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Nutritional implications of food allergies
H Steinman
South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition , 2010,
Abstract: Food allergy is becoming an increasing problem worldwide, with an estimated 6–8% of children affected at some point in their childhood. It is important to recognise that the nutritional implications encompass not only the elimination of essential food(s) from the diet (and the consequent attendant lack of energy, protein or other macro or micro constituents, including vitamins), but that undiagnosed or poorly managed conditions such as severe hayfever or asthma may result in decreased activity, and/or increased or decreased food intake, which in turn may cause either negative effects on growth, or obesity. Clinical awareness is required among health professionals as to the clinical characteristics, epidemiology, investigation, and management of food allergic disorders, as is the inclusion of a dietitian as part of the allergy team. Good dietary intervention in children (and adults) with single or multiple food allergies should be seen as an integral part of the allergy consultation. It remains an essential part of holistic care.
Otok pred Izolo
Franci Steinman
Urbani Izziv , 2002,
Abstract: Pomorska gradnja pred Izolo prina a obogateno vrnitev prej njega stanja. Otok je ume en tja, kjer ni pravnih re imov, ki jih uveljavljajo dr ava ali lokalna skupnost. Pravni re imi, ki dolo ajo u ivanje vodnih pravic in omejitve (gospodarjenja, ravnanja, rabe), lahko omejujejo pravzaprav vse, zato mora biti njihova sinteza izhodi e za analizo skladnosti dana njih rab in za na rtovanje prihodnjih rab morja in obalnega obmo ja. Na primer akvatoriji kolj i , ume enih brez zadostne analize stanja v Strunjanski zaliv, povzro a konflikte rab, nesprejemljivo omejevanje splo ne rabe morja in nedovoljeno omejevanje sosednjih obmo jih. Opravljena analize pri otoku pred Izolo ka e, da tam tak nih posledic ni. Tam so predvidene le rabe v javnem interesu, saj se pri presoji sprejemljivosti najprej pretehtajo javni in nato skupinski interesi, morebitne posebne (npr. podjetni ke) rabe pa dovolijo le, e ne omejujejo prej navedenih. To omogo a integralno gospodarjenje z obalnim obmo jem, ki upo teva funkcionalne povezave kopnega in morja.
?Qué es definir en el Político de Platón?: Para una relectura sobre la búsqueda del conocimiento en la filosofía platónica tardía
Revista latinoamericana de filosof?-a , 2008,
Abstract: this essay analyzes the necessary knowledge process to reach a correct definition of an object, developed by plato in the statesman. starting with the problems found in the search of a definition in the meno, the paper shows that, in his late philosophy, plato reshaped the characteristics of the search that leads to answer properly "what is x". in the statesman, the act of definition becomes a complex process that includes a negative approach to the object. "to say what the object is not" constitutes one of the necessary moments to reach a real definition. this view also implies to move away from the ignorance as a starting point of all kinds of search usually represented in the dialogues by the socratic intransigence.
An island in front of Izola
Franci Steinman,Leon Gosar
Urbani Izziv , 2002,
Abstract: Maritime construction in front of Izola restitutes an enriched former state. The island is positioned in a place where there are no legal regimes enforced by the state or local community. Legal regimes that determine the exploitation of water rights and limitations (management, exploitation, use) can actually limit all. Therefore their synthesis has to be the starting point for analysing the harmony of present uses and for planning future uses of the sea and coastal area. For example the aquatorium of the shellfish mariculture positioned in the Strunjan Bay without adequate analysis of the prevailing conditions is causing conflicts of uses, unacceptable limiting of general use of the sea and prohibitive limitations in neighbouring areas. The analysis done for the island in front of Izola shows that there are no such consequences. Only uses in the public interest were proposed, since when assessing suitability first public and then common interests where considered, possible specific (e.g. entrepreneurial) uses were permitted only if the afore mentioned weren’t obstructed. Thus integral management of the coastal area was enabled, with respect to functional ties between the land and sea.
Qué es definir en el Político de Platón?: Para una relectura sobre la búsqueda del conocimiento en la filosofía platónica tardía
Bárbara Steinman
Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofía , 2008,
Abstract: Este trabajo analiza el desarrollo que Platón hace en el Político del proceso cognitivo necesario para arribar a la definición correcta de un objeto. Tomando como punto de partida los problemas sobre la búsqueda de la definición abiertos en el Menón, el análisis muestra que, en el marco de su filosofía tardía, Platón reformuló el proceso que conduce a responder adecuadamente"qué es x". En el Político, "definir" se convierte en un proceso complejo que incluye un acercamiento negativo al objeto. "Decir lo que el objeto no es" constituye uno de los momentos necesarios para arribar a una definición verdadera. Esta perspectiva implica el abandono definitivo de la ignorancia como punto de partida de toda investigación representada, usualmente, en los diálogos platónicos por la intransigencia socrática. This essay analyzes the necessary knowledge process to reach a correct definition of an object, developed by Plato in the Statesman. Starting with the problems found in the search of a definition in the Meno, the paper shows that, in his late philosophy, Plato reshaped the characteristics of the search that leads to answer properly "what is x". In the Statesman, the act of definition becomes a complex process that includes a negative approach to the object. "To say what the object is not" constitutes one of the necessary moments to reach a real definition. This view also implies to move away from the ignorance as a starting point of all kinds of search usually represented in the dialogues by the socratic intransigence.
Periphyton Function in Lake Ecosystems
Yvonne Vadeboncoeur,Alan D. Steinman
The Scientific World Journal , 2002, DOI: 10.1100/tsw.2002.294
The Managed Recession of Lake Okeechobee, Florida: Integrating Science and Natural Resource Management
Alan Steinman,Karl Havens,Lewis Hornung
Ecology and Society , 2002,
Abstract: Resource management decisions often are based on a combination of scientific and political factors. The interaction of science and politics is not always apparent, which makes the decision-making process appear arbitrary at times. In this paper, we present a case study involving Lake Okeechobee, a key environmental resource in South Florida, USA, to illustrate the role that science played in a high-profile, highly contentious natural resource management decision. At issue was whether or not to lower the water level of Lake Okeechobee. Although scientists believed that a managed recession (drawdown) of water level would benefit the lake ecosystem, risks were present because of possible future water shortages and potential environmental impacts to downstream ecosystems receiving large volumes of nutrient-rich fresh water. Stakeholders were polarized: the agriculture and utility industries favored higher water levels in the lake; recreation users and businesses in the estuaries wanted no or minimal discharge from the lake, regardless of water level; and recreation users and businesses around the lake wanted lower water levels to improve the fishery. Jurisdictional authority in the region allowed the Governing Board of the South Florida Water Management District to take emergency action, if so warranted. Based on information presented by staff scientists, an aggressive plan to release water was approved in April 2000 and releases began immediately. From a hydrological perspective, the managed recession was a success. Lake levels were lowered within the targeted time frame. In addition, water quality conditions improved throughout the lake following the releases, and submerged plants displayed a dramatic recovery. The short-term nature of the releases had no lasting negative impacts on downstream ecosystems. Severe drought conditions developed in the region during and following the recession, however. Severe water use restrictions were implemented for several months. There also were impacts to the local economy around the lake, which depends heavily on recreational fishing; use of boat launch areas was curtailed because of the low water levels in the lake. This case study provides an example of how science was used to justify a controversial decision. Although the environmental basis for the decision was validated, unexpected or unpredictable climatic results led to socioeconomic challenges that offset the environmental successes.
The Effect of Brands' Unethical Actions on Consumers' Attitudes in the Fast Moving Consumer Goods Domain
Ross B. Steinman,Brittany T. Wolfrom
Business Management Dynamics , 2012,
Abstract: Two experiments were conducted to determine how consumers respond to information about a brand's unethical actions in the fast moving consumer goods domain. Participants were randomly assigned to unethical action conditions and then instructed to complete a series of consumer measures. There was no evidence that different types of unethical actions by brands in a specific product category had an effect on consumer attitudes and behaviors. These findings suggest that consumers are not always focused on the ethical behavior of brands when making consumer decisions. This research adds to a growing literature on consumer response to brands after the brand has violated consumer trust. The implications of these results in an applied marketing context are discussed
Aging in Place: Evolution of a Research Topic Whose Time Has Come
Sarinnapha Vasunilashorn,Bernard A. Steinman,Phoebe S. Liebig,Jon Pynoos
Journal of Aging Research , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/120952
Abstract: Over the past 30 years, policy makers and professionals who provide services to older adults with chronic conditions and impairments have placed greater emphasis on conceptualizing aging in place as an attainable and worthwhile goal. Little is known, however, of the changes in how this concept has evolved in aging research. To track trends in aging in place, we examined scholarly articles published from 1980 to 2010 that included the concept in eleven academic gerontology journals. We report an increase in the absolute number and proportion of aging-in-place manuscripts published during this period, with marked growth in the 2000s. Topics related to the environment and services were the most commonly examined during 2000–2010 (35% and 31%, resp.), with a substantial increase in manuscripts pertaining to technology and health/functioning. This underscores the increase in diversity of topics that surround the concept of aging-in-place literature in gerontological research. 1. Introduction Over time, the goal of aging in place has become a focal concept by policy makers as well as researchers in their collective efforts to create communities that facilitate the widely recognized preference by a majority of older adults to remain in their homes and communities as long as possible [1–4]. Efforts to reform how and where long-term care services are provided have produced substantial programs enacted to reduce reliance on the most expensive forms of care to address disability associated with chronic disease and impairment. A shift in priorities and resources toward deinstitutionalization has resulted in explicit policies and programs that reflect a paradigm shift from nursing homes as the most likely alternative for older adults requiring multiple services to nursing homes as an option of last resort. Corresponding to greater policy aimed at facilitating aging in place, there has also emerged a growth in academic literature, reflecting the concerns of stakeholders (including policy makers, care providers, families, and older adults themselves), which illuminates a greater number of options aimed at stemming rising costs of care, and accommodating and facilitating the wishes of older adults to remain independent. Initial efforts to conceptualize and define aging in place as an important discussion topic focused on understanding older adults in terms of changes occurring both in themselves and in their surrounding environments. For instance, in describing the concept of environmental press,Lawton and Nahemow[5] examined dynamic interactions between housing
Autoantibody profiling for the study and treatment of autoimmune disease
Wolfgang Hueber, Paul J Utz, Lawrence Steinman, William H Robinson
Arthritis Research & Therapy , 2002, DOI: 10.1186/ar426
Abstract: 'Proteomics' is the large-scale study of expression, function and interactions of proteins [1]. Recent advances in the field spawned miniaturized proteomics technologies capable of parallel detection of thousands of different antigens using submicroliter quantities of biological fluids. This review will focus on proteomics technologies that enable characterization of autoantibody responses (Table 1).Early immunoassays capable of multiplex analysis include: ELISAs, fluorescence-based immunoassays, and radio-immunoassays performed in microtiter plates; arrays of peptides synthesized on plastic pins [1,2]; western blot analysis; and genetic plaque-based and colony-based assays. All of these technologies are limited by requirements for relatively large quantities of reagents and of clinical samples. Genetic plaque-based and colony-based assays are further limited by incomplete addressability; DNA sequence analysis is required to determine the identity of the antigens at each location on the array.Ekins as well as Fodor et al. proposed, in the late 1980s, the use of miniaturized and addressable immunoassays, including 'multianalyte microspot immunoassays' and photolithography-generated peptide arrays [3,4]. Another major advance was the development of robotic printing devices by Patrick Brown and colleagues for precise deposition of cDNA to fabricate DNA microarrays [5]. These devices are inexpensive and widely available, and several groups recently extended their use to generate ordered arrays of proteins [6,7]. Major advances have been made in the past 2 years towards development and application of miniaturized, addressable arrays of proteins, peptides and other biomolecules.Although proteomics is in its infancy, a diverse and powerful set of proteomics technologies is under rapid development (Table 1). Planar surface arrays currently offer the greatest per-array complexities, but are limited by their methods of binding autoantigens and of drying at the time of array p
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