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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 14368 matches for " Sunita Singh "
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Impact of Pranayama on Fine Moter Coordination Ability of Children with Intellectual Impairment  [PDF]
Sunita Singh, Jay Prakash Singh
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.54036

Approximately 2.5% to 3% of the children are intellectually impaired who lack fine motor coordination abilities like eye-hand coordination, grip strength in fingers, etc. There is a need to improve their condition for better survival. Pranayama has been found to be very effective in the case of general children in the development of these abilities. But there is very little study on the application of pranayama practice for children with intellectual impairment. In the present five mild intellectually impaired children of age ranges 7 - 10 years practiced the pranayama for 60 days. The performance of all children shows significant difference at 0.01 levels at 20 degree of freedom for the “inserting pegs task” developed by Indian Medico Instruments. It indicates the pranayama in an effective way to improve the fine motor coordination ability among children with intellectual impairment.

Modifications in the Stress Field of a Long Inclined Fault Caused by the Welded-Contact Boundary Conditions across the Interface between Two Elastic Half-Spaces  [PDF]
Sunita Rani, Sarva Jit Singh
Engineering (ENG) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2010.23023
Abstract: In welded-contact boundary conditions, some stress components are not required to be continuous across the boundary between two elastic half-spaces. The purpose of this note is to study the modifications in the stress field of a long inclined strike-slip, dip-slip or tensile fault caused by the welded-contact boundary conditions across the interface between two elastic half-spaces. The Poisson’s ratios of the two half-spaces do not appear in the stress field of a strike-slip fault. In the case of a dip-slip fault, the Poisson’s ratio of the half-space in which the fault lies, has a significant influence on the stress field across the interface. However, for a tensile fault, the modification in the stress field is significantly affected by the Poisson’s ratios of both the half-spaces.
A Note on the Effect of Negative Poisson’s Ratio on the Deformation of a Poroelastic Half-Space by Surface Loads  [PDF]
Sunita Rani, Raman Kumar, Sarva Jit Singh
Engineering (ENG) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2010.26056
Abstract: The aim of this note is to study the effect of negative Poisson’s ratio on the quasi-static deformation of a poroelastic half-space with anisotropic permeability and compressible fluid and solid constituents by surface loads. Two particular cases considered are: two-dimensional normal strip loading and axisymmetric normal disc loading. It is found that a negative Poisson’s ratio makes the Mandel-Cryer effect more prominent. It also results in an increase in the magnitude of the surface settlement.
Groundwater Quality Analysis of Safidon and Julana Blocks of District Jind, Haryana, India  [PDF]
Sultan Singh, Prem Singh, Rajesh Kumar, Sunita Saharan
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.41006
Abstract: We present an extensive investigation of physico-chemical parameters of water samples of Julana and Safidon blocks of District Jind, Haryana, India. Water samples were collected from different localities in cleaned polythene bottles and were analyzed for the different physico-chemical parameters like pH, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids (TDS), total hardness (TH), calcium, magnesium, total alkalinity (TA), carbonate, bicarbonate, sodium, potassium, chloride, sulphate and fluoride. The analyzed parameters were compared with the standard desirable limits prescribed by World Health Organization (WHO), Bureau of Indian Standard (BIS) and Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) standards of drinking water quality parameters. For the identification of the highly correlated and interrelated water quality parameters, the correlation coefficients were calculated between different parameters and the t-test was applied for checking significance. The results showed significant variations in water quality parameters in the study areas.
Parapharygeal Space Tumours—Surgical Approach and Role of Tumour Markers  [PDF]
Pawan Singhal, Raghav Mehta, Sunita Agrawal, Digvijay Singh, Prakash Mishra
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2014.31009

Both benign and malignant tumors may arise from any of the structures contained within the parapharyngeal space. Parapharyngeal space is difficult to reach and formidable area to approach by any surgeon. Due to its deep placement and approximation to vital structures, not only is tumour involving this space a difficult task to manage for the surgeon, but even its diagnosis may elude the doctor. Even the battery of clinical, biochemical or radiological tests diagnosis remains a difficult objective. We aim to provide an adjunct mode of aiding the diagnosis in the form of tumour markers. Though tumour markers alone are not sufficient, with the help of other tests, the diagnosis can be reached in a fairly accurate measure.

Challenges in Cancer Care of Elderly  [PDF]
Virender Suhag, B. S. Sunita, Arti Sarin, A. K. Singh
International Journal of Medical Physics,Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology (IJMPCERO) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijmpcero.2015.41004
As a result of vast global improvement of health care and living conditions, the world population is aging. In developed countries, more than half of the cancers occur in patients aged 70 and older. In booming Asian nations, such as India, the aging trend is particularly striking, and therefore geriatric oncology is rapidly coming at the foreground of oncology practice. As these patients have special needs and a different approach to treatment, there is a strong need for the emergence of geriatric oncology as a sub specialty in oncology. Scientific data show that a geriatric assessment identifies many problems in older people with cancer, adds prognostic information, and might improve the outcomes of these patients. There is a genuine unmet requirement to design and implement the following: development of individually tailored geriatric assessment tools for different oncology centers; cooperation of aging and cancer research in the understanding of cancer biology, aging and physiology; improved clinical study designs; development of geriatric oncology programs; and screening tools for geriatric patients made accessible to family physicians.
Effect of Homoeopathic Drugs to Control Growth and Production of A. flavus  [PDF]
H. N. P. Singh, Sunita Kumari, M. M. Prasad
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2015.61003
Abstract: Five common homoeopathic drugs viz., Belladonna, Bryonia, Colchicum, Colocynth and Lathyrus sat were selected and tested against growth and aflatoxin production of Aspergillus flavus. The result indicates that all five drugs suppressed the growth of A. flavus. The lower concentration of all the tested drugs induced maximum growth of fungi and maximum production of aflatoxin. However, the growth as well as aflatoxin production potentiality was considerably decreased when the concentration of the drug was increased. Out of all the five drugs, Bryonia was comparatively less effective with respect to inhibition in aflatoxin production. But Belladonna was found to be most effective drug on growth and aflatoxin production.
Cancer, Malnutrition and Cachexia: We Must Break the Triad  [PDF]
Virender Suhag, B. S. Sunita, Arti Sarin, A. K. Singh
International Journal of Medical Physics,Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology (IJMPCERO) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijmpcero.2015.41009
Many factors can modify nutritional status in cancer patients, including cachexia, nausea and vomiting, decreased caloric intake or oncologic treatments causing malabsorption. The cachexia-anorexia syndrome is a complex metabolic syndrome associated with cancer and some other palliative conditions characterized by involuntary weight loss involving fat and muscle, anorexia, early satiety, fatigue and weakness due to shifts in metabolism caused by tumour by-products and cytokines. Cachexia is a distressing and debilitating condition, affecting significant numbers of patients with advanced disease and is the primary cause of death in about 20% of all patients with cancer. Though cachexia is most commonly associated with particular tumours, such as head and neck, gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, central nervous system and lung, it may affect any patient with any tumour at any site; no patient and no tumour are excluded. Current treatment for principally depends on its prevention rather than reversing the present disease state, and the clinical results are far from being satisfactory. A careful decision based on good clinical judgement is necessary before deciding to start either enteral or parenteral nutrition, to avoid a useless, costly and difficult treatment. Treatment should be directed toward improvement in the quality of life of the patient and should often include nutritional counseling. It should take into consideration both disease and treatment related factors as well as the cachexia syndrome itself.
Fascioliasis Control: In Vivo and In Vitro Phytotherapy of Vector Snail to Kill Fasciola Larva
Kumari Sunita,D. K. Singh
Journal of Parasitology Research , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/240807
Abstract: Snail is one of the important components of an aquatic ecosystem, it acts as intermediate host of Fasciola species. Control of snail population below a certain threshold level is one of the important methods in the campaign to reduce the incidence of fascioliasis. Life cycle of the parasite can be interrupted by killing the snail or Fasciola larva redia and cercaria in the snail body. In vivo and in vitro toxicity of the plant products and their active component such as citral, ferulic acid, umbelliferone, azadirachtin, and allicin against larva of Fasciola in infected snail Lymnaea acuminata were tested. Mortality of larvae were observed at 2?h, 4?h, 6?h, and 8?h, of treatment. In in vivo treatment, azadirachtin caused highest mortality in redia and cercaria larva (8?h, LC50 0.11, and 0.05?mg/L) whereas in in vitro condition allicin was highly toxic against redia and cercaria (8?h, LC50 0.01, and 0.009?mg/L). Toxicity of citral was lowest against redia and cercaria larva. 1. Introduction Fascioliasis is a worldwide zoonotic disease caused by Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica (family fasciolidae) [1]. F. hepatica has worldwide distribution but predominates in temperate zones while F. gigantica is found primarily in tropical regions [2–4]. The definite host is very broad and includes many herbivorous mammals including humans. Human fascioliasis has been reported in 51 different countries from five continents [4]. Fascioliasis is now recognized as an emerging human disease. World health organization has estimated that 2.4 million people are infected with Fasciola and a further 180 million are at risk of infection [1]. Singh and Agarwal [5] reported that 94% of buffaloes slaughtered in local slaughtered house in Gorakhpur district are infected with F. gigantica. In northern India Lymnaea acuminata is the intermediate hosts of the Fasciola species [2]. Although control of snail population below a threshold level is one of the important methods for effective control of fascioliasis [6–9], yet snails are one of the important components in the aquatic ecosystem. Release of molluscicides in aquatic system for snail control also affects the other nontarget organism. The Fasciola larval stage sporocyst, redia, and cercaria in the snail body are in division phase of F. gigantica. If these larvae will be destroyed by plant molluscicides at sublethal concentration in the snail body, the rate of infection can be reduced without killing the snail. Different plants-derived molluscicides and their active component such as citral, ferulic acid, umbelliferone,
Maria Khatoon,Sunita Nighute,Sunita Nighute,Ramji Singh
International Journal of Biomedical Research , 2013, DOI: 10.7439/ijbr.v3i12.585
Abstract: Age is one of the important factors in the clinical interpretation of Brainstem auditory evoked potential waveform components and it can change the value of peak latencies and interpeak latencies among different age groups. Initial auditory responses in neonates appear in the 26th and 27th weeks of pregnancy. Progressively over time, these follow a a€ maturation patterna€ in which interwave intervals and latencies decrease and the amplitudes of the BAEPs increase. So the following study was performed to show the effect of maturation on BAEP wave latencies and amplitude from infants to children (1 month to 5 years) & adult (18- 25 years). We recorded BAEP from sixty subjects; from them 40 were infants & children and 20 were adults. The recording was done using RMS EMG EP MARK II machine manufactured by RMS recorders and medicare system, Chandigarh. The absolute latencies and interpeak latencies for most waves reached to adult equivalence between 9 months to 3 years. The amplitudes of all BAEP waves increased with age, the greatest changes occurring during early infancy. It is clear that there is a distinct maturation pattern for the Brainstem auditory evoked potential.
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