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IVS8 Polyt and M470V Polymorphisms in Healthy Individuals and Cystic fibrosis Patients in Mazandaran Province, Iran
Kholghi Oskooei V,Esmaeeli Douki MR,Tabaripour R,Tavakkoly Bazzaz J
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a multiorgan autosomal recessive disorder. As CF is highly heterogeneous in Iran and many mutations have a low frequency, routine molecular diagnostic methods are not very efficient. The use of highly polymorphic intragenic markers not only can facilitate phenotype prediction in prenatal diagnosis by gene tracking, but also can lead to the demonstration of possible associations between haplotypes and specific mutations. We determined IVS8 polyT and M470V polymorphisms in exon 10 of CFTR gene in this case-control study. Methods: Polymorphisms of IVS8 polyT in 53 patients with CF were referred to Amirkola children's Hospital of Babol University of Medical Sciences, 2007 to 2011 and 49 fertile healthy individuals were determined by reverse dot blot method. M470V polymorphism was analyzed by PCR-RFLP. Results: In IVS8 polyT study, T7 was the most frequent allele in healthy individuals than patients with CF (respectively, 82.8% Vs. 77.2%). T9 was more abundant in patients with CF than normal individuals (respectively, 21.7% Vs. 7.4%, P=0.005). T9/T9 genotype was more frequent in patients than healthy individuals (respectively, 15.1% and 2%, P=0.032). Study for M470V polymorphism showed that M/V was the most common genotype in normal individuals and patients with CF (respectively, 49% and 40.4%). M-T9 haplotype was highly associated with the disease in both patients with CF and normal individuals (respectively, 19.1% and 2.4%, (P<0.001 Conclusion: The allelic distribution and heterozygosity results suggest that both M470V and IVS8 polyT can be helpful in the prenatal diagnosis of CF in Northern Iranians with a positive family history of the disease.
Poly T polymorphism consideration in normal individuals and cystic fibrosis patients in Mazandaran province, Iran
Haleh Akhavan Niaki,Reza Tabaripour,Mohammad Reza Esmaeeli Douki,Mandana Azizi
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2010,
Abstract: "n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: Cystic fibrosis is a monogenic recessive disorder founds predominantly in caucasian population causes exocrine glands function defect. This disease arises from mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Because of heterogeneity of the mutations in CFTR gene, phenotypic symptoms in this disease are very variable. In this study we consider poly T polymorphism (T5, T7, T9) in the intron 8 of CFTR gene in normal individuals and cystic fibrosis patients in mazandaran province."n"nMethods: Forty cases of cystic fibrosis patients and 40 normal individuals were screened for poly T polymorphism in intron 8 of CFTR gene using Reverse Dot Blot method."n"nResults: T7 allele is the most prevalent in normal individuals and CF patients and it's abundance is approximately 75%. T9 and T5 represent approximately 20% and 5% of normal or mutant alleles respectively. T7/T7 genotypes in normal individuals and CF patients are the most prevalent with 72.5% and 60% prevalence rate, respectively. T5/T9 and T5/T5 genotypes were not found. 22.5% of normal individuals and 30% of CF patients had heterozygote genotypes."n"nConclusion: The abundance of T5, T7, T9 alleles and the presence of 22.5-30% heterozygote genotypes in normal individuals and CF patients indicates that poly T polymorphism in intron 8 of CFTR gene can be used as a marker for detection of normal and mutant alleles in prenatal diagnosis or can be used in carrier assessment in families with previous history of the disease.
Power Aware Routing Protocol (PARP) for Wireless Sensor Networks  [PDF]
R. Prema, R. Rangarajan
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wsn.2012.45019
Abstract: Several wireless sensor network applications ought to decide the intrinsic variance between energy efficient communication and the requirement to attain preferred quality of service (QoS) such as packet delivery ratio, delay and to reduce the power consumption of wireless sensor nodes. In order to address this challenge, we propose the Power Aware Routing Protocol (PARP), which attains application-specified communication delays at low energy cost by dynamically adapting transmission power and routing decisions. Extensive simulation results prove that the proposed PARP attains better QoS and reduced power consumption.
Studies on Dissolution Behaviour of Nanoparticulate Curcumin Formulation  [PDF]
R. Ravichandran
Advances in Nanoparticles (ANP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/anp.2013.21010
Abstract:

Curcumin is the main biologically active phytochemical compound of turmeric that has been widely used by ancient cultures throughout Asia. However the dissolution rate limited absorption and pre-absorption degradation limits its use as a potential therapeutic. In this study an attempt has been made to overcome the above limitations by curcumin delivery through nanotechnology. Nanocurcumin solid dosage formulations were prepared and studied for its dissolution behaviour. Considerable improvement in the dissolution behavior was observed in the drug nanocrystal-loaded solid dosage forms. This is expected to enhance the bioavailability of poorly soluble medicinal herbs such as turmeric in the body.

Pharmacokinetic Study of Nanoparticulate Curcumin: Oral Formulation for Enhanced Bioavailability  [PDF]
R. Ravichandran
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology (JBNB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2013.43037
Abstract:

Curcumin, a bioactive component of turmeric, which is a commonly used spice and nutritional supplement, is isolated from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa Linn. (Zingiberaceae). In recent years, the potential pharmacological actions of Curcumin in inflammatory disorders, cardiovascular disease, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease and neurological disorders have been shown. However, the clinical application of Curcumin is severely limited by its main drawbacks such as instability, low solubility, poor bioavailability and rapid metabolism. Multifarious nanotechnology-based drug delivery systems for Curcumin including liposomes, polymeric nanoparticles, solid lipid nanoparticles, micelles, nanogels, nanoemulsions, complexes and dendrimer/dimer, have been attempted to enhance the oral bioavailability, biological activity or tissue-targeting ability of Curcumin. We attempted the nanosuspensions based delivery of curcumin. Nanonisation renders curcumin completely dispersible in aqueous media. To enhance the curcumin absorption by oral administration, nanoparticulate solid oral formulation of curcumin was prepared by us and the resulting capsule was then examined for its efficiency on bioavailability in Male Wistar rats at a dose of 100 mg curcumin/kg body weight and the pharmacokinetic parameters were compared to those of normal curcumin powder and a commercial curcumin capsule CUR-500. The bio-distribution of curcumin in organs of rat was also studied. Nanoparticulation significantly raised the curcumin concentration in selective organs in the body. The results obtained provide promising results for nanoparticulate Curcumin to improve its biological activities. Enhanced bioavailability of curcumin in the form of nanoparticle is likely to bring this promising natural product to the forefront of therapeutic agents for treatment of human disease. The available information also strongly suggests that nano-formulation of ingredients such as curcumin may be used as a novel nutrient delivery system too.

The Arithmetic Mean Standard Deviation Distribution: A Geometrical Framework  [PDF]
R. Caimmi
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.411A4001
Abstract:

The current attempt is aimed to outline the geometrical framework of a well known statistical problem, concerning the explicit expression of the arithmetic mean standard deviation distribution. To this respect, after a short exposition, three steps are performed as 1) formulation of the arithmetic mean standard deviation, \"\", as a function of the errors, \"\", which, by themselves, are statistically independent; 2) formulation of the arithmetic mean standard deviation distribution, \"\", as a function of the errors, \"\"; 3) formulation of the arithmetic mean standard deviation distribution, \"\", as a function of the arithmetic mean standard deviation, \"\", and the arithmetic mean rms error, \"\". The integration domain can be expressed in canonical form after a change of reference frame in the n-space, which is recognized as an infinitely thin n-cylindrical corona where the symmetry axis coincides with a coordinate axis. Finally, the solution is presented and a number of (well known) related parameters are inferred for sake of completeness.

Optimized Parameter Combinations of Hydraulic Damper Modules  [PDF]
R. Sonnenburg
Journal of Transportation Technologies (JTTs) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2014.43025
Abstract:

This paper is devoted to the problem of finding optimized parameter combinations of automotive damper modules. Different cost functions using the amplitude spectrum of the excitation and the frequency response function of the car model will be investigated and it is shown that for three different arbitrary road excitations there exists a parameter combination of top mount stiffness, piston rod mass and damping constant that provides an optimum for the dynamic wheel load fluctuation. The achieved advantage of the optimized damper module regarding the dynamic wheel load fluctuation compared to a simple damper in a two mass vibration system can reach up to 20 percent.

CSA Discounting: Impacts on Pricing and Risk of Commodity Derivatives  [PDF]
R. Abbate
Journal of Financial Risk Management (JFRM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jfrm.2014.33011
Abstract: The global financial crisis of 2007-2008 caused market practitioners to reassess the way in which financial derivative contracts had been priced during the preceding thirty years. The purpose of this paper is to examine the evolving practice of pricing and hedging commodity derivative contracts according to the terms of the Credit Support Annex (CSA). Using a series of case studies, we price crude oil swaps and Asian options in the pre-crisis, peak-crisis, post-crisis and recent market environments under two different frameworks: LIBOR discounting and CSA discounting (also referred to in a less general form as “OIS discounting”, which incorporates nearly risk-free interest rates). We also compute the widely used first-order and second-order Greek sensitivities. In each market environment, we shift the forward prices and implied volatilities crude oil and re-compute the trades’ valuation and Greek sensitivities at each incremental increase or decrease in price or implied volatility. Under each discounting framework, we quantify the change in trade valuation and Greek sensitivities that results from switching from LIBOR discounting to CSA discounting. The impact on the valuation and Greek sensitivities of a swap and an Asian option as the result of adopting CSA discounting can be significant under certain market conditions. There is likely to be larger impact on directional portfolios containing transactions that hedge either consumption or production (e.g. end users). Ceteris paribus, the impact on portfolio valuation and risk is likely to be limited for market participants (e.g. banks) with hedged portfolios that contain a large number of offsetting positions. Even though we focus our analysis on crude oil derivative contracts, the results easily extend to other asset classes such as natural gas, refined products, agriculture, metals, etc.
The Weighted Mean Standard Deviation Distribution: A Geometrical Framework  [PDF]
R. Caimmi
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/am.2015.63049
Abstract: The current attempt is aimed to extend previous results, concerning the explicit expression of the arithmetic mean standard deviation distribution, to the general case of the weighted mean standard deviation distribution. To this respect, the integration domain is expressed in canonical form after a change of reference frame in the n-space, which is recognized as an infinitely thin n-cylindrical corona where the axis coincides with a coordinate axis and the orthogonal section is an infinitely thin, homotetic (n-1)-elliptical corona. The semiaxes are formulated in two different ways, namely in terms of (1) eigenvalues, via the eigenvalue equation, and (2) leading principal minors of the matrix of a quadratic form, via the Jacobi formulae. The distribution and related parameters have the same formal expression with respect to their counterparts in the special case where the weighted mean coincides with the arithmetic mean. The reduction of some results to ordinary geometry is also considered.
A Comparison Of Liberation Determinations By Particle Area Percentage And Exposed Particle Perimeter Percentage In A Flotation Concentrator  [PDF]
R. Lastra
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2002, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2002.11003
Abstract: To simplify programming, image analyzers commonly measure either linear intercepts or the areas of particles and grains to determine liberation based on polished section mounts. However, the concentration of minerals by flotation is based on reagents that interact with the exposed surfaces of the minerals. Thus, it is often perceived that image analyzers should measure the perimeter of the mineral of interest in the ore particles. A comparative liberation study of thirteen samples collected from a flotation plant processing a complex base metal sulfide ore showed that the liberation of the ore minerals determined by area measurements is very similar to the liberation determined by the exposed perimeters. The liberation determined by exposed perimeters is more appropriate only for those cases where the mineral texture is so complex that it is retained in the small particles generated in conventional grinding operations.
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