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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 381 matches for " Sundus Naveed "
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Muhammad Akram,Muhammad Ramzan,Sundus Naveed,Saira Hameed
Australian Journal of Business and Management Research , 2011,
Abstract: Exchange rate is an important element of the country’s economic health. It is one of the most scrutinized, anatomized and manipulated economic dimension. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of exchange rate of China on the US trade, employment and on its currency as well. The approach to this paper is to answer the questions such as the mechanism selected by China for its exchange rate determination? What are the interests of China in adopting the fixed exchange rate strategy? How this step of China is affecting the U.S.? What steps are taken by USto abandon China’ policy? This paper concludes that US economy is badly affected; China snatches the jobs of US, exports of China rushes towards US economy while imports from US towards China did not come with that pace. This happens because of exchange rate and trade mechanism adopted by China. Moreover this policy of China is beneficial for its economy but not for the well being of the Chinese people. This paper is beneficial for the researchers, students, policy makers, politicians and economists related to international finance area.
Muhammad Akram,Muhammad Ramzan,Saira Hameed,Sundus Naveed
Business and Management Review , 2011,
Abstract: Foreign exchange reserves help in maintaining the balance of payments, hence assured the financial stability ofa country. The intention of the study is to observe the reasons and impacts of freezing foreign currency accounts (FCAs) in Pakistan economy in May 1998 after nuclear explosions. The approach to this paper is to answer the questions such as’’ why was it essential for Pakistan to conduct nuclear explosion”? ‘’ Which countries had imposed sanctions against Pakistan and what was it impacts?’’. ‘’What are the reasons relatedfreezing the foreign currency accounts and the impacts of freezing the foreign currency accounts on Pakistan economy?’’. ‘’How did the Government handles the situation?” This paper concludes that Pakistani government could not handle the affair in an appropriate manner which leads to the brutal economic nuisanceboth internally and externally. The stock market was crashed because the investors lost their confidence. This study is beneficial to the academicians, depositors, bankers, politicians and policy makers for the development of the economy.
The Effects of a Health-Based Context on Memory for Advertisements  [PDF]
Sundus Mahdi, Adrian Furnham
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.78117
Abstract: This study looked at whether heath-based advertisements were remembered when placed in a health (congruity) or non-health (incongruity) based television programme and the extent to which participant involvement influenced recall. The study aimed to test whether programme context had an effect on memory for congruent or incongruent advertisements. Sixth-form students watched either a health or non-health programme, with health or non-health centre-break advertisements. Sessions took place during the morning and afternoon. Free recall and cued recall tests were administered to test memory for the TV adverts. Results found no support for the cognitive priming theory, cognitive interference theory or for contrast effects. The study found little evidence to support any theory as to why programme surround should influence the recall of health advertisements. Limitations of the study are considered.
In-Vivo Models for Management of Pain  [PDF]
Naveed Muhammad
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2014.51014

Natural products are mostly considered safe, effective and with fewer side effects. For testing the natural products for their analgesic potential various in-vivo methods are used including chemical induced methods and thermal induced method. In the present review article we have discussed various in-vivo paradigms along with their merits and drawbacks. This mini review will help pharmacologist in performing various analgesic experiments.

The Mechanism of Interacting Stellar Winds beyond Red Giant Branch  [PDF]
Sundus A. Abdullah Albakri, Sinan H. Ali
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2013.34041

The dynamical processes of the interaction of slow wind beyond Red Giant phase with fast wind of central star of nebula are evaluated. The mechanism of interaction stellar wind model (ISW) is found to be responsible for producing a relatively dense shell of gas which increases in mass and radius at a constant rate. Both slow wind and superwind are assumed to be time independent and radial density is calculated at initial time to ~ 60 yrs with the fast wind velocity (v 1000 km/s). The results showed that, at the outer rim of super wind region, a small density hump appears due to the relative velocity between slow winds and central star winds, in a good agreement with the previous models. The dynamical requirements of the observed expansion of planetary nebulae can be satisfied by the mechanism of interacting stellar wind model with reasonable mass loss rate from central star.

Decision Support Systems for JAVA Infrastructure Analysis and Control
Sundus Noory Shuker
Research Journal of Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Programmers and managers involved in large software projects need insight into the overall structure of their programs and the relationships between components. This study describes a method of analyzing programs whereby cross-referential, dependency and other information can be abstracted automatically during compilation to support decision-making. These items of information support library administration, configuration management, version control, software reusability and software composition. The analysis is accomplished by transcribing language grammar rules directly into Prolog as predicates in first-order logic.
Distances Scale Determination for a Planetary Nebula in Galactic Bulge  [PDF]
Sundus A. Abdullah, Nathera A. Ali, Mohamed A. Sallih
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2013.32008

Planetary Nebulae (PN) distances represent the fundamental parameter for the determination the physical properties of the central star of PN. In this paper the distances scale to Planetary Nebulae in the Galactic bulge were calculated related to previous distances scales. The proposed distance scale was done by recalibrated the previous distance scale technique CKS/D82. This scale limited for nearby PN (D ≤ 3.5 kpc), so the surface fluxes less than other distance scales. With these criteria the results showed that the proposed distance scale is more accurate than other scales related to the observations for adopted sample of PN distances, also the limit of ionized radius (Rio) for all both optically thick and optically thin in the rang of sizes (0.45 > Rio (pc) > 0.03).

Cytokeratin positivity in myxopapillary ependymoma – a potential diagnostic pitfall
Sundus A Hussein, Monalisa Sur
Diagnostic Pathology , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1746-1596-3-40
Abstract: We describe two cases of MPE with cytokeratin (AE1 AE3, CAM 5.2, Cytokeratin 7 and cytokeratin 20) expression.MPE can be positive for Cytokeratins (CAM 5.2, AE1 AE3, CK7) and focally for EMA, which could be misdiagnosed as metastatic carcinoma. In cases demonstrating epithelioid and clear cell morphology, the diagnosis of MPE should be made in conjunction with histology, proper immunohistochemical profile which includes co-expression of GFAP, S-100 protein and epithelial markers, radiologic findings and site. It is important to be aware of the cytokeratin profile in MPE to avoid erroneous diagnosis with other tumour entities.Myxopapillary ependymomas (MPE) generally occur in the filum terminale of the spinal cord, however, they have been described in extra-spinal locations such as subcutaneous tissue [1] and brain [2]. They are slow growing gliomas corresponding to WHO grade I [3]. The classical morphology shows papillae embedded in a myxoid/mucoid background. Each papilla contains a central fibrovascular core and is lined by cuboidal to elongated cells, occasionally showing clear cytoplasm. Microcysts are also present. The myxoid background contains both neutral and acidic mucopolysaccharides. Prognosis depends on the completeness of excision [4]. However, areas of solid growth pattern with aggregates of cells with "epithelioid morphology" can also be encountered which can mimic metastatic carcinoma. In addition, the presence of cells with clear cytoplasm can also be mistaken for chordoma. Diagnosis is easily missed due to these morphological similarities, which could affect patient management and hence, long term survival. A good number of studies have reported the immunophenotype of MPE and differential diagnosis of MPE aided by immunohistochemical stains [5-7]. Several studies have reported absence of cytokeratin expression in MPE [8-10].We describe two cases of MPE with cytokeratin expression. Two female patients, aged 46 and 72 years respectively presented wit
Cotton genetic diversity study by AFLP markers
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology , 2006,
Abstract: amplified fragmentlength polymorphism (aflp) markers have been used to ascertain the intensity of inherent diversity and relatedness in cotton (gossypium spp.) plants. the effectiveness of this method to distinguish inter and intra specific difference in cotton could be handy in cultivar recognition and in marker assisted parental selection tool for plant breeders. twenty cotton cultivars belonging to gossypium hirsutum l., and g. arborium l. from the pakistan and us origin were used for aflp based genetic diversity estimates. the objective of this study was to assess the level of genetic variation among some cotton cultivars belonging to the old and new world species of cotton. four ecori-msei primer-pair combinations were used forthe aflp analysis. the aflp data assigned the genotypes into groups that corresponded with their origin and lineage relationships and showed a narrow genetic base among these cultivars.
Spectrochemical Investigation of Aluminum Master Alloys
Naveed Akhtar
Pakistan Journal of Analytical and Environmental Chemistry , 2010,
Abstract: The objective of this study is to observe the significance of sampling fractions in spectrochemical analysis of aluminium master alloys. Aluminium master alloys are difficult to analyze by routine analytical methods due to inhomogeneity and high percentage of the alloying elements. In this study aluminium master alloys were remelted along with aluminium ingots of 99.9% purity in an electrical crucible furnace and subsequently analysis by spark optical emission spectrometer (OES). The bulk samples of a particular aluminium master alloy for re-melting process was chosen by two different methods and evaluated for % recovery of the target element. It was observed that sampling fractions and compilation techniques greatly affects the compositional results of aluminium master alloys. The 20% bulk sampling showed good recoveries and very precise results for each alloying element in the respective master alloy. The results of spark OES were cross checked by X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (XRF) with the help of certified reference materials.
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