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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 12257 matches for " TEXONO Collaboration "
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A CsI(Tl) Scintillating Crystal Detector for the Studies of Low Energy Neutrino Interactions
TEXONO Collaboration
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(00)00999-2
Abstract: Scintillating crystal detector may offer some potential advantages in the low-energy, low-background experiments. A 500 kg CsI(Tl) detector to be placed near the core of Nuclear Power Station II in Taiwan is being constructed for the studies of electron-neutrino scatterings and other keV-MeV range neutrino interactions. The motivations of this detector approach, the physics to be addressed, the basic experimental design, and the characteristic performance of prototype modules are described. The expected background channels and their experimental handles are discussed.
Limits on spin-independent couplings of WIMP dark matter with a p-type point-contact germanium detector
TEXONO Collaboration
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.261301
Abstract: We report new limits on spin-independent WIMP-nucleon interaction cross-section using 39.5 kg-days of data taken with a p-type point-contact germanium detector of 840 g fiducial mass at the Kuo-Sheng Reactor Neutrino Laboratory. Crucial to this study is the understanding of the selection procedures and, in particular, the bulk-surface events differentiation at the sub-keV range. The signal-retaining and background-rejecting efficiencies were measured with calibration gamma sources and a novel n-type point-contact germanium detector. Part of the parameter space in cross-section versus WIMP-mass implied by various experiments is probed and excluded.
Studies of Prototype CsI(Tl) Crystal Scintillators for Low-Energy Neutrino Experiments
Y. Liu,TEXONO Collaboration
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(01)01458-9
Abstract: Crystal scintillators provide potential merits for the pursuit of low-energy low-background experiments. A CsI(Tl) scintillating crystal detector is being constructed to study low-energy neutrino physics at a nuclear reactor, while projects are underway to adopt this technique for dark matter searches. The choice of the geometrical parameters of the crystal modules, as well as the optimization of the read-out scheme, are the results of an R&D program. Crystals with 40 cm in length were developed. The detector requirements and the achieved performance of the prototypes are presented. Future prospects for this technique are discussed.
Production of Electron Neutrinos at Nuclear Power Reactors and the Prospects for Neutrino Physics
B. Xin,TEXONO Collaboration
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.72.012006
Abstract: High flux of electron neutrinos($\nue$) is produced at nuclear power reactors through the decays of nuclei activated by neutron capture. Realistic simulation studies on the neutron transport and capture at the reactor core were performed. The production of $\chr51$ and $\fe55$ give rise to mono-energetic $\nue$'s at Q-values of 753 keV and 231 keV and fluxes of $8.3 \times 10^{-4}$ and $3.0 \times 10^{-4}$ $\nue$/fission, respectively. Using data from a germanium detector at the Kuo-Sheng Power Plant, we derived direct limits on the $\nue$ magnetic moment and the radiative lifetime of $\mu_{\nu} < 1.3 \times 10^{-8} ~ \mub$ and $\rm{\tau_{\nu} / m_{\nu} > 0.11 s / eV}$ at 90% confidence level (CL), respectively. Indirect bounds on $\rm{\tau_{\nu} / m_{\nu}^3}$ were also inferred. The $\nue$-flux can be enhanced by loading selected isotopes to the reactor core, and the potential applications and achievable statistical accuracies were examined. These include accurate cross-section measurements, studies of mixing angle $\theta_{13}$ and monitoring of plutonium production.
Measurement of Neutrino-Electron Scattering Cross-Section with a CsI(Tl) Scintillating Crystal Array at the Kuo-Sheng Nuclear Power Reactor
M. Deniz,TEXONO Collaboration
Statistics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.81.072001
Abstract: The $\bar{\nu}_{e}-e^{-}$ elastic scattering cross-section was measured with a CsI(Tl) scintillating crystal array having a total mass of 187kg. The detector was exposed to an average reactor $\bar{\nu}_{e}$ flux of $\rm{6.4\times 10^{12} ~ cm^{-2}s^{-1}}$ at the Kuo-Sheng Nuclear Power Station. The experimental design, conceptual merits, detector hardware, data analysis and background understanding of the experiment are presented. Using 29882/7369 kg-days of Reactor ON/OFF data, the Standard Model(SM) electroweak interaction was probed at the squared 4-momentum transfer range of $\rm{Q^2 \sim 3 \times 10^{-6} ~ GeV^2}$. The ratio of experimental to SM cross-sections of $ \xi =[ 1.08 \pm 0.21(stat)\pm 0.16(sys)] $ was measured. Constraints on the electroweak parameters $(g_V , g_A)$ were placed, corresponding to a weak mixing angle measurement of $ \s2tw = 0.251 \pm 0.031({\it stat}) \pm 0.024({\it sys}) $. Destructive interference in the SM $\nuebar -$e process was verified. Bounds on anomalous neutrino electromagnetic properties were placed: neutrino magnetic moment at $\mu_{\nuebar}< 2.2 \times 10^{-10} \mu_{\rm B}$ and the neutrino charge radius at $-2.1 \times 10^{-32} ~{\rm cm^{2}} < \nuchrad < 3.3 \times 10^{-32} ~{\rm cm^{2}}$, both at 90% confidence level.
New limits on spin-independent and spin-dependent couplings of low-mass WIMP dark matter with a germanium detector at a threshold of 220 eV
TEXONO Collaboration,S. T. Lin
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.79.061101
Abstract: An energy threshold of (220+-10) eV was achieved at an efficiency of 50% with a four-channel ultra-low-energy germanium detector each with an active mass of 5 g. This provides a unique probe to WIMP dark matter with mass below 10 GeV. With a data acquisition live time of 0.338 kg-day at the Kuo-Sheng Laboratory, constraints on WIMPs in the galactic halo were derived. The limits improve over previous results on both the spin-independent WIMP-nucleon and the spin-dependent WIMP-neutron cross-sections for WIMP mass between 3-6 GeV. Sensitivities for full-scale experiments are projected. This detector technique makes the unexplored sub-keV energy window accessible for new neutrino and dark matter experiments. Two appendices are included after Version-3 to address questions raised on trigger and selection efficiencies as well as other issues.
Production and Decay of the Ge73-m Metastable State in a Low-Background Germanium Detector
TEXONO Collaboration,H. Y. Liao
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1088/0954-3899/35/7/077001
Abstract: The $\ge73m$ metastable states decay with a very characteristic signature which allow them to be tagged event-by-event. Studies were performed using data taken with a high-purity germanium detector in a low-background laboratory near a nuclear power reactor core where $\nuebar$-flux was $\rm{6.4 \times 10^{12} ~ cm^{-2} s^{-1}}$. The measured average and equilibrium production rates of $\ge73m$ were $\rm{(8.7 \pm 0.4)}$ and $\rm{(6.7 \pm 0.3) ~ kg^{-1} day^{-1}}$, respectively. The production channels were studied and identified. By studying the difference in the production of $\ge73m$ between the reactor ON and OFF spectra, the limiting sensitivities at the range of $\rm{\sim 10^{-42} - 10^{-43} ~ cm^2}$ for the cross-sections of neutrino-induced nuclear transitions were derived. The dominant background are due to $\beta$-decays of cosmic-ray induced $^{73}$Ga. The prospects of enhancing the sensitivities at underground locations are discussed.
New Limits on Neutrino Magnetic Moments from the Kuo-Sheng Reactor Neutrino Experiment
H. B. Li,TEXONO Collaboration
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.90.131802
Abstract: A laboratory has been set up at the Kuo-Sheng Nuclear Power Station at a distance of 28 m from the 2.9 GW reactor core to study low energy neutrino physics. A detector threshold of 5 keV and a background level of 1 counts/day-keV-kg at 12-60 keV was achieved with a high purity germanium detector of mass 1.06 kg surrounded by anti-Compton detectors with NaI(Tl) and CsI(Tl) crystal scintillators. Using 4712 and 1250 hours of Reactor ON and OFF data, respectively, limits of the neutrino magnetic moment of mu_nu < 1.3(1.0) X 10^{-10} mu_B at 90(68)% confidence level were derived. Indirect bounds of the nu_e_bar radiative lifetime of m_nu^3 * tau_nu > 2.8(4.8) X 10^{18} eV^3 s can be inferred.
The Electronics and Data Acquisition Systems of a CsI(Tl) Scintillating Crystal Detector for Low Energy Neutrino Experiment
W. P. Lai,TEXONO Collaboration
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(01)00646-5
Abstract: A 500 kg CsI(Tl) scintillating crystal detector is under construction for the studies of low-energy neutrino physics. The requirements, design, realization and the performance of the associated electronics, trigger, data acquisition and software control systems are described. Possibilities for future extensions are discussed.
Search of Axions from a Nuclear Power Reactor with a High-Purity Germanium Detector
H. M. Chang,TEXONO Collaboration
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.75.052004
Abstract: A search of axions produced in nuclear transitions was performed at the Kuo-Sheng Nuclear Power Station with a high-purity germanium detector of mass 1.06 kg at a distance of 28 m from the 2.9 GW reactor core. The expected experimental signatures were mono-energetic lines produced by their Primakoff or Compton conversions at the detector. Based on 459.0/96.3 days of Reactor ON/OFF data, no evidence of axion emissions were observed and constraints on the couplings $\gagg$ and $\gaee$ versus axion mass $m_a$ within the framework of invisible axion models were placed. The KSVZ and DFSZ models can be excluded for 10^4 eV < m_a < 10^6 ~eV. Model-independent constraints on \gagg \gv1 < 7.7 X 10^{-9} GeV^{-2} for m_{a} < 10^5 eV and \gaee \gv1 < 1.3 X 10^{-10} for m_{a} < 10^6 eV at 90% confidence level were derived. This experimental approach provides a unique probe for axion mass at the keV--MeV range not accessible to the other techniques.
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