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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 22919 matches for " Souza Celina "
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Federalismo e gasto social no Brasil: tens?es e tendências
Souza, Celina;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64452001000100002
Abstract: present features of federalism in brazil together with recent changes are analyzed in search of dominant tendencies. strong tensions are identified on several levels, specially (a) between the commitment regarding policies directed toward the reduction of social and regional inequalities taken by the national state during re-democratization and the exigencies of the economic policy which it adopted; (b) between the decentralization of policies and the limitation of resources as an effect of regional inequalities; (c) between the federal emphasis on the sub-national unities and the drive towards a recentralization of policies.
Regi?es metropolitanas: condicionantes do regime político
Souza, Celina;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64452003000200007
Abstract: the author of this article takes the metropolitan administration issue, focusing the impact of the political regime, the federal system and the intergovernmental relations. her point is that the institutional choices regarding the first metropolitan administration experience in brazil, enforced by an authoritarian and centralizing regime, has marked its path, conditioning the later choices.
Governos e sociedades locais em contextos de desigualdades e de descentraliza??o
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232002000300004
Abstract: brazil became a highly decentralized country as compared to other federal countries following redemocratization. decentralization has changed intergovernmental relations as well as the role played by local governments and local societies. however, and despite the existence of many studies on decentralization, the results of decentralization are rarely analyzed vis-à-vis the country's inter- and intra-regional inequalities. this article argues that the results of decentralization in highly unequal polities are contradictory. on the one hand, decentralization creates incentives for the federal government to negotiate and compromise with subnational spheres the decision and the implementation of public policies. decentralization also creates incentives for greater participation of local governments in the provision of social services and in the adoption of participatory policies at the local level. these features, however, make the relations between different levels of government and between local government and local citizens more complex. on the other hand, the brazilian experience of decentralization with inequality brings about the constraints and the limits of decentralization in countries historically rooted in social and regional inequalities.
Regras e contexto: as reformas da Constitui??o de 1988
Souza, Celina;
Dados , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0011-52582008000400001
Abstract: why do institutions change, and why, how, and on what subjects have changes occurred in the 1988 brazilian constitution? the article raises two hypotheses. the first assumes that the rules of amendment to the 1988 constitution reflect the original framers' uncertainties on some issues. the second refers to the causes of changes, that is, contending that the constitutionalization of numerous issues was followed by changes in brazil's macroeconomic and political context, allowing for the redesign of various constitutional provisions. the article concludes that by designing a constitution that reflected the redemocratization agenda, the framers "untied the hands" of future legislators and presidents, facilitating the rules for constitutional amendments and allowing brazil's adaptation to a new context.
Intermedia??o de Interesses Regionais no Brasil: O Impacto do Federalismo e da Descentraliza??o
Souza, Celina;
Dados , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0011-52581998000300003
Abstract: through the process of redemocratization, brazil has become a highly decentralized nation. the results of this transformation are visible in the federal arena, where financial problems have been encountered and presidents have run into trouble forming coalitions that allow them to implement public policies. within the realm of the states, however, decentralization has brought mixed results due to regional inequalities. the paper analyzes the rifts and tensions now affecting brazil?s federative system. it is argued that brazil?s experience with decentralization has contributed towards democratic consolidation and has forced the federal government to negotiate public policy implementation with state and local government. at the same time, this experience reveals the limits of decentralization in nations displaying marked regional differences.
Federalismo e descentraliza??o na Constitui??o de 1988: processo decisório, conflitos e alian?as
Souza, Celina;
Dados , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0011-52582001000300003
Abstract: the "third wave of democratization" has produced different experiences and results in countries that have participated in it. in some, redemocratization has meant the drafting of "refounding" constitutions, generating new political and social pacts and commitments. in others, redemocratization has been accompanied by policy-making and financial decentralization to sub-national governmental levels. in many federal countries, redemocratization, decentralization, and new constitutions have changed the role of federative bodies. in brazil, all these factors have occurred simultaneously. this article analyzes the decision-making process in the national constituent assembly vis-à-vis changes in the federation and the decision to decentralize policy-making and financial power to the sub-national levels. the (re)construction of a federal system focused on the division of political and fiscal power without leading to an imbalance between the federative bodies is an intrinsically contradictory task, thereby generating conflicts and tensions. based on empirical data, the study seeks to understand a) the paradox of a country with an agenda of problems that require national policies in the decision to decentralize political and financial power and b) the conflicts, alliances, and contradictions generated by the decisions made by members of the constituent assembly in relation to the federation at that specific moment in history.
Federalismo e conflitos distributivos: disputa dos estados por recursos or?amentários federais
Souza, Celina;
Dados , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0011-52582003000200006
Abstract: this article analyzes how state-by-state representation in the brazilian national congress processes and negotiates amendments to the federal budget within the joint budget committee. amendments submitted from 1995 to 1999 by members of congress from three selected states (bahia, ceará, and paraná) are analyzed. several hypotheses concerning the role of amendments are investigated, arguing that the amendments, like certain federal policies, facilitate the accommodation of tensions arising in a federative system marked by regional inequalities.
Coaliz?es eleitorais e ajuste fiscal nos estados brasileiros
Souza, Celina;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69092007000100004
Abstract: in federal countries that have reinstated the popular vote for state governors and in which fiscal adjustment is a priority, the states have become important players in fiscal control. the article analyzes the impact of policies of hard budget constraints on the electoral results for state governors and challenges the hypothesis that state politics in brazil are moved by clientelism, by policies not affecting the status quo (traditional politics) and by the use of public resources to sustain them. i argue that state politics in brazil is driven by several rationales. different rationales give room for state politicians to adopt fiscal policies and still be reelected or elect their candidates for governorship. three states have been selected to test these hypotheses: bahia, ceará, and paraná.
"Estado do campo" da pesquisa em políticas públicas no Brasil
Souza, Celina;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69092003000100003
Abstract: the article discusses the "state of the field" on public policies research in brazil, analyzing its academic performance coupled with its limits, gaps, and possibilities. the article argues that, on the one hand, there are favorable conditions for improving the theoretical and methodological problems faced by public policies research; on the other hand, there are still issues and some theoretical and methodological gaps claiming for more careful attention from researchers.
Federalismo, desenho contitucional e institui??es federativas no Brasil pós-1988
Souza, Celina;
Revista de Sociologia e Política , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-44782005000100008
Abstract: this article analyzes constitutional mechanisms regarding federalism throughout the history of the brazilian constitution. we seek to reconcile the analysis of how brazilian federalism functions in practice with the constitutional mechanisms that, on paper, establish this institution. the brazilian federation's various constitutional designs are described, focusing primarily on the 1988 federal constitution and its amendments. we argue that the main constraints that brazilian federalism must face today are more a consequence of governments' difficulties in redirecting the route of certain public policies and in dealing with macro-economic issues that had not been anticipated by the 1988 constitutional congress than of problems related to constitutional design
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