Abstract:
Quark-lepton symmetry invites consideration of the existence of sterile neutrinos. Long ago, we showed that this approach predicts large neutrino mixing amplitudes. Using a Weyl spinor approach, we show, in an analytic example, how this, and pseudo-Dirac pairing, can develop within a reduced rank version of the conventional see-saw mechanism, from small intrinsic mixing strengths. We show by numerical examples that mixing of active and sterile neutrinos can affect the structure of oscillations relevant to extraction of neutrino mixing parameters from neutrino oscillation data.

Abstract:
A purely left-chiral model of the weak interactions is used to show that the total parity-violating asymmetry in quark-quark scattering must grow with increasing energy. In the absence of other new physics, non-observation of a large asymmetry can therefore be used to infer an upper bound on the mass scale for new right-chiral weak vector bosons. Applying this idea to actual nucleon-nucleon scattering requires more involved calculations, as the dominant contribution appears to come from a component of diquark-quark scattering related to, but not identical to, wavefunction-mixing. Earlier criticism of this model by Simonius and Unger is refuted and a new calculation is proposed as an additional check on the result. Finally, we argue that the so-called `spin crisis' does not affect our conclusions. (Talk given at the BNL workshop on future directions in particle and nuclear physics at multi-GeV hadron beam facilities, March 4--6, 1993.)

Abstract:
A description of neutrino oscillation phenomena is presented which is based on relativistic quantum mechanics and includes both entangled state and source dependent aspects, unlike both of the conventional approaches which use either equal energies or equal momenta for the different neutrino mass eigenstates. To second order in the neutrino masses, the standard result is recovered thus showing an absence of source dependence to this order. The time dependence of the wavefunction is found to be crucial to recovering the conventional result. An ambiguity appears at fourth order in the neutrino masses which generally leads to source dependence, but the standard formula can be promoted to this order by a plausible convention.

Abstract:
In infrared-stable fixed-point field theories, the interaction energy of a test particle is proportional to the non-relativistic (heavy source) coordinate-space potential derived from the field strength produced by that source. This is no longer true in ultraviolet-stable fixed-point field theories (UVSFPFT) as they may not have a finite infrared fixed point. This leads to the possibility that UVSFPFTs may have quite conventional field strength distributions despite the unusual spatial dependence expected for the interaction energy.

Abstract:
The conflict between the physical degrees of freedom of gauge bosons and the Lorentz group irreps naturally used to describe their couplings to matter fields are illustrated and discussed, and applied to issues of linear and angular momentum.

Abstract:
We prove the validity of Schwinger's quartic nonet mass formula for a general nonet structure with the isoscalar singlet mass being shifted from its ``ideal'' value. We apply this formula to the problem of the correct q\bar{q} assignment for the scalar meson nonet. The results favor scalar isoscalar singlet and isoscalar octet masses in the vicinity of 1 GeV and 1.45 GeV, respectively. We explain the failure of Schwinger's formula for the pseudoscalar meson nonet, and suggest a new version of this formula, modified by the inclusion of the pseudoscalar decay constants, which holds with improved accuracy for this nonet. We also rederive the new Gell-Mann-Okubo mass formula 3M^2(n\bar{n},I=1)+2M^2(s\bar{s})=4M^2(s\bar{n})+M^2(n\bar{n},I=0) (n=u,d), suggested in our previous publications.

Abstract:
We rederive the new SU(3) multiplet mass formula 2M^2(s\bar{s})+3M^2(n\bar{n}, I=1)=4M^2(s\bar{n})+M^2(n\bar{n},I=0) (n=u,d}, obtained in our previous paper by using Regge phenomenology, for the pseudoscalar and scalar mesons in the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model with instanton-induced interaction. We apply this formula to the problem of the correct q\bar{q} assignment for the scalar meson nonet. Our results strongly favor the masses of the scalar isoscalar mostly octet and mostly singlet states in the vicinity of 1.45 GeV and 1.1 GeV, respectively

Abstract:
It is shown that including form factors for the quark-pseudoscalar meson couplings of the Georgi-Manohar chiral quark model allows one to obtain the leading off-shell dependence of $\pi^{o}- \eta$ mixing (as predicted by chiral perturbation theory) from the effect of quark loops on the meson propagators. Implications for $\rho^{o} - \omega$ mixing and for the effects on meson mixing contributions to few body charge symmetry breaking observables are also discussed.

Abstract:
The mass spectrum of P-wave mesons is considered in a nonrelativistic constituent quark model. The results show the common mass degeneracy of the isovector and isodoublet states of the scalar and tensor meson nonets, and do not exclude the possibility of a similar degeneracy of the same states of the axial-vector and pseudovector nonets. Current experimental hadronic and \tau -decay data suggest, however, a different scenario leading to the a_1 meson mass \simeq 1190 MeV and the K_{1A}-K_{1B} mixing angle \simeq (37\pm 3)^o. Possible s\bar{s} states of the four nonets are also discussed.

Abstract:
In a nonrelativistic constituent quark model we find a constraint on the mixing angle of the strange axial-vector mesons, $35^o\stackrel{<}{\sim } \theta _K\stackrel{<}{\sim }55^o,$ determined solely by two parameters: the mass difference of the $a_1$ and $b_1$ mesons and the ratio of the constituent quark masses.