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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 311942 matches for " T. R. Geballe "
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Detection of H3+ in the interstellar medium of IRAS 08572+3915
T. R. Geballe
Physics , 2001,
Abstract: The first detection of the molecular ion H3+ in an extragalactic object has been made toward the highly obscured ultraluminous galaxy, IRAS 08572+3915. Two absorption features near 3.9 microns in its spectrum are identified as the redshifted 3.668 microns doublet and 3.716 microns singlet lines of H3+, both previously detected in a number of galactic molecular and diffuse clouds. We discuss the probable location of the H3+ in this galaxy.
H3+ Between the Stars
T. R. Geballe
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2000.0663
Abstract: The presence of H3+ in the interstellar medium was forecast almost four decades ago. Almost three decades ago it was asserted that its reactions with neutral molecular and atomic species directly lead to the production of many of the interstellar molecules that have been discovered by radio and infrared astronomers. With the recent detection of H3+ in interstellar space, astronomers finally have direct confirmation of H3+ as the foundation of ion-molecule interstellar chemistry. Although many questions remain to be answered, it is clear that H3+is a unique tool for understanding the properties of interstellar clouds.
Two New and Remarkable Sightlines through the Galactic Center's Molecular Gas
T. R. Geballe,T. Oka
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/709/1/L70
Abstract: Until now the known sources in the Galactic center with sufficiently smooth spectra and of sufficient brightness to be suitable for high resolution infrared absorption spectroscopy of interstellar gas occupied a narrow range of longitudes, from the central cluster of hot stars to approximately 30 pc east of the center. In order to more fully characterize the gas within the r ~ 180 pc central molecular zone it is necessary to find additional such sources that cover a much wider longitudinal range. We are in the process of identifying luminous dust-embedded objects suitable for spectroscopy within 1.2 deg in longitude and 0.1 deg in latitude of Sgr A* using the Spitzer GLIMPSE and the 2MASS catalogues. Here we present spectra of H3+ and CO towards two such objects, one located 140 pc west of Sgr A*, and the other located on a line of sight to the Sgr B molecular cloud complex 85 pc to the east of Sgr A*. The sightline to the west passes through two dense clouds of unusually high negative velocities and also appears to sample a portion of the expanding molecular ring. The spectra toward Sgr B reveal at least ten absorption components covering over 200 km/s and by far the largest equivalent width ever observed in an interstellar H3+line; they appear to provide the first near-infrared view into that hotbed of star formation.
Optimal T$_c$ of cuprates: role of screening and reservoir layers
S. Raghu,R. Thomale,T. H. Geballe
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.094506
Abstract: We explore the role of charge reservoir layers (CRLs) on the superconducting transition temperature of cuprate superconductors. Specifically, we study the effect of CRLs with efficient short distance dielectric screening coupled capacitively to copper oxide metallic layers. We argue that dielectric screening at short distances and at frequencies of the order of the superconducting gap, but small compared to the Fermi energy can significantly enhance T$_c$, the transition temperature of an unconventional superconductor. We discuss the relevance of our qualitative arguments to a broader class of unconventional superconductors.
Models of infrared spectra of Sakurai's Object (V4334 Sgr) in 1997
Yakiv V. Pavlenko,T. R. Geballe
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20020732
Abstract: Theoretical spectral energy distributions computed for a grid of hydrogen-deficient and carbon-rich model atmospheres have been compared with the observed infrared (1--2.5 $\mu$m) spectra of V4334 Sgr (Sakurai's Object) on 1997 April 21 and July 13. The comparison yields an effective temperature of \Tef = 5500 $\pm$ 200 K for the April date and \Tef = 5250 $\pm$ 200 K for July. The observed spectra are well fitted by Asplund et al. (1999) abundances, except that the carbon abundance is higher by 0.3 dex. Hot dust produces significant excess continuum at the long wavelength ends of the 1997 spectra. \keywords{Stars: individual: V4334 Sgr (Sakurai's Object) -- Stars: AGB and post-AGB evolution -- Stars: model atmospheres -- Stars: energy distributions -- Stars: effective temperatures}
Outflowing Diffuse Gas in the Active Galactic Nucleus of NGC 1068
T. R. Geballe,R. E. Mason,T. Oka
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/812/1/56
Abstract: Spectra of the archetypal Type II Seyfert galaxy NGC 1068 in a narrow wavelength interval near 3.7 microns have revealed a weak absorption feature due to two lines of the molecular ion H3+. The observed wavelength of the feature corresponds to velocity of -70 km/s relative to the systemic velocity of the galaxy, implying an outward flow from the nucleus along the line of sight. The absorption by H3+ along with the previously known broad hydrocarbon absorption at 3.4~microns probably are formed in diffuse gas that is in close proximity to the continuum source, i.e. within a few tens of parsecs of the central engine. Based on that conclusion and the measured H3+ absorption velocity and with the assumption of a spherically symmetric wind we estimate a rate of mass outflow from the AGN of ~1 Msun/yr.
H3+ Spectroscopy and the Ionization Rate of Molecular Hydrogen in the Central Few Parsecs of the Galaxy
M. Goto,Nick Indriolo,T. R. Geballe,T. Usuda
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1021/jp400017s
Abstract: We report observations and analysis of infrared spectra of H3+ and CO lines in the Galactic center, within a few parsecs of the central black hole, Sgr A*. We find a cosmic ray ionization rate typically an order of magnitude higher than outside the Galactic center. Notwithstanding, the elevated cosmic ray ionization rate is 4 orders of magnitude too short to match the proton energy spectrum as inferred from the recent discovery of the TeV gamma-ray source in the vicinity of Sgr A*.
New Three Micron Spectra of Young Stellar Objects with H_2O Ice Bands
T. Y. Brooke,K. Sellgren,T. R. Geballe
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1086/307237
Abstract: We present new groundbased 3 $\mu$m spectra of 14 young stellar objects with H_2O ice absorption bands. The broad absorption feature at 3.47 $\mu$m was detected toward all objects and its optical depth is correlated with the optical depth of H_2O ice, strengthening an earlier finding. The broad absorption feature at 3.25 $\mu$m was detected toward two more sources and an upper limit is given for a third source. The optical depths of the 3.25 $\mu$m feature obtained to date are better correlated with the optical depth of the refractory silicate dust than with that of H_2O ice. If this trend is confirmed, this would support our proposed identification of the feature as the C--H stretch of aromatic hydrocarbons at low temperature. An absorption feature at 3.53 $\mu$m due to solid methanol was detected for the first time toward MonR2/IRS2, as well as toward W33A and GL 2136. The wavelengths of the CH_3OH features toward W33A, GL 2136, and NGC7538/IRS9 can be fit by CH_3OH-rich ices, while the wavelength of the feature toward MonR2/IRS2 suggests an H_2O-rich ice environment. Solid methanol abundances toward GL 2136, NGC7538/IRS9, and MonR2/IRS2 are 3-5 % relative to H_2O ice. There is an additional narrow absorption feature near 3.47 $\mu$m toward W33A. For the object W51/IRS2, spatially resolved spectra from 2 to 4 $\mu$m indicate that the H_2O ice is located predominantly in front of the eastern component and that the H_2O ice extinction is much deeper than previously estimated. For the object RNO 91, spectra from 2 to 4 $\mu$m reveal stellar (or circumstellar) CO gas absorption and deeper H_2O ice extinction than previously estimated.
Constraining the Environment of CH+ Formation with CH3+ Observations
Nick Indriolo,Takeshi Oka,T. R. Geballe,Benjamin J. McCall
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/711/2/1338
Abstract: The formation of CH+ in the interstellar medium has long been an outstanding problem in chemical models. In order to probe the physical conditions of the ISM in which CH+ forms, we propose the use of CH3+ observations. The pathway to forming CH3+ begins with CH+, and a steady state analysis of CH3+ and the reaction intermediary CH2+ results in a relationship between the CH+ and CH3+ abundances. This relationship depends on the molecular hydrogen fraction, f_H2, and gas temperature, T, so observations of CH+ and CH3+ can be used to infer the properties of the gas in which both species reside. We present observations of both molecules along the diffuse cloud sight line toward Cyg OB2 No. 12. Using our computed column densities and upper limits, we put constraints on the f_H2 vs. T parameter space in which CH+ and CH3+ form. We find that average, static, diffuse molecular cloud conditions (i.e. f_H2>0.2, T~60 K) are excluded by our analysis. However, current theory suggests that non-equilibrium effects drive the reaction C+ + H_2 --> CH+ + H, endothermic by 4640 K. If we consider a higher effective temperature due to collisions between neutrals and accelerated ions, the CH3+ partition function predicts that the overall population will be spread out into several excited rotational levels. As a result, observations of more CH3+ transitions with higher signal-to-noise ratios are necessary to place any constraints on models where magnetic acceleration of ions drives the formation of CH+.
A model for OH(1720 MHz) masers associated with supernova remnants, and an application to Sgr A East
Mark Wardle,Farhad Yusef-Zadeh,T. R. Geballe
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: OH(1720 MHz) masers unaccompanied by 1665/7 MHz line masers have recently been proposed as indicators of the interaction of supernova remnants (SNRs) and molecular clouds. We present a model for the masing region in which water produced in a C-type shock wave driven into the molecular cloud is dissociated as a result of the X-ray flux from the SNR. We note that the magnetic field strengths inferred from Zeeman splitting of the 1720 MHz line measure the internal pressure of the supernova remnant. In addition, we discuss the interaction of Sgr A East, a SNR candidate, with the 50 km/s cloud at the Galactic Centre and present near-infrared observations of H_2 emission towards the regions where OH(1720 MHz) maser emission is concentrated. The magnetic field strength obtained from earlier Zeeman measurements is consistent with rough pressure equilibrium between the postshock gas and the X-ray gas filling Sgr A East detected by ASCA. Further, the intensity of the v=1-0 S(1) line of H_2 is consistent with the shock strength expected to be driven into the molecular gas by this pressure. The relative intensities of the H_2 lines in Sgr A East imply mainly collisional excitation.
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