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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5454 matches for " Support "
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A Survey of Non-Monetary Institutional Infrastructural Support of Academic Anesthesia Departments in the United States  [PDF]
Steven H. Ginsberg,Jonathan Kraidin,Christopher Gallagher,Donald Hoover
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2013.35062
Abstract: Financial pressure of multifactorial etiology promises to create new obstacles for academic anesthesia departments. Integrating the priorities of the academic and clinical mission of the anesthesia department, the medical school, and the university hospital will require that anesthesia departments operate with maximal operational efficiency. Maintenance or expansion of institutional infrastructural support of the university anesthesia department will be necessary to achieve operational efficiencies, and to ensure that the safety of our patients is in no way compromised by financial concerns. Previous studies have documented increasing need for monetary institutional supports of academic anesthesia departments [1]. The purpose of this study is to delineate non-monetary institutional support afforded to academic anesthesia departments by their University Hospitals. After IRB approval, we electronically solicited the response to a 63 question survey (43 of which were used for the present study) from all 133 chairpersons of academic anesthesia departments in the United States. The remaining 20 questions were unrelated to the topics presented in this manuscript. 62 responded electronically, for an overall response rate of 46.6%. This study establishes the current state of infrastructural support afforded to academic anesthesia departments in the United States.
A Survey of Non-Monetary Institutional Infrastructural Support of Academic Anesthesia Departments in the United States  [PDF]
Steven H. Ginsberg, Jonathan Kraidin, Christopher Gallagher, Donald Hoover, Al Solina
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2013.35062
Abstract:

Financial pressure of multifactorial etiology promises to create new obstacles for academic anesthesia departments. Integrating the priorities of the academic and clinical mission of the anesthesia department, the medical school, and the university hospital will require that anesthesia departments operate with maximal operational efficiency. Maintenance or expansion of institutional infrastructural support of the university anesthesia department will be necessary to achieve operational efficiencies, and to ensure that the safety of our patients is in no way compromised by financial concerns. Previous studies have documented increasing need for monetary institutional supports of academic anesthesia departments [1]. The purpose of this study is to delineate non-monetary institutional support afforded to academic anesthesia departments by their University Hospitals. After IRB approval, we electronically solicited the response to a 63 question survey (43 of which were used for the present study) from all 133 chairpersons of academic anesthesia departments in the United States. The remaining 20 questions were unrelated to the topics presented in this manuscript. 62

Why obese women feel better about their “big” condition when they are pregnant: A qualitative study performed in Sweden  [PDF]
Annsofie Adolfsson, Janne Finnerup Andresen, Kristin Brattstrom Edgren
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2013.37098
Abstract:

Overweight and obesity as measured by the body mass index (BMI) is an increasing problem worldwide according to the World Health Organization (WHO) [1]. Women having a body mass index greater than or equal to30 kg/m2 are considered to be obese and they run a greater risk of complications when they are pregnant. Complications such as high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, risk of intrauterine fetal death and slower delivery when giving birth to the baby are risks that can affect the well being of the woman and the child. According to the study on the women, the midwife’s most important role when meeting with the pregnant obese woman is to inform them about potential risks during pregnancy. The midwife must withhold judgment. For many women living with obesity means that they are not seen as the person they actually are. Obese women feel that they do not conform to the societal ideal of an attractive woman because of their size and because of other people’s prejudices regarding their obesity. When an obese woman becomes pregnant they may feel more comfortable with their standing in society because there is a happy explanation for the size of their abdomen. They experience that they are happy and proud about their stomach and this gives them a sense of relief and belonging.

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation as a Bridge through Chemotherapy in B-Cell Lymphoma  [PDF]
Berhane Worku, Irina Sobol, Iosif Gulkarov, Evelyn M Horn, Arash Salemi
World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery (WJCS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wjcs.2013.34024
Abstract: A 41-year-old female presented with a large anterior mediastinal mass adjacent to the heart. Biopsy demonstrated lymphoma. Upon administration of chemotherapy, she developed cardiogenic shock requiring institution of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as a bridge through her treatment. After one cycle of chemotherapy, ECMO was discontinued and the patient completed her course of chemotherapy and recovered to hospital discharge.
Knowledge of Fathers’ Support during Labor: From Arabic Fathers’ Perspective  [PDF]
Hala A. Bawadi
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.711168
Abstract: Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the kind of labor support Arab fathers could offer their wives. Design and Method: An interpretative phenomenological approach was used to reveal the meaning attributed by Arabic fathers regarding their support during labor. Individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 Arabic fathers. The analysis was done by using Smith’s model of interpretive phenomenological analysis (IPA) together with software package NVivo7. Findings: The analysis of the interviews illustrated the types of labor support offered by Arabic fathers to their wives. Three main themes emerged from the data: physical support, emotional support, and spiritual support. Conclusion: The support offered by Arabic fathers was in the minimal degree and missing practical support. Socio cultural issues and health policies prevented fathers from playing an active role during labor. There is a need to develop policies and regulations that enhance more inclusion of fathers in maternity services including the labor room.
Teacher as Unit Leader: Defining and Examining the Effects of Care and Support on Children: A Review of the Research  [PDF]
Joseph Murphy
Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies (JHRSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jhrss.2016.43027
Abstract: In this article, we integrate two distinct bodies of research to explore how teacher care and support impact student outcomes: research on relational culture in classrooms from educational scholars and, for the first time, research on positive organizational scholarship. We begin by delineating the essential elements of care and support. We then examine findings on the impact of care and support on initial (e.g., affiliation) and intermediate (e.g., engagement) mediating variables on the pathway to achievement. Since our linkage of POS to teachers and classrooms is new, we also develop a series of cautions that require attention moving forward.
Spousal Social Emotional Support for Businessman Based on Demographic Factors  [PDF]
Jimmy Ellya Kurniawan, Ersa Lanang Sanjaya
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.57017
Abstract: Previous studies show that spousal social emotional support has a strong impact on businessman’s efficacy. Spousal social emotional support is not solely influenced by the businessman’s strategies of marital relationship, but also associated with demographic factors, such as working period, marital duration, and number of children. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between demographic factors with spousal social emotional support. Research conducted at 61 married businessmen in Surabaya, Indonesia. Hypotheses in this study were tested with Spearman’s rho. The results of this study indicate that both the marital duration and the number of children have no association with spousal social emotional support. While the working period has negative association with spousal social emotional support. Some argumentations are discussed further in this study.
Family-Based Tuberculosis Counseling Supports Directly Observed Therapy in Armenia: A Pilot Project  [PDF]
Nune Truzyan, Byron Crape, Tsovinar Harutyunyan, Varduhi Petrosyan
Journal of Tuberculosis Research (JTR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2018.62011
Abstract: Objectives: Non-adherence to tuberculosis (TB) treatment causes development of multi-drug resistance (MDR). In Armenia, about 47% of previously-treated TB patients develop MDR-TB. This pilot intervention intended to explore the feasibility and effectiveness of a family-based-counseling (FBC) that included a psychological component in terms of improved adherence of TB patients to treatment and reduced stigma of TB. Methods: Overall, 136 regular TB patients (55) and their family members (81) participated in a single 90-minute interactive counseling session conducted in each household by the team of professional psychologist and TB nurse. To evaluate FBC effectiveness, we administered baseline and follow-up surveys to 52 TB patients and their 57 family members in 2012 and compared treatment outcomes of the study participants with the national data for 2011 and 2013. Results: We found that the intervention substantially improved the mean knowledge score of TB patients (from 19.2 to 21.6, p < 0.001) and family members (from 18.0 to 21.7, p < 0.001). Percent of study participants thinking that TB was not negatively impacting their family relationships increased from 60% at baseline to 71% at follow-up. Following family-based counseling, there were notable improvements in interpersonal relationships within families, increased family support for TB patients and improved adherence to treatment which resulted in zero “default” rate for treatment outcomes among the family-based counseling participants compared to 5% “default” in the comparison group (p = 0.07). Conclusion: The evaluation showed that a low-cost one-time family–based educational intervention with a psychological component can be effective in improving treatment outcomes of TB patients.
Effect of Difference in Form of Driving Support Agent to Driver’s Acceptability
—Driver Agent for Encouraging Safe Driving Behavior (2)
 [PDF]

Takahiro Tanaka, Kazuhiro Fujikake, Takashi Yonekawa, Makoto Inagami, Fumiya Kinoshita, Hirofumi Aoki, Hitoshi Kanamori
Journal of Transportation Technologies (JTTs) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2018.83011
Abstract: In recent years, the number of traffic accidents caused by elderly drivers has increased in Japan. However, a car is an important mode of transportation for the elderly. Therefore, to ensure safe driving, a system that can assist elderly drivers is required. In this study, we propose a driver-agent system that provides support to elderly drivers during and after driving and encourages them to improve their driving. This paper describes the prototype system based on the analysis of the teaching records of a human instructor, and the subjective evaluation of driving support to elderly and non-elderly driver from three different agent forms, a voice, visual, and robot. The result revealed that the robot form is more noticeable, familiar, and acceptable to the elderly and non-elderly than other forms.
The Learner Support System for Distance Education  [PDF]
Thanathnuth Chatpakkarattana, Jintawee Khlaisang
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.38B011
Abstract: This study on ‘The Development of the Interactive E-Tutorial System to Develop Problem-Solving Ability and Self-Regulation for Undergraduate Students in Open University’ has the major purpose to learn about the ‘Learner Support System’. In this study, the author examines and identifies the definitions of the terms ‘Learner Support System’ and ‘Tools and Implementation to the Learner Support System for Distance Education’ in order to find out what they are. The results from the study reveal that the Learner Support System for Distance Education should cover all the steps and procedures, before, during and after the learning. This enables learners or students to succeed in their learning. In addition, it is also discovered that the Learner Support System in Distance Education must be integrated. This integration means the utilization of a variety of communication tools, both online and offline, with the main aim to provide to learners the chances to learn by themselves and to enable them to succeed in their learning and to apply the knowledge they learn to their real lives in the continuous manner throughout their lives.
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