Abstract:
Unsound use of automation and digital idolatry are reducing access to research information.Technology should be the means not the end to better libraries. By understanding how digital information has been captured by multinational corporations,one must thread one s way through the labyrinth of mis-information clones and data corruption to a more wholesome collection of diverse points of view. Collection building will always be labor intensive, and therefore time-consuming,because intellectual judgments are involved. Giving away selection to vendors and publishers only furthers the degradation of research and ultimately threatens not only intellectual investigation but also national security. The way forward is backward to the hard work of selecting.

Abstract:
A QCD based calculation of the photon spectrum in semi-inclusive $\eta_Q$ decays is performed. The method applied is an effective theory based on a 1/m_Q expansion of QCD.

Abstract:
It is commonly assumed that, with time, an initially labile memory is transformed into a permanent one via a process of consolidation. Yet, recent evidence indicates that memories can return to a fragile state again when reactivated, requiring a period of reconsolidation. In the study described here, we found that participants who memorized a story immediately after they had recalled neutral and emotional experiences from their past were impaired in their memory for the neutral (but not for the emotional) experiences one week later. The effect of learning the story depended critically on the preceding reactivation of the autobiographical memories since learning without reactivation had no effect. These results suggest that new learning impedes the reconsolidation of neutral autobiographical memories.

Abstract:
Both arousal during the encoding of stimuli and subsequent stress can affect memory, often by increasing memory for important or central information. We explored whether event-based (thematic) arousal and post-event stress interact to selectively enhance eyewitnesses' memory for the central aspects of an observed incident. Specifically, we argue that memory for stimuli should be enhanced when (1) the stimuli are encoded under arousal (vs. non-arousal), and (2) stress is experienced soon after the encoding episode. We designed an experiment that extended previous research by manipulating arousal without changing the stimulus material, distinguishing between central and peripheral event information, and using a dynamic, life-like event instead of static pictures. After watching a video depicting a burglary under high or low thematic arousal, psychosocial stress was induced or not induced by the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST). Salivary cortisol was measured at standard intervals. Consistent with our prediction, we found a significant post-event stress × thematic arousal × centrality interaction, indicating that the recognition advantage for central event items over peripheral event items was most pronounced under both high thematic arousal and post-event stress. Because stress was induced after encoding this interaction cannot be explained by possible differences at encoding, such as narrowed attention. The centrality effect of post-event stress under high thematic arousal was statistically mediated by the cortisol increase, which suggests a key role of the stress hormone. We discuss implications of our findings for psychological and neuroscientific theories of emotional memory formation.

Abstract:
The dissipation rate due to inelastic collisions between equally charged, insulating particles in a granular gas is calculated. It is equal to the known dissipation rate for uncharged granular media multiplied by a Boltzmann-like factor, that originates from Coulomb repulsion. Particle correlations lead to an effective potential that replaces the bare Coulomb potential in the Boltzmann factor. Collisional cooling in a granular gas proceeds with the known t^-2 -law, until the kinetic energy of the grains becomes smaller than the Coulomb barrier. Then the granular temperature approaches a time dependence proportional to 1/ln(t). If the particles have different charges of equal sign, the collision rate can always be lowered by redistributing the charge, until all particles carry the same charge. Finally granular flow through a vertical pipe is briefly discussed. All results are confirmed by computer simulations.

Abstract:
A classification problem is proposed for supersymmetric evolutionary PDE that satisfy the assumptions of nonlinearity and nondegeneracy. Four classes of nonlinear coupled boson-fermion systems are discovered under the homogeneity assumption |f|=|b|=|D_t|=1/2. The syntax of the Reduce package SsTools, which was used for intermediate computations, and the applicability of its procedures to the calculus of super-PDE are described.

Abstract:
We consider nonlinear, scaling-invariant N=1 boson + fermion supersymmetric systems whose right-hand sides are homogeneous differential polynomials and satisfy some natural assumptions. We select the super-systems that admit infinitely many higher symmetries generated by recursion operators; we further restrict ourselves to the case when the dilaton dimensions of the bosonic and fermionic super-fields coincide and the weight of the time is half the weight of the spatial variable. We discover five systems that satisfy these assumptions; one system is transformed to the purely bosonic Burgers equation. We construct local, nilpotent, triangular, weakly non-local, and super-recursion operators for their symmetry algebras.

Abstract:
We classify all integrable 3-dimensional scalar discrete quasilinear equations Q=0 on an elementary cubic cell of the 3-dimensional lattice. An equation Q=0 is called integrable if it may be consistently imposed on all 3-dimensional elementary faces of the 4-dimensional lattice. Under the natural requirement of invariance of the equation under the action of the complete group of symmetries of the cube we prove that the only nontrivial (non-linearizable) integrable equation from this class is the well-known dBKP-system. (Version 2: A small correction in Table 1 (p.7) for n=2 has been made.) (Version 3: A few small corrections: one more reference added, the main statement stated more explicitly.)

Abstract:
It is well-known that if a subset A of a finite Abelian group G satisfies a quasirandomness property called uniformity of degree k, then it contains roughly the expected number of arithmetic progressions of length k, that is, the number of progressions one would expect in a random subset of G of the same density as A. One is naturally led to ask which degree of uniformity is required of A in order to control the number of solutions to a general system of linear equations. Using so-called "quadratic Fourier analysis", we show that certain linear systems that were previously thought to require quadratic uniformity are in fact governed by linear uniformity. More generally, we conjecture a necessary and sufficient condition on a linear system L which guarantees that any subset A of F_p^n which is uniform of degree k contains the expected number of solutions to L.