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Teachers’ Attitudes Towards inclusive Education in Austria
Markus Gebhardt,Susanne Schwab,Hannelore Reicher,Barbara Ellmeier
Empirische Sonderp?dagogik , 2012,
Abstract: The study reports the results of several empirical studies on teachers’ attitudes towards the inclusion of pupils with special education needs in different academic settings. The survey’s data sets of altogether 578 primary school teachers in Austria, queried in 1998 and 2009, were reanalyzed. The chosen instrument of investigation was Reicher’s scale “Einstellung zur Integration in der Schule (EIS) [attitudes towards inclusion in school]“ (1988). Concerning reliability and factorial structure, the scale fulfills the requirements which an instrument of investigation has to achieve. With regards to content, the analysis of the data showed that teachers evaluate the inclusion of pupils with mental retardation as a greater challenge than the inclusion of pupils with physical or learning disabilities. With reference to the general attitude towards academic inclusion, there were no differences between primary school teachers and special education teachers. However, the results revealed a moderate effect of the field of work the respondents were engaged in. Teachers working in inclusive fields declare a more positive attitude towards academic inclusion than teachers in non-inclusive settings, disregarding the type of disability.
ACHIEVEMENT AND INTEGRATION OF STUDENTS WITH AND WITHOUT SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS (SEN) IN THE FIFTH GRADE
Markus GEBHARDT,Susanne SCHWAB,Mathias KRAMMER,Klicpera Barbara GASTEIGER
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation , 2012,
Abstract: In Styria 77.3% of all students with special needs are educated in integrated classrooms. Currently, it is not known much either about the school performance nor the active class participation of these students. This study examined 230 fifth grade students – 43 with and 187 students without special educational needs (SEN). Moreover, it is important to acknowledge that the available data for this study represents the first wave of larger longitudinal study. The school performance of the students with SEN ranged one standard deviation below the level of the students without SEN. All students felt emotionally well integrated in the school settings, but the differences in the degree of social integration were evident. In fact, the students with SEN mentioned that they got along well with their classmates less frequently than the students without SEN.
Inverse Problem on Heat Conduction in Heterogeneous Medium  [PDF]
Albert Schwab
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2014.41003
Abstract:

Under consideration is a nonclassical stationary problem on heat conduction in a body with the pre-set surface temperature and heat flow. The body contains inclusions at unknown locations and with unknown boundaries. The body and inclusions have different constant thermal conductivities. The author explores the possibility of locating inclusions. The article presents an integral criterion based on which a few statements on identification of inclusions in a body are proved.

Learn More about Your Data: A Symbolic Regression Knowledge Representation Framework  [PDF]
Ingo Schwab, Norbert Link
International Journal of Intelligence Science (IJIS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijis.2012.224018
Abstract: In this paper, we propose a flexible knowledge representation framework which utilizes Symbolic Regression to learn and mathematical expressions to represent the knowledge to be captured from data. In this approach, learning algorithms are used to generate new insights which can be added to domain knowledge bases supporting again symbolic regression. This is used for the generalization of the well-known regression analysis to fulfill supervised classification. The approach aims to produce a learning model which best separates the class members of a labeled training set. The class boundaries are given by a separation surface which is represented by the level set of a model function. The separation boundary is defined by the respective equation. In our symbolic approach, the learned knowledge model is represented by mathematical formulas and it is composed of an optimum set of expressions of a given superset. We show that this property gives human experts options to gain additional insights into the application domain. Furthermore, the representation in terms of mathematical formulas (e.g., the analytical model and its first and second derivative) adds additional value to the classifier and enables to answer questions, which sub-symbolic classifier approaches cannot. The symbolic representation of the models enables an interpretation by human experts. Existing and previously known expert knowledge can be added to the developed knowledge representation framework or it can be used as constraints. Additionally, the knowledge acquisition framework can be repeated several times. In each step, new insights from the search process can be added to the knowledge base to improve the overall performance of the proposed learning algorithms.
On the Category of Partial Bijections
Emil Schwab
Annals. Computer Science Series , 2008,
Abstract: Categories of partial functions have become increasingly important principally because of their applications in theoretical computer science. In this note we prove that the category of partial bijections between sets as an inverse-Baer*-category with closed projections and in which the idempotents split is an exact category. Finally the Noether isomorphism theorems are given for this exact category.
Image and Transfer Functions
Emil Schwab
Annals. Computer Science Series , 2007,
Abstract: We describe three transfer functions of an inverse exact category which arise from three transfer functions. We concentrate on some of the basic results which emerge from the theory of projections in inverse exact categories.
Harnwegsinfekte: Was macht der Urologe und wann sollte er eingeschaltet werden?
Schwab C
Journal für Urologie und Urogyn?kologie , 2011,
Abstract:
Die hyperaktive und "neurogene" Blase
Schwab C
Journal für Urologie und Urogyn?kologie , 2011,
Abstract:
Natural 4-Hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2H)-furanone (Furaneol?)
Wilfried Schwab
Molecules , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/molecules18066936
Abstract: 4-Hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2 H)-furanone (HDMF, furaneol ?) and its methyl ether 2,5-dimethyl-4-methoxy-3(2 H)-furanone (DMMF) are import aroma chemicals and are considered key flavor compounds in many fruit. Due to their attractive sensory properties they are highly appreciated by the food industry. In fruits 2,5-dimethyl-3(2 H)-furanones are synthesized by a series of enzymatic steps whereas HDMF is also a product of the Maillard reaction. Numerous methods for the synthetic preparation of these compounds have been published and are applied by industry, but for the development of a biotechnological process the knowledge and availability of biosynthetic enzymes are required. During the last years substantial progress has been made in the elucidation of the biological pathway leading to HDMF and DMMF. This review summarizes the latest advances in this field.
Persistent current in metals with a large dephasing rate
P. Schwab
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1007/s100510070046
Abstract: In a weakly disordered metal electron interactions are responsible for both decoherence of the quasi-particles as well as for quantum corrections to thermodynamic properties. We consider electrons which are interacting with two-level-systems. We show that the two-level-systems enhance the average equilibrium (``persistent'') current in an ensemble of mesoscopic rings. The result supports the recent suggestion that two puzzles in mesoscopic physics may be related: The low temperature saturation of the dephasing time and the high persistent current in rings.
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