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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 28618 matches for " Syed Ali Hassan SHAH "
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Usman YOUSAF,Mohsin ALTAF,Noman SARWAR,Syed Ali Hassan SHAH
Management & Marketing , 2012,
Abstract: To study the influence of Perceived cost, risk, convenience and enjoyment on online consumer purchases. Being more convenient online shopping seems painless compared to in store shopping, why consumers are still reluctant to shop online?.A sample of 220 questionnaires was filled from different departments at University of Sargodha. Respondents were asked to fill the questionnaire based on four factors (Perceived cost, Perceived risk, Perceived convenience, Perceived enjoyment), there were 2 general questions. Out of 220, 207 questionnaires were returned. One sample test is applied in this study to check the reliability of independent variables. Analysis was also done on basis of gender and their ages. The most important factor out of four, which can persuade the customer's online buying decision, is delivery cost for purchased items and it has negative relationship with dependent variable, moreover perceived risk has also negative relationship with dependent one. Perceived convenience and Perceived enjoyment has positive relationship with online shopping preference. As online shopping is easier to do but due to extra delivery cost and risk factors consumers do not adopt online shopping and these factors should be minimized to promote online shopping. Online shopping should be promoted and to gain the consumer confidence, delivery cost and risk factor should be minimized. As online shopping is easier to do as compared to offline shopping but people still reluctant to use internet for online shopping, so to promote online shopping delivery cost and risk factor should be minimized to gain consumers attraction and confidence. People want to experience online shopping but it won’t be promoted until delivery cost and perceived risk factors be reduced. A little work has been done on exploring the factors that influence the online buying decision. These factors are called situational factors and include delivery charges, risk factors, convenience factors and enjoyment factors. In Pakistan consumers are not too much affiliated to online shopping as compared to European countries and not too much researches have been done related to online shopping in Pakistan , so this research been conducted to promote online shopping.
The Impact of the Exchange Rate Fluctuations on Pakistan's Export Sectors: An Empirical Analysis Based on the Sectorial Data
Abid Ali Shah,Iftikhar Mehboob,Syed Hassan Raza
Asian Economic and Financial Review , 2012,
Abstract: This study examines the relationship between the exchange rates and the export sectors of Pakistan. The objective is to study the empirical relationship between the exchange rates and the export sectors. The analysis was conducted on the sectorally segregated monthly data of the exports from July 2003 to April 2010 with nominal exchange rates. The empirical estimation has been resorted to detect both the effects of the nominal exchange rates and the respective volatility of the exchange rates on the export sectors. For the estimation of the long run relationship cointegration and an autoregressive time series regression models are used while generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedastic methodology has been used to estimate the effects of the exchange rates volatility on export sectors. The results of cointegration and ordinary least square revealed a significant longrun relationship between exchange rates and export sectors, which confirmed that the depreciating currency in case of Pakistan improves the competitiveness of the export sectors, while there is an evidence of volatility effects on the export sectors.
Anwar Ali Shah G.Syed,Khalid Hussain Shaikh,Syed Abir Hassan Naqvi,Faiz M.Shaikh
Australian Journal of Business and Management Research , 2011,
Abstract: The study was conducted on business graduates of IBA-University of Sindh-Jamshoro. A complementary survey was conducted from 50 organizations in Sindh province by using simple random technique, and 200 sample size were selected from student data set. The results showed that case analysis method increasing the vision and understanding the subject as well as practical exposure of the different organizations and it also impact on the personal development of the student when they are solving they different cases in different situations for firm or organization. From last couple of years this method is pretty popular among the students, and they applied all the case studies in local environment and teachers are importing the quality of the education by employing different case studies and their practical touches of different cases. It also helps the graduates when they are going for the jobs, and it has the positive relationship with the job performance. Case studies improving the vision of the business students.
Measuring Porosity of Anodes in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) through Water Archimedeans Porosimetry  [PDF]
Syed Mubashar Hassan, Syed Ali Hasnain
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2015.36005
Abstract: The present research is aimed to measure the porosity of anodes in solid oxide fuel cell through water Archimedeans method. There are various alternatives available to replace fossil fuel cells like nuclear power, wind energy, solar energy, bio fuel, and geothermal and fuel cells. Among all the alternatives of fossil fuel, one form of energy production that stands out from the rest and promises a sustainable future energy is fuel cell. Moreover, it offers many advantages in contrast to other forms of energy generation. An Archimedean approach for water immersion porosimetry is carried out. Some of the results are beyond rational limits, and given negative and sometime above 100 percent porosity. The reasons for these unacceptable results are either due to water ingress into the sample or the sample turns into buoyant due to air in the cling film. The results from Archimedean porosimetry should only be used qualitatively due to errors associated with the results. It is also noted that Archimedean porosimetry is not the ideal technique for measuring the porosity of coated samples. It is suggested that larger samples should be analyzed that will help to minimize the weighing errors.
Tutorial Accounting Fundamentals: A New Look of British and American Accounting System  [PDF]
Nousheen Tariq Bhutta, Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah
Open Journal of Accounting (OJAcct) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojacct.2013.21004
Abstract: This paper aims to highlight the perception of graduate and undergraduate students regarding accounting fundamentals across British system and American system. The design of this paper is to derive a unique model which proves the both approaches are in same sense however, they are framed differently. Moreover, it provides a good justification of basic questions like why income and expense are treated as credit side and debit side of trading profit and lossaccount, respectively. Ultimately, it helps educators/instructors in influencing the perceptions of their students with regard to different accounting systems.
Corporate Entrepreneurship and Agency Cost: A Theoretical Perspective  [PDF]
Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah, Nousheen Tariq Bhutta
Open Journal of Accounting (OJAcct) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojacct.2013.23010
Abstract: The study aims to fill the gap in literature by ascertaining the link between corporate entrepreneurship and agency cost. It presents conceptual framework between corporate entrepreneurship and agency cost, on the basis of their theoretical background. Being a prelude endeavour, it provides a keystone for future studies.

Investors’ Reaction to the Implementation of Corporate Governance Mechanisms  [PDF]
Nousheen Tariq Bhutta, Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah
Open Journal of Accounting (OJAcct) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojacct.2014.31002
Abstract: The study investigates the impact of corporate governance on investor reaction. This is the first study till date that addresses this gap in literature. The design of the study comprises of corporate governance, investor reaction. Data was taken from 125 non-financial sector of Pakistani companies listed at KSE for the period of 2005-2010. Data was extracted from balance sheet analysis (SBP report), KSE website and annual reports of companies. Correlation (individual and composite) and linear regression tests were applied to validate the outcomes. The results confirm that there is no impact of corporate governance on investor reaction and relationship between them is negative. This implies the inefficiency of financial market where noise trades create sentiment.
Study on the Estrous Cycle Regularity of Cryopreserved Rat Ovarian Tissues after Heterotopic Transplantation  [PDF]
Rumana Jafarey, Syed Ali Rehan Shah Jaffri
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2016.65037
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the re-initiation of ovarian function in cryopreserved ovarian grafts by means of vaginal smear of transplant rats. Methods: A total of 40 SPF-SD female rats (5 - 6 week-old) were randomly divided into three groups (blank control, castration control and transplant group). Ovaries were removed by surgical procedure then after cryopreservation and thawing procedures the ovarian tissues pushed inside the back muscles gap in transplant group. On the first PO day, vaginal smear collection was daily initiated. After 30 days, the PO day when the estrous cycle was re-initiated was considered for analysis as well as the estrous days and the number of estrous cycles. Results: Normal control group had a regular estrous cycle, while the transplant group had an estrous cycle disorder within first 2 weeks and later 2 weeks after the transplantation while the duration of diestrus cycle lasted longer. At the same time, the castration group had lost the normal estrous cycle, keeping continue in the stage of diestrus. Conclusion: In transplanted animals the re-initiated ovarian function can be predicted with alteration between estrous and diestrus phases with predominant estrous irregularity. Moreover, short autotransplanted graft duration needs time to perfuse by new blood vessels and hormone secretions, so could not directly affect its target organs to function properly.
Re-Use of Hospital Plastic Waste in Asphalt Mixes as Partial Replacement of Coarse Aggregate  [PDF]
Syed Shahan Ali Shah, Rawid Khan
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2016.63032
Abstract: About 1.3 billion tons of waste is being generated in the world annually. This waste is a cause of various diseases. Open dumping of waste also destroys valuable agricultural land. Various researchers have beneficially used plastic waste in cement concrete and asphalt concrete in the past. This study aims at the use of aggregates, made from different types of plastic waste, as partial replacement of coarse aggregates in asphalt mixes. For this purpose waste is collected from different hospitals of the city. Sorted plastic from the waste consists of 64% low density polyethene, 32% high density polyethene and 4% of polypropylene. Plastic waste is shredded, heated and after cooling, pulverizes manually and mechanically. Specific gravity of plastic aggregates is 0.96. Water absorption and soundness values are 4.68% and 7.68% respectively. Impact, crushing and Loss Angeles values of plastic aggregates are 0.7%, 0.5%, and 1.1% respectively. Replacement of natural aggregates by plastic aggregates in asphalt mixes is done up to 25% with 5% incremental increase. Density of asphalt mixes decreases to 2060 kg/m3. Consequently flow increases to 5.73 mm. Maximum stability is at 20% replacement i.e. 34.57 KN. Cost analysis of the study indicates that 205% increase in stability are observed with 219% increase in cost.
Convex Phillips Curve Explaining Openness and Inflation Nexus  [PDF]
S. Ali Shah Syed, Helène Syed Zwick
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2015.56086
Abstract: We study the theoretical nexus between inflation and trade openness in the presence of a non-linear Phillips curve. Phillips curve explains the inverse relationship between unemployment and inflation; however, the open economy macroeconomic models usually propose that the slope of the trade-off should be related to the extent of trade openness. The role of openness as a check on inflation has recently attracted attention of many [1]. The parallelism between the recent globalization wave and the fall in inflation has led to a perception that the determinants of the slowdown in inflation were not only the domestic ones but could partly be due to increased trade openness. This study describes this relationship considering a non-linear Phillips curve. Using the conventional Phillips curve approximated by Cobb-Douglas model we confirm the earlier observations regarding the existence of a significant impact of openness on inflation. The interesting contribution of this study is not only to establish the trade-openness and inflation nexus but also to identify the relevant channels through which openness impacts inflation. Our model predicts that in the current scenario of increased openness a non-linear symmetric loss function may still prevail, but for the policy purposes it necessitates to consider domestic and foreign propensities to import and the exchange rate sensitivity to inflation. In addition, the integration of the international markets would result into an even more important role of exchange rate dynamics as a response to the rising international trade. We find that in the presence of a convex Phillips curve any upward variation in the foreigners’ propensity to import would place a downward pressure on domestic inflation, provided that the current and the lagged rate of unemployment are less than minimum unemployment rate. Our model, while assessing the short run dynamics, also suggests that increased openness results into a complex divide among different economies, due to their sizes and structures. Investigating such a relationship as an extension of this study for different economic groups could reveal further interesting facts.
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