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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6021 matches for " Stephanie Kelly "
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Where Science Meets Art: Sociology and Social Work  [PDF]
Stephanie Kelly, Tony Stanley
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.24044
Abstract: The nexus of neo-liberalist influences in our current risk society has produced a crisis for both New Zealand sociology and Social Work, playing out in practice domains and in the academy. This paper argues that by co-habituating and co-operating, we may have a tangible way forward. One of the biggest challenges for Social Work practitioners is to come to terms with the role of theory in the practice of their discipline—a discipline that is often fast-paced, but increasingly focused on dealing with one client at a time, and often reduced to a dyad emphasis in practise: that of client and worker. One of the biggest challenges for the sociologist embarking on a career in research is to come to terms with sociology as methodological toolkit for social activism where knowledge of theory can be applied toward sustained societal change. Both offer a methodological approach to understanding the human condition in context. Both disciplines are at risk because of neo-liberalisation, and this, we argue must be avoided by a move toward each other.
Breaking the Adhesive Bond between Dialyll Phthlate, Barco Bond 185 and PBX 9501  [PDF]
Matt Jackson, Benton Allen, Trent Kelly, Courtney Waddell, Emily M. Hunt, Stephanie Steelman, Neil Koone
Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (MSCE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/msce.2015.37026
Abstract:

Use of epoxy as an adhesive is a common practice. The most common applications are permanent sealants. Epoxies have a wide range of operating temperatures, and are very resistance to adhesive failure. When a need to remove this adhesive arises, it is not always easily accomplished especially if the part has excessive adhesive. To maintain fidelity of the parts attached by epoxy, a project evaluating several methods of epoxy removal was conducted. Methods evaluated included low wavelength, near-ultraviolet radiation, solvent dissolution, and thermal cycling. The UV method failed to demonstrate a repeatable dissociation. The solvent study did result in dissociation of bonds, but introduced chemicals that could make subsequent chemical analysis of parts suspect. Thermal cycling showed a high repeatability for dissociation of bonds and may prove to be relatively inexpensive to implement.

Nonsurgical Management of Severe Osteonecrosis of the Knee in an HIV-Positive Patient: A Case Report
Stephanie A. Nixon,Kelly K. O'Brien,Gary Rubin
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/935041
Abstract: Due to the life-prolonging effects of combination antiretroviral therapy, many people with HIV are living longer. However, this enhanced longevity is often mirrored by increased disability resulting from HIV and/or the adverse effects of medication. Management of HIV-positive patients is further complicated by comorbidities related to aging, including bone and joint disorders. In this paper, we describe the nonsurgical management of an HIV-positive patient with premature onset of severe osteonecrosis of the knee. A 50-year-old man who had been HIV-positive for 16 years and on combination antiretroviral therapy for 11 years presented to his family physician with extreme discomfort in his right knee. He was diagnosed with osteonecrosis of the right knee, but resisted total knee arthroplasty because of potential complications under anesthesia related to comorbid advanced liver disease. Instead, a successful combination of non-surgical management strategies was employed by the patient and his health care team.
Does left atrial volume affect exercise capacity of heart transplant recipients?
Mohammad Abdul-Waheed, Mian Yousuf, Stephanie J Kelly, Ross Arena, Jun Ying, Tehmina Naz, Stephanie H Dunlap, Yukitaka Shizukuda
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1749-8090-5-113
Abstract: We analyzed 50 patients [age 57 ±2 (SEM), 12 females] who had a post-HT echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPX) within 9 weeks time at clinic follow up. The change in LAV (ΔLAV) was also computed as the difference in LAV from the preceding one-year to the study echocardiogram. Correlations among the measured parameters were assessed with a Pearson's correlation analysis.LAV (n = 50) and ΔLAV (n = 40) indexed to body surface area were 40.6 ± 11.5 ml·m-2 and 1.9 ± 8.5 ml·m-2·year-1, data are mean ± SD, respectively. Indexed LAV and ΔLAV were both significantly correlated with the ventilatory efficiency, assessed by the VE/VCO2 slope (r = 0.300, p = 0.038; r = 0.484, p = 0.002, respectively). LAV showed a significant correlation with peak oxygen consumption (r = -0.328, p = 0.020).Although our study is limited by a retrospective study design and relatively small number of patients, our findings suggest that enlarged LAV and increasing change in LAV is associated with the diminished exercise capacity in HT recipients and warrants further investigation to better elucidate this relationship.The exercise capacity of heart transplant (HT) recipients is reportedly 30 to 40% lower than age/sex matched apparently healthy individuals [1-4]. Mechanisms for this limitation are suggested to be multifactorial. Denervation, altered response to catecholamines, tissue damage due to rejection episodes, general deconditioning associated with heart failure prior to HT, and long-term use of immunosuppressant drugs have all been proposed, but conclusive data for each mechanism is lacking [2]. Renlund et al. have reported that although longer donor heart ischemic time and frequent rejection have no effect, elevated resting pulmonary vascular resistance inhibits exercise capacity [2]. Similarly, animal models of heart denervation both with chemicals [5,6] and HT [7] show no indication of a decrease in cardiac function during exercise due to denervation. Therefore, the factor
Mouldy feed, mycotoxins and Shiga toxin - producing Escherichia coli colonization associated with Jejunal Hemorrhage Syndrome in beef cattle
Danica Baines, Stephanie Erb, Kelly Turkington, Gretchen Kuldau, Jean Juba, Luke Masson, Alberto Mazza, Ray Roberts
BMC Veterinary Research , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1746-6148-7-24
Abstract: Beef cattle developed JHS after consuming feed containing several types of mycotoxigenic fungi including Fusarium poae, F. verticillioides, F. sporotrichioides, Penicillium roqueforti and Aspergillus fumigatus. Mixtures of STECs colonized the mucosa in the hemorrhaged tissues of the cattle and no other pathogen was identified. The STECs expressed Stx1 and Stx2, but more significantly, Stxs were also present in the blood collected from the lumen of the hemorrhaged jejunum. Feed extracts containing mycotoxins were toxic to enterocytes and 0.1% of a prebiotic, Celmanax Trademark, removed the cytotoxicity in vitro. The inclusion of a prebiotic in the care program for symptomatic beef calves was associated with 69% recovery.The current study confirmed that STECs and mycotoxins are part of the disease complex for JHS in beef cattle. Mycotoxigenic fungi are only relevant in that they produce the mycotoxins deposited in the feed. A prebiotic, Celmanax Trademark, acted as a mycotoxin binder in vitro and interfered with the progression of disease.Adult cattle are the main reservoir for O157 and non-O157 STECs, bacteria that cause serious human disease outbreaks resulting in symptoms that include hemorrhagic colitis or hemolytic uremic syndrome. Until recently, there have been no reports of O157 STEC disease in mature cattle [1], but STECs do affect calf health from birth to weaning [2-4]. STEC infections cause high mortality in neonatal calves resulting from acute enteritis [5,6]. Older calves have transient watery diarrhea but are not seriously affected by O157 STEC infections, while this age class is susceptible to non-O157 STEC infections [2-4]. The characteristic patchy attachment/effacement (A/E) lesions are always present in hemorrhaged tissues of humans [7]. These lesions are similarly found in the jejunum, ileum, cecum, colon, and rectum in neonatal calves, but not in older calves [5,6,8,9]. The O157 STEC can adhere to and form A/E lesions in intestinal tissue from ma
Time to decide about risk-reducing mastectomy: A case series of BRCA1/2 gene mutation carriers
Mary McCullum, Joan L Bottorff, Mary Kelly, Stephanie A Kieffer, Lynda G Balneaves
BMC Women's Health , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6874-7-3
Abstract: Data was collected in a pilot study that assessed the response of women to an information booklet about RM and decision-making support strategies. A detailed analysis of three women's descriptions of their decision-making processes and outcomes was conducted.All three women were carriers of a BRCA1/2 gene mutation and, although undecided, were leaning towards RM when initially assessed. Each woman reported a different RM decision outcome at last follow-up. Case #1 decided not to have RM, stating that RM was "too radical" and early detection methods were an effective strategy for dealing with breast cancer risk. Case #2 remained undecided about RM and, over time, she became less prepared to make a decision because she felt she did not have sufficient information about surgical effects. Case #3 had undergone RM by the time of her second follow-up interview and reported that she felt "a load off (her) mind now".RM decision making may shift over time and require decision support over an extended period.As testing for BRCA1/2 gene mutations becomes more widely available as a clinical service, increasing numbers of women are being identified at high risk for breast and ovarian cancer. Female BRCA1/2 carriers are told they have an estimated lifetime risk of breast cancer between 50% and 85% [1]. Risk-reducing mastectomy (RM) is one option for breast cancer risk reduction that is offered to women who learn they are carriers of a BRCA1/2 gene mutation. Although reported interest in RM varies by clinic setting and country, up to half of women at high risk for breast cancer express either the intention to have RM or some uncertainty about this decision [2-4]. Our clinical observations indicate that with increased access to BRCA1/2 genetic testing, more high-risk women are considering RM and the majority of these women request additional information and support with this difficult decision.An emerging body of research describes high-risk women's experiences and satisfaction wit
Perceptions and Portrayals of Skin Cancer among Cultural Subgroups
Stephanie Kelly,Laura E. Miller,Ho-Young Ahn,J. Eric Haley
ISRN Dermatology , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/325281
Abstract: Health communication scholars have a responsibility to be certain that both healthcare practitioners and government agencies accurately communicate health information to the public. In order to carry out this duty, health communication scholars must assess how messages are being received and if they are being received at all by the public. This paper details a two part study which assesses this phenomenon within the context of skin cancer. Study 1 utilized 29 in depth qualitative interviews to identify subcultures among college students whose communication puts them at risk for skin cancer by encouraging poor sun exposure behaviors. The results indicate that farmers, African Americans, and individuals who regularly participate in outdoor athletics are at risk groups. Study 2 reports a content analysis of the known population of skin cancer Public Service Announcements (PSAs) available via the internet in 2013. The aforementioned groups were not present in any of the PSAs. Detailed results and implications are discussed. 1. Introduction Health communication scholars have a responsibility to be certain that both healthcare practitioners and government agencies communicate health information to the public accurately [1]. In order to carry out this duty, health communication scholars must assess how messages are being received and if they are being received at all by the public. This study explored the sun care behaviors of individuals as they are influenced by health education, family practices, and cultural beliefs. More specifically, the current two part study investigated whether the communication among the subcultures interviewed encourages the formation of high risk/marginalized groups in regard to sun exposure and sun care, and whether these high risk/marginalized groups were targeted in government sponsored healthcare promotion campaigns. High risk/marginalized groups include demographics that “often have difficulty affording or gaining access to healthcare, and they are often targets of discrimination due to the prevalence of ageist, sexist, and racist beliefs in our culture” [2, pages 216-217]. Thus, these groups are historically composed of individuals in the lower socioeconomic class and come from homes with less means to seek out higher education or healthcare. Individuals who have a lower level of education are likely to be less educated about health risks and are less likely to seek out health information [3]. As a result, marginalized groups are composed of the individuals who are least likely to seek out health information and least likely
The twisted path from farm subsidies to health care expenditures  [PDF]
Stephanie Bernell
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.412A216
Abstract:

Overweight and obese individuals are at increased risk for many diseases and health conditions, including but not limited to the following: hypertension; osteoarthritis; dyslipidemia; type 2 diabetes; coronary heart disease and stroke. Consequently, individuals who are obese are more likely to use health services and are more likely to use costly health services than non-obese individuals. Between 1987 and 2001, growth in obesity related health expenditures accounted for 27 percent of the growth in inflation-adjusted per capita health care spending. Researchers, popular press and the television news media have paid considerable attention to the effect that farm subsidies have on dietary habits and obesity. Prominent researchers in the field have concluded that US farm subsidies have had a negligible impact on obesity. However, even small increases in obesity rates are associated with higher health care expenditures. The primary intent of this study is to break down the linkages from farm subsidy to health expenditure and shed light on the unintended implications of the farm subsidy program. We find that agricultural subsidies have the potential to influence health care expenditures.

What’s in a Bot? L2 Lexical Development Mediated through ICALL  [PDF]
Kelly Arispe
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2014.41013
Abstract:

In recent years, the field of Second Language Acquisition (SLA) has made great strides to refocus its attention on the essential role that vocabulary plays in becoming a proficient L2 learner (Nation, 2001). Moreover, Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) has made advances in providing interactive online tools that help L2 learners strategically engage and work through their vocabulary development. This present study reports on how an Intelligent CALL tool (ICALL), Langbot, helps learners at the beginner and intermediate levels with their lexical acquisition. Modeled after instant messaging systems, which create a synchronous communicative environment, Langbot acts like a pedagogical scaffold or online buddy that caters to the vocabulary needs of each individual learner. It provides 1) translation requests with examples in context, 2) a frequency-based “word of the day” and 3) quizzes based on recent inquiries and a specific frequency range according to the learner’s level. The results from breadth and depth tests (N = 142), suggest that learners at all levels that have access to Langbot significantly improve their vocabulary breadth, while only intermediate-high learners with access to Langbot improve their vocabulary depth. Furthermore, survey data demonstrate Langbot’s effectiveness and accessibility based on learner perceptions.

Civic-Political Development in the Context of Economic Apartheid in Distressed Communities: A Theoretical Model  [PDF]
Diann Kelly
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2017.712025
Abstract: As class status improves, engagement in civic and political activities increases. These activities are voting, volunteerism and vocal activism. However, depressed socio-economic status leaves many individuals disengaged from civic-political structures. Applying Attachment Theory, this article proposes there are five statuses of civic-political development to being an engaged citizen. These statuses correspond to fixed class categories and are 1) disengaged and detached; 2) insecure, responsive; 3) insecure, subscribing; 4) secure, subscribing; 5) secure and defining. The lower the quintile, the less engaged an individual is in the civic-political structures of society and attached to their community. Organizing communities is one way to engage individuals into the civic-political structures of their community in spite of their economic status.
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