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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 12268 matches for " Super-Kamiokande Collaboration "
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Calibration of Super-Kamiokande Using an Electron Linac
The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(98)01200-5
Abstract: In order to calibrate the Super-Kamiokande experiment for solar neutrino measurements, a linear accelerator (LINAC) for electrons was installed at the detector. LINAC data were taken at various positions in the detector volume, tracking the detector response in the variables relevant to solar neutrino analysis. In particular, the absolute energy scale is now known with less than 1 percent uncertainty.
Study of TeV Neutrinos with Upward Showering Muons in Super-Kamiokande
Super-Kamiokande Collaboration
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2007.11.005
Abstract: A subset of neutrino-induced upward through-going muons in the Super-Kamiokande detector consists of high energy muons which lose energy through radiative processes such as bremsstrahlung, e^{+} e^{-} pair production and photonuclear interactions. These ``upward showering muons'' comprise an event sample whose mean parent neutrino energy is approximately 1 TeV. We show that the zenith angle distribution of upward showering muons is consistent with negligible distortion due to neutrino oscillations, as expected of such a high-energy neutrino sample. We present astronomical searches using these high energy events, such as those from WIMP annihilations in the Sun, Earth and Galactic Center, some suspected point sources, as well as searches for diffuse flux from the interstellar medium.
Kinematic reconstruction of atmospheric neutrino events in a large water Cherenkov detector with proton identification
Super-Kamiokande Collaboration
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.79.112010
Abstract: We report the development of a proton identification method for the Super-Kamiokande detector. This new tool is applied to the search for events with a single proton track, a high purity neutral current sample of interest for sterile neutrino searches. After selection using a neural network, we observe 38 events in the combined SK-I and SK-II data corresponding to 2285.1 days of exposure, with an estimated signal to background ratio of 1.6 to 1. Proton identification was also applied to a direct search for charged-current quasi-elastic (CCQE) events, obtaining a high precision sample of fully kinematically reconstructed atmospheric neutrinos, which has not been previously reported in water Cherenkov detectors. The CCQE fraction of this sample is 55%, and its neutrino (as opposed to anti-neutrino) fraction is 91.7+/-3%. We selected 78 mu-like and 47 e-like events in the SK-I and SK-II data set. With this data, a clear zenith angle distortion of the neutrino direction itself is reported in a sub-GeV sample of muon neutrinos where the lepton angular correlation to the incoming neutrino is weak. Our fit to nu_mu->nu_tau oscillations using the neutrino L/E distribution of the CCQE sample alone yields a wide acceptance region compatible with our previous results and excludes the no-oscillation hypothesis at 3 sigma.
Solar neutrino measurements in Super-Kamiokande-I
Super-Kamiokande Collaboration
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.73.112001
Abstract: The details of Super--Kamiokande--I's solar neutrino analysis are given. Solar neutrino measurement in Super--Kamiokande is a high statistics collection of $^8$B solar neutrinos via neutrino-electron scattering. The analysis method and results of the 1496 day data sample are presented. The final oscillation results for the data are also presented.
Constraints on Neutrino Oscillations Using 1258 Days of Super-Kamiokande Solar Neutrino Data
The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.5656
Abstract: We report the result of a search for neutrino oscillations using precise measurements of the recoil electron energy spectrum and zenith angle variations of the solar neutrino flux from 1258 days of neutrino-electron scattering data in Super-Kamiokande. The absence of significant zenith angle variation and spectrum distortion places strong constraints on neutrino mixing and mass difference in a flux-independent way. Using the Super-Kamiokande flux measurement in addition, two allowed regions at large mixing are found.
Search for Supernova Relic Neutrinos at Super-Kamiokande
The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.90.061101
Abstract: A search for the relic neutrinos from all past core-collapse supernovae was conducted using 1496 days of data from the Super-Kamiokande detector. This analysis looked for electron-type anti-neutrinos that had produced a positron with an energy greater than 18 MeV. In the absence of a signal, 90% C.L. upper limits on the total flux were set for several theoretical models; these limits ranged from 20 to 130 nu_e bar cm^-2 s^-1. Additionally, an upper bound of 1.2 nu_e bar cm^-2 s^-1 was set for the supernova relic neutrino flux in the energy region E_nu > 19.3 MeV.
Measurement of the flux and zenith-angle distribution of upward through-going muons by Super-Kamiokande
The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.82.2644
Abstract: A total of 614 upward through-going muons of minimum energy 1.6 GeV are observed by Super-Kamiokande during 537 detector live days. The measured muon flux is 1.74+/-0.07(stat.)+/-0.02(sys.)x10^{-13}cm^{-2}s^{-1}sr^{-1} compared to an expected flux of 1.97+/-0.44(theo.)x10^{-13}cm^{-2}s^{-1}sr^{-1}. The absolute measured flux is in agreement with the prediction within the errors. However, the zenith angle dependence of the observed upward through-going muon flux does not agree with no-oscillation predictions. The observed distortion in shape is consistent with the \nu_\mu <-> \nu_\tau oscillation hypothesis with \sin^22\theta > 0.4 and 1x10^{-3} < \Delta m^2 < 1x10^{-1} eV^{2} at 90% confidence level.
Measurement of the solar neutrino energy spectrum using neutrino-electron scattering
The Super-Kamiokande collaboration
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.82.2430
Abstract: A measurement of the energy spectrum of recoil electrons from solar neutrino scattering in the Super--Kamiokande detector is presented. The results shown here are obtained from 504 days of data taken between the 31st of May, 1996 and the 25th of March, 1998. The shape of the measured spectrum is compared with the expectation for solar B8 neutrinos. The comparison takes into account both kinematic and detector related effects in the measurement process. The spectral shape comparison between the observation and the expectation gives a chi-square of 25.3 with 15 degrees of freedom, corresponding to a 4.6% confidence level.
Three flavor neutrino oscillation analysis of atmospheric neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande
Super-Kamiokande collaboration
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.74.032002
Abstract: We report on the results of a three-flavor oscillation analysis using Super-Kamiokande~I atmospheric neutrino data, with the assumption of one mass scale dominance ($\Delta m_{12}^2$$=$0). No significant flux change due to matter effect, which occurs when neutrinos propagate inside the Earth for $\theta_{13}$$\neq$0, has been seen either in a multi-GeV $\nu_e$-rich sample or in a $\nu_\mu$-rich sample. Both normal and inverted mass hierarchy hypotheses are tested and both are consistent with observation. Using Super-Kamiokande data only, 2-dimensional 90 % confidence allowed regions are obtained: mixing angles are constrained to $\sin^2\theta_{13} < 0.14$ and $0.37 < \sin^2\theta_{23} < 0.65$ for the normal mass hierarchy. Weaker constraints, $\sin^2\theta_{13} < 0.27$ and $0.37 < \sin^2\theta_{23} < 0.69$, are obtained for the inverted mass hierarchy case.
Searches for astronomical neutrino sources and WIMPs with Super-Kamiokande
Super-Kamiokande Collaboration
Physics , 2000,
Abstract: Searches for astronomical neutrino sources and weakly interactive massive particles (WIMPs) using the Super-Kamiokande detector have been performed. We select the neutrino-induced upward muon events for the first 4 years, which is already the world largest data sample, and look for statistically significant excesses compared to the atmospheric neutrino background. No excess has been found so far. Limits of upward muon flux from various potential sources are obtained. Also limits of upward muon flux due to annihilations of WIMPs in the Earth core, the Sun and the Galactic center are obtained as a function of WIMP masses.
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