Abstract:
We investigate the eigengenvalues problem for self-adjoint operators with the singular perturbations. The general results presented here includes weakly as well as strongly singular cases. We illustrate these results on two models which correspond to so-called additive strongly singular perturbations.

Abstract:
We consider a model of a leaky quantum wire with the Hamiltonian $-\Delta -\alpha \delta(x-\Gamma)$ in $L^2(\R^2)$, where $\Gamma$ is a compact deformation of a straight line. The existence of wave operators is proven and the S-matrix is found for the negative part of the spectrum. Moreover, we conjecture that the scattering at negative energies becomes asymptotically purely one-dimensional, being determined by the local geometry in the leading order, if $\Gamma$ is a smooth curve and $\alpha \to\infty$.

Abstract:
We study the Laplacian in $L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$ perturbed on an infinite curve $\Gamma$ by a $\delta$ interaction defined through boundary conditions which relate the corresponding generalized boundary values. We show that if $\Gamma$ is smooth and not a straight line but it is asymptotically straight in a suitable sense, and if the interaction does not vary along the curve, the perturbed operator has at least one isolated eigenvalue below the threshold of the essential spectrum.

Abstract:
We discuss a model of a leaky quantum wire and a family of quantum dots described by Laplacian in $L^2(\mathbb{R}^2)$ with an attractive singular perturbation supported by a line and a finite number of points. The discrete spectrum is shown to be nonempty, and furthermore, the resonance problem can be explicitly solved in this setting; by Birman-Schwinger method it is reformulated into a Friedrichs-type model.

Abstract:
We discuss a generalized Schr\"odinger operator in $L^2(\mathbb{R}^d), d=2,3$, with an attractive singular interaction supported by a $(d-1)$-dimensional hyperplane and a finite family of points. It can be regarded as a model of a leaky quantum wire and a family of quantum dots if $d=2$, or surface waves in presence of a finite number of impurities if $d=3$. We analyze the discrete spectrum, and furthermore, we show that the resonance problem in this setting can be explicitly solved; by Birman-Schwinger method it is cast into a form similar to the Friedrichs model.

Abstract:
We consider a periodic strip in the plane and the associated quantum waveguide with Dirichlet boundary conditions. We analyse finite segments of the waveguide consisting of $L$ periodicity cells, equipped with periodic boundary conditions at the ``new'' boundaries. Our main result is that the distance between the first and second eigenvalue of such a finite segment behaves like $L^{-2}$.

Abstract:
We analyze Schr\"odinger operators whose potential is given by a singular interaction supported on a sub-manifold of the ambient space. Under the assumption that the operator has at least two eigenvalues below its essential spectrum we derive estimates on the lowest spectral gap. In the case where the sub-manifold is a finite curve in two dimensional Euclidean space the size of the gap depends only on the following parameters: the length, diameter and maximal curvature of the curve, a certain parameter measuring the injectivity of the curve embedding, and a compact sub-interval of the open, negative energy half-axis which contains the two lowest eigenvalues.

Abstract:
We consider Schr\"odinger operators in $L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$ with a singular interaction supported by a finite curve $\Gamma$. We present a proper definition of the operators and study their properties, in particular, we show that the discrete spectrum can be empty if $\Gamma$ is short enough. If it is not the case, we investigate properties of the eigenvalues in the situation when the curve has a hiatus of length $2\epsilon$. We derive an asymptotic expansion with the leading term which a multiple of $\epsilon \ln\epsilon$.

Abstract:
We study the Schr\"odinger operator $-\Delta -\alpha \delta (x-\Gamma)$ in $L^2(\R^3)$ with a $\delta$ interaction supported by an infinite non-planar surface $\Gamma$ which is smooth, admits a global normal parameterization with a uniformly elliptic metric. We show that if $\Gamma $ is asymptotically planar in a suitable sense and $\alpha>0$ is sufficiently large this operator has a non-empty discrete spectrum and derive an asymptotic expansion of the eigenvalues in terms of a ``two-dimensional'' comparison operator determined by the geometry of the surface $\Gamma$. [A revised version, to appear in J. Phys. A]

Abstract:
We consider a non-relativistic quantum particle interacting with a singular potential supported by two parallel straight lines in the plane. We locate the essential spectrum under the hypothesis that the interaction asymptotically approaches a constant value and find conditions which guarantee either the existence of discrete eigenvalues or Hardy-type inequalities. For a class of our models admitting a mirror symmetry, we also establish the existence of embedded eigenvalues and show that they turn into resonances after introducing a small perturbation.