OR = 0.75; 99% CI: 0.66 - 0.85). Finally, compared toFloridaresidents, residents of New Jerseywere significantly more likely to be institutionalized (OR = 4.61; 99% CI: 3.98 - 5.33). Conclusion: Demographics, state of residence and pharmacotherapy exposure weresignificant predictors of health care service utilization. Further pharmacoeconomic studies in AD medication therapy are warranted.
When Commitment Is Not Enough: How Stress and Individual-Organization Interface Affect Activists’ Persistence  [PDF]
Terri Mannarini, Cosimo Talo
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.25070
Abstract: In light of collective action and community development research, this study aims at testing a model of activist persistence that takes into account both individual and organizational levels. The proposed model predicted that commitment to a group/organization or its cause does affect an activists’ persistence. This relationship is mediated by two variables, namely the individual-organization interface and stress management processes. The model was empirically tested through a path analysis on a sample of 278 (N = 278; 43.9% female) participants recruited among active members in a variety of community groups/organizations. The results supported the pattern described by the model, showing that commitment is a precursor to activists’ persistence. However its direct impact is weaker than the impact exerted by stress levels and the fit between the individual and the group/organization. Applications for community development practice are discussed.
The Rhetoric of Political Conservatism in the Post-Reagan Era  [PDF]
Terri B. Davis
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2016.62013
Abstract: Conservative political thought in the United States has historically been rooted in a compact federalist interpretation of American constitutionalism. This article discusses how the rhetoric of former President Ronald Reagan significantly impact conservative thought and American political discourse in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Reagan rhetorically constructed the national government as an instrument to effect moral and social reform while viewing state and local governments as the harbingers of a nationalized set of Christian values and morals. His rhetoric fused states’ rights with notions of moral progress and human obligation to satisfy three specific political goals: promulgating a states’ rights theory of government; increasing the United States’ position in international trade; and, nationalizing Christian values and morals. The article traces the history of conservative American constitutional thought from the founding through Reagan’s presidency and concludes with a discussion of the ways in which Reagan’s rhetoric continues to impact political discourse in the twenty-first century.
Survival of patients transferred to tertiary intensive care from rural community hospitals
Stephen D Surgenor, Howard L Corwin, Terri Clerico
Critical Care , 2001, DOI: 10.1186/cc993
Abstract: In a prospective design, we identified and recorded the mortality ratio, percentage of unanticipated deaths, length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU), and survival time of 147 patients transferred directly from other hospitals and 178 transferred from the wards within a rural tertiary-care hospital.The two groups did not differ significantly in the characteristics measured. Differences in access to tertiary critical care in this rural region did not affect survival or length of stay after admission to this tertiary ICU. The odds ratio (1.14; 95% confidence interval 0.72-1.83) for mortality associated with transfer from a rural community hospital was not statistically significant.Patients at community hospitals in this area who develop need for tertiary critical care are just as likely to survive as patients who develop ICU needs on the wards of this rural tertiary-care hospital, despite different accessibility to tertiary intensive-care services.Some hospitalized medical and surgical patients develop the need for critical-care resources that are available only at tertiary hospitals. Differences in accessibility to tertiary intensive care exist among hospitals within a rural region. For example, some patients are admitted from rural community hospitals that do not provide the same access to critical-care resources as is available to patients in the wards of tertiary hospitals. Therefore, the location of care (rural community hospital versus tertiary care center) before admission to a tertiary intensive care unit (ICU) may affect outcome.Determining whether accessibility is associated with outcome is important for understanding the role of regionalization when providing critical care to a rural population. Currently there is little direct evidence to support regionalization of adult medical and surgical critical-care services [1]. If accessibility proves to be a determinant of outcome, then development of a regional critical-care program might be beneficial. If
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