Abstract:
Some derivation-based differential calculi which have been used to construct models of noncommutative gauge theories are presented and commented. Some comparisons between them are made.

Abstract:
In this letter we investigate some aspects of the noncommutative differential geometry based on derivations of the algebra of endomorphisms of an oriented complex hermitian vector bundle. We relate it, in a natural way, to the geometry of the underlying principal bundle and compute the cohomology of its complex of noncommutative differential forms.

Abstract:
We study simple random walk on the uniform spanning tree on Z^2 . We obtain estimates for the transition probabilities of the random walk, the distance of the walk from its starting point after n steps, and exit times of both Euclidean balls and balls in the intrinsic graph metric. In particular, we prove that the spectral dimension of the uniform spanning tree on Z^2 is 16/13 almost surely.

Abstract:
Let $M_n$ be the number of steps of the loop-erasure of a simple random walk on $\mathbb{Z}^2$ from the origin to the circle of radius $n$. We relate the moments of $M_n$ to $Es(n)$, the probability that a random walk and an independent loop-erased random walk both started at the origin do not intersect up to leaving the ball of radius $n$. This allows us to show that there exists $C$ such that for all $n$ and all $k=1,2,...,\mathbf{E}[M_n^k]\leq C^kk!\mathbf{E}[M_n]^k$ and hence to establish exponential moment bounds for $M_n$. This implies that there exists $c>0$ such that for all $n$ and all $\lambda\geq0$, \[\mathbf{P}\{M_n>\lambda\mathbf{E}[M_n]\}\leq2e^{-c\lambda}.\] Using similar techniques, we then establish a second moment result for a specific conditioned random walk which enables us to prove that for any $\alpha<4/5$, there exist $C$ and $c'>0$ such that for all $n$ and $\lambda>0$, \[\mathbf{P}\{M_n<\lambda^{-1}\mathbf{E}[M_n]\}\leq Ce^{-c'\lambda ^{\alpha}}.\]

Abstract:
This paper provides a bridge between the classical tiling theory and the complex neighborhood self-assembling situations that exist in practice. The neighborhood of a position in the plane is the set of coordinates which are considered adjacent to it. This includes classical neighborhoods of size four, as well as arbitrarily complex neighborhoods. A generalized tile system consists of a set of tiles, a neighborhood, and a relation which dictates which are the "admissible" neighboring tiles of a given tile. Thus, in correctly formed assemblies, tiles are assigned positions of the plane in accordance to this relation. We prove that any validly tiled path defined in a given but arbitrary neighborhood (a zipper) can be simulated by a simple "ribbon" of microtiles. A ribbon is a special kind of polyomino, consisting of a non-self-crossing sequence of tiles on the plane, in which successive tiles stick along their adjacent edge. Finally, we extend this construction to the case of traditional tilings, proving that we can simulate arbitrary-neighborhood tilings by simple-neighborhood tilings, while preserving some of their essential properties.

Abstract:
Membrane proteins move in heterogeneous environments with spatially (sometimes temporally) varying friction and with biochemical interactions with various partners. It is important to reliably distinguish different modes of motion to improve our knowledge of the membrane architecture and to understand the nature of interactions between membrane proteins and their environments. Here, we present an analysis technique for single molecule tracking (SMT) trajectories that can determine the preferred model of motion that best matches observed trajectories. The method is based on Bayesian inference to calculate the posteriori probability of an observed trajectory according to a certain model. Information theory criteria, such as the Bayesian information criterion (BIC), the Akaike information criterion (AIC), and modified AIC (AICc), are used to select the preferred model. The considered group of models includes free Brownian motion, and confined motion in 2nd or 4th order potentials. We determine the best information criteria for classifying trajectories. We tested its limits through simulations matching large sets of experimental conditions and we built a decision tree. This decision tree first uses the BIC to distinguish between free Brownian motion and confined motion. In a second step, it classifies the confining potential further using the AIC. We apply the method to experimental Clostridium Perfingens -toxin (CPT) receptor trajectories to show that these receptors are confined by a spring-like potential. An adaptation of this technique was applied on a sliding window in the temporal dimension along the trajectory. We applied this adaptation to experimental CPT trajectories that lose confinement due to disaggregation of confining domains. This new technique adds another dimension to the discussion of SMT data. The mode of motion of a receptor might hold more biologically relevant information than the diffusion coefficient or domain size and may be a better tool to classify and compare different SMT experiments.

Abstract:
A general definition of a linear connection in noncommutative geometry has been recently proposed. Two examples are given of linear connections in noncommutative geometries which are based on matrix algebras. They both possess a unique metric connection.

Abstract:
We use a Chern Simons Landau-Ginzburg (CSLG) framework related to hierarchies of composite bosons to describe 2D harmonically trapped fast rotating Bose gases in Fractional Quantum Hall Effect (FQHE) states. The predicted values for $\nu$ (ratio of particle to vortex numbers) are $\nu$$=$${{p}\over{q}}$ ($p$, $q$ are any integers) with even product $pq$, including numerically favored values previously found and predicting a richer set of values. We show that those values can be understood from a bosonic analog of the law of the corresponding states relevant to the electronic FQHE. A tentative global phase diagram for the bosonic system for $\nu$$<$1 is also proposed.

Abstract:
We analyze various properties of the visibility diagrams that can be used in the context of modular symmetries and confront them to some recent experimental developments in the Quantum Hall Effect. We show that a suitable physical interpretation of the visibility diagrams which permits one to describe successfully the observed architecture of the Quantum Hall states gives rise naturally to a stripe structure reproducing some of the experimental features that have been observed in the study of the quantum fluctuations of the Hall conductance. Furthermore, we exhibit new properties of the visibility diagrams stemming from the structure of subgroups of the full modular group.

Abstract:
We construct a family of holomorphic $\beta$-functions whose RG flow preserves the $\Gamma(2)$ modular symmetry and reproduces the observed stability of the Hall plateaus. The semi-circle law relating the longitudinal and Hall conductivities that has been observed experimentally is obtained from the integration of the RG equations for any permitted transition which can be identified from the selection rules encoded in the flow diagram. The generic scale dependance of the conductivities is found to agree qualitatively with the present experimental data. The existence of a crossing point occuring in the crossover of the permitted transitions is discussed.