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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6610 matches for " Syed Maqsood Zia Shah "
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Impact Analysis of Public Sector and NGO’s to Improvement of Rural Livelihoods in Sindh
Muhammad Bachal Jamali,Syed Maqsood Zia Shah,Asif Ali Shah,Kamran Shafique
International Journal of Business and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v6n2p236
Abstract: Rural livelihoods in Sindh recorded an improvement despite financial constraints, expenditure doubled between 2001 and 2006 growing at an average rate of 23% per annum. Public sector contributed significantly through various interventions on poverty alleviation but the most worrying situation was the expenditure on food subsides, food support programs and low cost housing has been stagnant even in nominal terms with negative repercussions for the poor and the needy. Sindh Agricultural and forestry workers coordinating organization has made social mobilization as core activity and entry point followed by different development interventions. The Agha Khan rural support program provides a one time grant to complement village organizations to the infrastructure projects. The national rural support program has lowered the levels of poverty in member households. The Pakistan poverty alleviation fund educational program provides quality learning at primary level in district Sanghar. Similarly PPAF has also improved health care through the provision of quality basic health services. The young Sheedi welfare organization has establish emergency centre for disaster preparedness and provided 600 goats to 200 beneficiaries. Badin rural development society through their effort 1500 women and 2800 men in 60 villages are engaged in development process. The major strength of NGOs was that they have special ability to reach the poor and other segments of society while their major weakness is small size and budget and lack technical capacity to confront difficult situation. It is recommended that NGOs should ensure that new technologies are introduced to help farmers improve and increase crop production.NGOs should create a condition in which the poor are either given or enabled to acquire their assets and a peaceful environment to benefit from those assets. Government should provide facilities for institutional building to the local NGOs this will encourage them to work sincerely towards poverty alleviation.NGOs should not rely on government for future projects instead they can raise funds through savings and donation from rich individuals.
Performance of SMEs in Export Growth and Its Impact on Economy of Pakistan
Anwar Ali Shah,Tariq Mehmood,Muhammad Aamir Hashmi,Syed Maqsood Shah
International Journal of Business and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v6n7p287
Abstract: The present study was conducted to analyze the potential of SMEs in economy of Pakistan. Data were collected from 300 SMEs units by using Simple random technique. A structural questionnaire was developed to get the response from different SMEs units in Pakistan. Data were analyze by using SPSS-17.0 statistical software. It was revealed that SMEs in Rural Sindh has 45% contribution it can be increase by given facilities of marketing of those products. Moreover, SME exports are concentrated in labor-intensive sub-sectors where low wages are important to enhance the comparative competitive position of foreign markets and as well as SMEs do not necessarily export their products directly but through trade networks. The response rate was 90 percent only three units were sick units from last couple of years. It was further revealed that that potential contribution of SMEs to the sustainable growth of the Pakistan is large. Steps should be taken to ensure that more small firms are able to take advantage of government services. This may improve survival rates and stimulate development in lagging areas.
Socioeconomic Factors Affecting Adoption of Sunflower Varieties in Sindh
Ghulam Ali Jariko (Corresponding Author),Mumtaz Ali Junejo,Muhammad Saleem Rahpoto,Maqsood Zia Shah
Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: This research study is based on primary data collection from sunflower growers to assess the socioeconomic factors that are affecting the adoption of sunflower varieties in Sindh.Data samples have been selected from two districts; Badin and Thatta, as these districts are considered main sunflower growing areas in Sindh. The results reveal that Sunflower growers are using Hybrid varieties i.e. 43 percent planted Hysun-33, 29 percent Hysun-38 and 28 percent Hysun-37 varieties. The finding of research using multinomial logistic regression suggests that farm size and level of education significantly affected the adoption of sunflower varieties. These factors are statistically significant at p<0.05. Theother variables such as tenancy status and source of income are not statistically significant in the adoption of sunflower varieties in Sindh.
Global Financial Crisis: Macroeconomic Linkage to Pakistan’s Agriculture
Abdul Latif,Muhammad Suhail Nazar,Maqsood Zia Shah,Faiz. M. Shaikh
Asian Social Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v7n7p90
Abstract: This research investigates the impact of Global Financial Crisis Macro economic linkages to Pakistan’s Agriculture. Macroeconomic shocks can impact agriculture more strongly than factors that affect the sector directly. Data were collected from various secondary sources. It was revealed that recent Global financial crisis has negative impact on the Trade growth in Pakistan. It also affects the Price, production, consumption and trade. It was further revealed that Pakistan’s exports have fallen substantially, through mainly because of a drop in the world trade prices rather than export volume.
Influential Observations in Stochastic Model of Divisia Index Numbers with AR(1) Errors  [PDF]
Syed Muhammed Aqil Burney, Arfa Maqsood
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/am.2014.56093
Abstract:

We use the general form of hat matrix and DFBETA measures to detect the influential observations in order to estimate the Divisia price index number when the error structure is first order serial correlation. An example is presented with reference to price data of Pakistan. Hat values show the noteworthy findings that the corresponding weights of consumer items have large influence on the parameter estimates and are not affected by the parameter of autoregressive process AR(1). Whereas DFBETAs for Divisia index numbers depend on both the weights and autoregressive parameter.

Extracting the Influential Commodities in Stochastic Model of Simple Laspeyre Price Index Numbers with AR(2) Errors  [PDF]
Arfa Maqsood, Syed Mohammad Aqil Burney
Open Journal of Statistics (OJS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojs.2014.43021
Abstract:

This paper, on the first hand, deals with the problem of estimation of Laspeyre price index number when the errors are assumed to be generated from AR(2) process. The general expression of hat matrix and DFBETA measure to find the influential consumer commodities in stochastic Laspeyre price model with AR(2) errors are developed on the other. The hat values show the noteworthy findings that the corresponding weights of consumer items have large influence on the parameter estimates for simple Laspeyre price index number and are not affected by the parameter of autoregressive process of order two. While, DFBETA measures are the functions of both weights and autocorrelation parameters. Lastly, an example is presented with reference to price data of Pakistan, and shows its practical importance in financial time series.

Vibration Analysis of an Infinite Poroelastic Circular Cylindrical Shell Immersed in Fluid  [PDF]
Syed Ahmed Shah
Open Journal of Acoustics (OJA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/oja.2012.22010
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of presence of fluid within and around a poroelastic circular cylindrical shell of infinite extent on axially symmetric vibrations. The frequency equation each for a pervious and an impervious surface is obtained employing Biot’s theory. Radial vibrations and axially symmetric shear vibrations are uncoupled when the wavenumber is vanished. The propagation of axially symmetric shear vibrations is independent of presence of fluid within and around the poroelastic cylindrical shell while the radial vibrations are affected by the presence of fluid. The frequencies of radial vibrations and axially symmetric shear vibrations are the cut-off frequencies for the coupled motion of axially symmetric vibrations. The non-dimensional phase velocity as a function of ratio of thickness to wavelength is computed and presented graphically for two different types of poroelastic materials for thin poroelastic shell, thick poroelastic shell and poroelastic solid cylinder.
Anti-Radical and Neuroprotective Potential of Ficus infectoria in Scopolamine Induced Memory Impairment in Mice  [PDF]
Kiran Zahid, Syed Muhammad Faheem Ahmad, Maqsood Ahmed, Farah Khan
Advances in Alzheimer's Disease (AAD) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/aad.2018.72005
Abstract: Ficus infectoria has a wide distribution in Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Southwest China and Indochina and is an enrich source of phytochemicals thereby possess antibacterial, antifungal and hyperglycaemic activities. In this study, we attempted to examine the cognitive ability of methanolic and ethanolic extract of F. infectoria fruit extract in scopolamine induced memory impairment in mice by using preliminary phytochemical and antioxidant tests, and the cognitive ability of the methanolic and ethanolic fruit extract of F. infectoria. Fruit extract was analyzed in scopolamine amnesia mice using passive avoidance approach. Piracetam was used as a reference drug (200 mg/Kg). Further confirmation was provided by means of mice brain homogenate biochemical tests. Maximum phytochemical, antioxidant activity and nootropic ability were observed in the ethanolic fruit extract of F. infectoria. Plant extract was used at three doses i.e. 75 mg/Kg, 150 mg/Kg and 300 mg/Kg and exhibited nootropic abilities in all tests used. Enhanced SDL value i.e. (291.2 ± 0.33+++###) was observed by the administration of plant extract at all dose range in comparison to reference drug i.e. piracetam (252.8 ± 1.60###) used in the study. The plant extract utilization has showed increase in total protein (25.08 ± 0.26+++### mg/g of tissue) and reduced glutathione content (33.0 ± 0.46+++### nmoles/mg of protein) and vice versa while low malondialehyde (MDA) (9.18 ± 0.17+++### nmoles/mg of protein) and AChE activity (0.067 ± 0.009+++### M/min/g protein). However, opposite situation was observed in the scopolamine amnesia mice. Hence it was concluded the plant extract possessed neuroprotective activity in the scopolamine induced cognitive decline in mice thereby used as cost effective natural medicines in near future.
On Axially Symmetric Vibrations of Fluid Filled Poroelastic Spherical Shells  [PDF]
Syed Ahmed Shah, Mohammed Tajuddin
Open Journal of Acoustics (OJA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/oja.2011.12003
Abstract: Employing Biot’s theory of wave propagation in liquid saturated porous media, waves propagating in a hollow poroelastic closed spherical shell filled with fluid are studied. The frequency equation of axially symmetric vibrations for a pervious and an impervious surface is obtained. Free vibrations of a closed spherical shell are studied as a particular case when the fluid is vanished. Frequency as a function of ratio of thickness to inner radius is computed in absence of dissipation for two types of poroelastic materials each for a pervious and an impervious surface. Results of previous works are obtained as a particular case of the present study.
The adoption of integrated pest management (IPM) technologies by cotton growers in the Punjab
Maqsood Hussain*, Sarwat Zia and Abdul Saboor
Soil & Environment , 2011,
Abstract: Pesticides applications generate negative externalities for health, environment and also add up to economiccost to cotton producers. Consequently, there is an urgent need of alternative methods of pest management forenvironment friendly cotton production systems. Integrated pest management (IPM) is a right method which canreduce or minimize the use of pesticides as well as can lessen the cost. The cross-sectional data was collected fromdistrict Jhang. A random sample of 99 farmers was selected to collect the data. The main factors which influencethe adoption of IPM in cotton are age, education, farm size, farm labour, family size, progressive farmers andopinion leader farmers. The logistic regression was used to estimate the model. Three variables are significant at 5percent level of significance and two variables are significant at 10 percent level of significance. The family size andopinion leader farmer (variables) are non-significant. The Hosmer Lemeshow test value was 0.316 (Chi-square)which was non-significant indicating that overall model was correctly specified. The estimated odds ratio foreducation, farm size, family labour, progressive farmer, and opinion leader farmer were 1.49, 1.07, 11.08, 12.26and 4.27, respectively. All these factors had positive influence on the adoption of IPM technology by the magnitudeof their respective odds ratio. However, the estimated odds ratio for family size was 0.48 and for age was 0.88(both the estimated coefficient have negative signs), which suggests a negative influence on the adoption of IPM.
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