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Greater Occipital Nerve Block by Bupivacaine/Methyl Prednisolone Vs. Bupivacaine/Normal Saline in Medication Overuse Headache
A Alizade Khatir,M Panahkhahi,A Khage Nasiri,T Ramim
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Medication overuse headaches (MOH) include headaches that last more than 15 days a month and usually occur after long-term use of analgesic. Most methods of medical treatment are ineffective. In some studies, great occipital nerve block is used to treat the headaches.Methods: This double-blind experimental study was performed in adult patients with MOH who attended Sina Hospital in Tehran from June 2009 to June 2011. Greater occipital nerve (GON) block was done in the two groups of patients by administering a combination of 3 ml of 0.5% bupivacaine and 2 ml of 5% saline or 3 ml of 0.5% bupivacaine and 80 mg of methyl prednisolone. We evaluated headache severity by Visual analog scale (VAS) and recorded days without headache. If patients were taking pain medications, preventive medications were given as usual before and after the injection. Student's t-test was performed for statistical analysis and a P<0.05 was considered significant.Results: Overall, 13 male and 19 female patients with a mean age of 39.88±8.76 years participated in the study. The mean reduction in headache severity one hour after injection was 5.56±1.03 and 4.63±1.92 in the first and second groups, respectively. Average days without headache one month after injection were 8.75 and 4.75 days in the first and second groups, respectively. There were no significant differences between the two groups.Conclusion: Both methods seem to be effective in medication overuse headaches treatment. This finding is important as non-responders to conventional methods will otherwise have a decreased quality of life.
Causes of suicide in married women
Memari A,Ramim T,Amirmoradi F,Khosravi Kh
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2006,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Suicide is an intentional death that occurs three time in women to men. Nurses can influence in presentation of educational program and consultation in school, job environment and home as well as detection of person who suspected to suicide. This study has conducted to determine the causes of suicide in married women. Methods & Materials: This investigation is a descriptive study that has been made among women who admitted to Loghmanoddole-Adham poisoning emergency center in Tehran, Iran (the only poisoning emergency center in Tehran) during one year (from December 2001 to December 2002). Inclusion criteria were female, married, without history of medical, mental disorders and confession to suicide. Data were collected by a questionnaire and interview and were analyzed with descriptive statistics and a chi-square test. Results: According to the result, there was statistically significant differences between age groups, living areas, educational levels, jobs and financially states. 37.4% of women had forced marry; 50.5% had feared of their husband; 67.7% had experienced husband’s violence; 74.7% didn’t know any supportive sources in the society. 82.8% of women used of medications (tablets) for suicide. Conclusion: This research showed that family violence and marital conflict are the most important etiology of suicide in the women. Nurses can decrease of acting to suicide in married women with detection of family violence, increasing of clients' self-esteem, referring and follow up.
Prevalence of Colorectal Polyps Among Women with Ovarian and Endometrial Cancers Admitted in Firoozgar, Akbarabadi and Rasol Akram Hospitals During 2010- 2011: A Brief Report
S Jafari,S Khaleghi,A Basi,T Ramim
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Patients with endometrial or ovarian cancer have an increased risk for breast or colon cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the individual and age-related characteristics of patients with a combination of these malignancies. Methods: In this retrospective descriptive study, we reviewed the medical records of 100 patients admitted for endometrial or ovarian cancer in Rasol Akram, Akbarabadi and Firozgar educational Hospitals in Tehran, Iran, during 2010- 2011. Colon polyps were evaluated by immunohistochemistry assay. Results: The mean age, weight and BMI of the patients were 50.21, 65.9 and 26.07, respectively. Among 100 cases participating in this study, five (5%) patients had colon polyps. All the five cases with colon polyp had positive familial histories of ovarian cancer. Conclusion: With considering the low prevalence of colorectal polyps among women with ovarian and endometrial cancers, patient's follow-up for screening test is not recommended.
Investigation of effects of aerobic exercise on pregnancy and its circumstances
Memari A,Ramim T,Amini M,Mehran A
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2006,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Many of the studies show benefit effects of exercise on mother and fetus during pregnancy. The aims of this research include of assessment of effects aerobic exercise on three factors: pregnancy age, birth weight and apgar score. Methods & Materials: During an experimental study, 80 pregnant women who referred to prenatal clinics in zone of 17 of Tehran were selected and divided in two equal groups. Inclusion criteria included, 18-35 years old, 18 weeks of pregnancy, second gravidity, without history of medical illness and exercise before pregnancy. In case group samples were under 15-30 minutes aerobic exercises with 50-70% Vo2 max 3 days a week for 8 weeks. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 10.5 soft ware and t test and 2 were used for statistical analysis. Results: Total 80 pregnant women enrolled in two groups. There were no statistically significant differences between cases and control in demographic factors. The most of cases were in 40 weeks group and more and the most of control were in 38-40 weeks however, there are no statistically significant differences between cases and control. The most of infants of cases and control mothers (60% and 70%, respectively) were in 2500g-3500g group but no statistically significant differences between cases and control. There are statistically significant differences between cases and control in 5 minute apgar score (p=0.01). Conclusion: In overall, the results show aerobic exercise improve 5 minute apgar score, but do not show significant effects on pregnancy age and birth weight.
Investigating causes of self-burning in married women
Amirmoradi F,Memari A,Ramim T,Mehran A
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2005,
Abstract: Introduction: Self-burning is a cruel method of suicide and prevention is the most effective way to decrease its morbidity and mortality. Material and Methods: This investigation is a descriptive prospective study performed at Shahid Motahari Burn Center, Tehran, Iran from December 2001 to December 2002. Inclusion criteria included being female, married, having no history of medical and mental disorders and admission of self-burning. Data were collected by a questionnaire and interviews and were analyzed with descriptive statistics methods and chi-square test. Results: A total of 35 cases entered our study. The mean age of patients was 24.57 3.94 years and 48.6% of cases were in the 21-25 year age group, 80% had primary school education, 97.1% were housekeeper and 68.8% had low economical status. There were statistically significant differences in all of these variables. In 42.9% self-burning had happened at 12-18 hour period and in 45.7% it had occurred at yard. Kerosene had been used by 91.4% of the women as the burning agent; 94.3% of the women had experienced husband’s violence (verbal and physical), 60% of the women stated that their husbands were guilty in their action and 91.4% of the women didn’t know any supportive sources in the society. The mortality rate was 100%. Conclusion: This research showed that family violence and marital problems are the most important causes of self-burning in the married women. Because of close relationship to families, community health nurses can prevent self-burning in married women by detecting and eliminating these risk factors.
REGULARYFRAMWORK AND LEGAL BASE OF ELECTRONIC DOCUMENT CIRCULATION НОРМАТИВНО-ПРАВОВА БАЗА ЕЛЕКТРОННОГО ДОКУМЕНТООБ ГУ
T.Г. Омельченко,Н.А. Джанджгава
Information Technologies and Learning Tools , 2010,
Abstract: The general characteristic of legal base of electronic document circulation is presented in the article. It legislatively regulates the relations which connected with the information and information communication technologies. There is presented the list of the basic acts of regulation of sphere of information relations. У робот подано загальну характеристику нормативно-правово бази, яка законодавчо регулю в дносини, пов'язан з нформац ю, нформац йно-комун кац йними технолог ями, представлено перел к основних законодавчих акт в регулювання сфери нформац йних в дносин.
THE APPROACH OF COMPETENCE AT THE STUDY OF MATHEMATICAL INFORMATICS IN A PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY КОМПЕТЕНТН СНИЙ П ДХ Д ПРИ ВИВЧЕНН МАТЕМАТИЧНО НФОРМАТИКИ” У ПЕДАГОГ ЧНОМУ УН ВЕРСИТЕТ
T.П. Кобильник
Information Technologies and Learning Tools , 2010,
Abstract: In the paper the approach of competence at the study of mathematical informatics in a pedagogical university is considered. The special attention is paid to forming of professional pedagogical and educational-cognitive competences. The example of tasks on which formed a competence at the study of mathematical informatics is resulted. У статт розглянуто компетентн сний п дх д при вивченн математично нформатики у педагог чному ун верситет . Особливу увагу звернено на формування профес йно педагог чно та навчально-п знавальну компетентност . Наведено приклад завдань, як сприяють формуванню компетентностей при вивченн математично нформатики.
SYSTEM OF THE AUTOMATIC DOCUMENT PROCESSING IN SHELL OF BASE SOFTWARE СИСТЕМА АВТОМАТИЗОВАНОГО ДОКУМЕНТООБ ГУ В ОБОЛОНЦ БАЗОВОГО ПРОГРАМНОГО ЗАБЕЗПЕЧЕННЯ
В.Ю. Биков,T.О. Дерба
Information Technologies and Learning Tools , 2010,
Abstract: In the article the automatic system of the document processing, created with use of Microsoft Access – a component part of Microsoft Office is offered. This system can be used at school and Institutions of education with one computer or with system of 15 ones connecting in the local net. У статт запропоновано для ознайомлення автоматизовану систему документооб гу, створену з використанням Microsoft Access – складово частини Microsoft Office. Ця система може використовуватися в школах установах осв тньо галуз на одному комп’ютер чи на систем до 15 комп’ютер в, пов’язаних локальною мережею.
MODERN APPROACHES AND PRINCIPLES OF PORTAL BUILDING ТЕХНОЛОГ ЧН ОСНОВИ СТВОРЕННЯ ТА П ДТРИМКИ ПОРТАЛ В
Н.Т. Задорожна,T.Г. Омельченко
Information Technologies and Learning Tools , 2010,
Abstract: The paper presents the analysis of modern state of development and use of Internet portals, the peculiarities of approaches to creation and introduction of portals in educational system are described. В робот анал зуються принципи розробки та використання нтернет-портал в, описуються особливост п дход в до створення та впровадження портал в у систему осв ти.
REVIEW OF MODERN TOOLS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE MANAGEMENT OF SECONDARY EDUCATION ОГЛЯД СУЧАСНИХ ЗАСОБ В НФОРМАЦ ЙНО-КОМУН КАЦ ЙНИХ ТЕХНОЛОГ Й В УПРАВЛ НН СЕРЕДНЬОЮ ОСВ ТОЮ
T.О. Дерба
Information Technologies and Learning Tools , 2010,
Abstract: There are presented the up-to-date situation with information and communication technology use in the management of secondary education; information and communication technologies (ICT), that practically used in educational establishments are considered. There are some examples of educational institutions using IСT for the automation of management. У статт показаний зр з сучасного стану використання нформац йно-комун кац йних технолог й в управл нн середньою осв тою, розглянут нформац йно-комун кац йн технолог ( КТ), як на практиц використовуються в загальноосв тн х закладах, наведен в дгуки навчальних заклад в, як використовують КТ для автоматизац управл ння
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