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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 118602 matches for " T. Hara "
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phi1/beta from B -> charmonium/charm modes
T. Hara
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: The asymmetric B-factories have provided valuable information on CP violation so far. In particular, one of the angles of the Unitarity Triangle, phi1(=beta), has been measured by several approaches. Since FPCP2004, some measurements have been updated and improved. In this letter, the latest status of phi1 measurements, performed at BaBar and Belle experiments usgin B -> charm/charmonium decays, are reported.
A Calculation on the Self-field of a Point Charge and the Unruh Effect
T. Hirayama,T. Hara
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1143/PTP.103.907
Abstract: Within the context of quantum field theory in curved spacetimes, Hacyan and Sarmiento defined the vacuum stress-energy tensor with respect to the accelerated observer. They calculated it for uniform acceleration and circular motion, and derived that the rotating observer perceives a flux. Mane related the flux to synchrotron radiation. In order to investigate the relation between the vacuum stress and bremsstrahlung, we estimate the stress-energy tensor of the electromagnetic field generated by a point charge, at the position of the charge. We use the retarded field as a self-field of the point charge. Therefore the tensor diverges if we evaluate it as it is. Hence we remove the divergent contributions by using the expansion of the tensor in powers of the distance from the point charge. Finally, we take an average for the angular dependence of the expansion. We calculate it for the case of uniform acceleration and circular motion, and it is found that the order of the vacuum stress multiplied by $\pi\alpha$ ($\alpha=e^2/\hbar c$ is the fine structure constant) is equal to that of the self-stress. In the Appendix, we give another trial approach with a similar result.
Seasonal variations and vertical features of aerosol particles in the Antarctic troposphere
K. Hara, K. Osada, C. Nishita-Hara,T. Yamanouchi
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP) & Discussions (ACPD) , 2011,
Abstract: Tethered balloon-borne aerosol measurements were conducted at Syowa Station, Antarctica during the 46th Japanese Antarctic expedition (2005–2006). The CN concentration reached a maximum in the summer, although the number concentrations of fine particles (Dp>0.3 μm) and coarse particles (Dp>2.0 μm) increased during the winter–spring. The CN concentration was 30–2200 cm 3 near the surface (surface – 500 m) and 7–7250 cm 3 in the lower free troposphere (>1500 m). During the austral summer, higher CN concentration was often observed in the lower free troposphere, where the number concentrations in fine and coarse modes were remarkably lower. The frequent appearance of higher CN concentrations in the free troposphere relative to continuous aerosol measurements at the ground strongly suggests that new particle formation is more likely to occur in the lower free troposphere in Antarctic regions. Seasonal variations of size distribution of fine-coarse particles show that the contribution of the coarse mode was greater in the winter–spring than in summer because of the dominance of sea-salt particles in the winter–spring. The number concentrations of fine and coarse particles were high in air masses from the ocean and mid-latitudes. Particularly, aerosol enhancement was observed not only in the boundary layer, but also in the lower free troposphere during and immediately after Antarctic haze events occurring in May, July and September.
Quest for Potentials in the Quintessence Scenario  [PDF]
Tetsuya Hara
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2016.42027

The time evolution of the equation of state w for quintessence scenario with a scalar field as dark energy is studied up to the third derivative (d3w/da3) with respect to the scale factor a, in order to predict the future observations and specify the scalar potential parameters with the observables. The third derivative of w for general potential V is derived and applied to several types of potentials. They are the inverse power-law (V = M4 + α/Qα), the exponential ?\"\", the mixed \"\" , the cosine \"\" ?and the Gaussian types \"\" , which are prototypical potentials for the freezing and thawing models. If the parameter number for a potential form is n, it is necessary to find at least for n + 2 independent observations to identify the potential for0m and the evolution of the scalar field (Q and \"\"

Tethered balloon-borne aerosol measurements: seasonal and vertical variations of aerosol constituents over Syowa Station, Antarctica
K. Hara,K. Osada,T. Yamanouchi
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions , 2013, DOI: 10.5194/acpd-13-8153-2013
Abstract: Tethered balloon-borne aerosol measurements were conducted at Syowa Station, Antarctica during the 46th Japanese Antarctic expedition (2005–2006). Direct aerosol sampling was operated from near the surface to the lower free troposphere (approximately 2500 m) using a balloon-borne aerosol impactor. Individual aerosol particles were analyzed using a scanning electron microscope equipped with an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer. Seasonal and vertical features of aerosol constituents and their mixing states were investigated. Results show that sulfate particles were dominant in the boundary layer and lower free troposphere in the summer, whereas sea-salt particles were dominant during winter–spring. Minerals, MgSO4, and sulfate containing K were identified as minor aerosol constituents in both boundary layer and free troposphere over Syowa Station. Although sea-salt particles were dominant during winter–spring, the relative abundance of sulfate particles increased in the boundary layer when air masses fell from the free troposphere over the Antarctic coast and continent. Sea-salt particles were modified considerably through heterogeneous reactions with SO42 , CH3SO3 , and their precursors during the summer, and were modified slightly through heterogeneous reactions with NO3 and its precursors. During winter–spring, sea-salt modification was insignificant, particularly in the cases of high relative abundance of sea-salt particles and higher number concentrations. In August, NO3 and its precursors contributed greatly to sea-salt modification over Syowa Station. Because of the occurrence of sea-salt fractionation on sea-ice, Mg-rich sea-salt particles were identified during April–November. In contrast, Mg-free sea-salt particles and slightly Mg-rich sea-salt particles co-existed in the lower troposphere during summer. Thereby, Mg separation can proceed by sea-salt fractionation during summer in Antarctic regions.
Doppler shift of the quiet region measured by meridional scans with the EUV Imaging Spectrometer onboard Hinode
N. Kitagawa,H. Hara,T. Yokoyama
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Spatially averaged (> 50'') EUV spectral lines in the transition region of solar quiet regions are known to be redshifted. Because the mechanism underlying this phenomenon is unclear, we require additional physical information on the lower corona for limiting the theoretical models. To acquire this information, we measured the Doppler shifts over a wide coronal temperature range (log T[K]=5.7--6.3) using the spectroscopic data taken by the Hinode EUV Imaging Spectrometer. By analyzing the data over the center-to-limb variations covering the meridian from the south to the north pole, we successfully measured the velocity to an accuracy of 3 km/s. Below log T[K] = 6.0, the Doppler shifts of the emission lines were almost zero with an error of 1--3 km/s; above this temperature, they were blueshifted with a gradually increasing magnitude, reaching - 6.3 +/- 2.1 km/s at log T[K]=6.25.
Pattern Matching and Discourse Processing in Information Extraction from Japanese Text
T. Kitani,Y. Eriguchi,M. Hara
Computer Science , 1994,
Abstract: Information extraction is the task of automatically picking up information of interest from an unconstrained text. Information of interest is usually extracted in two steps. First, sentence level processing locates relevant pieces of information scattered throughout the text; second, discourse processing merges coreferential information to generate the output. In the first step, pieces of information are locally identified without recognizing any relationships among them. A key word search or simple pattern search can achieve this purpose. The second step requires deeper knowledge in order to understand relationships among separately identified pieces of information. Previous information extraction systems focused on the first step, partly because they were not required to link up each piece of information with other pieces. To link the extracted pieces of information and map them onto a structured output format, complex discourse processing is essential. This paper reports on a Japanese information extraction system that merges information using a pattern matcher and discourse processor. Evaluation results show a high level of system performance which approaches human performance.
Evidence for B- -> tau- nu_bar with a Semileptonic Tagging Method
The Belle collaboration,K. Hara,T. Iijima
Statistics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.82.071101
Abstract: We present a measurement of the decay B- -> tau- nu_bar using a data sample containing 657 million BB_bar pairs collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+e- collider. A sample of BB_bar pairs are tagged by reconstructing one B meson decaying semileptonically. We detect the B- -> tau- nu_bar candidate in the recoil. We obtain a signal with a significance of 3.6 standard deviations including systematic uncertainties, and measure the branching fraction to be Br(B- -> tau- nu_bar) = [1.54+0.38-0.37(stat)+0.29-0.31(syst)]*10^-4. This result confirms the evidence for B- -> tau- nu_bar obtained in a previous Belle measurement that used a hadronic B tagging method.
Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using the double bundle method.
Kubo T,Hara K,Suginoshita T,Shimizu C
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery , 2000,
Abstract: Clinical results of our reconstruction technique for anterior cruciate ligament using the double bundle, i.e., the combination of bone-tendon-bone (BTB) from the patellar tendon and semitendinosus tendon (ST), were evaluated. BTB was fixed in the tunnels produced on the isometric points on the tibia and femur, and ST, on the tibial tunnel through the same route as BTB. Throughout the observation period, no patients developed pain, limited range of motion, and/or instability of the operated knee. All patients were able to return to previous sports activities within 12 months. No apparent changes occurred on the reconstructed ligament. In 4 of 14 patients, knee stability was quantitatively examined, and a good result was obtained. The double bundle was found to be a useful method for patients who require physiologically more durable reconstruction.
Current-induced vortex-vortex switching in a nanopillar comprising two Co nano-rings
T. Yang,A. Hirohata,M. Hara,T. Kimura,Y. Otani
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: We fabricated a current-perpendicular-to-plane pseudo-spin-valve nanopillar comprising a thick and a thin Co rings with deep submicron lateral sizes. The dc current can effectively induce the flux-closure vortex states in the rings with desired chiralities. Abrupt transitions between the vortex states are also realized by the dc current and detected with the giant magnetoresistance effect. Both Oersted field and spin-transfer torque are found important to the magnetic transitions, but the former is dominant. They can be designed to cooperate with each other in the vortex-to-vortex transitions by carefully setting the chirality of the vortex state in the thick Co ring.
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