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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2039 matches for " Talakonukula Ramesh "
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Life Cycle Energy Analysis of a Multifamily Residential House: A Case Study in Indian Context  [PDF]
Talakonukula Ramesh, Ravi Prakash, Karunesh Kumar Shukla
Open Journal of Energy Efficiency (OJEE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojee.2013.21006
Abstract: The paper presents life cycle energy analysis of a multifamily residential house situated in Allahabad (U.P), India. The study covers energy for construction, operation, maintenance and demolition phases of the building. The selected building is a 4-storey concrete structured multifamily residential house comprising 44 apartments with usable floor area of 2960 m2. The material used for the building structure is steel reinforced concrete and envelope is made up of burnt clay brick masonry. Embodied energy of the building is calculated based on the embodied energy coefficients of building materials applicable in Indian context. Operating energy of the building is estimated using e-Quest energy simulation software. Results show that operating energy (89%) of the building is the largest contributor to life cycle energy of the building, followed by embodied energy (11%). Steel, cement and bricks are most significant materials in terms of contribution to the initial embodied energy profile. The life cycle energy intensity of the building is found to be 75 GJ/m2 and energy index 288 kWh/m2 years (primary). Use of aerated concrete blocks in the construction of walls and for covering roof has been examined as energy saving strategy and it is found that total life cycle energy demand of the building reduces by 9.7%. In addition, building integrated photo voltaic (PV) panels are found most promising for reduction (37%) in life cycle energy (primary) use of the building.
Life Cycle Energy of Low Rise Residential Buildings in Indian Context  [PDF]
Talakonukula Ramesh, Ravi Prakash, Karunesh Kumar Shukla
Open Journal of Energy Efficiency (OJEE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojee.2014.34012
Abstract: Life cycle energy of the building accounts for all energy inputs to the buildings during their intended service life. Buildings need to be constructed in such a way that energy consumption in their life cycle is minimal. Life Cycle Energy (LCE) consumption data of buildings is not available in public domain which is essentially required for building designers and policy makers to formulate strategies for reduction in LCE of buildings. The paper presents LCE of twenty (20) low rise residential buildings in Indian context. LCE of the studied buildings is varying from 160 - 380 kWh/m2 year (Primary). Based on the LCE data of studied buildings, an equation is proposed to readily reckon LCE of a new building.
Stability Analysis of Multi-Dimensional Linear Discrete System and Root Distribution Using Sign Criterion with Real Coefficients  [PDF]
Periyasamy Ramesh
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.73010
Abstract: A new idea was proposed to find out the stability and root location of multi-dimensional linear time invariant discrete system (LTIDS) for real coefficient polynomials. For determining stability the sign criterion is synthesized from the Jury’s method for stability which is derived from the characteristic polynomial coefficients of the discrete system. The number of roots lying inside or outside the unit circle and hence on the unit circle is directly determined from the proposed single modified Jury tabulation and the sign criterion. The proposed scheme is simple and the examples are given to bring out the merits of the proposed scheme which is also applicable for the singular and non-singular cases.
A Modified Stability Analysis of Two-Dimensional Linear Time Invariant Discrete Systems within the Unity-Shifted Unit Circle  [PDF]
Periyasamy Ramesh
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.73011
Abstract: This paper proposes a method to ascertain the stability of two dimensional linear time invariant discrete system within the shifted unit circle which is represented by the form of characteristic equation. Further an equivalent single dimensional characteristic equation is formed from the two dimensional characteristic equation then the stability formulation in the left half of Z-plane, where the roots of characteristic equation f(Z) = 0 should lie within the shifted unit circle. The coefficient of the unit shifted characteristic equation is suitably arranged in the form of matrix and the inner determinants are evaluated using proposed Jury’s concept. The proposed stability technique is simple and direct. It reduces the computational cost. An illustrative example shows the applicability of the proposed scheme.
Certain Algebraic Test for Analyzing Aperiodic Stability of Two-Dimensional Linear Discrete Systems  [PDF]
P. Ramesh
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.76061
Abstract: This paper addresses the new algebraic test to check the aperiodic stability of two dimensional linear time invariant discrete systems. Initially, the two dimensional characteristics equations are converted into equivalent one-dimensional equation. Further Fuller’s idea is applied on the equivalent one-dimensional characteristics equation. Then using the co-efficient of the characteristics equation, the routh table is formed to ascertain the aperiodic stability of the given two-dimensional linear discrete system. The illustrations were presented to show the applicability of the proposed technique.
Stability Analysis of Multi-Dimensional Linear Time Invariant Discrete Systems within the Unity Shifted Unit Circle  [PDF]
P. Ramesh
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.76060
Abstract: This technical brief proposes a new approach to multi-dimensional linear time invariant discrete systems within the unity shifted unit circle which is denoted in the form of characteristic equation.The characteristic equation of multi–dimensional linear system is modified into an equivalentone- dimensional characteristic equation. Further formation of stability in the left of the z-plane, the roots of the characteristic equationf(z) =0 should lie within the shifted unit circle. Using the coefficients of the unity shifted one dimensional equivalent characteristic equation by applying minimal shifting of coefficients either left or right and elimination of coefficient method to two triangular matrixes are formed. A single square matrix is formed by adding the two triangular matrices. This matrix is used for testing the sufficient condition by proposed Jury’s inner determinant concept. Further one more indispensable condition is suggested to show the applicability of the proposed scheme. The proposed method of construction of square matrix consumes less arithmetic operation like shifting and eliminating of coefficients when compare to the construction of square matrix by Jury’s and Hurwitz matrix method.
CA-AODV: Congestion Adaptive AODV Routing Protocol for Streaming Video in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  [PDF]
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2008, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2008.14040
Abstract: Whenever streaming of multimedia based data such as video, audio and text is performed traffic will be more and network becomes congested in mobile ad hoc networks. The present routing protocols are not able to cope up with this situation. It is observed that network congestion is the dominant reason for packet loss, longer delay and delay jitter in streaming video. Most of the present routing protocols are not designed to adapt to congestion control. We propose a new routing protocol, Congestion Adaptive AODV Routing Protocol (CA-AODV), to address the congestion issues considering delay, packet loss and routing overhead. To evaluate their performance, we have considered mpeg4 for streaming video data using network simulator (NS2). CA-AODV outperforms present protocols in delivery ratio and delay, while introducing less routing protocol overhead. The result demonstrates that integrating congestion adaptive mechanisms with AODV is a promising way to improve performance for heavy traffic load in multimedia based mobile ad hoc networks.
Evaluation of Corrosion Stability of Water Soluble Epoxy-Ester Primer through Electrochemical Studies  [PDF]
Duraisamy Ramesh, Thiagarajan Vasudevan
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2012.36049
Abstract: The corrosion behavior of water borne epoxy-ester primer coatings (10% - 50% PVCs) was evaluated through electrochemical techniques such as polarization and impedance spectroscopic (EIS) measurements. Studies were carried out for a longer duration of exposure extending up to 60 days in aqueous solution of NaCl (5%). Corrosion current (icorr), Corrosion potential (Ecorr), Coating resistance (Rc), Charge transfer resistance (Rct), Coating capacitance (Cc), Double layer capacitance (Cdl), break point frequency (fb), Water uptake (), diffusion coefficient (Dw) etc., indicated that 10% - 30% PVC coatings performed well in comparison to higher PVCs. Changes in the electrochemical characteristics were found to occur as a function of exposure time in all cases. The corrosion stability of the coatings were found to be greatly affected by the percentage of PVCs. Studies further indicated that when lower concentration of pigments were available, they remained completely surrounded by the binder; Thus leaving no space for the entry of corrosive agents. From these studies, it was concluded that the water borne paints could replace the conventional coatings, containing organic solvents. Therefore, water soluble epoxy-ester primers have to be employed in paints for developing eco- friendly coatings.
Diversity of Ethnomedicinal Plants in Boridand Forest of District Korea, Chhattisgarh, India  [PDF]
Ramesh Kumar Ahirwar
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.62047
Abstract: Present study deals with an extensive ecological assessment of natural forest areas under several in-situ conservation plots which have resulted from high rate of grazing and biotic pressure. Over-exploitation of forest and unwanted incidental fire cases decreased the diversity of several ethnomedicinally and economically valuable plants species from the Boridand forest region in Korea district, Chhattisgarh. The total number of plants reported in all three study sites, 41 plants species belonging to 26 families and 37 plant genera were identified. A field survey was conducted at three different study sites in Boridand forest, district Korea, Chhattisgarh as Plot A, Plot B and Plot C, during months March 2013 to February 2014 to identify the diversity of ethnomedicinal plants.
Privacy Preserving Bee Routing Protocol for Intermittently Connected Mobile Networks  [PDF]
S. Ramesh, R. Praveen
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.77091
Abstract: The Intermittently Connected Mobile Networks (ICMN) is a disconnected mobile network where a complete connectivity never exists.More number of moving nodes makes them impenetrable genre which in turn makes the network intermittently connected. Detection of malicious node and routing is onerous due to its genre. In this paper, we put forward a secure routing that aids in detecting and preventing intrusion of malicious nodes. The routing process is made more adorable through Bee Colony Optimization (BCO). The amalgamation of BCO with authentication series leads a novel routing protocol named Privacy Preserving Bee Routing Protocol (PPBRP) which is highly secure. The degree of security is tested with malicious nodes in the network to prove that the proposed PPBRP ensures secure routing.
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