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The Effects of Amofer Palm Oil Waste-based Complete Feed to Blood Profiles and Liver Function on Local Sheep
Hamdi Mayulu,Sunarso,C. Imam Sutrisno,Sumarsono
International Journal of Science and Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: Amoniation-Fermentation (amofer) technology should be conducted in order to improve the low quality of by product produced from palm oil plantations and mills (palm oil waste) which is used for constituent of feed ingredients in complete feed (CF). This technology also reforms the feed material into edible form. Before broadly applicable, it must be ensured that the feed does not have toxic effects on livestock. This research was peformed to evaluate the effects of amofer palm oil waste-based CF to blood profile and liver function on local sheep. Completely Randomly Design (CRD) was used with 4 treaments and 4 replications. The observed variables were the levels of hemoglobin, hematocrit, blood glucose, ALT and AST was analyzed by ANOVA. The average value of blood glucose levels at T1= 80.68 mg/dl, T2=79.08 mg/dl, T3=81.18 mg/dl and T4=73.70 mg/dl. The average value of hemoglobin levels at T1=10.80 g/dl, T2=10.30 g/dl, T3=11.23 g/dl and T4=10.25 g/dl. The average value of hematocrit levels at T1=31.00%, T2=31.00%, T3=33.75% and T4=30%. The average value of ALT levels at T1=17.90 l, T2=13.83 l, T3=18.75 l and, T4=13.40 l. The average value of AST level at T1=106.20 l, T2=88.98 l, T3=104.40 l and T4=91.25 l. There was no significant difference among four treatments (p>0.05). The administration CF did not cause hematological disorders which showed by the blood profiles and liver function were in normal range, so that suggested the CF was appropriate and safe for local sheep.
Development of Domestic Cat Embryo Produced by Preserved Sperms
KARTINI ERIANI,ARIEF BOEDIONO,ITA DJUWITA,SONY HERU SUMARSONO
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences , 2008,
Abstract: The ability to mature and fertilize oocytes of endangered species may allow us to sustain genetic and global biodiversity. Epididymis sperms may be the last chance to ensure preservation of genetic materials after injury or death of a valuable animal. Studies have been conducted to determine wether both epididymis sperms and oocytes can be used to produce viable embryos and offspring. The purpose of this study was to determine how long cats sperms contained in epididymis were remain motile and had intact membranes when preserved at 4 oC, and to determine whether such those preserved sperms are able to fertilize oocytes. Epididymis was preserved immediately in phosphate buffer saline at 4 oC for 1, 3, and 6 days. The observation of sperm quality and viability after preservation was performed by vital staining acrosom and Hoechst-Propidium Iodine. Biological functions of sperms were evaluated by in vitro culture technique for fertilization, micro fertilization and embryonic development rate in CR1aa medium. The results showed that average motility of sperms collected from ductus deferens, cauda and corpus epididymis decreased not significantly (P > 0.05) from 0, 1, 3, and 6 days of preservation times (from 83.0%, 80.2%, 79.0%; 80.9%, 75.0%, 75.5%; 52.0%, 63.2%, 55.0% to 34.6%, 34.6%, 33.3%, respectively). The general results showed that sperms from epididymis preserved for 1, 3, and 6 days can be used for IVF. The rate of embryonal cleavage produced by IVF technique using sperms collected from epididymis preserved for 1-, 3- and 6-days were 33.3, 26.7, and 20.0%, respectively and significantly different (P < 0.05) from that of controll (50.0%). In conclusion, sperms contained in epididyimis preserved at 4 oC in PBS (Phospate Buffer Saline) for 1-6 days can be used to IVF and in vitro production of cat embryos.
Growth With of Alfalfa Mutant in Different Nitrogen Fertilizer and Defoliation Intensity
Widyati Slamet,S. Sumarsono,S. Anwar,D.W. Widjajanto
International Journal of Science and Engineering , 2012, DOI: 10.12777/ijse.v3i2.4058
Abstract: The research was conducted to evaluate growth of alfalfa mutan (plant height increment, number of leaves and dry matter production) in different Nitrogen Fertilizer and defoliation intensity. The design used was randomized block design 4x2 factorial with 3 replications. The first was dosage of Nitrogen fertilizerNitrogen (0, 30, 60 and 90 kg N / ha), the second factor was defoliation intensity (5 and 10 cm). Variables observed alfalfa growth (plant height increment, number of leaves, the production of dry matter (DM) forage). The results showed that different N fertilization did not affect the growth of alfalfa mutants. Defoliation intensity affectedmnumber of leaves and DM production of alfalfa mutant. Fertilization to 90 kg N / ha has not affected the growth and defoliation intensity 10 cm gave better growth on alfalfa mutant. [Keywords: alfalfa mutant; Nitrogen fertilizer; defoliation; growth]
Insufficient quality of sputum submitted for tuberculosis diagnosis and associated factors, in Klaten district, Indonesia
Mateus Sakundarno, Nurjazuli Nurjazuli, Sutopo Jati, Retna Sariningdyah, Sumarsono Purwadi, Bachti Alisjahbana, Marieke van der Werf
BMC Pulmonary Medicine , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2466-9-16
Abstract: In 16 health centers information was collected on the quality of sputum submitted by TB suspects, i.e. volume, color, and viscosity. TB suspects were interviewed to assess their knowledge of TB, motivation to provide sputum and whether they were informed why and how to produce a sputum sample. Health workers were interviewed to assess what information they provided to TB suspects about the reason for sputum examination, methods to produce sputum and characteristics of a good quality sputum sample. All health worker and patient factors were evaluated for association with sputum quality.Of 387 TB suspects, 294 (76.0%) could be traced and interviewed, and of 272 (70.3%) information about sputum quality was available. Of those 203 (74.6%) submitted three samples, 90 (33.1%) provided at least one good sample, and 37 (13.6%) provided three good quality sputum samples. Of the 272 TB suspects, 168 (61.8%) mentioned that information on the reason for sputum examination was provided, 66 (24.3%) remembered that they were informed about how to produce sputum and 40 (14.7%) recalled being informed about the characteristics of good quality sputum. Paramedics reported to provide often/always information on the importance of sputum examination, and when to produce sputum. Information on how to produce sputum and characteristics of a good sputum sample was less often provided. None of the studied patient characteristics or health worker factors was associated with providing good quality sputum.A considerable number of TB suspects did not provide three sputum samples and a large number of sputum samples were of insufficient quality. Training of health workers in providing health education to the TB suspect about the reason for sputum examination and how to produce a good quality sputum sample should be a priority of the TB program.Indonesia ranks third in number of notified tuberculosis (TB) cases in the world, after China and India [1]. The DOTS program has been implemented since 19
CONCEPT DESIGN AND TESTING OF MULTI-NOZZLE WATER MIST FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM
Danardono A. Sumarsono,Yulianto S. Nugroho,Mariance,I Gede Wahyu W. Ariasa
Makara Seri Teknologi , 2010,
Abstract: In this work a flexible design of multi-nozzle arrangement of water mist fire suppression system was studied. The source of fire was a 65 mm diameter cooking oil fire. An investigation on the impact of nozzle arrangement on the temperature profile of fires was conducted. The occurance of oil splash due to the application of water mist was also studied. The water mist systems developed in the present work can effectively extinguish cooking oil fires and prevented them from re-ignition. The spray angle, discharge pressure, and water flow rate were important factors to determine the effectiveness of water mist in extinguishing cooking oil fires.
Phosphate Rock Application on Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) Production and Macronutrients in Latosol Soil
Y. Liani,Hu Hong-Qing,Sumarsono,D.W. Widjajanto
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture , 2011,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of phosphate rocks (PRs) fertilizer compared to chemical P fertilizer for the best crop production and macronutrients of alfalfa. A completely randomized design under 3x3 factorial patterns was used in this research. The first factor was different sources of P fertilizer: Guizhou Phosphate Rock (GPR), Jingxiang Phosphate Rock (JPR), and Single Super Phosphate (SSP). The second factor was level of P fertilizer: 75, 100, and 125 mg P2O5/kg soil. A control treatment (without addition of P fertilizer, CK) was added as a comparison with the treatments. The results showed that JPR was the best for alfalfa production, whereas GPR and SSP were better for nutrient content in the alfalfa tissue than JPR. On the whole, phosphate rocks had similar effect on alfalfa growth compared to SSP at the experimental conditions.
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