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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 476 matches for " Swami Anjali "
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Salmonella brain abscess in an infant
Samal Badhuli,Oommen Seema,Swami Anjali,Maskey Madhavi
Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology , 2009,
Abstract: Brain abscess is an uncommon and serious life-threatening infection in children. Focal intracranial infections caused by Salmonella spp. in this age group are also rare. We report the case of a 4-month-old male infant with a frontoparietal brain abscess caused by Salmonella typhimurium , the presence of which was not suspected clinically.
Social determinants of health—Street children at crossroads  [PDF]
Anjali Gupta
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.49100
Abstract: 1The term “street children” has been used inter changeably with “children in especially difficult circumstances” in the remaining document. This paper discusses the findings of a research project which is an exploratory cum descriptive study [1] that aims to describe and examine the state and nature of the quality of life of street children accommodated at an unorganised colony in the city of Delhi. It provides a social profile of children and their families, and exploring the needs and aspirations of these children living in especially difficult circumstances. A non-probability sample of 100 street children in the age group of 5-16 years was randomly selected guided by their availability. An interview schedule was constructed and administered to gather data. The statistical analyses comprised frequencies and percentages on all the sections of the interview schedule. Thematic content analysis was used to analyse data from open-ended questions and observations. Case studies were supportive in giving an insight into the lives of children living in especially difficult circumstances. Findings suggest that the quality of life of the participants in this study was depressed due to a lack of access or substandard educational and medical facilities, or absence of emotional support from their poverty stricken families. The existing limited programmes by the government or the civil society for the welfare of street children are lacking in their focus and do not include the voices and needs of the beneficiaries. Although service providers expressed sympathy for street children, many regarded them as deviants, delinquents, future criminals, and a public nuisance. Based on the findings, it has been suggested that the street child phenomenon necessitates a partnership between governmental and non-governmental organizations to provide for policy and legislation, funding and resources to translate programs into concrete plans of action. It has further been argued that such an approach should extend to children using their resourcefulness and creativity, and show that they can be significant in development interventions. Children illustrate both the need for participatory approaches and the problems that arise when perceptions of participants conflict with those of experts.
An Investigation of Attitudes toward Surveillance at Work and Its Correlates  [PDF]
Adrian Furnham, Viren Swami
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.613163
Abstract: A large British sample completed measures of job autonomy and satisfaction as well as work discrimination and attitudes to authority measures along with a new surveillance at work measure. The new 16 item surveillance at work measure factored into two clear factors which reflected positive and negative attitudes to surveillance. Higher scores on Negative Aspects of Surveillance were significantly associated with lower job satisfaction, lower job autonomy, greater perceived discrimination at work, more negative attitudes to authority, and greater left-wing orientation while higher scores on Positive Aspects of Surveillance were significantly associated with greater job satisfaction and more positive attitudes toward authority.
Comparative Methodical Assessment of Established MOSFET Threshold Voltage Extraction Methods at 10-nm Technology Node  [PDF]
Yashu Swami, Sanjeev Rai
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.713349
Abstract: Threshold voltage (VTH) is the most evocative aspect of MOSFET operation. It is the crucial device constraint to model on-off transition characteristics. Precise VTH value of the device is extracted and evaluated by several estimation techniques. However, these assessed values of VTH diverge from the exact values due to various short channel effects (SCEs) and non-idealities present in the device. Numerous prevalent VTH extraction methods are discussed. All the results are verified by extensive 2-D TCAD simulation and confirmed through analytical results at 10-nm technology node. Aim of this research paper is to explore and present a comparative study of largely applied threshold extraction methods for bulk driven nano-MOSFETs especially at 10-nm technology node along with various sub 45-nm technology nodes. Application of the threshold extraction methods to implement noise analysis is briefly presented to infer the most appropriate extraction method at nanometer technology nodes.
Attitudes toward Surveillance: Personality, Belief and Value Correlates  [PDF]
Adrian Furnham, Viren Swami
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2019.105039
Abstract: Two hundred and fifty adults completed a number of questionnaires about their attitudes to surveillance. They included measures of personality, paranoia, political cynicism, attitudes to authority, belief in conspiracy theories and the Big Five personality traits. The 25-item, surveillance scale, developed for this study, factored neatly into pro- and anti-surveillance attitudes. The strongest and most consistent correlates were attitudes to authority and political cynicism. Regressions indicated that the most powerful correlates of pro-surveillance attitudes were attitudes to authority, trait openness, conformity and right-wing authoritarianism. The most powerful anti-surveillance correlates were attitudes to authority, political cynicism, belief in conspiracy theories and paranoia. Implications and limitations of this study are considered.
Ambient Air Non-Methane Volatile Organic Compound (NMVOC) Study Initiatives in India–A Review  [PDF]
Amrita Talapatra, Anjali Srivastava
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2011.21003
Abstract: Different aspects of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are being investigated in details by different research groups in Indian institutes. The spectrum covers measuring technologies, source apportionment and variability studies, all these are in due process of preparing a guideline for the sustainable development in terms of industrial, infrastructural as well as overall growth of the country. Both the outdoor and indoor air quality has significant impact on human health. With special concentration on BTEX and HAPs, the health related investigations are conducted as part of interdisciplinary studies of environmental science. Newer technologies to remove VOCs under specific industrial and practical conditions are getting emerged as a comparatively new era. It addresses fields like adsorption, condensation, pervaporation, biodegradation and catalytic combustion. Besides, different kinds of biofilters have drawn significant attention nowadays. The final selection of appropriate technology depends on type and concentrations of VOCs, extent of separation required and cost involved. All these technologies are although well studied, but could not be adopted for regular commercial usage till date. There is scope to explore new horizons as well as regular monitoring on the introduced pathways to limit VOC emission in the ambient air. This review aims at a concise discussion on all the areas that come under the umbrella of non-methane VOC technologies.
Effect of PVP, PVA and POLE surfactants on the size of iridium nanoparticles  [PDF]
Anjali Goel, Neetu Rani
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry (OJIC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojic.2012.23010
Abstract: Commonly transition metal nano particle are synthesized by physical, chemical or electrochemical methods. In the present work colloidal iridium nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical oxidation method with different surfactants like poly vinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), poly vinyl alcohol (PVA) and poly oxyethylene lauryl ether (POLE). It was found that shape and size of Ir-nano particles resulted were related to kind of capping agent (surfactant) used. The characterization of the synthesized nano particle has been carried out by UV-vis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), FT-IR, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopic (TEM) techniques. UV-vis and FT-IR confirm the oxidation of IrCl3 into IrO2 while XRD confirms the amorphous nature of the iridium nanoparticles synthesized. The morphology and size of the particle were confirmed by TEM. The average particle size determined by Scherrer equation was about 4.12 nm to 4.23 nm with PVP, 2.74 to 3.36 nm with PVA and 20.41 to 42.25 nm with POLE. Poly oxyethylene lauryl ether particles were not further analyzed because of their large size and less stability. Further particle size was confirmed with TEM, which was 4.5 nm with PVP and 7.0 nm with PVA. The particles are spherical with no agglomeration tendency.
A Retrospective Study of Impact of PPTCT on HIV Trends, Maternal and Perinatal Outcome  [PDF]
Anjali Malhotra, Sumitra Yadav
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2016.64020
Abstract: Background: Women diagnosed with HIV/AIDS may transmit the infection to their child during pregnancy. The infection may spread during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding. However, the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV may be reduced by the use of HIV medications known as antiretroviral therapy (ART). Infection with HIV/AIDS is not a contraindication to pregnancy. Some women are unaware they have the disease until they become pregnant. In this case, they should begin antiretroviral therapy as soon as possible [1]. With the appropriate treatment, the risk of mother-to-child infection can be reduced to below 1% [2]. Without treatment, the risk of transmission is 15% - 45% [3]. Objective: The main aim of the study is to appreciate the declining trend of HIV in babies with HIV positive mother by implementation of PPTCT services. Methods: A retrospective study of detection of HIV positive mothers among all the antenatal patients attending OPD and including the patients coming in Emergency services and delivered in Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at MGMMC & M. Y. Hospital, Indore, Madhya Pradesh (India) from Jan 2006 to Dec 2015 was included in the study. They were screened for HIV status and further management of all HIV positive patients.
Bacterial Surface Layer Proteins: A Promising Nano-Technological Tool for Bio-Sensing Applications  [PDF]
Anjali Sharma, Barkha Singhal
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2019.103004
Abstract: The phenomenal rise in the demand of biosensors accelerated their rapid development and immersive applications in the myriads of fields. The essential requirement of developing efficient bio-sensing platform is to find stable well organized interfacial architecture that can serve as an excellent matrix for binding and recognizing biomolecules. In this context, the enormous potential has been envisaged in surface layer proteins that represented themselves as most primitive and simplest self-assembled system with repetitive physicochemical properties for the molecular functionalization of surfaces and various interfaces. The prominence of S-layer proteins has been broadened by integrating genetic engineering approaches for the fine tuning of functional groups and protein domains in geometrically well-defined manner. The efficient and stable binding of various nanomaterials with S-layers in regular arrays has led to paradigmatic shift in their nano-biotechnological sensing applications. More recently, functional S-layer supported lipid membranes have been generated through covalent binding of lipid molecules either with native or recombinant S-layer proteins at nano-scale dimensions serving as “proof of concept” for the development of bio-sensing platform. Thus, in the light of benefits conferred by surface layer proteins for the development of highly efficient biosensors, an exciting path has been opened for broadening their translational applications in drug delivery, disease diagnosis, vaccines development, lab-on-chip devices etc. Therefore, this review intends to describe about the importance of surface layer proteins in the development of biosensors.
Mental Health Literacy of Depression: Gender Differences and Attitudinal Antecedents in a Representative British Sample
Viren Swami
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049779
Abstract: Background Poor mental health literacy and negative attitudes toward individuals with mental health disorders may impede optimal help-seeking for symptoms of mental ill-health. The present study examined the ability to recognize cases of depression as a function of respondent and target gender, as well as individual psychological differences in attitudes toward persons with depression. Methods In a representative British general population survey, the ability to correctly recognize vignettes of depression was assessed among 1,218 adults. Respondents also rated the vignettes along a number of attitudinal dimensions and completed measures of attitudes toward seeking psychological help, psychiatric skepticism, and anti-scientific attitudes. Results There were significant differences in the ability to correctly identify cases of depression as a function of respondent and target gender. Respondents were more likely to indicate that a male vignette did not suffer from a mental health disorder compared to a female vignette, and women were more likely than men to indicate that the male vignette suffered from a mental health disorder. Attitudes toward persons with depression were associated with attitudes toward seeking psychological help, psychiatric skepticism, and anti-scientific attitudes. Conclusion Initiatives that consider the impact of gender stereotypes as well as individual differences may enhance mental health literacy, which in turn is associated with improved help-seeking behaviors for symptoms of mental ill-health.
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