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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5079 matches for " Susan Elden "
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Integrating intensified case finding of tuberculosis into HIV care: an evaluation from rural Swaziland
Susan Elden, Timothy Lawes, S?ren Kudsk-Iversen, Joris Vandelanotte, Sabelo Nkawanyana, William Welfare, John Walley, John Wright
BMC Health Services Research , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-11-118
Abstract: Nurses and lay counsellors conducted ICF using a TB screening tool and patient pathway at all HIV service entry points in clinics and the hospital. The patient pathway had three-stages; screening, sputum smear diagnosis and TB treatment initiation. Outcomes and losses to follow up were monitored at each stage. Patient demographics, access, and service feasibility and effectiveness were compared at hospital and clinic sites.1467 HIV patients at clinics and the hospital were screened over a 3 month period. Large losses to follow up occurred prior to the sputum diagnosis stage; only 47% (n = 172) of TB suspects provided a specimen. 28 cases of smear positive TB were diagnosed and 24 commenced treatment. People screened at clinics were significantly more likely to be female, older, and from rural or geographically remote areas (p < 0.001). There was no significant difference between the hospital and clinics sites in the proportion of all participants screened who were smear positive (x2 = 1.909; p = 0.16). The number needed to screen to detect one sputum positive TB case was 34 at clinics and 63 at the district hospital.ICF was operationally feasible and became established as a routine aspect of tuberculosis and HIV integrated care. ICF in community clinics was potentially more accessible to an underserved, rural population and was as effective as the hospital service in detecting smear positive TB.Tuberculosis remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality amongst people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide [1]. Of the 1.37 million people with active TB who are also co-infected with HIV worldwide, 80% live in Sub-Saharan Africa [2]. In 2007 the tuberculosis case detection rate in the Africa Region was 47%. This remains far short of the Global Stop TB Strategy target of 70% of incident smear-positive cases detected and treated in DOTS programmes [3]. Passive case finding through directly observed short-course strategy (DOTS) is no longer seen as an adequate response to
Posterior Pillar Flap Palatoplasty: A New Surgical Technique for Treatment of Snoring: Initial Experience
Ahmed Mohamed Mohee Elden Al Bassiouny
Journal of Medical Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: In this study, a new surgical technique was designed, with preservation of the palatal dynamics, aiming to nearly abolish the postoperative pain and eliminate snoring recurrence. Patients were selected from Dar Al Shifa Hospital, Kuwait, complaining of snoring and fitting certain preoperative criteria. Thirty two patients were treated with this technique between April 2006 and March 2008, with minimum follow up period of six months. Snoring cured in 22 patients (69%), improved in 7 patients (22%) and failure in 3 (9%) cases. No recurrence of snoring was observed during the 6 months of follow up period. Postoperative pain reduced in both duration and severity. This new surgical technique may be an effective method in reducing postoperative pain and elimination of the possibility of palatal fibrosis and retraction, both medial and posterior and so reducing the incidence of postoperative recurrence of snoring owing to absence of raw surface at the free edge of the soft palate.
Solar Chimney Model Parameters to Enhance Cooling PV Panel Performance
Mohammed Sh Elden,K. Sopian,Fatah O. Alghoul,Abdelnasser Abouhnik
Modern Applied Science , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/mas.v7n2p24
Abstract: The concept of using the Solar Chimney plays an important role in a wide range of topics to improve cooling system efficiency such as drying process, and single and multi-story buildings ventilation against temperature rising. In this paper, study the effective solar cooling chimney parameter model to enhance the performance of photovoltaic (PV) cooling system. First, a brief description of theoretical performance predictions of the solar cooling chimney also discusses the effect of the ambient wind velocity on the photovoltaic panel. Second, analysis air velocities at different points in solar cooling chimney are predicted and the temperature drop also estimated to predicted air velocities in the duct. Finally, from simulation result it was found for chimney height range 0.3 m - 3 m and at 60 oC, the air velocity increase from 0.6 to 1.78 m/s and Pressure difference between inlet and outlet increase from 0.5 to 5.3 KPa, which improve the PV panel voltage 8%.
Investigation of the Effectivnes of Social Skills Training Program Prepared Through Drama Technique for Mentally Disabled Students
Müzeyyen ELDEN?Z ?ET?N,Hasan AVCIO?LU
International Online Journal of Educational Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the social skills teaching program prepared through drama technique is effective on improving the basic skills, basic speaking, advanced speaking, initiating an interaction, continuing an interaction, working at a group, self control, coping with aggressive behaviors, accepting the results, giving instructions, emotional and cognitive skills of children with intellectual disabilities. In order to determine the effectiveness of the instruction experimental design with pre-test and post-test was used. The research group was consisted in eight students in total. Two classes, in which the students have the prerequisite skills for drama, were chosen from special education classes of the schools with mainstreaming programs, in Bolu. One of these classes was randomly determined as the experimental group. The pre-test data were obtained asking the teacher of this class to fill in the social skills evaluation scale. The social skills teaching program was developed with the sub-categories of the social skills evaluation scale for 69 social skills. The instruction program was implemented in 30-35 minutes sessions every week day and 69 sessions in total. The post-test data were obtained asking the teacher of this class to fill in the social skills evaluation scale for each student after the implementation of the program. As a result, the social skills teaching program, prepared through drama technique, was effective on teaching social skills to children with intellectual disabilities.
Is Distance Education the Answer to the Nursing Shortage?  [PDF]
Susan Mee
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.43020

This study examined the effectiveness of distance education compared with campus based learning among nursing students. Distance education in nursing curricula is increasing. Academic nurse leaders must demonstrate the effectiveness of distance learning. This study is unique in that two cohorts, distance learners and campus learners, were taught synchronously by the same faculty member. Quantitative measures of student learning outcomes were compared using SPSS. There were no significant differences in learning outcomes between distance learners and campus learners. This study provides empiric support for distance education as a means to address the nursing shortage.

Fostering Competencies in Future Teachers: A Competency-Based Approach to Teacher Education  [PDF]
Susan Cydis
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.513130

The study investigated the characteristics of instruction and assessment used by instructors in teacher education courses that foster student competencies as perceived by students. The sampling method used to collect the sample of instructors and their courses was purposive, non-probability sampling. Student participants included those that were currently registered in classes of the respective instructors. A qualitative analysis of the data collected revealed that instructors used a variety of competency-based educational practices in their instructional and assessment tasks and that students perceived themselves as competent in the areas identified by the Teacher Education Accreditation Council (2009) as standards for student competencies in teacher education courses.

Plagiarism: Whose Responsibility Is It Anyway? An Administrator’s Choice to Teach Not Punish  [PDF]
Susan Polirstok
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.58066

This paper examines how plagiarism is viewed on college campuses and the resultant punitive consequences that follow. In this case, a college administrator must determine whether two graduate education students should be expelled as a consequence of having certain passages appearing from websites and journal articles without attribution in first two theses drafts. In assessing what contributed to this infraction, the college administrator determined that the students had never received direct instruction in plagiarism and how to avoid it. Working collaboratively with the referring faculty member, a 3-session instructional program was designed to teach how to paraphrase and use citations in tandem with an overcorrection procedure of positive practice coupled with restitution. The culminating session required each student to design a 5-lesson module on plagiarism and how to avoid it for their program peers. They also met with their faculty instructor to review the changes they had made in their drafts resulting in reinstatement in their research course. The entire process helped the academic program faculty recognize that the topic of plagiarism and skills necessary to avoid plagiarism required direct instruction at various points throughout the overall program to prevent students from encountering severe penalties.

Suggested Strategies in Water Treatment by Using Situ Pressure in Reverse Osmosis  [PDF]
Susan Norouzi
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2015.55033
Abstract: Nowadays desalination is one of the main resources to obtain water in many areas. The most advanced method for water filtration is reverse osmosis. In this system, water is injected into semi-membranes by using power pumping, and its salt water is taken away from the solution. This paper has tried to offer guidelines to use the pressure createdin situof harvesting water, instead of utilizing power pump, which produces the necessary pressure for the reverse osmosis. These guidelines have been divided into 2 main groups: Using the created natural pressure, and the other way is using the pressures that are caused by the constructions built for harvesting water.
Classroom Management Strategies for Inclusive Classrooms  [PDF]
Susan Polirstok
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.610094
Abstract: Classrooms in the 21st century have by law become inclusive, typically comprised of general education and special needs students. Included students are those who present with mild to moderate learning and behavioral challenges. They add another layer of complexity to classroom management, requiring teachers to be highly structured, consistent and reinforcing. Teacher fidelity to behavioral expectations that have been established for the classroom is essential. Classroom management strategies discussed include changing the teacher approval to disapproval ratio, using selective ignoring, focusing on structure and routine, increasing student locus of control, de-escalating student aggression and hostility, and limiting the use of punishment. Hands-on strategies are highlighted.
Aircraft Clean Air Requirements Using Bleed Air Systems  [PDF]
Susan Michaelis
Engineering (ENG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2018.104011
Abstract: There are certification and airworthiness requirements relevant to the provision of clean breathing air in the crew and passenger compartments. There have been continuing reports and studies over the years regarding oil fumes in aircraft, including impaired crew performance. Oil fumes are viewed in varying ways ranging from rare seal bearing failures, to low level leakage in normal flight. A Masters of Science (MSc) research degree was undertaken to assess whether there is any gap between the certification requirements for the provision of clean air in crew and passenger compartments, and the theoretical and practical implementation of the requirements using the bleed air system. A comprehensive literature search reviewed applicable certification standards, documented and theoretical understanding of oil leakage. Two types of interviews were conducted to address the research questions. Key aviation regulators were questioned about the process by which they certify and ensure compliance with the clean air requirements. Aerospace engineers and sealing professionals were interviewed about their understanding of how oil may leak past compressor oil bearing seals, and into the air supply under various flight conditions. The outcome of the research showed that there is a gap between the clean air certification requirements, and the theoretical and practical implementation of the requirements using the bleed air system. Low level oil leakage into the aircraft cabin in normal flight operations is a function of the design of the engine lubricating system and bleed air systems, both utilising pressurised air. The use of the bleed air system to supply the regulatory required air quality standards is not being met or being enforced as required.
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