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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8173 matches for " Tahir Masood Muhammad "
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Dilemma of Third World Countries - Problems Facing Pakistan Energy Crisis a Case-in-Point
Muhammad Tahir Masood,Fawad Shah
International Journal of Business and Management , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v7n5p231
Abstract: Developing countries of the world are facing enormous problems and Pakistan is no exception. Pakistan is a developing country in South Asia which is the fourth largest populated country in the region and sixth largest country in the world. This study on Pakistan is a case-in-point for other developing nations of the world. So, it is important to highlight these problems including the energy crisis which has assumed serious dimensions during the last three to four years. Pakistan is facing serious problems in almost all the sectors, but energy problem has impacted the economic development severely. Apart from identification of the problems being faced by Pakistan, the paper focuses on the public perception and suggestions to solve them. Lack of governance, corrupt leaders, inadequate and faulty planning, and non-availability of speedy justice are the most critical of a long list of problems being faced by Pakistan. Pakistan is facing energy crises in the shape of Supply /Demand gap, Interrupted Supply, Energy losses, Energy Conservation, Quality of Energy Resources, Quality of energy services, inefficient appliances, Lack of infrastructure, Deforestation, Environmental issues, Health issues, Low BTU value, opportunity cost, fertilizer issues, Renewable and Nuclear Energy Promotion issues, etc. In the paper, relevant conclusions are drawn to suggest some solutions.
Pattern Recognition of Bearing Faults using Smoother Statistical Features
Muhammad Masood Tahir,Ayyaz Hussain
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: A pattern recognition (PR) based diagnostic scheme is presented to identify bearing faults, using time domain features. Vibration data is acquired from faulty bearings using a test rig. The features are extracted from the data, and processed prior to utilize in the PR process. The processing involves smoothing of feature distributions. This reduces the undesired impact of vibration randomness on the PR process, and thus enhances the diagnostic accuracy of the model.
General Attitude towards Advertising: Cultural Influence in Pakistan
Muhammad Usman,Saqib Ilyas,Muhammad Farooq Hussain,Tahir Masood Qureshi
International Journal of Marketing Studies , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ijms.v2n2p124
Abstract: The objective of this research is to examine cultural influence on the general attitude of Pakistani people towards advertising. The study aims to analyze the cultural impact on attitude of people towards advertisements of brands according to product information, social integration and hedonism/pleasure, whereas power distance and masculinity as culture dimensions. Sample size includes 250 respondents which are involved directly in purchasing. It includes adults from all disciplines, house wives within the vicinity of Islamabad/ Rawalpindi and the people from different age groups and educational backgrounds. Regression is used to check the impact of product information, social integration and hedonism over public general attitude towards advertisement. And apply moderation analysis to check the impact of culture as moderating variable. Social integration, product information and hedonism have a significant impact on attitude towards advertisement. But product information has weak impact on attitude towards advertisement; whereas culture has a significant moderating effect which strengthen the relationship between dependent and independent variables. The most important limitation was the time constraint. The time was limited due to which a huge sample size was impossible to manage. The responses were taken only from Islamabad and Rawalpindi cities which restrict the generalizability of the study. This study will help marketers to advertise there products according to the culture values and attitude of the people which reflects their personality. It will also help companies to segment their customers according to their behavior/attitude towards advertisement, which in turn will help companies to gain competitive advantage and increase profitability.
Relationship between Organizational Culture and Performance Management Practices: A Case of University in Pakistan
Ul Mujeeb Ehtesham,Tahir Masood Muhammad,Shakil Ahmad Muhammad
Journal of Competitiveness , 2011,
Abstract: The aim of this study is to expand the base of knowledge and empirically test the relationship between the components of organizational culture and performance management practices. The study adopted the exploratory research approach to explore the impact. In this study, primary data was collected through questionnaires from 140 employees at the COMSATS Institute of Information Technology. The sample consists of both male and female faculty members. The regression and correlation statistical analysis were used. The results from the statistical analysis show that, involvement is highly correlated with consistency and adaptability. Similarly, the other dimensions of organizational culture have a positive significant relationship with the performance management practices.
Does the Food Advertisement on Television Have the Impact on Children’s Food Purchasing Behavior? A Study Based on Pakistan Food Advertisement
Muhammad Haroon,Tahir Masood Queshi,Mansoor Nisar,Mansoor Nisar
International Journal of Business and Management , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v6n1p283
Abstract: The purpose of conducting this study was to examine television advertisements and children’s food using pattern when they were watching television and their desire to purchase goods that they saw advertisements on television. This study was conducted in two parts. In the first part, content analysis of the television advertisements was conducted. In second part of the study, a questionnaire was given to 200 parents. Total of 75 of these parent’s children were attending 1st, 2nd and 3rd grades of the primary schools and 125 of the children were attending the pre-schools. The results showed that children were bombarded with so many advertisements and their behavior was more influenced by the television food advertisements. It was also affecting their food choices and health.
Transportation Problems in Developing Countries Pakistan: A Case-in-Point
Muhammad Tahir Masood,Azhar Khan,Hasnain A. Naqvi
International Journal of Business and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v6n11p256
Abstract: Identifying and solving transportation problems is one of the chief tasks confronting governments in developing countries like Pakistan. Despite large expenditures on urban transport systems, the current transportation problems in developing nations continue to worsen because of bad planning, lack of governance, and corruption. Therefore, developing countries like Pakistan, have a major crisis on their hands. Urban transport problems in Pakistan are mostly managed by building larger and better roads, but building roads is not the solution. Road projects need to be part of an over-all transportation plan that includes traffic management and bigger and better transit systems and public transport. The principles of sustainable transport encourage utilization of low cost public transport capable of performing well in mixed land use and densely–populated Pakistani cities. This article highlights the core problem of continuing failure by Pakistani government to develop and manage their public transport systems to provide a high level of mobility, equity, and environmental sustainability.
Pecking at Pecking Order Theory: Evidence from Pakistan’s Non-financial Sector
Sheikh Jibran,Shakeel Ahmed Wajid,Iqbal Waheed,Tahir Masood Muhammad
Journal of Competitiveness , 2012,
Abstract: This study tests the Pecking Order Theory for the capital structure of listed firms in Pakistan. As per Pecking Order Theory in capital structure formulation, internally generated resources would have first priority, followed by debt issuance where equity is used as a last resort. In its strong form, the Pecking Order Theory sustains that equity issues would never occur, whereas in its weak form, limited amounts of issues are acceptable. The methodology adopted in this empirical study involves cross-section regressions and the testing of hypotheses stemming from the underlying theory in its strong and weak forms. A sample of capital structure of non-financial firms listed at KSE is considered from 2001 to 2008. A statistical tool of panel data regression analysis is used to test different firms’ data. The value of R2, t-test and F-Stat indicate firms in KSE supporting the weak form of pecking order theory, i.e., the option of using internal equity and debt is more preferred and a limited amount of external equity is used for reinvestment and fund raising purposes.
Impact of Structural Adjustment Programme on Household Welfare and Inequality - Pakistan A Case-in-Point for the Developing Countries
Hasnain A. Naqvi,Muhammad Tahir Masood,Rashid A. Naeem
Journal of Management Research , 2011, DOI: 10.5296/jmr.v4i1.1062
Abstract: In this article the impact of Structural Adjustment Programme on Household Welfare and Inequality is discussed and the situation in Pakistan is reviewed as a Case-in-Point which will be useful in studying the situation in other developing countries. A computable general equilibrium model is used to analyse policies under structural adjustment programmes for Pakistan. This model was used to analyse the economic implications of two key elements in the structural adjustment programmes, namely fiscal strictness and trade liberalization policy. The experiment was based on a combination of the said two elements. The objective of this experiment was to determine the possibility of making up the existing trade deficit and revenue losses due to the abolition of tariff. Three variables were considered in this experiment – increase in sales tax, increase in income tax, and cut in government’s consumption expenditures. It was observed that a cut in government consumption expenditure tends to outperform other fiscal stances in terms of household and economy-wide welfare indicators. The results suggest that targeting the government’s consumption expenditures tends to be a real and potent tool for reducing government budget deficit and to cover losses arising out of the import tariff abolition.
Innovation Management: Types, Management Practices and Innovation Performance In Services Industry of Developing Economies
Tahir Masood Qureshi,Imran Dar,Muhammad Amanullah Khan
Communications of the IBIMA , 2008,
Abstract: Innovation is reshaping the corporate culture of organizations in this present age of competency and service legacy. Innovation in services is getting recognition from the top executives due to its strategic importance and globalize competition, which has escalated the demand of better change and adoption of best practices through change in processes. This research is based on innovation management in service industry of Pakistan according to the prevailing corporate environment and strategies to sustain or have potential competitiveness to meet the standards of the ever changing market. Organizations are considering innovative ideas as their potential informational resource along with financial and non financial resources. Almost 80% of the IT sector and 60%of the banking sector has embedded the innovation concepts in their organizational hierarchy to get optimum utilization of resources and benefits through market and organizational performance. Innovation is the core competency factor for every market oriented approach
Impact of Democratic/Non-Democratic Regimes on Foreign Direct Investment in Pakistan: Pre and Post September 11, 2001 Scenarios
Tahir Nawaz,Masood Amjad khan,Muhammad Akbar Ali Shah,Muhammad Aleem
Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: In this study the impact of democratic and non-democratic regime (pre and post September 11, 2001seenarios) on foreign direct investment in Pakistan have been investigated using quarterly data over the period of 1976Q1 to 2006Q4. Stepwise regression, Box-Jenkins methodologies have been applied initially then GARCH-type models are used to counter the problems of auto-correlation and ARCH effect and tomodel the conditional variance of FDI. It is found that foreign direct investment in Pakistan mainly depends upon on the past trends, as higher order auto-regressive terms are statistically significant. It has also been observed that the volatility shocks are quitepersistent and take a long time to die out. September 11, 2001incident and thereafter war on terror has increased the conditional volatility of foreign direct investment and hasstatistically significant impact while FDI was not volatile before the September, 11, 2001. CPI plays a significant role to decrease conditional volatility. One interesting finding of this study is that the impact of Non-Democratic regime before September, 11 scenario isstatistically significant and severely bad on foreign direct investment but with the inclusion of observations of post September, 11 the variable becomes insignificant.
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