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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 118009 matches for " T. Thiemann "
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A completely solvable model with an infinite number of Dirac observables for a real sector of complexified Ashtekar gravity
T. Thiemann
Physics , 1993,
Abstract: We introduce a reduced model for a real sector of complexified Ashtekar gravity that does not correspond to a subset of Einstein's gravity but for which the programme of canonical quantization can be carried out completely, both, via the reduced phase space approach or along the lines of the algebraic quantization programme.\\ This model stands in a certain correspondence to the frequently treated cylindrically symmetric waves.\\ In contrast to other models that have been looked at up to now in terms of the new variables the reduced phase space is infinite dimensional while the scalar constraint is genuinely bilinear in the momenta.\\ The infinite number of Dirac observables can be expressed in compact and explicit form in terms of the original phase space variables.\\ They turn out, as expected, to be non-local and form naturally a set of countable cardinality.
Quantum Spin Dynamics (QSD) II
T. Thiemann
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/15/4/012
Abstract: We continue here the analysis of the previous paper of the Wheeler-DeWitt constraint operator for four-dimensional, Lorentzian, non-perturbative, canonical vacuum quantum gravity in the continuum. In this paper we derive the complete kernel, as well as a physical inner product on it, for a non-symmetric version of the Wheeler-DeWitt operator. We then define a symmetric version of the Wheeler-DeWitt operator. For the Euclidean Wheeler-DeWitt operator as well as for the generator of the Wick transform from the Euclidean to the Lorentzian regime we prove existence of self-adjoint extensions and based on these we present a method of proof of self-adjoint extensions for the Lorentzian operator. Finally we comment on the status of the Wick rotation transform in the light of the present results.
Quantum Spin Dynamics (QSD)
T. Thiemann
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/15/4/011
Abstract: An anomaly-free operator corresponding to the Wheeler-DeWitt constraint of Lorentzian, four-dimensional, canonical, non-perturbative vacuum gravity is constructed in the continuum. This operator is entirely free of factor ordering singularities and can be defined in symmetric and non-symmetric form. We work in the real connection representation and obtain a well-defined quantum theory. We compute the complete solution to the Quantum Einstein Equations for the non-symmetric version of the operator and a physical inner product thereon. The action of the Wheeler-DeWitt constraint on spin-network states is by annihilating, creating and rerouting the quanta of angular momentum associated with the edges of the underlying graph while the ADM-energy is essentially diagonalized by the spin-network states. We argue that the spin-network representation is the ``non-linear Fock representation" of quantum gravity, thus justifying the term ``Quantum Spin Dynamics (QSD)".
Anomaly-free formulation of non-perturbative, four-dimensional Lorentzian quantum gravity
T. Thiemann
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(96)00532-1
Abstract: A Wheeler-Dewitt quantum constraint operator for four-dimensional, non-perturbative Lorentzian vacuum quantum gravity is defined in the continuum. The regulated Wheeler-DeWitt constraint operator is densely defined, does not require any renormalization and the final operator is anomaly-free and at least symmmetric. The technique introduced here can also be used to produce a couple of other completely well-defined regulated operators including but not exhausting a) the Euclidean Wheeler-DeWitt operator, b)the generator of the Wick rotation transform that maps solutions to the Euclidean Hamiltonian constraint to solutions to the Lorentzian Hamiltonian constraint, c) length operators, d) Hamiltonian operators of the matter sector and e) the generators of the asymptotic Poincar\'e group including the quantum ADM energy.
A length operator for canonical quantum gravity
T. Thiemann
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1063/1.532445
Abstract: We construct an operator that measures the length of a curve in four-dimensional Lorentzian vacuum quantum gravity. We work in a representation in which a $SU(2)$ connection is diagonal and it is therefore surprising that the operator obtained after regularization is densely defined, does not suffer from factor ordering singularities and does not require any renormalization. We show that the length operator admits self-adjoint extensions and compute part of its spectrum which like its companions, the volume and area operators already constructed in the literature, is purely discrete and roughly is quantized in units of the Planck length. The length operator contains full and direct information about all the components of the metric tensor which faciliates the construction of a new type of weave states which approximate a given classical 3-geometry.
Closed formula for the matrix elements of the volume operator in canonical quantum gravity
T. Thiemann
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1063/1.532259
Abstract: We derive a closed formula for the matrix elements of the volume operator for canonical Lorentzian quantum gravity in four spacetime dimensions in the continuum in a spin-network basis. We also display a new technique of regularization which is state dependent but we are forced to it in order to maintain diffeomorphism covariance and in that sense it is natural. We arrive naturally at the expression for the volume operator as defined by Ashtekar and Lewandowski up to a state independent factor.
Generalized boundary conditions for general relativity for the asymptotically flat case in terms of Ashtekar's variables
T. Thiemann
Physics , 1993,
Abstract: There is a gap that has been left open since the formulation of general relativity in terms of Ashtekar's new variables namely the treatment of asymptotically flat field configurations that are general enough to be able to define the generators of the Lorentz subgroup of the asymptotical Poincar\'e group. While such a formulation already exists for the old geometrodynamical variables, up to now only the generators of the translation subgroup could be defined because the function spaces of the fields considered earlier are taken too special. The transcription of the framework from the ADM variables to Ashtekar's variables turns out not to be straightforward due to the freedom to choose the internal SO(3) frame at spatial infinity and due to the fact that the non-trivial reality conditions of the Ashtekar framework reenter the game when imposing suitable boundary conditions on the fields and the Lagrange multipliers.
On the solution of the initial value constraints for general relativity coupled to matter in terms of Ashtekar's variables
T. Thiemann
Physics , 1993, DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/10/9/028
Abstract: The method of solution of the initial value constraints for pure canonical gravity in terms of Ashtekar's new canonical variables due to CDJ is further developed in the present paper. There are 2 new main results : 1) We extend the method of CDJ to arbitrary matter-coupling again for non-degenerate metrics : the new feature is that the 'CDJ-matrix' adopts a nontrivial antisymmetric part when solving the vector constraint and that the Klein-Gordon-field is used, instead of the symmetric part of the CDJ-matrix, in order to satisfy the scalar constraint. 2) The 2nd result is that one can solve the general initial value constraints for arbitrary matter coupling by a method which is completely independent of that of CDJ. It is shown how the Yang-Mills and gravitational Gauss constraints can be solved explicitely for the corresponding electric fields. The rest of the constraints can then be satisfied by using either scalar or spinor field momenta. This new trick might be of interest also for Yang-Mills theories on curved backgrounds.
Generalized boundary conditions for general relativity for the asymptotically flat case in terms of Ashtekar's variables
T. Thiemann
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1088/0264-9381/12/1/016
Abstract: There is a gap that has been left open since the formulation of general relativity in terms of Ashtekar's new variables namely the treatment of asymptotically flat field configurations that are general enough to be able to define the generators of the Lorentz subgroup of the asymptotical Poincar\'e group. While such a formulation already exists for the old geometrodynamical variables, up to now only the generators of the translation subgroup could be defined because the function spaces of the fields considered earlier are taken too special. The transcription of the framework from the ADM variables to Ashtekar's variables turns out not to be straightforward due to the a priori freedom to choose the internal SO(3) frame at spatial infinity and due to the fact that the non-trivial reality conditions of the Ashtekar framework reenter the stage when imposing suitable boundary conditions on the fields and the Lagrange multipliers.
The reduced phase space of spherically symmetric Einstein-Maxwell theory including a cosmological constant
T. Thiemann
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(94)00564-U
Abstract: We extend here the canonical treatment of spherically symmetric (quantum) gravity to the most simple matter coupling, namely spherically symmetric Maxwell theory with or without a cosmological constant. The quantization is based on the reduced phase space which is coordinatized by the mass and the electric charge as well as their canonically conjugate momenta, whose geometrical interpretation is explored. The dimension of the reduced phase space depends on the topology chosen, quite similar to the case of pure (2+1) gravity. We investigate several conceptual and technical details that might be of interest for full (3+1) gravity. We use the new canonical variables introduced by Ashtekar, which simplifies the analysis tremendously.
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