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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 12074 matches for " Tatiana; Campos "
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Assistência ao parto no Município do Rio de Janeiro: perfil das maternidades e o acesso da clientela
Campos, Tatiana Pacheco;Carvalho, Marilia Sá;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2000000200011
Abstract: the purpose of this paper is to identify and describe rio de janeiro maternity hospital profiles and the route between the mother's place of residence and the hospital. data sources were: the state live birth information system (1995) and the national survey on medical care (1992). two groups of maternity hospitals were identified using multivariate cluster analysis. group a had an extremely high cesarean rate (81%), with mothers and neonates presenting good health conditions. cesarean rates were lower in group b, although still high (32%), and other variables reflected worse neonatal conditions. cesarean rate was the indicator which best discriminated between the groups, followed by proportion of adolescent mothers and mothers with a high school education. the uneven spatial distribution of maternity hospitals, which were concentrated in the richest area of the city, was a factor in the long routes used by women to reach medical care for childbirth.
Assistência ao parto no Município do Rio de Janeiro: perfil das maternidades e o acesso da clientela
Campos Tatiana Pacheco,Carvalho Marilia Sá
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2000,
Abstract: Neste trabalho analisou-se a assistência ao parto, caracterizando o perfil das principais maternidades e o deslocamento da clientela, ou seja, o fluxo entre residência e local de nascimento. Os indicadores utilizados foram construídos a partir do Sistema de Informa o sobre Nascidos Vivos (SINASC) em 1995 e da Pesquisa sobre Assistência Médico-Sanitária (AMS), com dados para 1992. Através de classifica o multivariada foram identificados dois tipos de maternidades: um com grande número de partos cesáreos, boas condi es da parturiente e recém-nato; e outro com maior propor o de partos espontaneos e indicadores que apontam riscos do recém-nascido. As propor es de: m es com escolaridade igual ou superior ao ensino médio, m es adolescentes e partos cesáreos s o os indicadores que melhor caracterizaram os grupos. Identificou-se grande heterogeneidade na distribui o espacial das maternidades, concentrados nas regi es mais ricas da cidade, determinando, conseqüentemente, longos trajetos das gestantes na busca da assistência ao parto.
Prevalência de cárie dentária em escolares da regi?o rural de Itapetininga, S?o Paulo, Brasil
Mello, Tatiana Ribeiro de Campos;Antunes, José Leopoldo Ferreira;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2004000300020
Abstract: the present study is an attempt to characterize dental needs of the rural population in itapetininga, s?o paulo state, brazil. one single dentist examined 291 children ages 5 and 12 years in rural schools, adopting who criteria for oral health surveys. parents reported their children's socioeconomic characteristics and habits. non-primary data gathered by the brazilian health authority supplied information regarding the schoolchildren in the urban area of the town. caries indices ranked as follows: dmft = 2.63 (5-year-old children) and dmft = 2.45 (12-year-old children). the decayed component comprised 85.6% of the dmft and 34.2% of the dmft, indicating limited utilization of dental treatment by children with decayed deciduous teeth. caries prevalence was higher in rural schoolchildren than in their urban counterparts. analysis of the results aims to improve planning of dental care.
Psicologia ambiental, Psicologia do Desenvolvimento e Educa??o Infantil: integra??o possível?
Campos-de-Carvalho, Mara;Souza, Tatiana Noronha de;
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-863X2008000100004
Abstract: this paper aimed to show the integration between environmental psychology, developmental psychology, and early childhood education, focusing on two groups of empirical studies on spatial organization in day-care centers: (1) studies on spatial arrangement (the way in which furniture / equipments are arranged in rooms for 1-2/2-3/3-4 year-old children); (2) studies on a north-american scale for assessing the quality of center-based child care, and another study on principles of quality of day-care centers in national and foreign documents. the first group has shown that spatial arrangement is one of the environmental elements which mediate interaction between child-child and child-educator, favoring certain educational and interactive practices and avoiding others. the second group has indicated that the scale is suitable for the brazilian context and quality indicators can be shared. such empirical data demonstrate the possibility of integrating environmental psychology, developmental psychology and early childhood education.
Qualidade de ambientes de creches: uma escala de avalia??o
Souza, Tatiana Noronha de;Campos-de-Carvalho, Mara;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722005000100011
Abstract: this study presents an analysis of content of the infant / toddler environment rating scale - iters. two brazilian experts in child education analyzed the pertinence of each of the 35 items of the iters to assess the quality of educational environments offered to children 0 - 30 months years old. considering the 70 items assessed, it was verified that in 69 of them there was indication of permanency, and only one suggestion of exclusion. the indications of permanency of the items were thus classified: permanency without suggestions of alterations (56%); permanency with suggestion of adaptation of terms, materials or situations (19%); permanency with suggestion of adding clarifications (11%); permanency with structural or content alterations (10%). the high index of agreement obtained between the two experts (97%) as to the permanency of 34 items, suggests the pertinence of the iters, represented by the 35 items, to assess the quality of care offered in collective educational environments in our context.
A gênese e o desenvolvimento histórico do ensino de enfermagem no Brasil
Galleguillos, Tatiana Gabriela Brassea;Oliveira, Maria Amélia de Campos;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342001000100013
Abstract: nursing education history in brazil was re-visited, beginning with the foundation of the anna nery school of nursing in 1922, followed by the analysis of the teaching programs of 1923, 1926 and 1949, and of the national curriculum for nursing education of 1962, 1972 and 1994. in spite of the fact that modern nursing in brazil was established to qualify nurses to work in public health, since the beginning they were trained in hospitals, with the systematic study of diseases, without giving priority to subjects linked to public health. although the reformulation that resulted in the 1994 curriculum was committed to the construction of an education proposal that was non-hegemonic in nursing, the subdivision in medical specialties was preserved, as a result of the adoption of the flexnerian model. the biomedical, individualized and hospital-based model that influenced nursing education from it origins in brazil is still present and nursing education is not focused on the population needs, being therefore antagonistic to the presuppositions of collective health.
Análisis epidemiológico de los principales microorganismos aislados, de heces en el Hospital Nacional de Ni?os, Dr. Carlos Sáenz Herrera Enero de 1 995 - abril de 2003
Pérez,Cristian; Herrera,Marco Luis; Moya,Tatiana; Campos,Marlen;
Revista Médica del Hospital Nacional de Ni?os Dr. Carlos Sáenz Herrera , 2003,
Abstract: este informe presenta la información recopilada en el laboratorio de microbiología del hospital nacional de ni?os durante 96 meses de observación de cultivos de muestras de heces. durante el periodo del estudio, no se observó ningún tipo de tendencia en los resultados y es el rotavirus el agente más detectado, junto con shigella flexneri y la shigella sonnei cómo representantes de los agentes bacterianos. se destaca la importancia de ampliar el estudio a nuevos agentes que se han demostrado como productores de diarrea en otros países.
Mortalidade infantil no Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: áreas de risco e trajetória dos pacientes até os servi?os de saúde
Campos,Tatiana P.; Carvalho,Marilia Sá; Barcellos,Christovam C.;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892000000800003
Abstract: the infant mortality rate has been considered a summary of the quality of life and level of development of a given population. however, this indicator is very sensitive to such simple measures as oral rehydration therapy, vaccination, and continuation of breast-feeding. given that such health activities have become more widespread, an infant mortality rate may no longer reflect a particular development model. with the aim of broadening the discussion regarding infant mortality, this study analyzed the 153 neighborhoods of the city of rio de janeiro, brazil. our objective was to identify areas with more risk, and the priority groups for interventions to decrease infant mortality. we analyzed neonatal and postneonatal mortality in each neighborhood. we also identified the children's home neighborhood and the location of their deaths and related these results to the socioeconomic classification of the corresponding neighborhoods. in relation to the average infant mortality rate for the city, we could not make statistically significant comparisons for some neighborhoods due to their small number of births. one-third of the infant deaths could have been prevented with early diagnosis and treatment. only 15% of the deaths were considered unavoidable. both neonatal mortality and postneonatal mortality were geographically dispersed, with no direct association with the socioeconomic profile of the neighborhoods. an analysis of the children's place of residence and the location of their deaths showed flows of patients from poor areas to more affluent city areas with better health services. this pattern highlights the effect of access to quality medical care on infant mortality.
Comparación de dos métodos automatizados para la determinación de Proteína C Reactiva en pacientes pediátricos
Marín,José Pablo; Moya,Tatiana; Campos,Marlen; Alfaro,Wilbert;
Revista Médica del Hospital Nacional de Ni?os Dr. Carlos Sáenz Herrera , 2002,
Abstract: se realiza la comparación de los sistemas automatizados synchron cx 9 y arra y 360 para la determinación de pcr, utilizando un total de 148 muestras de suero. se concluye que existe una buena concordancia entre ambos métodos con un factor de correlación de 0,92. el análisis de pcr utilizando el sistema syncrhon es una alternativa en nuestro medio para realizar esta determinación de una manera cuantificada, rápida y sensible.
Mortalidade infantil no Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: áreas de risco e trajetória dos pacientes até os servi os de saúde
Campos Tatiana P.,Carvalho Marilia Sá,Barcellos Christovam C.
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2000,
Abstract: A taxa de mortalidade infantil é considerada síntese da qualidade de vida e do nível de desenvolvimento de uma popula o. Entretanto, essa taxa é muito sensível a a es simples, como terapia de reidrata o oral, vacina o e revers o do desmame precoce, cuja cobertura tem sido ampliada. Assim, a taxa de mortalidade infantil pode n o estar mais refletindo o modelo de desenvolvimento. Buscando um aprofundamento da discuss o sobre a mortalidade infantil, o presente estudo analisou os 153 bairros do Município do Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil. Nosso objetivo foi localizar áreas de risco e grupos prioritários de interven o que visam diminuir a mortalidade infantil no município, abordando separadamente a mortalidade neonatal e pós-neonatal segundo os bairros. Além disso, foram identificados os fluxos entre o local de residência da crian a e o local de óbito, relacionando-os à classifica o socioecon mica dos bairros. A baixa freqüência de nascimentos em alguns bairros impediu a caracteriza o de áreas com risco de mortalidade estatisticamente significativo em rela o à media do município. Cerca de um ter o das mortes foram consideradas redutíveis mediante práticas adequadas de diagnóstico e tratamento. Somente 15% das causas de morte foram consideradas inevitáveis. Os componentes da mortalidade infantil apresentaram distribui o espacial dispersa, sem uma rela o direta com o perfil socioecon mico; a mudan a no perfil da mortalidade infantil e a possibilidade de interven o parece deslocar-se cada vez mais para a esfera dos servi os de saúde, especialmente os médico-assistenciais. O fluxo das crian as entre o local de residência e o local de óbito mostra o deslocamento originado nas áreas mais pobres em dire o às mais ricas, que concentram a maior parte das unidades de saúde. Essa tendência reafirma o papel fundamental do acesso à assistência médica de qualidade na determina o da mortalidade infantil.
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