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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 21415 matches for " Tao Gong "
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The Character and Improvement of the Financial Management for China Middle and Small Private Enterprises
Tao Gong
International Journal of Business and Management , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v3n5p100
Abstract: The actuality of middle and small private enterprises is that “slow birth, little growth, quick death and short life”. As viewed from the character of the financial management, they usually have the financial objective with short views and low effectiveness, which is represented from ten aspects. To improve the problems existing in the finical management of middle and small private enterprises, the following aspects including scientific and normative management thinking and management mode, the regulation and system of the financial management, the corporate governance structure and owner structure, the accounting system and professional team, the objective and guarantee model and operation mechanism of the financial management should be strengthened.
Construction of Cross-Cultural Identity by Language Choice and Linguistic Practice: A Case-Study of Mixed Hong Kong-Mainland Identity in University Contexts  [PDF]
Tao Gong, Lan Shuai, Jia Liu
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2013.33028
Abstract:

Studying relations between language and speaker’s identity is an interdisciplinary field that involves intersections among language, culture, and society. By examining the language choice and linguistic practice, especially code-mixing and code-switching, of the Mainland China students who are studying in universities of Hong Kong, we reveal a mixed Hong Kong-Mainland identity in these students: those who hold a Mainland-oriented identity tend to have a Putonghua-dominated language choice and linguistic practice, whereas those who embrace a Hong Kong-oriented identity tend to prefer a Cantonese-dominated choice and practice. This mixed identity helps better conceive the social image of Mainland immigrants in Hong Kong and discuss the cross-cultural identity formed by linguistic practice.

Temporal relation between top-down and bottom-up processing in lexical tone perception
Lan Shuai,Tao Gong
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience , 2014, DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2014.00097
Abstract: Speech perception entails both top-down processing that relies primarily on language experience and bottom-up processing that depends mainly on instant auditory input. Previous models of speech perception often claim that bottom-up processing occurs in an early time window, whereas top-down processing takes place in a late time window after stimulus onset. In this paper, we evaluated the temporal relation of both types of processing in lexical tone perception. We conducted a series of event-related potential (ERP) experiments that recruited Mandarin participants and adopted three experimental paradigms, namely dichotic listening, lexical decision with phonological priming, and semantic violation. By systematically analyzing the lateralization patterns of the early and late ERP components that are observed in these experiments, we discovered that: auditory processing of pitch variations in tones, as a bottom-up effect, elicited greater right hemisphere activation; in contrast, linguistic processing of lexical tones, as a top-down effect, elicited greater left hemisphere activation. We also found that both types of processing co-occurred in both the early (around 200 ms) and late (around 300–500 ms) time windows, which supported a parallel model of lexical tone perception. Unlike the previous view that language processing is special and performed by dedicated neural circuitry, our study have elucidated that language processing can be decomposed into general cognitive functions (e.g., sensory and memory) and share neural resources with these functions.
无需跟踪的场景事件识别
Shaogang Gong, Tao Xiang
自动化学报 , 2003,
Abstract: ?提出了一种用于视觉监控中行为识别的新颖方法.该方法将相应于目标行为的场景事件建模为一组使用PCH(PixelCllangeHistories)检测的自治像素级事件.结合基于改进的MDL(MinimumDescrlptIonLength)的自动模型规则选择,EM(Expectation-Maximisation)算法被采用来聚类这些像素级的自治事件成为语义上更有意义的区域级的场景事件.该方法是计算上有效的,实验结果验证了它在不需匹配目标轨迹的情况下自动识别场景事件的有效性.
The Influence of College Students’ Psychological Capital on Study Engagement  [PDF]
Zhun Gong, Qian Liu, Xinian Jiao, Mingda Tao
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.913160
Abstract: In order to explore the relationship between psychological capital and study engagement, as well as the role of positive emotion in it, we conducted a questionnaire survey. Participants were 211 (64 men, 147 women) students volunteers from Qingdao University. According to correlation analysis, we found that psychological capital had a positive impact on study engagement (r = 0.54, p < 0.01). According to structural equation modeling (SME), we found that positive emotion can be used as the mediator between psychological capital and study engagement. High psychological capital brought more positive emotional experiences, which improved the level of study engagement.
Scene Event Recognition Without Tracking
无需跟踪的场景事件识别

Shaogang Gong,Tao Xiang,
Shaogang Gong
,Tao Xiang

自动化学报 , 2003,
Abstract:
Radix Polygoni Multiflori Praeparata and Dioscorea Bulbifera Rhizome Decoctions Display Combined Effects Detected by a Three-Probe Drug Cocktail with Substrates of Rat Hepatic Cytochrome P450 Enzymes  [PDF]
Li Jiang, Pingping Shan, Hui Yu, Jiayuan Tao, Chunyan Gong, Guoqing Shen
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2014.57083
Abstract:

Objectives: Radix Polygoni Multiflori Praeparata (RPMP) and Dioscorea Bulbifera Rhizomes (DBR) are used in Chinese herbal medicine and have been frequently reported for adverse reactions on liver. In this research, we aimed to evaluate in vivo effects of RPMP and DBR on rat cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYP1A2, CYP2E1 and CYP3A2) with their respective substrates as probes. Methods: Rats were orally administered RPMP, DBR and RPMP/DBR combination at 12, 10 and (12 + 10) g/kg, respectively, or saline as a control, once daily for 7 days. Thereafter, a cocktail containing 10 mg/kg caffeine, 20 mg/kg chlorzoxazone and 10 mg/kg dapsone was tail vein injected to rats. At defined time points, plasma drug concentrations were simultaneously evaluated by HPLC. Pharmacokinetic parameters simulated by DAS software were used to assess RPMP and/or DBR effects on cytochrome P450 enzymes activity. ANOVA and Dunnett’s test were used for data analysis. Results: Caffeine metabolism was enhanced in RPMP animals and reduced after pretreatment with DBR, but no effect was observed in RPMP/DBR combination group. Chlorzoxazone and dapsone metabolism was enhanced in both RPMP and DBR groups and consequently in combination group. The data suggested that RPMP independently induces rat CYP1A2, CYP2E1 and CYP3A2 activity, while DBR independently inhibits activity of rat CYP1A2 and induces that of CYP2E1 and CYP3A2. RPMP/DBR combination showed no significant benefit compared with the two drugs alone and even showed a neutralized effect in CYP1A2 activity. Conclusions: Caution is needed when RPMP and/or DBR are co-administered with drugs metabolized by human CYP1A2, CYP2E1 and CYP3A4.

Who Is Who? Interpretation of Multiple Occurrences of the Chinese Reflexive: Evidence from Real-Time Sentence Processing
Lan Shuai, Tao Gong, Yicheng Wu
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0073226
Abstract: Theoretical linguists claim that the notorious reflexive ziji ‘self’ in Mandarin Chinese, if occurring more than once in a single sentence, can take distinct antecedents. This study tackles possibly the most interesting puzzle in the linguistic literature, investigating how two occurrences of ziji in a single sentence are interpreted and whether or not there are mixed readings, i.e., these zijis are interpretively bound by distinct antecedents. Using 15 Chinese sentences each having two zijis, we conducted two sentence reading experiments based on a modified self-paced reading paradigm. The general interpretation patterns observed showed that the majority of participants associated both zijis with the same local antecedent, which was consistent with Principle A of the Standard Binding Theory and previous experimental findings involving a single ziji. In addition, mixed readings also occurred, but did not pattern as claimed in the theoretical linguistic literature (i.e., one ziji is bound by a long-distance antecedent and the other by a local antecedent). Based on these results, we argue that: (i) mixed readings were due to manifold, interlocking and conflicting perspectives taken by the participants; and (ii) cases of multiple occurrences of ziji taking distinct antecedents are illicit in Chinese syntax, since the speaker, when expressing a sentence, can select only one P(erspective)-Center that referentially denotes the psychological perspective in which the sentence is situated.
The Shockley-Queisser limit for nanostructured solar cells
Yunlu Xu,Tao Gong,Jeremy N. Munday
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: The Shockley-Queisser limit describes the maximum solar energy conversion efficiency achievable for a particular material and is the standard by which new photovoltaic technologies are compared. This limit is based on the principle of detailed balance, which equates the photon flux into a device to the particle flux (photons or electrons) out of that device. Nanostructured solar cells represent a new class of photovoltaic devices, and questions have been raised about whether or not they can exceed the Shockley-Queisser limit. Here we show that single-junction nanostructured solar cells have a theoretical maximum efficiency of 42% under AM 1.5 solar illumination. While this exceeds the efficiency of a non- concentrating planar device, it does not exceed the Shockley-Queisser limit for a planar device with optical concentration. We conclude that nanostructured solar cells offer an important route towards higher efficiency photovoltaic devices through a built-in optical concentration.
Introduction to Clustering Algorithms and Applications
Sibei Yang,Liangde Tao,Bingchen Gong
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: Data clustering is the process of identifying natural groupings or clusters within multidimensional data based on some similarity measure. Clustering is a fundamental process in many different disciplines. Hence, researchers from different fields are actively working on the clustering problem. This paper provides an overview of the different representative clustering methods. In addition, application of clustering in different field is briefly introduced.
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