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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1348 matches for " Sylvie Trosa "
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Les réformes vues d’en bas
Sylvie Trosa
Pyramides : Revue du Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches en Administration Publique , 2011,
Abstract: Cet article se consacrera1 :- aux raisons de la désillusion généralisée à l’égard de la réforme de l’Etat en France et à la sociologie des acteurs qui sous tend cette disillusion ;- à l’analyse de la dernière grande réforme en date de l’Etat, la Révision Générale des Politiques publiques (RGPP – NDLR : une liste des acronymes se trouve en fin d’article) à travers les deux exemples de l’ex ministère de la santé et des affaires sociales et de l’ex ministère de l’Equipement ;- aux pistes positives de méthode de conduite de la réforme de l’Etat que l’on peut en retirer.
L’administration est-elle un acteur de la modernisation ?
Sylvie Trosa
Pyramides : Revue du Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches en Administration Publique , 2012,
Abstract: La politique de modernisation du service public a été marquée par la mise en place d’ outils ou de méthodes.Le projet de ce travail est d’analyser les effets pervers de la réification de la modernisation en outils et de comprendre quelles sont les conditions de l’appropriation par les cadres et personnels d’une démarche de modernisation.La méthode consiste en l’analyse d’un parcours professionnel international axé sur la réforme de l’Etat depuis 1981 :les analyses faites par différents Etats de leur modernisation, notamment la Nouvelle Zélande, l’Australie, les Etats-Unis, le Royaume-Uni, l’Italie ;les textes existants en la matière notamment les bilans de l’OCDE depuis 1989 ;des entretiens semi-directifs avec des responsables de la modernisation au sein de l’administration fran aise (vingt entretiens, pluripartisans, de personnalités de different corps et ministères).
Réforme folle ou folie de la réforme ?
Sylvie Trosa
EspacesTemps.net , 2003,
Abstract: Le livre de Jean-Gustave Padioleau est remarquable à bien des égards. Par son style, tout d'abord, — car l'auteur manie la plume avec dextérité et combine les éléments les plus théoriques avec une histoire qui se lit avec la fluidité d'un roman policier —, mais aussi et d'abord par son sujet : l'évolution, sur dix ans, de la départementalisation des services d'incendie et de secours. Le filigrane théorique : une critique de la sociologie des ...
From physical mobility to psychological mobilization: The benefits of changing location and caregiver in a mobile team for adolescent psychiatry  [PDF]
Sylvie Tordjman
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.56A3006
Abstract:

We have developed a mobile team for adolescents with psychological difficulties that can intervene within 48 hours, if necessary. Practically, caregivers working in pairs go wherever the adolescents are (home, General Practioner’s office, etc.), travelling in a motorhome designed as a mobile office. This method allows us to approach more closely the adolescents and their families in the here and now that corresponds to our societal evolution. Most of the adolescents seen by the mobile team do not express any explicit demand but the demand is expressed by the professionals in direct contact with these adolescents in difficulty (school professionals, General Practitioners, etc.), who alert the mobile team and solicit the adolescents’ parents to call the mobile team. One characteristic of this mobile team is the mobility of setting (by changing locations, including the use of a mobile office, and caregivers, so that multiple representations are mobilized). Statistical analyses conducted on 520 adolescents followed by the mobile team showed that the first meetings tend to take place in the family’s home, subsequently transferring to the mobile office and finally in the community mental health centres. There is therefore a transition from the living space (a place that is part of the here and now) to the caregiving space (a space of thought and for thinking), with the mobile office serving as an intermediate step in this movement towards accessing care. Furthermore, there was a significant association between changes of locations and continuity of care. Thus, there were significantly more breakdowns in continuity when the consultations all take place in a single location (family home, mobile office, community centre). The results and their therapeutic implications will be discussed in this article, especially with regard to the key role played by physical movement in psychological mobilization, and by plurality of representations associated with different locations and caregivers.

Lean, Six Sigma and Lean Six Sigma in Higher Education: A Review of Experiences around the World  [PDF]
Sylvie Nadeau
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2017.75044
Abstract: Economic, demographic, social, technological and political changes worldwide are putting academic institutions under intense pressures. In response, universities are adopting new managerial approaches to their activities: lean, six sigma and lean six sigma. A portrait of this experience emerges from reviewing the literature published over the past decade using the databases Compendex & INSPEC/Engineering Village and Scopus. These approaches have been applied primarily on a highly localized basis to teaching-related processes or to services such as financing, data processing and building maintenance. Some of the challenges raised are not unknown outside of the university setting. The complexity of universities, the difficulties of interpreting notions such as the client, added value, and the connexions between teaching and research, make the implementation of these approaches difficult. While the few measured results available suggest that they do hold promise, their impact remains to be determined.
Integration of Occupational Health and Safety into Lean Manufacturing: Quebec Aeronautics Case Study  [PDF]
Amine Sakouhi, Sylvie Nadeau
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2016.611097
Abstract: The literature remains divided the ideal conditions for integration of occupational health and safety (OHS) into continuous improvement initiatives based on the principles of lean manufacturing. Few significant results and little documentation exist on the effectiveness, sustainability and the degree of integration. This paper outlines some possible explanations for the non-success of this integration and examines the hypothesis that integration is unsuccessful when the lean-based improvements themselves suffer from sustainability issues. This research project addressed the case of a Québec manufacturing company and focused on musculoskeletal injury (MSI). Twenty-four employees participated in the study for two months. Corporate documentation was analyzed. Individual interviews were used to document workers’ perception of their work environment. Continuous improvement interventions were observed to identify possible risks of MSI, and obtain a general portrait of OHS and continuous improvement in this company. The majority of the employees surveyed believed that the continuous improvement initiatives were short-lived. They also reported they experienced MSI-related discomfort following organizational changes. Examination of several initiatives showed that results were not maintained over time. The integration of OHS into continuous improvement is not systematic. When this integration is apparent, OHS goals are not always met and are rarely subject to monitoring. Taking OHS into consideration, implementing lean principles does not directly guarantee a reduction in cases of MSI. The integration of OHS into continuous improvement activities is reflected in the systematic consideration of OHS in driving lean improvements. The results of this project will help to develop a better approach to the implementation of lean to improve this integration in our industries.
Resilience Engineering for Sustainable Prevention in the Manufacturing Sector: A Comparative Study of Two Methods of Risk Analysis  [PDF]
Annick Melanson, Sylvie Nadeau
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2019.91017
Abstract: Manufacturing businesses today have become complex sociotechnical systems. They must manage a variety of risks, including those related to occupational health and safety and emergent ones. In this article, we examine the possibility of using resilience engineering to provide a framework for the management of OHS and emergent risks in manufacturing businesses. More specifically, we compare failure mode effect and criticality analysis (FMECA) to functional resonance analysis method (FRAM), the former being an established risk analysis method in the manufacturing sector and the latter being a relatively novel method used primarily in high-risk sectors such as air transportation, hospitals and railways. These two methods differ in several respects, but comparison reveals their relative advantages as well as their complementarity. Our principal finding confirms the advantages of the functional resonance analysis method in risk management for complex systems. Although failure mode effect and criticality analysis is more effective for understanding technical risks, functional resonance analysis method provides better understanding of the system as a whole and allows more efficient management of organizational risks as well as risks associated with the variability of human performance.
Un multi-outil adapté au parcours cognitif de l’étudiant en traduction spécialisée : application à la biomédecine
Sylvie Boudreau,Sylvie Vandaele
Revue Internationale des Technologies en Pédagogie Universitaire , 2007,
Abstract: [Fran ais] Le site BiomeTTico vise à répondre aux difficultés soulevées par l’apprentissage de la traduction spécialisée (biomédecine). Il s’agit d’un multi-outil informatique d’aide à l’enseignement de la traduction biomédicale au baccalauréat et aux cycles supérieurs, con u en fonction d’une approche cognitive de l’apprentissage et de la pratique de la traduction. Prenant en compte différentes catégories d’utilisateurs, il se veut également une plate-forme de valorisation des travaux de recherche, notamment au 2e et au 3e cycle, et, dans une certaine mesure, un site de référence pour les traducteurs professionnels. L’organisation du site est fondée sur des principes d’utilisabilité, d’interactivité et de participation collaborative au contenu, adaptés à un contexte pédagogique. Il intègre différents produits de la recherche menée ces dernières années et il est appelé à évoluer dans le temps. Bien que son contenu soit spécifique à la biomédecine, sa structure est réutilisable dans d’autres contextes d’enseignement de la traduction. [English] BiomeTTico is a Web site intended to respond to various problems related to the acquisition of translation competence and knowledge in LSP (languages for specific purposes ; here, biomedicine), as well as to enhance the value of research projects of post-graduate students. Designed from a cognitive perspective, this is a multi-tool helping the teaching of biomedical translation at different levels, from beginners to advanced students at the doctorate level. It takes into account a number of principles such as usability, interactivity and collaborative participation, as well as different types of users. Furthermore, it integrates a number of products resulting from the research activities over the past few years and is meant to evolve with time. Although the content of the site is specific to biomedicine, the structure may be used in other translation teaching contexts.
On the Coupling between Helium Settling and Rotation-Induced Mixing in Stellar Radiative Zones: II- Application to light elements in population I main-sequence stars
Sylvie Theado,Sylvie Vauclair
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1086/368261
Abstract: In the two previous papers of this series, we have discussed the importance of t he $\mu$-gradients due to helium settling on rotation-induced mixing, first in a n approximate analytical way, second in a 2D numerical simulation. We have found that, for slowly rotating low mass stars, a process of ``creeping paralysis" in which the circulation and the diffusion are nearly frozen may take place below the convective zone. Here we apply this theory to the case of lithium and beryll ium in galactic clusters and specially the Hyades. We take into account the rota tional braking with rotation velocities adjusted to the present observations. We find that two different cells of meridional circulation appear on the hot side of the "lithium dip" and that the "creeping paralysis" process occurs, not dir ectly below the convective zone, but deeper inside the radiative zone, at the to p of the second cell. As a consequence, the two cells are disconnected, which ma y be the basic reason for the lithium increase with effective temperature on thi s side of the dip. On the cool side, there is just one cell of circulation and t he paralysis has not yet set down at the age of the Hyades; the same modelisatio n accounts nicely for the beryllium observations as well as for the lithium ones .
On the Coupling between Helium Settling and Rotation-Induced Mixing in Stellar Radiative Zones: I- Analytical Approach
Sylvie Vauclair,Sylvie Theado
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1086/368259
Abstract: In the presence of rotation-induced mixing, element diffusion still occurs in stellar radiative zones, although at a slower rate than in the case of a complete stability of the stellar gas. As a consequence, helium settling leads to vertical $\displaystyle \mu $-gradients which, due to the meridional circulation, turn into horizontal fluctuations. Up to now, the feed-back effect of this process on the rotation-induced mixing was currently neglected in the computations of abundance variations in stellar surfaces, or artificially reduced. Here we analyse its consequences and derive an approximate analytical solution in a quasi-stationary case. We also discuss the relative importance of the various physical effects which influence the meridional circulation velocity. In a second paper (Th\'eado and Vauclair 2002a), we will present a complete 2D numerical simulation of this process while a third paper (Th\'eado and Vauclair 2002b) will be devoted to special applications to Pop I stars.
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