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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 28642 matches for " Syamsul Ma’arif "
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ETHNICITY-BASED RELIGIOSITY: Multi-Faceted Islam in Miami, USA, in the Age of War on Terrorism
Ahmad Muttaqin,Syamsul Maarif
Al-Jami'ah : Journal of Islamic Studies , 2006,
Abstract: Minoritas Muslim seringkali menunjukkan perilaku yang ambigu. Satu sisi mereka mendambakan pengakuan dan perlakukan yang tidak diskriminatif dari kalangan mayoritas-non Muslim, namun di sisi lain ada “keengganan” untuk berbaur dengan kelompok mayoritas. Tulisan ini menguraikan dua tipe minoritas Muslim di Miami, Florida, Amerika Serikat, Muslim imigran dan Muslim kelahiran Amerika, serta menjelaskan berbagai faktor keengganan mereka dalam berbaur dengan mayoritas non Muslim. Di antara faktor keengganan tersebut adalah kesulitan mereka mencari rujukan ajaran Islam yang melegitimitasi “etika proaktif ” minoritas terhadap mayoritas, segmentasi etnis, kebangsaan dan faham keagamaan minoritas Muslim, serta beban psikis mereka yang merasa belum sepenuhnya menjadi warga negara Amerika Serikat. Dibandingkan kaum Muslim imigran yang sebagian besar berasal dari Timur Tengah dan Pakistan, kaum Muslim keturunan Afrika yang lahir di Amerika cenderung lebih terbuka dan aktif berbaur dengan kelompok mayoritas non-Muslim. Sikap ini ternyata berkorelasi positif dengan perlakukan yang mereka peroleh pasca tragedy 9/11. Kelompok pertama merasa selalu menjadi target operasi anti teror pemerintah Amerika, sedangkan kelompok kedua justru menekankan bahwa mereka adalah korban dari terorisme tersebut.
PEMBANGUNAN PERDESAAN BERKELANJUTAN MELALUI MODEL PENGEMBANGAN AGROPOLITAN
Sugimin Pranoto,Syamsul Ma'arif,Surjono H. Sutjahjo,Hermanto Siregar
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis , 2006,
Abstract: The development implemented throughoutall this time still reveals an unbalanced development between the urban andrural area. This has occured due to the development policy that is lessfavorable toward the development of rural areas causing various problems of imbalances (inequalities) ofwelfares among the regions. In addition, the failures of development in therural areas have caused backwash effect, and the domination of capital marketand welfares have been mostly possesed by the urban dwellers. The conditionof rural communities have become moredeteriorated, poorer, and the level of unemployment becoming higher. Thedevelopment of agropolitan (agro-based area development) is expected to providepositive impact in the effort to empowering the rural community, reducingpoverty, and supporting rural economic activities that are environmentallyoriented. This study aims to develop a sustainable rural policy through theagropolitan development model, based on regional analysis, insitutional analysis(ISM), and dynamic system. The agropolitan development is relatively able toimprove the income per capita of the rural population. Dynamic system analysisshowed that the agropolitan model follows the basic pattern of Archetype Limitto Success, with production growth as a leverage factor of the dynamic model.Thus, the policy orientation to improve people's welfare is a policy that ableto improve the quantity and quality of products in a sustainable manner. Theresult of analysis of institutional aspect showed key factors that supportsuccessful agropolitan development which are skilled human resources, businesspartnership and marketing, and the performance of institutions that provideinput. The major constraints faced are small size land ownership and productiveagriculture land conversion, extension services agencies that are not yeteffective, low quality of human resources, business behavior change not easy,and low support of capital institution.
ANALISIS PENGARUH EFEKTIVITAS SISTEM PENILAIAN KINERJA TERHADAP MOTIVASI KERJA, KEPUASAN KERJA DAN KINERJA KARYAWAN PT COATS REJO INDONESIA
Ratih Maria Dhewi,Sjafri Mangkuprawira,Syamsul Ma'arif
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis , 2006,
Abstract: This study shows that dimension ofacceptability has the higher contribution followed by dimension of sensitivity,relevance and reliability. In contrast, dimension of practicality has thelowest contribution to motivation, work satisfaction and work performance. Furthermore,the company has not yet been able to comply with the employee's expectations ofpracticality used in conducting performance appraisal system. In other words,further evaluation of performance appraisal system emphasizing on practicalityfactors is required; keep manage and evaluate from the priority dimensionsof acceptability, sensitivity, relevanceand reliability. These steps will lead to a condition of satisfactory to theexpectation of both the company and the employees; high work performance as aresult of highly motivated and work satisfaction employees.
PETA SELERA PASAR TEH DUNIA
Rohayati Suprihatini,E. Gumbira-Sa’id,Syamsul Maarif,Marimin
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis , 2004,
Abstract: In order to increase Indonesia tea export market share is required product improvement of Indonesian tea supply to serve the market preference in each world tea market region. Research results showed that world tea market based on preference attibutes namely (1) tea type, (2) tea grade, and (3) organoleptic score apllying hierarchical cluster analysis, between-groups linkage method and Euclidean method can be classified in to five groups of tea markets. Market Group-1 consist of Poland, Hungary, USA, and Canada; Market Group-2 consist of West Europe Region, Australia, Japan, East Europe in general, Turkey, North America Region, South America Region in general, and India; Market Group-3 consist of Pakistan, Afghanistan, Egypt, Malaysia, and Singapore; Market Group-4 consist of Iran and Middle East Region in general; and Market Group-5 consist of Iraq, Syria, and Russian Region especially Russian Federation. Market Group-4 are markets typical having the highest preference due to only the best tea is accepted. On the other hand, Market Group-1 are tea markets having lowest preference, while others Market Groups are in medium preference.
Perubahan Populasi Protozoa dan Alga Dominan pada Air Genangan Tanah Padi Sawah yang Diberi Bokashi Berkelanjutan
Ainin Niswati,Dermiyati,Mas Achmad Syamsul Arif
Jurnal Tanah Tropika , 2008,
Abstract: Protozoa and alga play important roles in biogeochemical nutrient cycles in freshwater environment, especially in the paddy fields. The changes from the conventional technologies to organic technologies will change the communities structures of organisms lived in the paddy fields environment. The fields experiment was conducted to study the population dynamic of protozoa and algae dominant inhabited in the floodwater of the paddy fields subjected by continues ‘bokashi’ application. The results showed that protozoa and algae inhabited in the paddy fields in present study were dominated by Euglena, Pleodorina, Volvox, and Diatom. The continued application of bokashi for 4 years significantly increased the total population of protozoa and algae, however, the significantly effect was obtained in the population of Volvox only. The population of protozoa and algae were affected by the time of flooding of paddy fields where it increases exponentially at the 20 and 30 days after flooding and stable after that, ecxept for Euglena where it increases sligthly by flooding time.
Phosphate Solubilizing Microorganism and Available P on the Rhizosphere of Some Ages and Distances from the Center of Maize Roots
Ainin Niswati,Sri Yusnaini,Mas Achmad Syamsul Arif
Jurnal Tanah Tropika , 2008,
Abstract: Effect of the age and root distance of maize on the population of phosphate solubilizing microorganisms was studied. The rizosphere and non-rhizosphere soil of maize was setup in the special pots with dimension of 60 cm x 60 cm x 30 cm in the glasshouse. The Ultisols soil was planted with maize until the vegetative stages. The results showed that on the distance of > 20 cm from center of roots, the age of maize increase the population of phosphate solubilizing microorganisms. The population of phosphate solubilizing microorganisms in the rhizosphere soil was 8 - 23× more than from those non-rhizosphere soils. On the distance of 0-10 cm, the age of maize affected the number of phosphate solubilizing microorganisms in the rizosphere and non-rhizosphere soil. Available-P (Bray I) was affected by the age and distance of root maize. The highest value was observed on the 7 weeks after planting at a distance of >20 cm. Available P was significantly higher in the rhizosphere soil than that in non-rhizosphere soil, especially at a distance of >20 cm on the 7 weeks after planting. The positive correlation was occurred between phosphate solubilizing microorganism and the value of available-P, soil pH, organic C and total N.
The Changes of Earthworm Population and Chemical Properties of Tropical Soils under Different Land Use Systems
Sri Yusnaini,Ainin Niswati,Mas Achmad Syamsul Arif,Masanori Nonaka
Jurnal Tanah Tropika , 2008,
Abstract: Hilly area Sumberjaya, West Lampung Province, South Sumatra, Indonesia, is one of the Province where deforestation increasing in the past 30 years as a result of the implementation of agricultural systems, especially coffee plantation. it is important to study the soil fauna in these natural relicts. Six sites (3 naturals and 3 managed systems) were studied in order to identify earthworm species communities, using the hand sorting method and soil chemical parameters (pH, avail-P, org-C., tot-N, and cation exchange capacity (CEC). Two species were found (Pheretima sp. and Pontoscolex sp.). All land use systems had very similar soil chemical characteristics, there can be characterised as acidic (pH between 3.6 and 5.0). A high content of organic carbon was in natural sites (bush 4.0% and primary forest 3.9%), and a low content was in managed sites (coffee plantation 2.1%). Total nitrogen (0.37%) and CEC (21.84 Cmol-c kg-1) was in primary forest. However, the earthworm densities were significantly lower under primary forest than in the other sites. The acidity component explained mainly the lowest earthworm population at the primary forest (soil pH 3.6). The use of succession forest (bush) and mix farming showed a positive effect on soil fertility.
Soil Microbial Biomass Carbon under Rhizosphere and Non-Rhizosphere of Maize after a Long-Term Nitrogen Fertilization and Tillage Systems
Dermiyati,Eva Firdaus,Muhajir Utomo,Mas Achmad Syamsul Arif
Jurnal Tanah Tropika , 2011,
Abstract: This research aimed to study the soil microbial biomass carbon (SMBC) under maize plant after a long-term application of nitrogen fertilizer and tillage systems (at the 37th growing season). The treatments were arranged in a factorial (3x3) in a randomized completely block design with 3 replications. The first factor was tillage systems, namely intensive tillage (IT) system, minimum tillage (MT) system, and no tillage (NT) system, and the second factor was the long-term application of nitrogen fertilizer, namely 0, 100, and 200 kg N ha-1. Data were analyzed using an orthogonal contrast test and a correlation test between SMBC and organic-C, total-N, and pH of the soil. The results showed that, in the rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere of maize plant, MT system increased the SMBC compared to NT and IT systems. However, application of long-term application of nitrogen fertilizer did not increase the SMBC. Nevertheless, fertilizer application of 100 kg N ha-1 increased the SMBC compare to 200 kg N ha-1. Furthermore, the combination of MT system and 100 kg N ha-1 could increase the SMBC compared to the other combined treatment between tillage systems and N fertilization doses. The SMBC was higher in the rhizosphere than in non-rhizosphere of maize plant.
INDOCTRINATING MUSLIM YOUTHS: Seeking Certainty Through An-Nabhanism
Syamsul Rijal
Al-Jami'ah : Journal of Islamic Studies , 2011,
Abstract: This article discusses the Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia’s (HTI) mechanism and medium of indoctrination as well as their impact on young Muslims’ mind and behaviour. It argues that intensive h} alqa in HTI plays a crucial role in implanting An-Nabhani’s doctrines into prospective members as well as senior ones so that they can maintain their ideological uniformity and dedication to HTI. In such a traditional medium of teaching, members are not encouraged to use critical thinking but to adopt and implement the HT doctrines correctly as guided by one supervisor (mushri>f/mushri>fa). Furthermore, the article argues that Muslim youth, especially disaffected ones, are more vulnerable to join HTI since they are at the stage of seeking personal empowerment and identity, social bonds, and channels to express their discontent with life. It is the intersection of these aspects that make young educated people become re-born Muslims who find a ‘total’ Islamic identity and certainty in HTI. [Artikel ini membahas mekanisme dan medium indoktrinasi yang dilakukan Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) serta implikasinya terhadap cara pandang dan perilaku kalangan muda Muslim. Kegiatan h} alqa yang dilaksanakan berperan besar dalam menanamkan doktrin-doktrin An-Nabhani, baik terhadap calon anggota maupun kalangan senior. H{alqa merupakan cara efektif untuk mempertahankan keseragaman ideologi di kalangan mereka dan menumbuhkan kesetiaan terhadap HTI. Dalam h}alqa, peserta sama sekali tidak didorong –untuk tidak menyebut dilarang- berpikir kritis, melainkan dibuat agar mau mengadopsi dan menerapkan doktrin Hizbut Tahrir (HT) seperti diajarkan mushri>f/mushri>fa. Ditengarai bahwa kalangan muda Muslim, utamanya yang sedang dalam masa labil, lebih berpotensi untuk direkrut bergabung dalam HTI. Hal itu karena mereka sedang dalam masa trasisi guna memenukan identitas dan ikatan-ikatan sosial serta cara/metode dalam mengekspresikan kekecewaan mereka terhadap persoalan-persoalan duniawi. Pertemuan semua kegalauan tersebut pada gilirannya menjadikan kalangan terdidik muda Muslim menjadi ‘terlahir kembali’, mereka merasa menemukan identitas ‘Islam-kaffah’ dan kepastian dalam HTI.]
Security Approaches in IEEE 802.11 MANET—Performance Evaluation of USM and RAS  [PDF]
Arif Sari
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2014.79038
Abstract: Evaluation of IEEE 802.11 Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANET) security issues becomes significant concern for researchers since Denial of Service (DoS) attacks are recognized as one of the most harmful threats. A variety of security mechanisms are proposed to solve security dilemma in MANETs against different layers of DoS attacks. Physical Layer jamming attacks exhaust the victim’s network resources such as bandwidth, computing power, battery, etc. Unified Security Mechanism (USM) and Rate Adaptation Scheme (RAS) are two of the proposed methods by researchers against DoS attacks. USM and RAS mechanisms are simulated through OPNET simulator and Jamming Attack is generated on the network for each security mechanisms to compare specific performance metrics on the network.
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