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Riesgo de mortalidad por cáncer en el Estado Lara
Tagliaferro B,Zulay Antonieta; Sánchez Ori,Enrique;
Revista Venezolana de Oncología , 2011,
Abstract: objective: the objective of this work is estimate the risk of mortality for cancer, considering the standards of mortality in lara and venezuela. methods: realized descriptive and transverse study by calculation of crude, specific and adjusted rates of mortality for cancer according to municipalities of lara state in period 1997- 2005, using the deaths registered in the direction of regional epidemiology of the lara state. results: of the whole of deaths for cancer in the period it happened in men 50.11 % and in woman49.89 %, the highest rate was the calculated for 2003 and lowest in 1997 (p=0.0001). most frequent anatomical location was in the digestive system and the high rate in the state during the period appeared in crespo municipality. on having calculated the reason between the rates of every municipality with those of lara, were observed statistically significant differences between the rate of the state and those of the municipalities andrés eloy blanco, iribarren, palavecino and simón planas. conclusions: on having compared the mortality for cancer with the standards of lara state of venezuela, in the municipalities iribarren and jiménez the risk was high and on having fitted with the standard world population an increase was observed in the rates of mortality by cancer in all the municipalities. it hopes that the results orientate on the reality of the mortality for cancer according to municipalities of the lara state and use as base for future investigations.
Riesgo de mortalidad por cáncer en el Estado Lara
Zulay Antonieta Tagliaferro B,Enrique Sánchez Ori
Revista Venezolana de Oncología , 2011,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: El objetivo del trabajo es estimar el riesgo para mortalidad por cáncer, considerando los estándares de mortalidad para Lara y Venezuela. MéTODOS: Realizó estudio descriptivo y transversal con cálculo de tasas crudas, específicas ajustadas de mortalidad por cáncer según municipios del Estado Lara en el lapso 1997 a 2005, utilizando las defunciones registradas en la dirección de epidemiología regional del Estado Lara. RESULTADOS: Del total de defunciones por cáncer en el período estudiado 50,11 % ocurrió en hombres y 49,89 % en mujeres, la tasa más alta fue la calculada para el 2003 y la más baja en 1997 (P=0,0001). La ubicación anatómica más frecuente fue en órganos del sistema digestivo y la mayor tasa en el estado durante el lapso se presentó en el municipio Crespo. Al calcular la razón entre las tasas de cada municipio con las de Lara, se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre la tasa del estado y las de los municipios Andrés Eloy Blanco, Iribarren, Palavecino y Simón Planas. CONCLUSIóN: Al comparar la mortalidad por cáncer con estándares del estado de Lara y de Venezuela, en municipios Iribarren y Jiménez el riesgo fue más alto y al ajustar con la población estándar mundial se observó un incremento en las tasas de mortalidad por cáncer en todos los municipios. Se espera que los resultados orienten sobre la realidad de la mortalidad por cáncer según municipios del Estado Lara y sirvan de base para investigaciones futuras. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work is estimate the risk of mortality for cancer, considering the standards of mortality in Lara and Venezuela. METHODS: Realized descriptive and transverse study by calculation of crude, specific and adjusted rates of mortality for cancer according to municipalities of Lara state in period 1997- 2005, using the deaths registered in the direction of regional epidemiology of the Lara state. RESULTS: Of the whole of deaths for cancer in the period it happened in men 50.11 % and in woman49.89 %, the highest rate was the calculated for 2003 and lowest in 1997 (P=0.0001). Most frequent anatomical location was in the digestive system and the high rate in the state during the period appeared in Crespo municipality. On having calculated the reason between the rates of every municipality with those of Lara, were observed statistically significant differences between the rate of the state and those of the municipalities Andrés Eloy Blanco, Iribarren, Palavecino and Simón Planas. CONCLUSIONS: On having compared the mortality for cancer with the standards of Lara state of Venezue
CONOCIMIENTO DE LOS ESTUDIANTES DE ENFERMERIA SOBRE VIH/SIDA
Dávila Maria Elena,Gil Maritza,Tagliaferro Zulay Antonieta
Salud, Arte y Cuidado , 2011,
Abstract: Amongst the health care professional, nurses and nursing students are an important component of the health care delivery system, due to frequent and prolonged contact with patients during their daily practice. With the purpose to determine the knowledge that nursing students have about HIV/AIDS, a descriptive investigation was conducted. The sample was represented by 50 students to whom a questionnaire with 20 questions about HIV/AIDS and mode of transmission was applied. The mean age of the participants was 21.30±1.31 and 98.0% were female. Four percent (4.0%) reported a “good” knowledge, 40.0% “fair”, and 56.0% “deficient” knowledge, respectively in relation to the diseases. Nine eight (98,0%) answered correctly that “ HIV/AIDS can be transmitted by sexual relations without protection”, 84.0% wrongly answer “ Lymphocytes T cells are the same as CD4 counts”, the same percentage was incorrectly answered with regard to the mode of transmission by corporal fluids. To the item “a woman can contaminate her baby trough lactation”, 26.0% answered incorrectly. Conclusions: In general the students have a “fair” knowledge. It is necessary to implement educational strategies to improve the knowledge about the disease, its consequences and preventive measures in order to protect this group at risk, which also have the responsibility to transmit information to their patients.
Pacientes atendidos en un Centro Toxicológico de Venezuela
Tagliaferro,Zulay A; Bracamonte,Giannina;
Revista de Salud Pública , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0124-00642010000200005
Abstract: objective characterising patients attended at a toxicological centre in the central western area of venezuela (the state of lara). methods this was a descriptive/cross-sectional study. the population consisted of 1,938 patients who registered during 2006 and 2007; data was collected from the centre's data collection forms. results 57.4 % of the patients recorded on the toxicological centre's forms during 2006 and 2007 consulted during 2006. the patients' average age was 19 during 2006 (including adults and teenagers) and 20 during 2007. males most often attended the centre (55.4 %). the most common cause for consultation was poisoning from snake bite, more than 40 % of the cases being caused by bothrops. pesticide intoxication was the second cause for male consultation (20.6 %); female medication poisoning accounted for 26.6 %. iribarren county had the highest consultation rate in the state of lara (47.8 % of cases). 95 patients (4.9 %) came from neighbouring states (portuguesa and yaracuy) during the two years this study lasted. conclusions it is hoped that this study will lead to special education and attention programmes for the most commonly diagnosed pathologies being implemented with greater frequency, as well as corrective action being taken regarding individual and collective risk in the state of lara's different geographical areas.
Nivel de Conocimiento de Adolescentes sobre VIH/SIDA
Dávila,María E.; Tagliaferro,Antonieta Z.; Bullones,Xiomara; Daza,Damelis;
Revista de Salud Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0124-00642008000500004
Abstract: objective determining adolescents' level of knowledge (lk) about hiv/aids using descriptive investigation. methods the population was represented by 329 students from the 4th and 5th grades from two public high-schools. a non-probabilistic sample was formed by 208 available students from the high schools and to whom a questionnaire concerning hiv/aids, prevention and transmission mode was applied. results the participants' mean age was 15,9 ± 1,24; 57,2 % were female. 24,5 % reported a "good" lk, 67,3 % "fair" lk and 8,2 % "deficient" lk. lk concerning preventative measures showed that 25,5 % knew them. 95,7 % answered correctly that, "hiv/aids can be transmitted by unprotected sexual relations," and 41,8 % answered incorrectly that, "there is no way of protecting against hiv." conclusions the students generally had fair lk. educational strategies must be implemented to improve knowledge about the disease, its consequences and preventative measures for protecting this group at risk.
Silvicultural and agronomic practices for improving Tuber magnatum habitat in natural woodlands
Tagliaferro F,Ebone A
Forest@ , 2007,
Abstract: Since 2003 IPLA is taking part, in the project “Innovative interventions for the natural habitat protection and connection in order to create an ecological network” promoted by GAL Alta Langa. The final aim of the project, that has finished at the end of 2006, is to realize an ecological network where the elements are also truffi res in which management practices are carried out in order to improve the Tuber magnatum Pico habitat. Using two SIR (Site of regional interest), located in Langa, as core areas three truffi res have been selected; since spring 2004, the experimental activities have been carried out. The first truffi res (Barbaresco, CN) is located in a mixed white poplar wood with black locust. The first practices were the trees and shrubs thinning in order to increase the light and water availability and improve the organic matter cycle. The second one (Monchiero-CN) is an oak (Quercus robur) and black poplar wood of limited extension (less than 1000 square meters). Here the first practices were the shrubs thinning and the digging of narrow channels in contour in order to make easier the soil wetting. The last truffi res (Murazzano-CN) is a young black poplar wood grown after the cutting of some big trees; here at first Rubus sp., that covers a great part of the undergrowth, has been cut. This first management practices gave good results and the experimental activities will be carried on.
Soil and Leaf Micronutrient Composition in Contrasting Habitats in Podzolized Sands of the Amazon Region  [PDF]
María Antonieta Sobrado
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.410235
Abstract:

Plant macronutrient distribution in podzolized sands of the Amazon caatinga has received attention in several studies; however, the distribution of micronutrients has not been assessed. Soil micronutrient availability has been hypothesized to reflect contrasting habitat characteristics as well as fundamental differences in substrate, and leaf micronutrient composition may reflect the macronutrient content needed to maintain balance for leaf cell functions. In this study, soil and leaf samples were obtained in a toposequence (valley, slope, and mound). Available soil micro- and macronutrients as well as total leaf content were measured by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometer and mass spectroscopy. Soil Zn (<1.41 mg·kg-1) and B (<0.31 mg·kg-1) as well as Cu (<1.33 mg·kg-1) levels were very low. Soil Mn was low in the valleys and slopes (0.62-0.87 mg·kg-1), but higher in the mound (6.59 mg·kg-1). Soil Fe (11.48-21.13 mg·kg-1) was well above the critical level in all of

Racionalidad moral y justicia social de las instituciones políticas
Díaz Montiel,Zulay;
Frónesis , 2007,
Abstract: this article analyzes some basic aspects of the emancipatory process that should arise in contemporary society, from the viewpoint of the public morality and social justice of its political institutions. it opposes the instrumental rationality of modern positive law, the principles and moral reasons of politics according to the communicative, discursive and inter-subjective approach of habermas. the result is interesting: it is not possible to exercise politics without morality; moreover, justice cannot be achieved without a shared liberating project. from this perspective, the study seeks to interpret the sense of social integration that the communicative pragmatic, dialogue and the public space fulfill in the reconstruction of socio-political institutions. morality and justice are two applications that ought to configure the political face of the state, and the projects demanded by the citizenry to broaden participative democracy propose an examination of the crisis of the modern state.
?Ahí tiene usted un caso, pues, que lo tengo a la mano" Usos del marcador pues en la oralidad
Rosas Lobo,Esther Zulay;
Paradígma , 2007,
Abstract: the purpose of this study is to describe the marker ?pues? uses and functions in central position. this research is based upon martín zorraquino y portolés (1999), poblete (1998), llorente (1996), porroche ballesteros (2002), casado velarde (2000), gili gaya (1983) y alcina y blecua (1975), and other authors contributions. the sample was taken from the sociolinguistic corpus of merida (1995) through a search in the spanish referential corpus (crea) data base. the search generated 21 paragraphs, all of them from the same interviewee in one document, from which we took out the cases in which ?pues? was in central position. this study analysis was made in two levels: sentence level and the textual-discursive level. the results of this study showed that the discursive function of the marker ?pues? appears in 75% of the cases, the rest (25%) was textual. according to the use of this marker, the majority of the cases revealed that the ?pues? is primarily used as message reformulated to help the interlocutor comprehension and to reflect a cause-effect relation.
Las estrategias socio-afectivas y su efecto motivador en situaciones de aprendizaje de una lengua extranjera
Rosas Lobo,Esther Zulay;
Paradígma , 2007,
Abstract: in this study we made an arguments review that support the socio-affective strategies use in second language acquisition, in order to extract from them the applicable characteristics in foreign language learning. then, with that information we recommended which of those strategies could be put in practice in a foreign language learning class. this is not a conclusive study. it lets some light in the possibility to study this kind of strategies in a actual class?s situation
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