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The Community Participatory in Solid Waste Management in Khongchai Pattana Municipality Khongchai District Kalasin Province, Thailand
Surasak Hunchaisri,Ponlakit Jitto,Choopug Suttisa,Adisak Singseewo
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2012.303.307
Abstract: This study was a research and development study, aimed to develop the learning process and improve the participation in community waste management in Khongchai Pattana municipality, Kalasin province. The samples comprised 92 households selected through a simple random-sampling method. This study trailed participatory action research as a method for community participation in waste management, conducted under four participatory frameworks including decision making, practice, benefit gaining and evaluation. The research instruments included questionnaires, group discussions organization and community meetings and observation. The data was analyzed by mean , Standard Deviation (SD) and t-test. The results showed that the learning process and the participation in community waste management of the participants before and after training, each was different after training the participation significantly increased (p<0.05) and the learning process in terms of knowledge, attitude and practice in solid waste management also showed a significant increase (p<0.05). After the training program, the quantity of solid waste which significantly less than before training (p<0.05). Factors that contributed to the improvement of participatory action and the learning process were having a strong community leading team, access to information, social interaction morale of a group as well as social networking. Other factors that interfered with the development of the participation and the learning process were such as personnel limits and budget.
Predicament of Community Solid Waste Management in Khong Chai Pattana Municipality Khong Chai District Kalasin Province
Surasak Hunchaisri,Ponlakit Jitto,Choopug Suttisa,Adisak Singseewo
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2011.20.23
Abstract: This research was having a purpose to predicament of community solid waste management in Khong Chai Pattana Municipality Khong Chai District Kalasin Province. The sample composed of 310 household agents in Khong Chai Pattana Municipality Khong Chai District Kalasin Province which have been selected by a multi-stage sampling technique. Constructed questionnaire was used to collect data and also was assessed for its reliability. The data was analyzed by mean and Standard Deviation (SD). The results of this study showed that type of community solid waste as organic waste was at maximum (74.84%), the average quantity of community solid waste as 5.03 kg/household/day or 1.18 kg/person/day, three community solid waste many topmost average quantities first are Loa Dang community (8.19 kg/person/day), Kut Khong Chai community (6.08 kg/person/day) and Don Kean community (6.07 kg/person/day) and showed that knowledge was at the high level, attitude practice and participation on solid waste management was at the medium level.
Wave Iterative Method for Patch Antenna Analysis  [PDF]
Pinit Nuangpirom, Surasak Inchan, Somsak Akatimagool
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/am.2015.62037
Abstract: Wave Iterative Method (WIM) is a numerical modeling for electromagnetic field analysis of microwave circuits. Theories of transmission line, four terminal network and boundary condition are applied to developing WIM simulation that the physical electromagnetic wave is described to a mathematical model using GUI function of MATLAB. In applying, the microstrip patch antenna was analyzed and implemented. The research result shows that the WIM simulation can be used correctly to analyze the electric field, magnetic field theory and return lose of sample patch antenna. The comparison of the WIM calculation agrees well with the measurement and the classical simulation.
Eleven fetal echocardiographic planes using 4-dimensional ultrasound with spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC): a logical approach to fetal heart volume analysis
Surasak Jantarasaengaram, Kittipong Vairojanavong
Cardiovascular Ultrasound , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1476-7120-8-41
Abstract: Fetal heart volume datasets were acquired by transverse acquisition from 200 normal fetuses at 15 to 40 weeks of gestation. Analysis of the volume datasets using the described technique to display 11 echocardiographic planes in the multiplanar display mode were performed offline.Volume datasets from 18 fetuses were excluded due to poor image resolution. The mean visualization rates for all echocardiographic planes at 15-17, 18-22, 23-27, 28-32 and 33-40 weeks of gestation fetuses were 85.6% (range 45.2-96.8%, N = 31), 92.9% (range 64.0-100%, N = 64), 93.4% (range 51.4-100%, N = 37), 88.7%(range 54.5-100%, N = 33) and 81.8% (range 23.5-100%, N = 17) respectively.Overall, the applied technique can favorably display the pertinent echocardiographic planes. Description of the presented method provides a logical approach to explore the fetal heart volumes.Fetal heart examination is based upon visualization of certain cross-sectional planes or views on conventional two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound scanning. The abdominal view, the four-chamber view, and both cardiac outflow tracts should be obtained at screening level[1]. Additional fetal cardiac views are crucial for the sequential segmental analysis to assess the connections and anatomical detail[2-6]. Unfortunately, the fetal heart is not only small but also beating at high rates. Fetal heart geometry is quite complex, so it needs the three-dimensional (3D) mental reconstructions to understand chambers-vessel spatial connections and relationships. Furthermore, directing the ultrasound beam in the correct plane is complicated by different fetal positions. Therefore, a specific training and a considerable scanning experience are required for an examiner to be able to display the pertinent fetal cardiac planes.Progress in diagnostic ultrasound using the volume ultrasound and spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC) technique enables examiners to generate a volume dataset of the fetal heart with cardiac motion. Along with th
Alcohol Vapor Detection By Using Nanoporous Silicon as Based Sensor
Narin Atiwongsangthong,Surasak Niemcharoen
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science , 2013,
A Comparative Efficacy of Low-Dose Combined Oral Contraceptives Containing Desogestrel and Drospirenone in Premenstrual Symptoms
Jirath Wichianpitaya,Surasak Taneepanichskul
Obstetrics and Gynecology International , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/487143
A Comparative Efficacy of Low-Dose Combined Oral Contraceptives Containing Desogestrel and Drospirenone in Premenstrual Symptoms
Jirath Wichianpitaya,Surasak Taneepanichskul
Obstetrics and Gynecology International , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/487143
Abstract: Objective. To compare the efficacy of low-dose COC containing desogestrel (DSG) with drospirenone (DRSP) in the changes of premenstrual symptoms. Methods. In an open-label randomized controlled trial, 90 women with premenstrual syndrome who required COC were randomly recruited and allocated equally to receive either 6 cycles of 20 micrograms ethinyl estradiol (EE)/150 micrograms DSG (DSG group) or 20 micrograms EE/3?mg DRSP (DRSP group) in 24/4 extended regimen. Analysis of covariance and repeated analysis of variance were used to determine the difference of mean Women's Health Assessment Questionnaire (WHAQ) scores changes between groups, within group, and in premenstrual, menstrual, and postmenstrual phases. Results. Baseline characteristics and WHAQ scores were comparable. At the ends of the 3rd and the 6th cycles, mean WHAQ scores of all the 3 phases in DRSP group showed significant reduction and were significantly lower than those in DSG group. DSG group showed significant reduction in both premenstrual and menstrual phases after the 6th cycle. Adverse effects were comparable in both groups. In conclusion, low-dose COC containing either DSG or DRSP reduced premenstrual symptoms, but the latter showed greater efficacy and earlier reduction. 1. Introduction About 20%–90% of women experience premenstrual syn-drome (PMS), and 2%–15% of them have severe symptoms [1]. Among Thai females at Family Planning Unit, KingChulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, 56% of them have PMS [2]. PMS is a common problem with different levels of severity (Table 1). Possible mechanisms include hormonal influences on the central nervous system; mood symptoms may reflect hormonal changes. A randomized crossover trial reported that women with PMS had an abnormal response to normal concentrations of gonadal steroids. The current research areas include neurotransmitters, especially serotonin and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), which can affect mood and behavior [3–5]. Table 1: Group of symptoms according to ACOG diagnostic criteria. Criteria for PMS were developed in the 1980s [6]. According to O’Brien [7], Women’s Health Assessment Questionnaire (WHAQ), which was a subset of items selected from the Menstrual Distress Questionnaire (MDQ), can be used in assessment PMS. Modifying the 7-day hormone-free interval (HFI) has also been investigated and is currently beginning to appear in COCs. A 24/4 day regimen of low-dose COC containing drospirenone (DRSP) regimen which reduces HFI has been investigated and approved by U.S. Food and Drug Administration [8, 9]. This regimen was more
Molecular network using molecular circuit for drug delivery use  [PDF]
Narongchai Moongfangklang, Somsak Mitatha, Surasak Pipatsart, Preecha P. Yupapin
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2012.57046
Abstract: A novel design of molecular networks for drug delivery application using a PANDA ring resonator is proposed. By using the intense optical vortices generated within the PANDA ring resonator, the required molecules can be trapped and moved (transported) dynamically within the wavelength router and bus networks, in which the required drug delivery can perform within the wavelength router before reaching the required destination. PANDA ring is a modified optical add/drop filter. It is a name of Chinese bear, which is used to name the device by the authors. The advantage of the proposed system is that the drug delivery networks can perform within the tiny system (thin film device), where the large molecular drug networks such as ring, star and bus networks are also proposed, in which the applications such as Alzheimers’ and Parkinson diagnosis, blood circulation networks and in situ surgery operation are discussed.
Antibacterial Activity of Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Aiton) Hassk. Leaf Extract against Clinical Isolates of Streptococcus pyogenes
Surasak Limsuwan,Oliver Kayser,Supayang Piyawan Voravuthikunchai
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/697183
Abstract: Ethanol extract of Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Aiton) Hassk. leaf was evaluated for antibacterial activity against 47 clinical isolates of Streptococcus pyogenes. The extract exhibited good anti-S. pyogenes activity against all the tested isolates with similar minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC, 3.91–62.5 μg mL−1) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC, 3.91–62.5 μg mL−1) ranges. No surviving cells were detected at 16 h after treatment with 8 × MIC of the extract. The extract-treated cells demonstrated no lysis and cytoplasmic leakage through the bacterial membrane. Electron micrographs further revealed that the extract did not cause any dramatic changes on the treated cells. Rhodomyrtone, an isolated compound, exhibited good anti-S. pyogenes activity (14 isolates), expressed very low MIC (0.39–1.56 μg mL−1) and MBC (0.39-1.56 μg mL−1) values. Rhodomyrtus tomentosa leaf extract and rhodomyrtone displayed promising antibacterial activity against clinical isolates of S. pyogenes.
Impact of pharmacist's interventions on cost of drug therapy in intensive care unit
Saokaew,Surasak; Maphanta,Sirada; Thangsomboon,Pornchanok;
Pharmacy Practice (Internet) , 2009, DOI: 10.4321/S1886-36552009000200003
Abstract: pharmacist participation in patient care team has been shown to reduce incidence of adverse drug events, and overall drug costs. however, impact of pharmacist participation in the multidisciplinary intensive care team on cost saving and cost avoidance has little been studied in thailand. objective: to describe the characteristics of the interventions and to determine pharmacist's interventions led to change in cost saving and cost avoidance in intensive care unit (icu). methods: a prospective, standard care-controlled study design was used to compare cost saving and cost avoidance of patients receiving care from patient care team (including a clinical pharmacist) versus standard care (no pharmacist on team). all patients admitted to the medical intensive care unit 1 and 2 during the same period were included in the study. the outcome measures were overall drug cost and length of icu stay. interventions made by the pharmacist in the study group were documented. the analyses of acceptance and cost saving and/or cost avoidance were also performed. results: a total of 65 patients were admitted to either icu 1 or 2 during the 5 week- study period. the pharmacist participated in patient care and made total of 127 interventions for the icu-1 team. ninety-eight percent of the interventions were accepted and implemented by physicians. the difference of overall drug cost per patient between two groups was 182.01 usd (1,076.37 usd in study group and 1,258.38 usd in control group, p=0.138). the average length of icu stay for the intervention group and the control group was not significantly different (7.16 days vs. 6.18 days, p=0.995). the 125 accepted interventions were evaluated for cost saving and cost avoidance. pharmacist's interventions yielded a total of 1,971.43 usd from drug cost saving and 294.62 usd from adverse drug event cost avoidance. the net cost saved and avoided from pharmacist interventions was 2,266.05 usd. interventions involving antibiotic use accounted fo
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