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Dwindling Social Prosperity and Migratory Youths
Suman Lama
Himalayan Journal of Sociology and Anthropology , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/hjsa.v6i0.10731
Abstract: Migratory trend in Nepalese society is an ever growing trend. Nepalese have migrated abroad through different ways in different time like recruitment in army, as cheap manpower and now to pursue the foreign degrees. Whatsoever the excuses are, country is losing the skilled youths in present context jeopardizing the socio economic development of the country. This study investigates the influencing social factors that motivate educated youth to leave their country in the name of education. Similarly this study has also sensed the integrity of youth towards their own country. It should help concerned scholars to have a bit more concern about their role to choreograph the structure and function that favour the social welfare and development. Youths attempting to enroll themselves for IELTS test in British Council were surveyed and this study adopted an exploratory and descriptive research design. It is found that youths are tempted to go abroad with the motive to settle in there as the native structural and functional aspects of the society are not found justifiable. Moreover youths have placed the foreign degrees in higher priority to access in a decent job anywhere. Lastly the study has concluded that the execution of the policies in every field should not be manipulated instead fair competition and strict bureaucracy in the system must be practiced. However the trend of employment in foreign must also be accepted with dignity. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/hjsa.v6i0.10731 Himalayan Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.6 2014: 211-220
Mala colocación de los electrodos: causa de elevación del ST
Alexis Lama
Revista Chilena de Cardiología , 2009,
Estatinas en Prevención Primaria?
Alexis Lama
Revista Chilena de Cardiología , 2010,
Los conflictos de intereses y el cardiólogo
A Lama
Revista Chilena de Cardiología , 2010,
Epitomizing Shakespeare in Replication of Marginal Characters Shylock, Caliban and Othello
ThirdFront : Journal of Humanities and Social Science , 2013,
Abstract: The episodes of the sixteenth century Renaissance period became a watershed in human history. The up-shots from variegated incidents of European countries then, ranging from internal politics to exploration of foreign lands, impacted the contour of the world. Under such political, geographical and economic hurly-burly, Shakespeare demonstrated an impregnable dramaturgical competence thereby sidelining the other existent playwrights of his time. Shakespeare took the onus of projecting plays and characters according to his predilection which was, notwithstanding, constantly monitored by two factors the state gaze and the commercial interest. Under such pressures I believe that Shakespeare’s “agency” of character creation was a sensitive issue as he would be under the direct scrutiny of the laws. In his plays he depicted the marginal characters Shylock, Caliban and Othello who I believe have been victims of extremely Shakespearean prejudice. Shylock is made a representative figure of usury and money-mindedness; Caliban is portrayed as a typical “malignant” slave, and Othello as a “jealous” moor. My paper makes an attempt to look at the violability that is embedded in these mis/representations and the tampering of facts. The role of power-politics and Shakespeare’s own helplessness to understand the actuality (the inherent condition) of the marginal characters has affected their verisimilitudinous representation. Moreover, Christianity had an upper hand in catapulting itself to the higher rung by demeaning and demonizing others ”non-believers” and “pagans.” Therefore the gimmicks of stereotyping, distorting and misrepresenting, consciously or unconsciously, sneaked in Shakespeare’s plays for the public to watch, thereby creating “truths” about “Jews”, and “orients.”
The In-Terrorem Value of Science: Bisphenol-A Litigation and an Empirical Assessment of Science as a Collective Litigation Tool  [PDF]
Suman Kakar, Sanjeev Sirpal
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2011.22006
Abstract: This paper examines the role that science plays as a tool in collective litigation to substantiate claims. Scientific data and expert testimony are often included to buttress a claim and the admissibility of such evidence is often a conse-quence of the extant evidentiary rules and their application. The article will focus on the multidistrict litigation con-cerning Bisphenol-A (“BPA”) as a case study of the phenomena of scientific tailoring of evidence and its admissibility. BPA is a compound included in the synthesis of plastics and is found in food containers, plastic bottles, and ep-oxy-based coatings used to avert the rusting process of food containers. There is a negligible amount of BPA in several food and beverage products. Several countries along with the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Environ-mental Protection Agency (EPA) have marshaled scientific studies that demonstrate the lack of any definable negative health effect attributable to an exposure to trace amounts of BPA. Notwithstanding the conclusions of these scientific inquiries, opponents have asserted that BPA exposure results in an alteration of embryonic hormone levels, thereby impacting their development and later reproductive function. This article will address these issues in addition to the salient question of what role science plays as a tool for collective litigation.
Application of Cross-Plotting Techniques for Delineation of Coal and Non-Coal Litho-Units from Well Logs  [PDF]
Rima Chatterjee, Suman Paul
Geomaterials (GM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/gm.2012.24014
Abstract: Well log responses can be used to delineate coal and carbonaceous shale from other non-potential litho-units by cross-plotting technique. The cross-plotting between gamma ray and density had been carried out for 15 wells of Jharia coalfield, India. Through these different cross-plots across the study area, different litho-units like; coal, shaly coal, carbonaceous shale, shale, sand/sandstone, shaly sand, jhama and igneous intrusion (mica peridotite) have been identified. Clustering of points for different lithologies in the above cross-plots indicate that the different trends with marginal overlap between carbonaceous shale/shaly coal and shale as well as shaly sand and shale. The coal horizons are mostly overlain and underlain by shale or sandstone. Cross-plot analysis indicates the various coal lithologies which will play important role in CBM exploration and exploitation strategy.
Profit from Sickness: The Case of Technology-Driven Healthcare  [PDF]
Suman Hazarika, Akhil Ranjan Dutta
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2012.24031
Abstract: The increasing corporatization and growing dependence of the healthcare system on technology has brought about a radical transformation to the entire mission of the healthcare system. Based on the profit motive, the pharmaceutical and technological enterprises that hugely control the healthcare system today have so transformed the system that it has now emerged as one of the most profiteering domains. The historical tragedy is that the profit is earned over sickness. There has indeed been an attempt to generate sickness as demanded both by health care devices as well as by the pharmaceutical industries having detrimental impact on people’s right to health. Present paper, which critically questions the logic and motives of the emerging healthcare system, argues that under the contemporary neo-liberal economies, diseases and patients are objects of business interests of the largely privatized for-profit healthcare industry. Profit from these objects emerges not only through sale of drugs or cure, but also from expensive hi-tech testing and ‘treatment’ technologies. Creation of new patients by diagnosing more diseases to treat is contributed by a large medical-industrial complex today. The paper is of the view that remedies to these crises demand radical a U-turn to the system itself wherein the health care seekers rather than the health care providers would occupy the center stage.
Healthcare Technology: A Domain of Inequality  [PDF]
Suman Hazarika, Akhil Ranjan Dutta
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.32011
Abstract: The prevailing perception that technological development facilitates universal empowerment and transcends the social domains of discriminations is now challenged by comprehensive studies. Technology itself is a domain of inequality and it accentuates more inequality with technology gradually favoring the privileged sections and the societies. The healthcare technology, which otherwise could have brought miracle achievements in attaining universal health standards, however, has failed to do so due to the inherent inequality in access to healthcare technology. The growing dominance of monopoly houses on healthcare technology and marginalization of indigenous health technology makes access to technology with a new domain of inequality. With comprehensive empirical data, the present paper investigates into this domain of inequality and argues that a move towards global well being demands a radical restructuring of the global domain of healthcare technology. 
Comparative Study of Three β Lactamase Test Methods in Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Two Nepalese Hospitals  [PDF]
Shrestha Bidya, Rana Shamser Suman
Open Journal of Clinical Diagnostics (OJCD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojcd.2014.41009
Abstract: Background: β lactamase is a plasmid-encoded enzyme that hydrolyzes β lactam ring of β lactam antibiotics rendering them ineffective. These enzymes, produced by Staphylococcus aureus along with many other organisms, have hindered the use of many useful and once life-saving β lactam antibiotics from clinical practice. Methods: This study was aimed to compare three test methods-chromogenic, acidimetric and iodometric-for the detection of β lactamase enzyme produced by 404 nosocomial induced S. aureus isolated from two Nepali hospitals, Kathmandu based hospital (KBH) and Lalitpur based Hospital (LBH). The study was carried out following standard methodology during November 2007 to June 2009 in the Department of Microbiology, Institute of Medicine, Kathmandu, Nepal. Sensitivity, specificity, efficiency, positive predictive value, and negative predictive values of the tests were calculated taking penicillin resistance and sensitivity as the standard. Results: Chromogenic method was found to be the most sensitive (98.93%) and efficient (98.51%) test and had a high positive predictive value (99.46%). Sensitivity (98.4%) and efficiency (98.27%) of iodometric method was found to be comparable to chromogenic test; its specificity (96.55 %) and positive predictive value (99.73%) were the highest among the 3 tests. Acidimetric test was the least sensitive (97.33%) and efficient (96.78%). Of note, the sensitivity and specificity of these test methods have been compromised due to the negativity of few penicillin resistant isolates and positivity of some penicillin sensitive isolates, respectively. Conclusion: Chromogenic method was found comparatively to be the best test method for the detection of β lactamase production. However, in contrast to the other two test methods whose reagents can be locally and economically prepared, chromogenic test’s use has been impeded by its cost and unavailability in the local Nepali market.
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