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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2234 matches for " Syed; Odusanya "
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The Prevalence of Fifth Cusp (Cusp of Carabelli) in the Upper Molars in Saudi Arabian School Students Prevalencia de la Cúspide Mesiopalatina de los Molares Superiores (Tubérculo de Carabelli) en Estudiantes Secundarios de Arabia Saudita
Syed Sadatullah,Stephen A Odusanya,Abdelbagi Mustafa,Prevez Abdul Razak
International Journal of Morphology , 2012,
Abstract: The cusp of Carabelli trait was first described by Carabelli in 1842. If present, it is seen on the mesial aspect of the mesiopalatal cusp of the deciduous maxillary second molar or permanent maxillary first, second and third molar. The level of expression varies from a mere pit or groove to a well developed cusp. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of this trait in Abha Secondary School boys in the age range of 15-20 years. 917 subjects without caries or fillings (or missing) in permanent upper first (16/26) and second molars (17/27) were selected out of the 3408 students examined. The trait was recorded as present or absent in 16/26 and 17/27 only as most of the students had erupted premolars and unerupted third molars. The trait was present in 41.7% of the population out of which 82.2% were seen on 16/26 bilaterally. It showed more predilection to permanent maxillary right first molar - 39.4% than permanent maxillary left first molar - 35.8%. Only 3.1% of the population had the trait on 17/27. These results are in contrast with the prevalence studies carried out in Riyadh - 57.6% and Jeddah - 58.7%. Nevertheless, it places the Saudi population in moderate CT prevalence group. La cúspide o tubérculo de Carabelli, fue descrita por primera vez por Carabelli en 1842. Si está presente, se observa en la cara mesial de la cúspide mesio-palatina del segundo molar superior permanente o temporal, segundo y tercer molar permanentes. El nivel de expresión varía desde una simple fosa a una cúspide bien desarrollada. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la prevalencia de este tubérculo en los alumnos de escuelas secundarias de Abha en el rango de edad entre 15-20 a os. 917 sujetos sin caries ni obturaciones (o extracción) en los primeros (16/26) y segundos (17/27) molares maxilares permanentes fueron seleccionados entre 3408 alumnos examinados. El tubérculo se registró como presente o ausente en 16/26 y 17/27 de los molares, la mayoría de los estudiantes tenían erupcionados los premolares y no erupcionados los terceros molares. El tubérculo estuvo presente en el 41,7% de la población estudiada, fuera de la cual se observó en el 82,2% sobre 16/26 bilateralmente. Hubo mayor predilección por el primer molar permanente del lado derecho, un 39,4%, en comparación al lado izquierdo, 35,8%. Sólo el 3,1% de la población tuvo el tubérculo sobre 17/27. Estos resultados contrastan con los estudios de prevalencia realizados en Riyadh con 57,6% y Jeddah con 58,7%. Sin embargo, coloca a la población de Arabia Saudita en el grupo de moderada prevalencia de
The Prevalence of Fifth Cusp (Cusp of Carabelli) in the Upper Molars in Saudi Arabian School Students
Sadatullah,Syed; Odusanya,Stephen A; Mustafa,Abdelbagi; Abdul Razak,Prevez; Abdul Wahab,Mohammad; Meer,Zakirulla;
International Journal of Morphology , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022012000200066
Abstract: the cusp of carabelli trait was first described by carabelli in 1842. if present, it is seen on the mesial aspect of the mesiopalatal cusp of the deciduous maxillary second molar or permanent maxillary first, second and third molar. the level of expression varies from a mere pit or groove to a well developed cusp. the objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of this trait in abha secondary school boys in the age range of 15-20 years. 917 subjects without caries or fillings (or missing) in permanent upper first (16/26) and second molars (17/27) were selected out of the 3408 students examined. the trait was recorded as present or absent in 16/26 and 17/27 only as most of the students had erupted premolars and unerupted third molars. the trait was present in 41.7% of the population out of which 82.2% were seen on 16/26 bilaterally. it showed more predilection to permanent maxillary right first molar - 39.4% than permanent maxillary left first molar - 35.8%. only 3.1% of the population had the trait on 17/27. these results are in contrast with the prevalence studies carried out in riyadh - 57.6% and jeddah - 58.7%. nevertheless, it places the saudi population in moderate ct prevalence group.
The role of Adjunct Therapies in the rational treatment of Uncomplicated Malaria
O. Odusanya
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2002,
Abstract: Objective: To determine the role of adjunct therapies in the rational treatment of uncomplicated malaria. Methods: Retrospective patient record review. Six hundred Patients were selected through both stratified and systematic sampling methods. Diagnosis was by both clinical symptoms and treatment. Records were analysed for drug use indicators and rationality of management, Data was collected between September-November 1999. Result : Four hundred and eighty six (81%) records met the operational definition. Average drug use per patient was 4.0 ± 1.4. Injections were administered to 27.4% and antibiotics received by 25.1%. Only 22% of patients were rationally (well) treated. The most frequently prescribed classes of drugs were anti-malarias (24.8%), analgesics (25.7%), multivitamins (20.4%) and anthistamines (13.2%). These classes of drugs (adjunct therapies) make up about half of all drugs prescribed. Many of the drugs were unjustified and were harmful. A positive and significant relationship was established between the number of complaints given by patients and the number of drugs prescribed by the physician (r=0.29, p=0.000), indicating symptomatic treatment. Conclusion: Adjunct therapies contribute significantly to irrational treatment of malaria while patients' complaints and expectation influence physician prescribing. KEY WORDS: Adjunct therapies, rational treatment, anti-malarials, and analgesics [Nig J Clinical Practice Vol.5(1) 2002: 32-36]
Drug use indicators at a secondary health care facility in Lagos, Nigeria
OO Odusanya
Journal of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care , 2004,
Abstract: Objective: Drug-use indicators were measured in a secondary health care facility in Lagos, Nigeria. Method: Retrospective prescribing data was used and patient records were selected using a systematic sampling method. Results:The average number of drugs per patient was 3.5=1= 1.4, 14% of patients received at least one injection and 55% of patients were prescribed at least one antibiotic. The injections were prescribed for a variety of indications where oral therapy could have been used. Antibiotics were prescribed largely for presumed infections. Conclusion: These indicators show that the level of drug use at the hospital is sub-optimal and need to be improved upon. Key Words: Drug-use; Indicators; Secondary health facilities; Lagos Journal of Community Medicine & Primary Health Care Vol.16(1) 2004: 21-24
Fertility and Occupational hazards: Review of the Literature
OA Ashiru, OO Odusanya
African Journal of Reproductive Health , 2009,
Abstract: Workplace exposures and hazards have detrimental effects on many organ systems in the body including the reproductive system. The evidence of the reproductive effects of occupational hazards is obtained through a synthesis of the available literature. These effects vary and overlap due to the multiple nature of exposures in the workplace. Hazardous agents include pesticides, solvents and heavy metals. The reproductive effects include reduced fecundity, abnormal sperm quality, increased risk of low birth weight, miscarriages and permanent sterility. These problems are not readily identified as having occupational causes in developing countries such as Nigeria where infertility has a high family and social consequence. Epidemiological studies in Nigeria are needed to evaluate the reproductive effects of workplace exposures. Protective measures such as proper house keeping, education and the use of personal protectives at the workplace are advocated (Afr J Reprod Health 2009; 13[1]:159-165).
Splenectomy in a rural surgical practice
E Alufohai, OO Odusanya
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2006,
Abstract: We reviewed the clinical presentation and indications for splenectomy in a rural community in Southern Nigeria from January 1988 – December, 2000, a period of 12 years. A total of 17 cases were seen. Twelve (70.6%) were for big spleens due to sickle-cell anaemia , tropical splenomegaly syndrome, malignancy and 5 (29.4%) were due to trauma from road traffic injuries . Anaemia was a common feature in all the cases. Patients were followed up for 18 months but all those suspected to have malignancies died within eight months of surgery. Diseased spleen is commonly seen in rural community, its management in the face of limited facilities could be tasking, but some modicum of treatment has to be offered those who may not be able to honour a referral. It is the surgical treatment thus offered that is being shared in this review. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice Vol. 9(1) 2006: 81-83
Splenectomy in a rural surgical practice
E Alufohai, OO Odusanya
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2006,
Abstract:
Augmented Local Anaesthesia In Selected Cases Of Thyroidectomy In Rural Practice
EF Alufohai, OO Odusanya
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2004,
Abstract: An augmentation of anaesthesia in 12 selected cases of thyroidectomy in a rural practice is presented. The cases were selected according to well defined criteria. The augmentation involved the use of general anaesthesia with ketarmine hydrochloride and diazepam, at the state of mobilizing the superior poles of the gland. This method was adopted following the observation that this stage of surgery under local infiltration, elicited severe coughing and occasional stridor, which were immediately relieved after administration of general anaesthesia. The result was satisfactory in all cases in all cases done. The procedure is therefore, recommended especially in rural practice where anaesthetic expertise and other facilities are inadequate and access to immediate may not be readily available Key Words: Thyroidectomy, Local anaesthesia, augmentation. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice Vol.7(1) 2004: 31-32
Patterns of delays amongst pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Lagos, Nigeria
Olumuyiwa O Odusanya, Joseph O Babafemi
BMC Public Health , 2004, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-4-18
Abstract: Longitudinal recruitment using a health worker administered protocol to determine time interval from onset of symptoms to initiation of treatment. Presentation to a health facility after 30 days of the onset of symptoms was classified as patient delay. Doctor delay was when patients stayed for more than 15 days with the referring doctor.One hundred and forty-one patients were recruited. The mean age was 29.5 ± 11.0 years, 89 (63%) were males and 52 (37%) were females. One hundred and sixteen (82%) had positive smears. One hundred and seventeen (83%) delayed their seeking help from health facilities longer than one month after the onset of symptoms. The median patient delay was eight weeks; median doctor delay was one week, median treatment delay was one week and the median total delay was 10 weeks. Doctor delay was observed in 19 (13%) patients. Patient delay was the most frequent type of delay observed and was the major contributor to the overall total delay. Patient delay was not significantly associated with patients' socio-demographic characteristics such as age, gender and educational level.Majority of TB patients at this centre did not present early to health facilities and continue to serve as reservoirs of infection. Patient education on the disease may help reduce delays in starting treatment.Tuberculosis (TB) is a problem of global importance. Among communicable diseases, TB is the second leading cause of death worldwide, killing nearly 2 million people each year [1]. In Nigeria, tuberculosis is common; a prevalence of 9.2% has been reported in one study [2] and a case fatality rate of 12% in a second [3].Delay in the diagnosis of TB and commencement of treatment has been reported to be common in Nigeria and other countries [2,4-10]. These delays are attributable both to patients and doctors. Delay in diagnosis may worsen the disease, increase the risk of death and enhance tuberculosis transmission in the community. In Tanzania, 15% of patients were found
Knowledge of risk factors, beliefs and practices of female healthcare professionals towards breast cancer in a tertiary institution in Lagos, Nigeria
Nasiru A Ibrahim, Olumuyiwa O Odusanya
BMC Cancer , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-9-76
Abstract: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire to assess the knowledge of breast cancer risk factors, beliefs about treatment and practice of screening methods among 207 female doctors, nurses and other healthcare professionals working in a university teaching hospital in Lagos, Nigeria. Stratified random sampling method was employed. Chi square test, analysis of variance and Mantel-Haenszel test were performed in data analysis using SPSS v10.0 and Epi Info version 6 statistical packages.Female doctors obtained a mean knowledge score of 74% and were the only professional group that had satisfactory knowledge of risk factors. Majority (86%) believed that early breast cancer is curable while half of participants believed that prayer can make breast cancer disappear from the affected breast. Eighty three percent practice breast self-examination (BSE) once a month and only 8% have ever had a mammogram. Age, knowledge of risk factors, profession and beliefs were not significantly associated with rate of BSE in this study.Results from this study suggest the need for continuing medical education programmes aimed at improving knowledge of breast cancer among female healthcare providers other than doctors.Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer worldwide with about 1 million new cases annually [1]. In Nigeria, it has overtaken cancer of the cervix to become the commonest malignancy in women [2]. Many countries are recording increase in incidence rates of breast cancer, with greatest changes in developing countries where rates were initially low [1].Awareness and knowledge about breast cancer vary among communities and population groups worldwide. While studies conducted to assess breast cancer knowledge among women showed satisfactory level in some places [3,4], other reports, especially from developing countries like Nigeria revealed inadequate knowledge and awareness about the disease [5,6]. Although, patients in communities with high leve
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