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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5867 matches for " Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos "
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A influência do ruído ambiental no desempenho de escolares nos testes de padr?o tonal de frequência e padr?o tonal de dura??o
Nascimento, Ludimila Souza;Lemos, Stela Maris Aguiar;
Revista CEFAC , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462011005000093
Abstract: purpose: to characterize student performance in frequency pattern test (fpt) and duration pattern test (dpt) in a silent ambient and under noise. method: experimental cross-sectional study, measured in a convenience sample. survey made up by 70 students who answered a form on their noise perception. school's noise level was evaluated using physical measurements. students were submitted to previous evaluations (speech, language, and auditory processing) and then splinted into two groups (g1 - with no speech-language pathology alteration; g2 - with speech-language pathology alteration). students were also submitted to frequency and duration pattern tests (in silence under noise). results: school's sound pressure level ranged from 57.2 dba in school's computer lab to 83.6 dba in school's gym. according to students, what interferes most in their activities is the buzz from conversations during class. regarding fpt and dpt, it was possible to note that score average in a quiet environment was higher than under noise. g1 had better performance in the fpt and dpt than g2. noise worsened in both groups (g1 and g2) as for the performance in tests. conclusion: school's sound pressure levels are high and out of standard recommendations under the brazilian national norms. noise worsened both group performances in fpt and dpt.
A influência do ruído ambiental no desempenho de escolares nos testes de padr o tonal de frequência e padr o tonal de dura o Environmental noise influence on student performance in the Frequency Pattern Tests and Duration Pattern Tests
Ludimila Souza Nascimento,Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Revista CEFAC , 2012,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: caracterizar o desempenho de escolares nos testes de padr o tonal de frequência e padr o tonal de dura o no silêncio e na presen a de ruído ambiental. METODO: trata-se de estudo experimental transversal, com amostra de conveniência, composta por 70 estudantes, que responderam a um formulário de percep o do ruído ambiental. O nível de ruído da escola foi avaliado com medidor de nível de press o sonora. Os estudantes foram submetidos à avalia es (fala, motricidade orofacial, linguagem e simplificada do processamento auditivo) e distribuídos em dois grupos (G1 sem altera o fonoaudiológica e G2 com altera o fonoaudiológica). Foram realizados também os testes de padr o tonal de frequência e dura o (silêncio e ruído). RESULTADOS: o nível médio de press o sonora da escola variou de 57,2 dB(A) na sala de informática a 83,6 dB(A) na quadra de esportes. Segundo os estudantes, o que mais interfere em suas atividades é o barulho de conversas durante a aula. Quanto aos testes de padr o tonal de frequência (TPF) e dura o (TPD), observou-se que a média de acertos no ambiente silencioso foi maior que no ambiente ruidoso. O G1 apresentou melhor desempenho no TPD e TPF que G2. No ruído houve piora no desempenho dos dois grupos (G1 e G2) nos testes. CONCLUS O: os níveis de press o sonora da escola encontram-se elevados e fora do padr o recomendado pelas normas nacionais. No ruído, houve piora no desempenho dos testes nos dois grupos estudados. PURPOSE: to characterize student performance in Frequency Pattern Test (FPT) and Duration Pattern Test (DPT) in a silent ambient and under noise. METHOD: experimental cross-sectional study, measured in a convenience sample. Survey made up by 70 students who answered a form on their noise perception. School's noise level was evaluated using physical measurements. Students were submitted to previous evaluations (speech, language, and auditory processing) and then splinted into two groups (G1 - with no Speech-language pathology alteration; G2 - with Speech-language pathology alteration). Students were also submitted to Frequency and Duration Pattern Tests (in silence under noise). RESULTS: school's sound pressure level ranged from 57.2 dBA in school's computer lab to 83.6 dBA in school's gym. According to students, what interferes most in their activities is the buzz from conversations during class. Regarding FPT and DPT, it was possible to note that score average in a quiet environment was higher than under noise. G1 had better performance in the FPT and DPT than G2. Noise worsened in both groups (G1 and G2) as for th
Aspectos temporais auditivos: produ??o de conhecimento em quatro periódicos nacionais
Terto, Sulamita da Silva Marcelino;Lemos, Stela Maris Aguiar;
Revista CEFAC , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462011005000050
Abstract: background: this article was produced based on a review of articles published since 2005 in four major national journals in the fields of speech (pró-fono revista de atualiza??o científica, revista brasileira de otorrinolaringologia, revista cefac and revista sociedade brasileira de fonoaudiologia) on the temporal aspects of hearing. this study points out to three addressed issues: temporal aspects, temporal ordering and temporal resolution. purpose: to delineate the profile of knowledge production in the area of auditory temporal aspects with reference to four national journals. conclusion: the survey conducted in this research showed that there is a small number of national studies related to the issue concerning the temporal aspects of hearing. considering only the four national journals, less than 9% of the scientific production addressed this issue.
Promo??o da saúde e a??es fonoaudiológicas em educac?o infantil
Mendon?a, Júlia Escalda;Lemos, Stela Maris Aguiar;
Revista CEFAC , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462011005000068
Abstract: purpose: to check the knowledge of educators from a kindergarten unit of belo horizonte regarding the development of human communication and its disorders in children and their conceptions about the performance of speech therapy in these institutions. method: the study was developed in three stages: institutional diagnosis; data collection using an adapted form in order to characterize the knowledge of education professionals about the acquisition and development of human communication and its disturbances; planning and accomplishment of workshops. the analysis of the relation between variables was carried through the fisher exact test, considering the level of significance of 5% in the statistical. results: the majority of the professionals answered correctly the questions related to the use and understanding of the language by children and related to the attitudes adjusted for communication among adults and children. 66.7% answered correctly to the questions on language development. 17 workshops benefiting 172 students aged from 3 to 6 year old and 12 education professionals were carried out. conclusions: education professionals do not have much knowledge regarding the acquisition and development of human communication and its disturbs. education professionals know about the work performed by the speech and language therapist, but they see it from a clinical and preventive perspective. the workshops enabled the discussion of the importance of developing prevention and health promotion in speech and language therapy.
Constru??o do conceito de promo??o da saúde: compara??o entre estudantes ingressantes e concluintes de Fonoaudiologia
Santos, Lidiane Gon?alves dos;Lemos, Stela Maris Aguiar;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-80342011000300003
Abstract: purpose: to characterize and compare the knowledge of freshmen (1st period) and senior (8th period) undergraduate speech-language pathology and audiology students regarding health promotion. methods: cross-sectional study that involved the application of 92 forms to 1st and 8th period speech-language pathology and audiology students. data analysis was conducted in three stages: descriptive analysis of closed questions, statistical analysis crossing the answers of both groups, and qualitative analysis of the open questions of the form. results: most interviewees attended classes directed to the theme of health promotion; more than a third of them participated in extracurricular activities or practices on the theme. most subjects reported to know the concept of health promotion and to intend to create health promotion actions. freshmen students reported empirical concepts of health promotion, and confused prevention with promotion. among senior students, the confusion exists in smaller quantities. thus, although the training process favor the acquisition of adequate concepts of health promotion, terminology confusion still remains. conclusion: the undergraduate program in speech-language pathology and audiology of the students interviewed contributes for the construction of the concept of health promotion, however, there is confusion between the terms health prevention and promotion among both groups of students. data evidence the importance to discuss the health promotion theme during the formation process of speech-language pathologists and audiologists.
Estado nutricional e desenvolvimento da linguagem em crian?as de uma creche pública
Santos, Juliana Nunes;Lemos, Stela Maris Aguiar;Lamounier, Joel Alves;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-80342010000400015
Abstract: purpose: to investigate the association between nutritional status and child language development. methods: the study included 34 children from four to six years and 11 months of age, enrolled in day care centers of belo horizonte, minas gerais, brazil. children were assessed for receptive and expressive language development using the tasks of the instrument language development evaluation (adl). nutritional screening used the weight-for-age and length/height-for-age indexes, according to the who's child growth standards. results: regarding language, 13 (38%) children presented alterations; and, regarding nutritional status, 26 (76%) were well-nourished, six (18%) were at nutritional risk, one (3%) was malnourished, and one (3%) was overweight. when the means for the height/age and the weight/age indexes were compared between children with and without language development impairments, no difference was found. conclusion: no association was observed between nutritional status and language development in the studied children. however, the indexes height-for-age and weight-for-age tended to be lower in children with language impairment.
Aspectos temporais auditivos: produ o de conhecimento em quatro periódicos nacionais Temporal aspects of auditory: knowledge production in four national journals
Sulamita da Silva Marcelino Terto,Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Revista CEFAC , 2011,
Abstract: TEMA: o presente artigo foi produzido com base na revis o de artigos publicados desde o ano 2005 em quatro periódicos nacionais importantes na área da Fonoaudiologia (Pró-Fono Revista de Atualiza o Científica, Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia, Revista CEFAC e Revista Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia) a respeito dos aspectos temporais auditivos. Este estudo aponta para três temas abordados: Aspectos temporais, Ordena o temporal e Resolu o temporal. OBJETIVO: delinear o perfil da produ o de conhecimento na área de aspectos temporais auditivos tendo como referência quatro periódicos nacionais. CONCLUS O: o levantamento realizado nesta pesquisa permitiu verificar que existe um número reduzido de estudos nacionais relacionados ao tema sobre aspectos temporais auditivos. Considerando-se somente os quatro periódicos nacionais, menos de 9% das produ es científicas abordaram essa temática. BACKGROUND: this article was produced based on a review of articles published since 2005 in four major national journals in the fields of Speech (Pró-Fono Revista de Atualiza o Científica, Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia, Revista CEFAC and Revista Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia) on the temporal aspects of hearing. This study points out to three addressed issues: temporal aspects, temporal ordering and temporal resolution. PURPOSE: to delineate the profile of knowledge production in the area of auditory temporal aspects with reference to four national journals. CONCLUSION: the survey conducted in this research showed that there is a small number of national studies related to the issue concerning the temporal aspects of hearing. Considering only the four national journals, less than 9% of the scientific production addressed this issue.
Aspectos temporais auditivos em adolescentes do 6o ano do ensino fundamental Temporal aspects of hearing in adolescents from the 6th year of elementary education
Sulamita da Silva Marcelino Terto,Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Revista CEFAC , 2013,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: esclarecer a rela o entre desempenho escolar e aspectos temporais auditivos. MéTODO: estudo descritivo-transversal com amostra de conveniência, composta por 82 estudantes, na faixa etária de 11 a 13 anos, sendo 43 do sexo feminino e 38 do sexo masculino do 6o ano de uma escola de financiamento privado na Regi o Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte. Cada estudante respondeu a um formulário de caracteriza o da amostra, realizou o Teste de Desempenho Escolar e foi submetido aos testes que avaliam os aspectos temporais auditivos: Teste Padr o de Dura o, Teste Padr o de Frequência e Teste Gap-in-Noise. RESULTADOS: os testes que avaliam os aspectos temporais auditivos n o sofreram influência relacionada às variáveis sexo, idade, realiza o de atividades de musicaliza o e preferência manual. Com exce o da variável "acompanhamento fonoaudiológico" que apresentou significancia estatística no teste Gap-in-Noise. Os subtestes do Teste de Desempenho Escolar que exerceram maior influencia no desempenho nos testes Padr o de Dura o e Padr o de Frequência foram Escrita, seguida de Leitura e Aritmética. CONCLUS O: a análise dos dados revelou que há correla o entre desempenho escolar e aspectos temporais auditivos. Cabe ressaltar que os testes que avaliam a ordena o temporal complexa (Teste Padr o de Frequência e Teste Padr o de Dura o) s o influenciados pelo desempenho no Teste de Desempenho Escolar. Porém o mesmo n o ocorre com o teste que avalia resolu o temporal (Gap-in-Noise). PURPOSE: to elucidate the relationship between school performance and temporal aspects of hearing. METHOD: a descriptive cross-sectional convenience sample composed of 82 students, aged 11-13 years, 43 females, and 38 males in the 6th grade at a private funding school in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte. Each student responded to one form of sample characterization, performed the Academic Performance Test and was submitted to tests that evaluated the temporal auditory aspects (Duration Pattern Sequence, Pitch Pattern Sequence and Gap-in-Noise). RESULTS: the tests that assess auditory temporal aspects were not affected by the variables gender, age, music activity performance and, hand preference. The speech therapy variable was statistically significant on Gap in Noise Test. The subtests of the Educational Achievements' Test had the greatest influence on the Duration and Frequency Pattern Sequence performance were writing followed by reading and arithmetic. CONCLUSION: data analysis revealed a correlation between school performance and temporal aspects of hearing. It sho
Aspectos temporais auditivos em adolescentes do 6o ano do Ensino Fundamental Temporal aspects of hearing in adolescents from the 6th year of elementary education
Sulamita da Silva Marcelino Terto,Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Revista CEFAC , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s1516-18462012005000040
Abstract: OBJETIVO: esclarecer a rela o entre desempenho escolar e aspectos temporais auditivos. MéTODO: estudo descritivo-transversal com amostra de conveniência, composta por 82 estudantes, na faixa etária de 11 a 13 anos, sendo 43 do sexo feminino e 38 do sexo masculino do 6o ano de uma escola de financiamento privado na Regi o Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte. Cada estudante respondeu a um formulário de caracteriza o da amostra, realizou o Teste de Desempenho Escolar e foi submetido aos testes que avaliam os aspectos temporais auditivos: Teste Padr o de Dura o, Teste Padr o de Frequência e Teste Gap-in-Noise. RESULTADOS: os testes que avaliam os aspectos temporais auditivos n o sofreram influência relacionada às variáveis sexo, idade, realiza o de atividades de musicaliza o e preferência manual. Com exce o da variável "acompanhamento fonoaudiológico" que apresentou significancia estatística no teste Gap-in-Noise. Os subtestes do Teste de Desempenho Escolar que exerceram maior influencia no desempenho nos testes Padr o de Dura o e Padr o de Frequência foram Escrita, seguida de Leitura e Aritmética. CONCLUS O: a análise dos dados revelou que há correla o entre desempenho escolar e aspectos temporais auditivos. Cabe ressaltar que os testes que avaliam a ordena o temporal complexa (Teste Padr o de Frequência e Teste Padr o de Dura o) s o influenciados pelo desempenho no Teste de Desempenho Escolar. Porém o mesmo n o ocorre com o teste que avalia resolu o temporal (Gap-in-Noise). PURPOSE: to elucidate the relationship between school performance and temporal aspects of hearing. METHOD: a descriptive cross-sectional convenience sample composed of 82 students, aged 11-13 years, 43 females, and 38 males in the 6th grade at a private funding school in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte. Each student responded to one form of sample characterization, performed the Academic Performance Test and was submitted to tests that evaluated the temporal auditory aspects (Duration Pattern Sequence, Pitch Pattern Sequence and Gap-in-Noise). RESULTS: the tests that assess auditory temporal aspects were not affected by the variables gender, age, music activity performance and, hand preference. The speech therapy variable was statistically significant on Gap in Noise Test. The subtests of the Educational Achievements' Test had the greatest influence on the Duration and Frequency Pattern Sequence performance were writing followed by reading and arithmetic. CONCLUSION: data analysis revealed a correlation between school performance and temporal aspects of hearing. It sho
Promo o da saúde e a es fonoaudiológicas em educac o infantil Health promotion and speech and language therapy actions in infantile education
Júlia Escalda Mendon?a,Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Revista CEFAC , 2011,
Abstract: OBJETIVOS: verificar o conhecimento de educadores de uma unidade de educa o infantil de Belo Horizonte a respeito do desenvolvimento da comunica o humana e seus distúrbios em crian as e as suas concep es sobre a atua o fonoaudiológica nessas institui es MéTODO: estudo transversal desenvolvido em três etapas: Diagnóstico Institucional; Aplica o de formulário para caracteriza o do conhecimento das educadoras a respeito do desenvolvimento e distúrbios da comunica o humana; Planejamento e realiza o de oficinas. A análise da rela o entre variáveis foi realizada utilizando o Teste Exato de Fisher, considerando o nível de significancia de 5% no programa estatístico Epi Info 2000, vers o 3.2.2. RESULTADOS: a maioria das educadoras respondeu corretamente às quest es relacionadas ao uso e à compreens o da linguagem pela crian a e às atitudes adequadas para a comunica o entre adultos e crian as. 66,7% acertaram as quest es a respeito dos marcos do desenvolvimento de linguagem e 58,3% responderam incorretamente à quest o relativa ao processamento auditivo. Foram realizadas 17 oficinas com os temas "Processamento Auditivo" e "Saúde Vocal", nas 8 salas que participaram da atividade 172 alunos na faixa etária de 3 a 6 anos, 8 professoras e 4 estagiárias. CONCLUS ES: as educadoras demonstraram conhecimentos acerca da aquisi o e desenvolvimento de linguagem, dos distúrbios da comunica o humana, e da atua o do fonoaudiólogo, principalmente na perspectiva clínica e preventiva. As oficinas realizadas propiciaram a discuss o da importancia do desenvolvimento de a es de preven o e promo o da saúde em Fonoaudiologia. PURPOSE: to check the knowledge of educators from a kindergarten unit of Belo Horizonte regarding the development of human communication and its disorders in children and their conceptions about the performance of speech therapy in these institutions. METHOD: the study was developed in three stages: Institutional Diagnosis; Data collection using an adapted form in order to characterize the knowledge of education professionals about the acquisition and development of human communication and its disturbances; Planning and accomplishment of workshops. The analysis of the relation between variables was carried through the Fisher Exact Test, considering the level of significance of 5% in the statistical. RESULTS: the majority of the professionals answered correctly the questions related to the use and understanding of the language by children and related to the attitudes adjusted for communication among adults and children. 66.7% answered correctly to
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