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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3642 matches for " Tatiana Coutto "
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South America and the proliferation of biological weapons
Tatiana Coutto
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals , 2013,
Abstract: This article focuses on the role of regional institutions and political practices in strengthening multilateral disarmament and non-proliferation regimes. Particular attention is devoted to coordination between Brazil and Argentina with a view to forging a "South American position" vis-à-vis the Biological and Toxins Weapons Convention (BTWC). Empirical evidence suggests that informal arrangements between the two countries were capable of involving other South American leaders and promoting the exchange of information among different groups of states, most notably during the 2006 BTWC review conference. This paper also sheds light on the identification of specific features that allow for increasing visibility and actorness of regional powers in promoting universality of multilateral security regimes (MSR), as well as the limitations faced by these players.
Protein phase instability developed in plasma of sick patients: clinical observations and model experiments  [PDF]
Tatiana Yakhno
Natural Science (NS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2010.23034
Abstract: This article discusses the causes of formation of micron-size protein structures in liquid plasma or serum of the patients with different diseases, which are accompanied by inflammatory reac-tions. Self-organizing processes in sessile dry-ing drops of natural and model biological liq-uids are used for study of possible mechanisms of development the protein phase instability in serum. There was shown that violation of opti-mal ratio between albumin and osmotic active components could lead to loss of albumin ag-gregative stability and albumin coagulation structures formation. Possible role of these structures in pathogenesis of inflammation is discussed.
Sobre o problema da integra??o generalizada de dados
Coutto Filho, Milton B. Do;Souza, Julio C. Stacchini de;Schilling, Marcus Th.;
Sba: Controle & Automa??o Sociedade Brasileira de Automatica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-17592007000100003
Abstract: this paper presents a set of methods which use quantitative and qualitative data, gathered from various heterogeneous sources of information, aiming at combining them in a process of data fusion. different forms of uncertainty representation and modelling are discussed. also, this work proposes a taxonomy for the data fusion processes according to the nature and redundancy of the processed data.
Eating disorders, body image, and dichotomous thinking among Japanese and Russian college women  [PDF]
Atsushi Oshio, Tatiana Meshkova
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.47062
Abstract: This study explored cross-cultural differences between Japan and Russia in terms of women’s body images, proneness to eating disorders, and the effects of dichotomous thinking. Participants included 419 Japanese and 187 Russian college women who completed the Dichotomous Thinking Inventory (DTI), the 26-item version of the Eating Attitudes Test, and responses regarding nine figures representing female body shapes. The mean age of the participants was 19.8 years, with no significant age differences between the countries. The results showed that Japanese women have leaner ideal body images than Russian women, whereas there were no cross-cultural differences in the participants’ real body images. DTI scores among Russian participants were higher than DTI scores among Japanese participants, which indicated that Russian women think more dichotomously than Japanese. Structural equation modeling indicated a significantly negative effect of dichotomous thinking only on real body image in Russia; the ideal body image had greater effects on eating disorder in Russia than in Japan.
Functional Acrylic Polymer as Corrosion Inhibitor of Carbon Steel in Autoclaved Air-Foamed Sodium Silicate-Activated Calcium Aluminate/Class F Fly Ash Cement  [PDF]
Toshifumi Sugama, Tatiana Pyatina
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.511109

The study focused on investigating the effectiveness of functional acrylic polymer (AP) in improving the ability of airfoamed sodium silicate-activated calcium aluminate/Class F fly ash cement (slurry density of 1.3 g/cm3) to mitigate the corrosion of carbon steel (CS) after exposure to hydrothermal environment at 200?C or 300?C. Hydrothermally-initiated interactions between the AP and cement generated the formation of Ca-, Al-, or Na-complexed carboxylate derivatives that improved the AP’s hydrothermal stability. A porous microstructure comprising numerous defect-free, evenly distributed, discrete voids formed in the presence of this hydrothermally stable AP, resulting in the increase in compresive strength of cement. The foamed cement with advanced properties conferred by AP greatly protected the CS against brine-caused corrosion. Four major factors governed this protection by AP-incorporated foamed cements: 1) Reducing the extents of infiltration and transportation of corrosive electrolytes through the cement layer deposited on the underlying CS surface; 2) Inhibiting the cathodic reactions at the corrosion site of CS; 3) Extending the coverage of CS by the cement; and 4) Improving the adherence of the cement to CS surface.

Toughness Improvement of Geothermal Well Cement at up to 300°C: Using Carbon Microfiber  [PDF]
Toshifumi Sugama, Tatiana Pyatina
Open Journal of Composite Materials (OJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojcm.2014.44020
Abstract: This study aimed at assessing the usefulness of carbon microfiber (CMF) in improving the compressive-toughness of sodium metasilicate-activated calcium aluminate/Class F fly ash foamed cement at hydrothermal temperatures of up to 300°C. When the CMFs came in contact with a pore solution of cement, their surfaces underwent alkali-caused oxidation, leading to the formation of metal (Na, Ca, Al)-complexed carboxylate groups. The extent of this oxidation was enhanced by the temperature increase, corresponding to the incorporation of more oxidation derivatives at higher temperatures. Although micro-probe examinations did not show any defects in the fibers, the enhanced oxidation engendered shrinkage of the interlayer spacing between the C-basal planes in CMFs, and a decline in their thermal stability. On the other hand, the complexed carboxylate groups present on the surfaces of oxidized fibers played a pivotal role in improving the adherence of fibers to the cement matrix. Such fiber/cement interfacial bonds contributed significantly to the excellent bridging effect of fibers, resistance to the cracks development and propagation, and to improvement of the post-crack material ductility. Consequently, the compressive toughness of the 85°-, 200°-, and 300°C-autoclaved foamed cements reinforced with 10 wt% CMF was 2.4-, 2.9-, and 3.1-fold higher than for cement without the reinforcement.
Polyphosphatase PPX1 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a Tool for Polyphosphate Assay  [PDF]
Lidiya Lichko, Tatiana Kulakovskaya
Advances in Enzyme Research (AER) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/aer.2015.34010
Abstract: The recombinant exopolyphosphatase PPX1 with a specific activity of ~300 U/mg protein was purified from the strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with the inactivated PPN1 gene transformed by the expression vector carrying the yeast PPX1 gene. The recombinant PPX1 was similar to the PPX1 of wild strains in its substrate specificity and requirement for cations. PPX1 had the high substrate specificity to polyphosphates. The preparation was suitable for polyphosphate assay in the presence of orthophosphate and nucleoside phosphates not hydrolyzed by PPX1. The yield of the enzyme preparation was 250 assays per 1 g of the biomass. The recombinant PPX1 was successfully used in polyphosphate assay in different yeast species and some foodstuffs.
Utiliza??o de um modelo neuro-fuzzy para a localiza??o de defeitos em sistemas de potência
Meza, E. B. M.;Souza, J. C. Stacchini de;Schilling, M. Th.;Do Coutto Filho, M. B.;
Sba: Controle & Automa??o Sociedade Brasileira de Automatica , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-17592006000100010
Abstract: this work presents the application of a neuro-fuzzy model for alarm processing and fault location in power systems. different techniques to establish the fuzzy relations among alarm patterns and fault occurrences in power systems are examined. fuzzy relations are constructed and form a database that is employed to train artificial neural networks. the artificial neural networks have alarm patterns as inputs and each output neuron is responsible for estimating the degree of membership of a specific system component into the class of faulted components. tests are performed with a 7-bus test system and with part of a real brazilian system.
One-Pot Three-Component Synthesis of N-Arylmethyl-4-(7-cyclohepta-1,3,5-trienyl)anilines  [PDF]
Lidia P. Yunnikova, Tatiana A. Akentieva, Tatiana V. Makhova
International Journal of Organic Chemistry (IJOC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijoc.2013.32017

We report a one-pot three-component synthesis of N-arylmethyl-4-(7-cyclohepta-1,3,5-trienyl)anilines by using various aromatic imines, tropylium tetrafluoroborate, and sodium tetrahydroborate in the presence of imidazole as activator.

Thermodynamic Properties of Li-LiH (LiD, LiT) Systems. The Phase Diagram  [PDF]
Konstantin A. Yakimovich, Tatiana Biryukova
Open Journal of Physical Chemistry (OJPC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpc.2012.23019
Abstract: The paper presents a comprehensive critical review and detailed analysis of the literature, published in the field of the phase diagram solution Li-LiH (LiD, LiT). Special attention is paid to the completeness of the source information on the paper’s topic resulting in an extended reference list. Particularly, paper reviews rarely used sources including little-known publications from research centers, proceedings of the international scientific meetings and dissertations. These publications were more thoroughly analyzed in order to make the information available to the scientific society.
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