Abstract:
In this paper we have developed a model to study the role of both electron and ion nonthermalities on dust acoustic wave propagation in a complex plasma in presence of positively charged dust grains. Secondary electron emission from dust grains has been considered as the source of positive dust charging. As secondary emission current depends on the flux of primary electrons, nonthermality of primary electrons changes the expression of secondary emission current from that of earlier work where primary electrons were thermal. Expression of nonthermal electron current flowing to the positively charged dust grains and consequently the expression of secondary electron current flowing out of the dust grains have been first time calculated in this paper, whereas the expression for nonthermal ion current flowing to the positively charged dust grains is present in existing literature. Dispersion relation of dust acoustic wave has been derived. From this dispersion relation real frequency and growth rate of the wave have been calculated. Results have been plotted for different strength of nonthermalities of electrons and ions.

Abstract:
In this paper we have investigated the effect of ion nonthermality on nonlinear dust acoustic wave propagation in a complex plasma in presence of weak secondary electron emission from dust grains. Equilibrium dust charge in this case is negative. Dusty plasma under our consideration consists of inertialess nonthermal ions, Boltzman distributed primary and secondary electrons and negatively charged inertial dust grains. Both adiabatic and nonadiabatic dust charge variations have been taken into account. Our analysis shows that in case of adiabatic dust charge variation, at a fixed non-zero ion nonthermality increasing secondary electron emission decreases amplitude and increases width of the rarefied dust acoustic soliton whereas for a fixed secondary electron yield increasing ion nonthermality increases amplitude and decreases width of such rarefied dust acoustic soliton. Thus shape of the soliton may be retained if strength of both the secondary electron yield and the ion nonthermality are increased. Nonadiabatic dust charge variation shows that, at fixed non-zero ion nonthermality, increasing secondary electron emission suppresses oscillation of oscillatory dust acoustic shock at weak nonadiabaticity and pronounces monotonicity of monotonic dust acoustic shock at strong nonadiabaticity. On the other hand at a fixed value of the secondary electron yield, increasing ion nonthermality enhances oscillation of oscillatory dust acoustic shock at weak nonadiabaticity and reduces monotonicity of monotonic dust acoustic shock at strong nonadiabaticity. Thus nature of dust acoustic shock may also remain unchanged if both secondary electron yield and ion nonthermality are increased.

Abstract:
The classical example of no-where differentiable but everywhere continuous function is Weierstrass function. In this paper we have defined fractional order Weierstrass function in terms of Jumarie fractional trigonometric functions. The H?lder exponent and Box dimension of this new function have been evaluated here. It has been established that the values of H?lder exponent and Box dimension of this fractional order Weierstrass function are the same as in the original Weierstrass function. This new development in generalizing the classical Weierstrass function by use of fractional trigonometric function analysis and fractional derivative of fractional Weierstrass function by Jumarie fractional derivative, establishes that roughness indices are invariant to this generalization.

Abstract:
A theoretical investigation has been done for the study of dust acoustic solitary waves and dust acoustic shock waves propagating in an unmagnetized, collisionless Lorentzian dusty plasma considering adiabatic and non-adiabatic dust charge variation. Plasma under consideration is composed of inertialess Lorentzian positive and negative ions along with inertial positively charged dust grains. Such dust grains are charged by the flow of positive ion and negative ion current over the grain surface. Adiabatic grain charge variation shows the existence of compressive soliton whose amplitude decreases and width increases with increasing number of suprathermal particles. Non-adiabatic dust charge variation is concerned with the propagation of monotonic dust acoustic shock waves which do not loose monotonicity even when a number of suprathermal particles are very large.

Abstract:
Solution of fractional differential equations is an emerging area of present day research because such equations arise in various applied fields. In this paper we have developed analytical method to solve the system of fractional differential equations in-terms of Mittag-Leffler function and generalized Sine and Cosine functions, where the fractional derivative operator is of Jumarie type. The use of Jumarie type fractional derivative, which is modified Rieman-Liouvellie fractional derivative, eases the solution to such fractional order systems. The use of this type of Jumarie fractional derivative gives a conjugation with classical methods of solution of system of linear integer order differential equations, by usage of Mittag-Leffler and generalized trigonometric functions. The ease of this method and its conjugation to classical method to solve system of linear fractional differential equation is appealing to researchers in fractional dynamic systems. Here after developing the method, the algorithm is applied in physical system of fractional differential equation. The analytical results obtained are then graphically plotted for several examples for system of linear fractional differential equation.

Abstract:
In this paper we describe a method to solve the linear non-homogeneous fractional differential equations (FDE), composed with Jumarie type Fractional Derivative, and describe this method developed by us, to find out Particular Integrals, for several types of forcing functions. The solutions are obtained in terms of Mittag-Leffler functions, fractional sine and cosine functions. We have used our earlier developed method of finding solution to homogeneous FDE composed via Jumarie fractional derivative, and extended this to non-homogeneous FDE. We have demonstrated these developed methods with few examples of FDE, and also applied in fractional damped forced differential equation. This method proposed by us is useful as it is having conjugation with the classical methods of solving non-homogeneous linear differential equations, and also useful in understanding physical systems described by FDE.

Abstract:
The classical example of no-where differentiable but everywhere continuous function is Weierstrass function. In this paper we define the fractional order Weierstrass function in terms of Jumarie fractional trigonometric functions. The Holder exponent and Box dimension of this function are calculated here. It is established that the Holder exponent and Box dimension of this fractional order Weierstrass function are the same as in the original Weierstrass function, independent of incorporating the fractional trigonometric function. This is new development in generalizing the classical Weierstrass function by usage of fractional trigonometric function and obtain its character and also of fractional derivative of fractional Weierstrass function by Jumarie fractional derivative, and establishing that roughness index are invariant to this generalization.

Abstract:
The solution of non-linear differential equation, non-linear partial differential equation and non-linear fractional differential equation is current research in Applied Science. Here tanh-method and Fractional Sub-Equation methods are used to solve three non-linear differential equations and the corresponding fractional differential equation. The fractional differential equations here are composed with Jumarie fractional derivative. Both the solution is obtained in analytical traveling wave solution form. We have not come across solutions of these equations reported anywhere earlier.

Abstract:
There is no unified method to solve the fractional differential equation. The type of derivative here used in this paper is of Jumarie formulation, for the several differential equations studied. Here we develop an algorithm to solve the linear fractional differential equation composed via Jumarie fractional derivative in terms of Mittag-Leffler function; and show its conjugation with ordinary calculus. In these fractional differential equations the one parameter Mittag-Leffler function plays the role similar as exponential function used in ordinary differential equations.

Abstract:
There are many functions which are continuous everywhere but not differentiable at some points, like in physical systems of ECG, EEG plots, and cracks pattern and for several other phenomena. Using classical calculus those functions cannot be characterized-especially at the non-differentiable points. To characterize those functions the concept of Fractional Derivative is used. From the analysis it is established that though those functions are unreachable at the non-differentiable points, in classical sense but can be characterized using Fractional derivative. In this paper we demonstrate use of modified Riemann-Liouvelli derivative by Jumarrie to calculate the fractional derivatives of the non-differentiable points of a function, which may be one step to characterize and distinguish and compare several non-differentiable points in a system or across the systems. This method we are extending to differentiate various ECG graphs by quantification of non-differentiable points; is useful method in differential diagnostic. Each steps of calculating these fractional derivatives is elaborated.