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Immigration in the suburban settlements, case study: The municipality of Temerin
LukiTamara,Dragin Aleksandra,Ivanovi? Ljubica
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Drustvene Nauke , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/zmsdn1031115l
Abstract: At the turn of the 20th to 21st century, few municipalities in Vojvodina have recorded the population growth in all the settlements. Among them is a municipality Temerin, which is the subject of this paper. The geographical position of settlements of the municipality Temerin puts them in the suburbs of Novi Sad, the capital of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. Questionnaire and analysis of parameters of the natural movement of population has shown that the growth of the population was most influenced by migration. One of the preliminary hypotheses states that proximity of Novi Sad had a positive effect on population growth. The main task of this study was to determine how immigration affected the number of population. Special attention is devoted to the time of immigration and origin of immigrants. In addition, part of the paper refers to the daily migrants, respectively, to their number and to the area to which they migrate. Some of them pretend to leave Temerin immediately since they have ensured economic conditions for it. This is a group of the population which has working and reproductive ability. Their abandonment would adversely affect the population characteristics. That is why the monitoring of the population is very important. In addition, their motives are very important. Enabling the fulfillment of the migrant needs in the municipal territory would reduce their motivation for leave. The importance of this paper is in enriching the knowledge about the movement of the population in suburban settlements of Novi Sad. .
Agricultural Population of Central Serbia at the End of the 20th and the Beginning of the 21st Century. Case Study: Goc Mountain and Its Foothill
Tamara LUKI,An?elija IVKOV-D?IGURSKI
Journal of Settlements and Spatial Planning , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper there has been elaborated an analysis of distribution of arable and agricultural land on the territory of Goc and its foothill, then the distribution and density of agricultural population that live on its territory. The analysis refers to the end of the 20th and beginning of the 21st century. Special attention is given to active agricultural population. The received results show that the number of agricultural population has been decreasing. The importance of the paper is in the fact that it will enrich the knowledge about the population and settlements of the Goc Mountain and the West Morava valley.
eNOS Glu298Asp polymorphism is associated with development of complicated plaques in patients from Serbia with advanced carotid atherosclerosis
?uri? Tamara,?or?evi? Ana,Luki? N.,An?elevski Magdalena
Archives of Biological Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.2298/abs1301143d
Abstract: Nitric oxide inhibits adhesion of thrombocytes, proliferation and migration of smooth muscle cells and restricts oxidation of atherogenic low-density lipoproteins. Therefore, decreased production or activity of NO may play a role in the initiation, progression or complications of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to estimate the effect of Glu298Asp eNOS gene polymorphism on the individual risk for development of complicated carotid atherosclerotic plaque in patients from Serbia with advanced carotid atherosclerosis (CA) who had undergone endarterectomy. The study population included 233 patients. eNOS G894T gene polymorphism was identified by PCR and RFLP methods. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that Asp298Asp is an independent risk factor for the presence of complicated plaques in CA patients. Patients who were homozygous for the Asp298 allele had an adjusted OR of 4.36 for the development of complicated plaques compared to those that carry the Glu298 allele. Further validation and replication studies are needed. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. OI175085]
Etnographic Characteristics of Serbian Orthodox Peasants at the Beginning of the 20th Century from Vrlica Region, North Dalmatia, Croatia
Rastislav Stojsavljevi?,Jovan Plav?a,Milka Bubalo ?ivkovi?,Tamara Luki
European Researcher , 2013,
Abstract: There is a very small number of Serbs in Dalmatia today. The wars which took place in this area influenced their emigration, mostly to Serbia. They brought along their customs and culture which are slowly being forgotten by their descendants under the influence of modern values. This paper should provide the reader with a glimpse of the most significant ethnological characteristics of Orthodox peasants from the area of Vrlika in North Dalmatia at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century which were passed on to their descendants. The greatest value of this paper lies in the fact that the major source of literature is oral tradition passed on by people born in the rough Dalmatian region
Sex differences in commuting in Serbia
Luki? Vesna
Glasnik Srpskog Geografskog Dru?tva , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/gsgd0702067l
Abstract: Bearing in mind that sex differences are one of the factors that influence variability of the scope and directions of commuting, the paper treats problems of commuter’s structure according to sex. Although it gives the data about total commuting according to sex (pupils, students and labor force), the emphasis has been put onto commuting patterns of economically active population due to greater number of factors, which in the case of economically active population have the impact on migratory process. Apart from the review about so-far knowledge about determinants on participation of women in commuting and on differences in directions and territorial range of commuting flows according to sex, changes in participation of women in commuting of workers in Serbia (without Kosovo and Metohija) have been analyzed, with discussion about basic characteristics of commuting flows of economically active women in Serbia.
Commuting of active population in Serbia
Luki? Vesna
Glasnik Srpskog Geografskog Dru?tva , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/gsgd0601141l
Abstract: The paper deals with the problems of traveling to work, as a special form of geographical mobility of population. The accent has been given to commuting of active population. Development and changes of the extent and characteristics of commuting of workers in Serbia (without Kosovo and Metohija) during the last forty years of the 20th century have been analyzed.
The Effect of Private Brands on Business Performance in Retail
Radojko LUKI
Economia : Seria Management , 2011,
Abstract: In the length of time many new retail features were developed, as a part of the total value chain (from manufacturer to customer). One such feature is: the development of private brands (private-label merchandise, private-label brands, store brands, house brands, own brands). Because of economic importance, both in theory and in practice, more complex stress was put on its research from various perspectives: the individual countries and regions - geographic, retail companies and formats (types of stores), product categories, as well as from the perspective of the perception of customers / consumers. In the context of it, special empirical emphasis was placed on the effects of private brands on business performance in retail, in particular, on cost, gross margin, profit, in other words, on profit indicators, such as: rate of profits from sales, profit rate of assets and the rate of profit of the share capital. Having such starting point, this paper attempts to, as thoroughly as it can, primarily empirically, investigate the impact of the development of private brands in the retail business performance. Using the latest available relevant data gathered from various scientific and professional sources, including well-known agencies that primarily conduct empirical analysis of private brands in some countries, companies and retail formats and product categories. The results should serve as a reliable basis for creating the most efficient strategy for managing the development of private brands in order to improve business performance in retail. This is especially true of the so-called "emerging market" private brands, as it is the case with Serbia.
OUTSOURCING IN RETAIL
Radojko Luki
Economic Review : Journal of Economics and Business , 2012,
Abstract: Modern strategic techniques have been increasingly applied in recent years, both in manufacture and retail, individually or concurrently. The main goal of their application in the retail business is continuous improvement, in particular by reducing costs of competitiveness and (business and financial) performance, while increasing customer satisfaction and meeting the needs of customers/consumers. One of the most important strategic techniques increasingly used not only in manufacturing but also in modern retail is outsourcing, which basically involves purchasing goods and/or services from independent external suppliers. The research in contemporary practice of the retail business has revealed that the application of outsourcing technique contributes to stronger commitment of management towards the activities that are the core of competitiveness, reducing costs, improving competitiveness and creating added value. All this has a long-term impact on improving performance in the retail sector. Starting from the developed theory and conducted practical research, this paper emphasizes the importance and specific problems of application of outsourcing the strategic technique in the modern retail. Their knowledge is very important for an effective implementation of outsourcing as a function of improving overall performance in retail. This is especially true for retailers in developing and transition countries, as it is the case, for example, with Serbia, where the use of outsourcing is at a very low level compared to developed countries. In the future, because of its economic importance, outsourcing will certainly be more applied in the retail sector of respective countries, with the expectation of a growing trend at approximately the same level as it is in developed countries in Europe and America.
Commuting in the settlement system of Serbia
Luki? Vesna
Stanovni?tvo , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/stnv1102025l
Abstract: Territorial organization of settlement system is the framework for internal migration flows. The purpose of this paper is to consider the relation between commuting and the settlement structure. Commuting patterns and characteristics of commuters in Serbia are relatively unknown and insufficiently researched, and as such, can not be adequately used in creation of development strategies and public policies which would include commuters' issues. It has been emphasized the importance of research of commuting ties between different settlements and also pointed out in which way commuting flows could be researched and analyzed by using existing sources, due to better understanding of connections between migrations and settlements. Commuting patterns of workers in Serbia and interrelations between the scope and the structure of commuting flows, as well as the type and population size of settlements in Serbia have been examined. Apart from territorial dimension of commuting phenomenon, socio-economic component of commuting population has also been considered. The use of costumised tabulations from 2002 Census have enabled us to examine all types of commuting and emphasise dominant directions of commuting flows of economically active population according to gender, level of education and sector of economic activity, within the settlement hierarchy. Workers have been classified into seven groups according to place of residence and place of work. The findings reveal there is a clear connection between the hierarchy structure and commuting patterns in Serbia. Further, we find some evidence that only 9,5% of workers - commuters have been working in the settlement of the same population size and type such as their residing settlement. Commuting flows within Serbia’s settlement system point out to certain variations when looking at individual categories of population, but it can be concluded that there is general trend of commuting "upwards" within the hierarchy of settlements.
On the interrelations between migration and commuting
Luki? Vesna
Stanovni?tvo , 2013, DOI: 10.2298/stnv1301069l
Abstract: In this paper, we emphasise the significance of studying the interrelations between commuting and migration. The aim of the paper is to point out the factors which affect these interrelations (demographic and socio-economic characteristics of migrants and commuters, labour market, real estate market, information, life style, etc.), with the special emphasis on the role of commuting distance onto the chosen mobility type. Besides theorethical frameworks and results of the selected foreign researches up to date, the overview of research of interrelations between migration and commuting in Serbia has also been presented. While earlier studies conducted by Gawryszenski (1978), Termote (1980) and Reitsma&Vergoossen (1987) pointed to the replacement of migration types between each other within country, in recent literature the interaction between migration and commuting has been studied in a trans-boundary context of the contemporary EU. Modern trend of long distance commuting instead of migration and the concept of substitution/replacement regarding migration and commuting have also been discussed. In Serbia, there is a positive correlation between commuting outflows and immigration in rural settlements of Vojvodina province. Namely, commuting and migration are complement, which is the characteristic of both processes sub-urbanisation and ex-urbanisation (Luki , 2012). In addition to ownership of real estate and previous migration experience, marital status influenced the chosen mobility type in Serbia as well. Adjustment to changes of Serbian labour market is mostly conducted via migration (Mileti , Luki , Miljanovi , 2011). Interrelations between migration and commuting are very significant due to the tendency of transformation of some commuters into migrants. This process has its consequences, both on demographic as well as the overall socio-economic development of the area of commuters’ origin and destination. However, even though the surveys conducted in Serbia during the 1980s showed that around 30 per cent of commuters expressed desire to move to their place of work, the degree of realization of these intentions remained unknown. While in some countries traffic studies and data from the management of the enterprises are used as sources of data on commuting, the studies on the commuter population in Serbia are based solely onto two types of data sources. These are census and poll surveys. Although they have more potential than the official statistics for the analysis of the links between migration and commuting and other characteristics of commuters, p
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